The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Guntown is a town in Lee County, located in the northern part of the Tupelo micropolitan area. The population was 2,083 at the 2010 Census; the community most has the name of James Gunn, a pioneer citizen. Guntown was established in the 1850s, incorporated as a village in 1867, it was declared a town in 1905 after its population had risen to 330. Guntown is located at 34°26′42″N 88°39′47″W; the town lies along Mississippi Highway 145, with the older parts of town lying further to the east near the railroad tracks. U. S. Route 45 traverses the western part of the town, running parallel to MS 145. Baldwyn lies just to the north of Guntown, Saltillo lies just to the south. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.5 square miles, of which 4.5 square miles is land and 0.22% is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,183 people, 443 households, 337 families residing in the town; the population density was 261.1 people per square mile. There were 482 housing units at an average density of 106.4 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the town was 74.98% White, 24.18% African American, 0.34% Asian, 0.42% from other races, 0.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.01% of the population. There were 443 households out of which 45.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 21.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.9% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.12. In the town, the population was spread out with 34.3% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.3 males. The median income for a household in the town was $27,188, the median income for a family was $29,783.
Males had a median income of $27,868 versus $20,375 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,456. About 19.3% of families and 24.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.5% of those under age 18 and 17.9% of those age 65 or over. Guntown is served by the Lee County School District. Brice's Cross Roads National Battlefield Site List of municipalities in Mississippi Media related to Guntown, Mississippi at Wikimedia Commons Geographic data related to Guntown, Mississippi at OpenStreetMap Guntown Middle School Lee – Itawamba Library System at SirsiDynix
Little Rock, Arkansas
Little Rock is the capital and most populous city of the U. S. state of Arkansas. It is the county seat of Pulaski County, it was incorporated on November 7, 1831, on the south bank of the Arkansas River close to the state's geographic center. The city derives its name from a rock formation along the river, named the "Little Rock" by the French explorer Jean-Baptiste Bénard de la Harpe in the 1720s; the capital of the Arkansas Territory was moved to Little Rock from Arkansas Post in 1821. The city's population was 198,541 in 2016 according to the United States Census Bureau; the six-county Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area is ranked 78th in terms of population in the United States with 738,344 residents according to the 2017 estimate by the United States Census Bureau. Little Rock is a cultural, economic and transportation center within Arkansas and the South. Several cultural institutions are in Little Rock, such as the Arkansas Arts Center, the Arkansas Repertory Theatre, the Arkansas Symphony Orchestra, in addition to hiking and other outdoor recreational opportunities.
Little Rock's history is available through history museums, historic districts or neighborhoods like the Quapaw Quarter, historic sites such as Little Rock Central High School. The city is the headquarters of Dillard's, Windstream Communications, Stephens Inc. University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Heifer International, the Clinton Foundation, the Rose Law Firm, Arkansas Blue Cross and Blue Shield. Other corporations, such as Dassault Falcon Jet, LM Wind Power, Simmons Bank, Euronet Worldwide, AT&T, Entergy have large operations in the city. State government is a large employer, with many offices downtown. Two major Interstate highways, Interstate 30 and Interstate 40, meet in Little Rock, with the Port of Little Rock serving as a shipping hub. Little Rock derives its name from a small rock formation on the south bank of the Arkansas River called the "Little Rock"; the Little Rock was used by early river traffic as a landmark and became a well-known river crossing. The Little Rock is across the river from The Big Rock, a large bluff at the edge of the river, once used as a rock quarry.
Archeological artifacts provide evidence of Native Americans inhabiting Central Arkansas for thousands of years before Europeans arrived. The early inhabitants may have been the Folsom people, Bluff Dwellers, Mississippian culture peoples who built earthwork mounds recorded in 1541 by Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto. Historical tribes of the area were the Caddo, Osage and Cherokee. Little Rock was named for a stone outcropping on the bank of the Arkansas River used by early travelers as a landmark, it was named in 1722 by French explorer and trader Jean-Baptiste Bénard de la Harpe, marked the transition from the flat Mississippi Delta region to the Ouachita Mountain foothills. Travelers referred to the area as the "Little Rock." Though there was an effort to name the city "Arkopolis" upon its founding in the 1820s, that name did appear on a few maps made by the US Geological Survey, the name Little Rock is what stuck. Little Rock is located at 34°44′10″N 92°19′52″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 116.8 square miles, of which 116.2 square miles is land and 0.6 square miles is water.
