Celo Knob is the northern most major peak in the Black Mountains of western North Carolina. It is located just north of Mount Mitchell State Park in the Pisgah National Forest and it is the first peak encountered while hiking the Black Mountain Crest Trail from Bowlens Creek. The trail passes to the southwest of the summit, which can be reached by various herd paths, list of mountains in North Carolina North Carolina. Travel and Points of Interest near Celo Knob, North Carolina,4372756 North Carolinas from the East
North Carolina is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. The state borders South Carolina and Georgia to the south, Tennessee to the west, Virginia to the north, North Carolina is the 28th most extensive and the 9th most populous of the U. S. states. The state is divided into 100 counties, the most populous municipality is Charlotte, which is the second largest banking center in the United States after New York City. The state has a range of elevations, from sea level on the coast to 6,684 feet at Mount Mitchell. The climate of the plains is strongly influenced by the Atlantic Ocean. Most of the falls in the humid subtropical climate zone. More than 300 miles from the coast, the western, mountainous part of the state has a highland climate. North Carolina is bordered by South Carolina on the south, Georgia on the southwest, Tennessee on the west, Virginia on the north, the United States Census Bureau places North Carolina in the South Atlantic division of the southern region.
So many ships have been lost off Cape Hatteras that the area is known as the Graveyard of the Atlantic, the most famous of these is the Queen Annes Revenge, which went aground in Beaufort Inlet in 1718. The coastal plain transitions to the Piedmont region along the Atlantic Seaboard fall line, the Piedmont region of central North Carolina is the states most populous region, containing the six largest cities in the state by population. It consists of rolling countryside frequently broken by hills or low mountain ridges. The Piedmont ranges from about 300 feet in elevation in the east to about 1,500 feet in the west, the western section of the state is part of the Appalachian Mountain range. Among the subranges of the Appalachians located in the state are the Great Smoky Mountains, Blue Ridge Mountains, the Black Mountains are the highest in the eastern United States, and culminate in Mount Mitchell at 6,684 feet, the highest point east of the Mississippi River. North Carolina has 17 major river basins, the five basins west of the Blue Ridge Mountains flow to the Gulf of Mexico, while the remainder flow to the Atlantic Ocean.
Of the 17 basins,11 originate within the state of North Carolina, but only four are contained entirely within the states border – the Cape Fear, the Neuse, the White Oak, and the Tar-Pamlico basin. Elevation above sea level is most responsible for temperature change across the state, the climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf Stream, especially in the coastal plain. These influences tend to cause warmer winter temperatures along the coast, the coastal plain averages around 1 inch of snow or ice annually, and in many years, there may be no snow or ice at all. North Carolina experiences severe weather in summer and winter, with summer bringing threat of hurricanes, tropical storms, heavy rain
Spence Field is a mountain highland meadow in the Great Smoky Mountains, located in the Southeastern United States. It has an elevation of 4,920 feet above sea level, the Appalachian Trail traverses the field, and a backcountry shelter just off the trail provides an overnight stopover for through-hikers. Like much of the Smokies crest, Spence Field lies along the Tennessee-North Carolina border and it rises 3,000 feet above Cades Cove to the north and 3,300 feet above Fontana Lake to the south. The field spreads out atop the crest, covering approximately 200 acres, Spence Field is a crossroads of sorts of the Western Smokies. The Appalachian Trail crosses the field from east to west, and is joined by the Bote Mountain Trail from the north, the Bote Mountain Trail connects Spence Field with Cades Cove, Little River Road, and Tremont. The Eagle Creek Trail connects Spence with the Benton MacKaye Trail, thunderhead Mountain is just two miles to the east, and Gregory Bald is just over 10 miles to the west.
Spence Field is a bald, a type of meadow found in higher elevations in the Appalachian Mountains. Grassy balds are characterized by thick grass and relatively sparse tree coverage, since the establishment of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park in the 1930s, wooded plants have started reclaiming much of this stretch, including Spence. The park service maintains the grassy balds atop Gregory Bald and Andrews Bald. Spence Field is named after James Spence, a settler who built a cabin at the field in 1830, Spence and his wife, Caroline Law, were connected with the Cades Cove area, but preferred the solitude of the high mountains. They lived and herded livestock at Spence Field during the warmer months, other than such emergencies as childbirth and the approach of winter, nothing could induce them to leave their mountain. John Oliver, the first settler in Cades Cove, claimed that Spence burned trees and cleared Spence Field in the 1830s, lending credence to the argument that Spence Field is not a natural bald.
