Ball hockey is a team sport and a variation of the sport of ice hockey and a specific variation of the game of street hockey. Ball Hockey is the same sport as Floor Hockey. Ball hockey is patterned after and related to ice hockey, except the game is played on foot on a non-ice surface, player equipment is different, an orange ball is used instead of a hockey puck; the object of the game is to score more goals than the opposing team by shooting the ball into the opposing team's net. Teams consist of one goaltender; the five runners are broken down into positions of three forwards and two defensemen and left. The forwards are further described by position name: Left Wing, Right Wing, Center; these positions are the same as in ice hockey. Tournament Ball Hockey rules are numerous and too long to list in this article. A list of the official ball hockey tournament rules of the I. S. B. H. F. Can be found online. For general information sake, Ball Hockey rules stipulate the following basics, meaning if you are playing under these rules you are playing Ball Hockey: Offside is determined by a "floating blue line".
The concept can be difficult to understand for non-hockey enthusiasts, but the simplest explanation is as follows: When the ball crosses the defending team's blue line, the attacking team is onside. The attacking team has the entire zone up to the center line with which to work the ball around and still be considered onside. Once the ball crosses the center red line the attacking zone is "lost", the attacking team's players must clear the defending team's blue line and have the ball enter past the defending team's blue line to be considered onside again. Icing is called "flooring"in ball hockey. You can raise your stick above the shoulder to call for a pass. You can close your hand around the ball provided that you bring the ball straight down to your feet and do not change the direction you are moving in. International rink dimensions are the same as international ice hockey rinks 197 ft × 98.4 ft. North American rink dimensions are the same as North American ice hockey rinks 200 ft × 85 ft.
The ball used is a specially designed ball for ball street hockey. The International Street and Ball Hockey Federation, the worldwide governing body of official street hockey tournaments and leagues recognizes two types of ball for play: a hard version for adult warm climate play and a soft version for non-summer play and younger youth age groups. At the highest levels of ball hockey, teams use a hard, small and smooth orange/reddish ball 3 inches in diameter; this allows for players to make the ball curve by over/under exaggerating a windup and follow through on their shots. Several ball manufacturers now market the balls with the temperature range the ball was designed for on the packaging itself. Although there is no certified industry standard for the balls since no street hockey standards organization exists, all hockey ball manufacturers sell their balls according to the following temperature range: red/orange = hot/warm above 60 degrees, pink = cool - between 40-60 degrees yellow = cold - below 40 degrees In most non-international tournaments, the following equipment requirements are instituted for the runners: Helmets are optional for adults but mandatory for players 17 and under.
Some type of hand gloves must be worn, they do not have to be hockey gloves but they can not have strings lose. Specific gloves for the sport of ball hockey have been developed and are manufactured and sold to ball hockey players; some type of shin guards must be worn, they do not have to be hockey shin guards. Specific guards for the sport of ball hockey have been developed and are manufactured and sold to ball hockey players. Teams must have matching jerseys with numbers; these can be T-shirts with numbers on them. Appropriate footwear for running; some type of official hockey stickNOTE: Specific helmets, shin guards, gloves for the sport of ball hockey have been developed and are manufactured and sold to ball hockey players, but it is not mandatory for players to wear these for all tournaments. The following equipment requirements are instituted for goaltenders: Goaltender's helmet with full face mask Chest protector Thigh pads Goaltender leg pads Goaltender Glove or trapper Goaltender Blocker Goaltender Stick Shirt that fits OVER all chest equipment Appropriate footwearThe flooring used for ball hockey tournaments is a specific type of a game court referred to as a "sport court".
Sport courts simply are plastic modular tiles 1 square foot, that snap together for quick installation and removal. Sport court, is the tiling of choice in Montreal at the famous arena Le Rinque; the tiles are manufactured by several different companies. The tiles come prefabricated with lines on them which make up the markings required for tournament play, such as center and blue lines, face-off circles, goal creases. For official international tournaments, the I. S. B. H. F. Rules apply, players must wear protective equipment as stipulated in their rule book; the official worldwide governing body of the sport is the International Street and Ball Hockey Federation, which operates out of the Czech Republic and Canada. The federation consists of 39 countries and recognizes hundreds of thousands of players playing in organized leagues throughout the world; the Canadian Ball Hockey Association is the official governing body of ball hockey in Canada, numerous leagues operate independently of this organization in Canada.