Little Rock is located on the south bank of the Arkansas River in Central Arkansas. Fourche Creek and Rock Creek run through the city, flow into the river; the western part of the city is located in the foothills of the Ouachita Mountains. Northwest of the city limits are Pinnacle Mountain and Lake Maumelle, which provides Little Rock's drinking water; the city of North Little Rock is located just across the river from Little Rock, but it is a separate city. North Little Rock was once the 8th ward of Little Rock. An Arkansas Supreme Court decision on February 6, 1904, allowed the ward to merge with the neighboring town of North Little Rock; the merged town renamed itself Argenta, but returned to its original name in October 1917. The 2017 U. S. Census population estimate for the Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area was 738,344; the MSA covers the following counties: Pulaski, Grant, Lonoke and Saline. The largest cities are Little Rock, North Little Rock, Jacksonville, Sherwood, Cabot and Bryant.
Little Rock lies in the humid subtropical climate zone, with hot, humid summers and cool winters, with little snow. It has experienced temperatures as low as −12 °F, recorded on February 12, 1899, as high as 114 °F, recorded on August 3, 2011; as of the 2005–2007 American Community Survey conducted by the U. S. Census Bureau, White Americans made up 52.7% of Little Rock's population. Blacks or African Americans made up 42.1% of Little Rock's population, with 42.0% being non-Hispanic blacks. American Indians made up 0.4% of Little Rock's population while Asian Americans made up 2.1% of the city's population. Pacific Islander Americans made up less than 0.1% of the city's population. Individuals from some other race made up 1.2% of the city's population. Individuals from two or more races made up 1.4% of the city's population. In addition and Latinos made up 4.7% of Little Rock's population. As of the 2010 census, there were 193,524 people, 82,018 households, 47,799 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,576.0 people p
Tishomingo County, Mississippi
Tishomingo County is a county located in the northeast corner of the U. S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,593, its county seat is Iuka. Tishomingo County was organized February 9, 1836, from Chickasaw lands that were ceded to the United States; the Chickasaw were forced by Indian Removal to relocate to lands in the Indian Territory. Jacinto was the original county seat of Tishomingo County and its historic courthouse building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In 1870 the area was divided into Alcorn and Tishomingo counties. Tishomingo's county seat was relocated to Iuka. Tishomingo was referred to in the Coen brothers' film, O Brother, Where Art Thou?. Brandon Grissom, District 1 Nicky McRae, District 2 Danny Ryan, District 3 Jeff Holt, District 4 Greg Collier, District 5 Peyton Cummings Representative Lester Carpenter, Mississippi House of Representatives - District 1 Representative Mark DuVall, Mississippi House of Representatives - District 19 Senator Eric Powell, Mississippi State Senate - District 4 Senator J. P. Wilemon, Mississippi State Senate - District 5 According to the U.
S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 445 square miles, of which 424 square miles is land and 20 square miles is water; the highest natural point in Mississippi, the 806 feet Woodall Mountain, is located in the county. Tishomingo County is the only county in Mississippi with outcroppings of natural limestone formations. Hardin County, Tennessee Lauderdale County, Alabama Colbert County, Alabama Franklin County, Alabama Itawamba County Prentiss County Alcorn County Natchez Trace Parkway As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 19,593 people residing in the county. 94.5% were White, 2.6% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 1.7% of some other race and 0.8% of two or more races. 2.8% were Hispanic or Latino. As of the census of 2000 there were 19,163 people, 7,917 households, 5,573 families residing in the county; the population density was 45 people per square mile. There were 9,553 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 94.93% White, 3.11% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.06% from other races, 0.59% from two or more races.
1.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. By 2005 the population was 93.4% non-Hispanic white. 3.6% of the population was African-American. 2.6% of the population was Latino. In 2000 there were 7,917 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.1% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.6% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.89. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,315, the median income for a family was $34,378.