Regardless, the field was still being used as a pasture in 1900, where thousands of cows, sheep. Arnold Guyot, who surveyed much of the Smokies crest in the late 1850s, author Horace Kephart frequented Spence Field— specifically a herders shack at Spence known as Spencer cabin— in the early 1900s. On Fathers Day weekend in 1969, the men of the Martin family from Knoxville went on a hiking and camping trip in the Great Smoky Mountains. Six-year-old Dennis was just a few days shy of his birthday when he made the trip with his father, older brother. At around 4,30 in the afternoon on June 14, the boys huddled up and planned a playful prank on the adults. The boys planned to sneak up and scare their family, the three older boys went one way and Dennis went the other way
Tennessee is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Tennessee is the 36th largest and the 17th most populous of the 50 United States, Tennessee is bordered by Kentucky and Virginia to the north, North Carolina to the east, Georgia and Mississippi to the south, and Arkansas and Missouri to the west. The Appalachian Mountains dominate the eastern part of the state, Tennessees capital and second largest city is Nashville, which has a population of 654,610. Memphis is the states largest city, with a population of 655,770, the state of Tennessee is rooted in the Watauga Association, a 1772 frontier pact generally regarded as the first constitutional government west of the Appalachians. What is now Tennessee was initially part of North Carolina, Tennessee was admitted to the Union as the 16th state on June 1,1796. Tennessee was the last state to leave the Union and join the Confederacy at the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861, occupied by Union forces from 1862, it was the first state to be readmitted to the Union at the end of the war.
Tennessee furnished more soldiers for the Confederate Army than any other state besides Virginia and this sharply reduced competition in politics in the state until after passage of civil rights legislation in the mid-20th century. This city was established to house the Manhattan Projects uranium enrichment facilities, helping to build the worlds first atomic bomb, Tennessees major industries include agriculture and tourism. Poultry and cattle are the primary agricultural products, and major manufacturing exports include chemicals, transportation equipment. In the early 18th century, British traders encountered a Cherokee town named Tanasi in present-day Monroe County, the town was located on a river of the same name, and appears on maps as early as 1725. The meaning and origin of the word are uncertain, some accounts suggest it is a Cherokee modification of an earlier Yuchi word. It has been said to mean meeting place, winding river, according to ethnographer James Mooney, the name can not be analyzed and its meaning is lost.
The modern spelling, Tennessee, is attributed to James Glen, the governor of South Carolina, the spelling was popularized by the publication of Henry Timberlakes Draught of the Cherokee Country in 1765. In 1788, North Carolina created Tennessee County, the county to be established in what is now Middle Tennessee. When a constitutional convention met in 1796 to organize a new out of the Southwest Territory. Other sources differ on the origin of the nickname, according to the Columbia Encyclopedia. Tennessee ties Missouri as the state bordering the most other states, the state is trisected by the Tennessee River. The highest point in the state is Clingmans Dome at 6,643 feet, Clingmans Dome, which lies on Tennessees eastern border, is the highest point on the Appalachian Trail, and is the third highest peak in the United States east of the Mississippi River
Mount Kephart is a mountain in the central Great Smoky Mountains, located in the Southeastern United States. The Appalachian Trail crosses the south slope, making it a key destination for thru-hikers. The Jumpoff, a 1, 000-foot cliff on the northeast side of the mountain, allows for views of the central. A stand of Southern Appalachian spruce-fir forest coats the mountains upper elevations, Mount Kephart is the 22nd highest mountain in the eastern U. S. and the 7th-highest mountain in the state of Tennessee. Its topographic prominence is drastically reduced, due to the close proximity to two higher neighbors, Clingmans Dome and Mount Le Conte. Like much of the Smokies crest, Mount Kephart lies on the Tennessee-North Carolina border, in Sevier County and Swain County, North Carolina. The mountain rises nearly 4,000 feet above its base at Porters Flat. Newfound Gap, at just over 5,000 feet, divides Mount Kephart from Fork Ridge to the west, the gap is traversed by U. S. Highway 441, the only paved road crossing the Great Smoky Mountains National Park from north to south.