Males had a median income of $28,109 versus $19,943 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,395. About 11% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over. Tishomingo State Park is located in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains in Tishomingo County, north of Tupelo, Mississippi. Activities in the park including canoeing, rock climbing and hiking; the park was constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the 1930s. Many of the original buildings are still standing; the park is named for an early leader of Chief Tishomingo. J. P. Coleman State Park is a state park in the U. S. state of Mississippi. It is located north of Iuka off Mississippi Highway 25, it sits along the banks of the Tennessee Pickwick Lake. The park is named for a former governor of Mississippi. Activities include sailing, camping, hiking and fishing for smallmouth bass. Bay Springs Lake is a reservoir on the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway in the U.
S. state of Mississippi. It is impounded by Dam; the lake is nine miles long, between waterway mile markers 412 at the dam, 421 near the entrance to the divide cut. The Tennessee–Tombigbee Waterway is a 234-mile artificial waterway that provides a connecting link between the Tennessee and Tombigbee rivers; the waterway begins at Pickwick Lake on the Tennessee River flows southward through northeast Mississippi and west Alabama connecting with the established Warrior-Tombigbee navigation system at Demopolis, Alabama. Iuka Belmont Burnsville Tishomingo Paden Golden Dennis Doskie Midway Mingo Oldham Pittsburg Short Battle of Iuka Natchez Trace Parkway National Register of Historic Places listings in Tishomingo County, Mississippi Woodall Mountain Tishomingo County Development Foundation Tishomingo County Archives & History Museum
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
Area code 662
Area code 662 is the telephone area code serving the northern half of Mississippi, including the 6 counties that are part of the Memphis metro area. It includes the cities which are home to the state's two largest universities and Starkville, it was created in 1999 in a split from area code 601. The split came in part because the Memphis LATA extends some distance into northern Mississippi, meaning a large block of numbers in Memphis' area code 901 are unavailable for use. Note: This area code is used in Mexico for Hermosillo, Sonora Aberdeen, Mississippi Amory, Mississippi Artesia, Mississippi Baldwyn, Mississippi Batesville, Mississippi Booneville, Mississippi Clarksdale, Mississippi Cleveland, Mississippi Columbus, Mississippi Corinth, Mississippi Crawford, Mississippi Fulton, Mississippi Greenville, Mississippi Greenwood, Mississippi Grenada, Mississippi Hernando, Mississippi Holly Springs, Mississippi Horn Lake, Mississippi Houston, Mississippi Indianola, Mississippi Kosciusko, Mississippi Louisville, Mississippi Marks, Mississippi Mound Bayou, Mississippi New Albany, Mississippi Okolona, Mississippi Olive Branch, Mississippi Oxford, Mississippi Pontotoc, Mississippi Ruleville, Mississippi Saltillo, Mississippi Senatobia, Mississippi Southaven, Mississippi Starkville, Mississippi Tunica, Mississippi Tupelo, Mississippi Vaiden, Mississippi Water Valley, Mississippi West Point, Mississippi Winona, Mississippi Yazoo City, Mississippi NANPA: Mississippi area code map List of exchanges from CIDLookup.com, 662 Area Code
Tishomingo (Chickasaw leader)
Chief Tishominko was one of the last full-blooded Chickasaw Chiefs. His name "Tishu-minko" means assistant-king, as he was second in power in Chickasaw society to King Ish-te-ho-to-pa, the Chickasaw "Minko," or hereditary king. Tishominko was born in 1734 in what is now Lee County, Mississippi, he served with General Anthony Wayne against Shawnee Native Americans in the Northwest Territory and received a silver medal from president George Washington. He was known for leading warriors by example and was respected for his honesty and high moral standards, he served with distinction in the United States Military in the Battle of Fallen Timbers, the Red Stick War with the Creeks and the War of 1812. During the War of 1812, Tishomingo served under Andrew Jackson. After his service in the military, Tishominko retired to become a farmer until white settlers came onto his land, he made several trips to Philadelphia and Washington, D. C. and was a principal signer in the Treaties of 1816 and 1818 as well as the Treaty of Pontotoc in 1832.
In 1837, a final treaty forced his family to move to the Indian Territory. On May 5, 1838, he died of smallpox near Little Rock, Arkansas; the town of Tishomingo and Tishomingo State Park, Tishomingo County, are all named after Tishomingo. Tishomingo, Oklahoma is named after him. Chief Tishominko Profile and Videos - Chickasaw. TV