Mount Kephart is composed of a type of slate and metasiltstone known as Anakeesta Formation and this type of rock is exposed at Charlies Bunion, just to the northeast of Kephart. The Anakeesta Formation rocks are part of the Ocoee Supergroup, formed from ocean sediments nearly a billion years ago, the mountain itself was formed 200 million years ago when the African and North American plates collided and thrust the rock upward during the Appalachian orogeny. Mount Kephart is named after Horace Kephart, an author and early proponent of establishing a park in the Smokies. The mountain was called Mount Collins until the USGS gave it its current name in 1931, before the 1880s, Mount Kephart was known by various local names. Mount Kephart was probably visited and measured by Arnold Guyot during his survey of the Smokies crest in the late 1850s, the name he used for the mountain, however, is uncertain. The former may refer to Pecks Corner, although Pecks Corner isnt between Laurel Top and Newfound Gap, and Guyot would have missed its elevation by a staggering 1,300 feet.
Other than Mt. Kephart, the peak between Laurel Top and Newfound Gap higher than 6,000 feet is Mt. Ambler. Kephart, about three miles from our starting point and it had been freshly cleaned out and lined with native rock. The water was clear and icy cold, a CCC Camp operated on the mountains southern base in the 1930s, the chimney of which remains near the head of the Kephart Prong Trail. During World War II, this camp was used to house conscientious objectors, in this area are the remains of a WPA fish hatchery built in 1936
Hot Springs, North Carolina
Hot Springs is a town in Madison County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 560 at the 2010 census and it is part of the Asheville Metropolitan Statistical Area. Hot Springs is located at 35°53′44″N 82°49′52″W, according to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.5 square miles, of which,3.2 square miles of it is land and 0.3 square miles of it is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 645 people,293 households, the population density was 205.1 people per square mile. There were 368 housing units at a density of 117.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98. 45% White,0. 47% African American,0. 47% Native American,0. 47% Asian, hispanic or Latino of any race were 0. 31% of the population. 37. 5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17. 1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.77. In the town, the population was out with 21. 4% under the age of 18,8. 5% from 18 to 24,25. 6% from 25 to 44,26. 5% from 45 to 64.
The median age was 42 years, for every 100 females there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.9 males, the median income for a household in the town was $20,714, and the median income for a family was $30,882. Males had an income of $30,714 versus $20,781 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,497,24. 4% of the population and 16. 1% of families were below the poverty line. 25. 8% of those under the age of 18 and 29. 7% of those 65, Hot Springs is located at the confluence of the French Broad River and Spring Creek. A natural hot spring is located here, the only such spring known in North Carolina. Thus, this area has long since been a destination for those looking for relief from their ailments. Native Americans were the first to discover the 100°+ Fahrenheit mineral waters and it is reported that people were visiting the springs by 1778 for the waters reported healing properties. In 1828, a road was constructed through the current town. By 1831, James Patton of Asheville bought the springs and had erected 350 room Warm Springs Hotel with its 13 tall columns representing the 13 original colonies in 1837, the dining room of this large hotel could seat 600 people
A summit is a point on a surface that is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. Mathematically, a summit is a maximum in elevation. The topographic terms acme, apex and zenith are synonymous, the UIAA definition is that a summit is independent if it has a prominence of 30 metres or more, it is a mountain if it has a prominence of at least 300 metres. This can be summarised as follows, A pyramidal peak is an exaggerated form produced by ice erosion of a mountain top, Summit may refer to the highest point along a line, trail, or route. In many parts of the western United States, the term refers to the highest point along a road, highway. For example, the highest point along Interstate 80 in California is referred to as Donner Summit while the highest point on Interstate 5 is Siskiyou Mountain Summit, geoid Hill List of highest mountains Maxima and minima Nadir Summit accordance Peak finder
Thunderhead Mountain is a 5, 527-foot mountain in the west-central part of the Great Smoky Mountains, located in the Southeastern United States. Rising along the border between Tennessee and North Carolina, the mountain dominates the Western Smokies, the Appalachian Trail crosses its summit, making it a popular hiking destination. Rocky Top, a knob on the part of the mountains summit ridge. Thunderhead rises approximately 3,500 feet above its base at Little River. The mountain consists of three peaks, the lowest being Rocky Top at 5,440 feet above sea level and the easternmost being the highest at 5,527 feet above sea level. Thunderhead is the highest point in Blount County and the highest point on the Appalachian Trail coming from the south until the trail ascends Silers Bald some 10 miles to the east, the mountains name originated in the 19th century. It probably referred to the weather that often strikes the higher elevations in the Smokies. Thunderhead sandstone is part of the Ocoee Supergroup, which was formed from ancient ocean sediments between 500 million and one years ago.
The mountain itself was formed appx,200 million years ago during the Appalachian orogeny, when the collision of the North American and African plates thrust the rock upward. James Spence, who cleared the two miles to the west, was the first known permanent settler in the vicinity. While the extent of Spences farm is unknown, cattle-grazing had rendered Thunderhead a grassy bald by the late-19th century, Thunderhead is one of the few mountains listed under its current name in Arnold Guyots 1859 survey of the crest of the Smokies. Guyot measured Thunderheads elevation at 5,520 feet above sea level, during the Civil War, a group of East Tennesseans attempted to form a wilderness settlement on the mountains north slope known as New World, although the settlement didnt last. The settlement was located along Thunderhead Prong, near Chimney Rocks, as preservationist groups began buying land in the Smokies in the early 1900s, Thunderhead became a favorite hiking destination for park visitors. John W.
Oliver, the great-grandson of the first European settlers in Cades Cove, the trail he used largely followed the Bote Mountain Trail-Appalachian Trail route still in use today. In the years after the Great Smoky Mountains National Park was formed, wooded plants started to reclaim much of the Smokies crest west of Clingmans Dome, Park strategy at present is to allow Thunderhead to return to its natural state. A narrow path is maintained across the top of the mountain for Appalachian Trail thru-hikers, the Bote Mountain Trail, with its trailhead on Little River Road, ascends seven miles to the crest of the Smokies and intersects the Appalachian Trail at Spence Field. From Spence Field, it is two miles to the summit of Thunderhead. The Lead Cove Trail, beginning on Little River Road, from the Lead Cove trailhead, it is approximately 7 miles to the summit of Thunderhead
Great Balsam Mountains
The Great Balsam Mountains, or Balsam Mountains, are in the mountain region of western North Carolina, United States. The Great Balsams are a subrange of the Blue Ridge Mountains, the most famous peak in the Great Balsam range is Cold Mountain, which is the centerpiece of author Charles Fraziers bestselling novel Cold Mountain. The Blue Ridge Parkway runs along its length and at Richland Balsam, the following trees are at higher elevations, Fraser fir. Forests of these trees appear black from a distance, the red spruce is distinguished from the Fraser fir by having bark whose rosin cannot be milked and by having hanging cones. Catawba rhododendron Flame azalea Mountain laurel List of mountains in North Carolina
Black Balsam Knob
Black Balsam Knob, known as Black Balsam Bald, is in the Pisgah National Forest southwest of Asheville, North Carolina, near milepost 420 on the Blue Ridge Parkway. It is the second highest mountain in the Great Balsam Mountains, the Great Balsams are within the Blue Ridge Mountains, which are part of the Appalachian Mountains. It is the 23rd highest of the 40 mountains in North Carolina over 6000 feet, the top of the mountain is a grassy bald that affords a panoramic view. The origin of grassy balds in southern Haywood county is a result of extensive clear-cut logging and these fires burned deep down into the mineral-rich topsoil slowing reforestation or stopping it altogether. Examples of this cannot only be found on Black Balsam knob and these unique features contribute greatly to the areas popularity, but the heavy amount of foot traffic does further damage to this already fragile ecosystem. The Art Loeb Trail follows the ridge of Black Balsam Knob. Visible peaks from Black Balsam Knob include, Shining Rock in the Shining Rock Wilderness Looking Glass Rock Cold Mountain Mount Pisgah Mount Mitchell, on exceptionally clear days, Mount Mitchell, the highest point in the Eastern United States, is visible 45 miles north east.
Art Loeb Trail Blue Ridge Parkway Pisgah National Forest
Black Mountains (North Carolina)
The Black Mountains are a mountain range in western North Carolina, in the southeastern United States. They are part of the Blue Ridge Province of the Southern Appalachian Mountains, the Blacks are the highest mountains in the Eastern United States. The Eastern Continental Divide, which runs along the eastern Blue Ridge crest, the Black Mountains are home to Mount Mitchell State Park, which protects the ranges highest summit and adjacent summits in the north-central section of the range. Much of the range is protected by the Pisgah National Forest. The Blue Ridge Parkway passes along the southern section, and is connected to the summit of Mount Mitchell by North Carolina Highway 128. The Black Mountains are mostly located in Yancey County, although the southern and western extremes are part of Buncombe County. The Black Mountains form a J-shaped semicircle that opens to the northwest, the Blacks rise southward from the Little Crabtree Creek Valley in the north to the steep 6, 327-foot summit of Celo Knob.
A few miles south of Celo, the crest drops to 5,700 feet at Deep Gap before rising again to the summit of Potato Hill in the north-central section of the range. South of Mount Mitchell, the crest drops to just under 6,000 feet at Stepps Gap before rising again to 6,520 feet at the summit of Mount Gibbes, the crest turns northward across Point Misery and Big Butt before descending to the Cane River Valley. The northern section of the Black Mountains are drained by the Cane River to the west, a few of the streams in the southeastern section of the range are part of the Catawba River watershed, and are thus east of the Eastern Continental Divide. While the crest of the Black Mountain range is just 15 miles long, the Black Mountains rise prominently above the surrounding lower terrain. This is particularly noticeable from the eastern side, which rises over 4500 feet above the Catawba River Valley and Interstate 40. The Black Mountains consist primarily of Precambrian gneiss and schists formed over a billion years ago from primordial sea sediments and minor geologic events in subsequent periods carved out the mountains.
During the last Ice Age, approximately 20, 000-16,000 years ago, glaciers did not advance into Southern Appalachia, a tree-less tundra likely existed in the Black Mountains and surrounding mountains in elevations above 3,500 feet. Spruce-fir forests dominated the lower elevations during this period, while hardwoods fled to warmer refuges in the coastal plains, the spruce-fir forest atop the Black Mountains is one of ten or so spruce-fir islands remaining in the mountains of Southern Appalachia. The forests of the Black Mountains are typically divided into three based on altitude, the spruce-fir forest, the northern hardwoods, and the Appalachian hardwoods. The southern Appalachian spruce-fir forest is dominated by red spruce and Fraser fir, the northern hardwoods, which consist primarily of beech, yellow birch, and buckeye, thrive between 4,500 feet and 5,500 feet. The more diverse Appalachian hardwoods, which include yellow poplar and various species of hickory, pine forests, consisting chiefly of Table Mountain pine, pitch pine, and Virginia pine, are found on the drier south-facing slopes
Silers Bald is a mountain in the western Great Smoky Mountains, located in the Southeastern United States. Its proximity to Clingmans Dome and its location along the Appalachian Trail make it a popular hiking destination, Silers Bald is located on the crest of the Smokies with Thunderhead Mountain to the west and Clingmans Dome to the east. The Tennessee-North Carolina state line crosses the summit, with the mountain split evenly between Sevier County, Tennessee to the north and Swain County, North Carolina to the south,2,500 feet above its northern base near Fish Camp Prong, and appx. 3,000 feet above its base near Forney Creek. While Silers Bald was a grassy bald for most of the 19th and early-20th centuries, for this reason, the park service does not maintain the bald atop the mountain. A narrow corridor for the Appalachian Trail, which crosses the summit, is clear for thru-hikers. There is still a small area at the summit, approximately 30 feet in diameter. Several grassy meadows remain on the western slope.
Silers Bald consists of Thunderhead sandstone, a pile of which crowns the summit. This sandstone, part of the Ocoee Supergroup, was formed from ocean sediments nearly a billion years ago. The mountain, like most of the Smokies, was formed some 200 million years ago when the North American and African plates collided during the Appalachian orogeny, while Silers Bald is hardly mentioned in Cherokee lore, a petroglyph was discovered near the summit in 1917. The mountains elevation is probably recorded by Arnold Guyot during his 1859 survey of the Smokies crest, Silers Bald is named after Jesse Siler, a prominent North Carolinian who grazed sheep and cattle atop the mountain in the 19th century. Likewise, Siler Bald, in the Nantahala Mountains to the south, was named after Jesses brother, Albert Mountain, to the south, was named after Jesses nephew, Albert Siler. The mountain is mentioned several times in Horace Kepharts Our Southern Highlanders as the last stop before one enters a heavily-wooded wilderness, according to Kephart, beyond Hall cabin.
there is just one shack, at Silers Meadow. It is down below the summit, hidden in timber, even if you had, you would have found it as bare as a last years mouse nest, for nobody ever goes there except for a few bear-hunters. From there onward for forty miles is an uninhabited wilderness so rough that you could not make seven miles a day in it to save your life, the easiest access to Silers Bald is to take the Clingmans Dome tower trail from the Forney Ridge Parking Lot to the tower. From there, following the Appalachian Trail west for just over four miles brings one to the summit of Silers Bald and this leg of the trail is riddled with elevation gain and loss, crossing Mt. Buckley, Jenkins Knob, and a sparsely-wooded ridge known as The Narrows. At the summit of Silers Bald, a spur trail winds several yards to a cliff on the northwest slope of the mountain