Official CBHA sanctioned leagues include:British Columbia· BC Ball Hockey Association· West Coast Minor Hockey AssociationAlberta· Wild Rose Ball Hock
Lawrence "Kris" Parker, better known by his stage names KRS-One, Teacha, is an American rapper and occasional producer from The Bronx, New York. He rose to prominence as part of the hip hop music group Boogie Down Productions, which he formed with DJ Scott La Rock in the mid-1980s. KRS-One is best known for his top hits, "Sound of da Police", "Love's gonna get'cha" and "My Philosophy". Boogie Down Productions received numerous awards and critical acclaim in their early years. Following the release of the group's debut album, Criminal Minded, Scott La Rock was shot and killed, but KRS-One continued the group as a solo project, he began releasing records under his own name in 1993. He is politically active, having started the Stop the Violence Movement after La Rock's death, he is a vegan activist, seen by songs such as "Beef". He is considered as an influence to many artists today, including Eminem. Lawrence Parker was born in the New York City borough of Brooklyn in 1965 to an American mother. Both his father and step-father are Jamaican.
At the age of 16, he left home to become an MC, began living at a homeless shelter in the South Bronx where he was dubbed "Krishna" by the residents because of his interest in the Hare Krishna spirituality of some of the antipoverty workers. By the time he met youth counselor Scott Sterling, he was writing graffiti as KRS-One. Together he and Sterling, a.k.a. DJ Scott La Rock, created Boogie Down Productions, releasing their debut album, Criminal Minded, in 1987. KRS-One began his recording career as one third of the hip hop group Boogie Down Productions, or BDP, alongside DJ Scott La Rock and Derrick "D-Nice" Jones. After being rejected by radio DJs Mr. Magic and Marley Marl, KRS-One went on to diss the two and those associated with them, sparking what was known as The Bridge Wars. Additionally, KRS-One had taken offense to "The Bridge", a song by Marley Marl's protege, MC Shan; the song could be interpreted as a claim that Queensbridge was the monument of hip-hop, though MC Shan has denied this claim.
Still, KRS-One "dissed" the song with the BDP record "South Bronx." A second round of volleys ensued with Shan's "Kill That Noise" and BDP's "The Bridge Is Over." KRS-One, demonstrating his nickname "The Blastmaster", gave a live performance against MC Shan, many conceded he had won the battle. Many believe this live performance to be the first MC battle where rappers attack each other, instead of a battle between who can get the crowd more hyped. Parker and Sterling decided to form a rap group together calling themselves "Scott La Rock and the Celebrity Three"; that was short-lived, however, as the two peripheral members quit, leaving Sterling. They decided to call themselves "Boogie Down Productions". "Success is the Word", a 12-inch single produced by David Kenneth Eng and Kenny Beck, was released on indie Fresh/Sleeping Bag Records but did not enjoy commercial success. Boogie Down Productions released their debut album Criminal Minded in 1987. Scott La Rock was killed in a shooting that year, after attempting to mediate a dispute between teenager and BDP member D-Nice and local hoodlums.
During this time KRS-One gained acclaim as one of the first MCs to incorporate Jamaican style into hip-hop, using the Zung gu zung melody made famous by Yellowman in Jamaican dance halls earlier in the decade. While KRS-One used Zunguzung styles in a more powerful and controversial manner in his song titled "Remix for P is Free", he can still be credited as one of the more influential figures to bridge the gap between Jamaican music and American hip-hop. Following the fatal shooting of Scott La Rock in 1987, KRS was determined to continue Boogie Down Productions through the tragedy, releasing the album By All Means Necessary in 1988, he was joined by beatboxer D-Nice, rapper Ramona "Ms. Melodie" Parker, Kris's younger brother DJ Kenny Parker, among others. However, Boogie Down Productions would remain KRS' show, the group's content would become political through the subsequent releases Ghetto Music: The Blueprint of Hip Hop, Live Hardcore Worldwide and Sex and Violence. KRS-One was the primary initiator behind the H.
E. A. L. Compilation and the Stop the Violence Movement; as KRS adopted this "humanist", less defensive approach, he turned away from his "Blastmaster" persona and towards that of "The Teacha", although he has used "Blastmaster" throughout his career. After five solo albums under the name "Boogie Down Productions," KRS-One decided to set out on his own. On his first solo album, 1993's Return of the Boom Bap, he worked together with producers DJ Premier, Kid Capri and Showbiz, the latter providing the catchy-yet-hardcore track "Sound of da Police", his second album, 1995's KRS-One, featured Channel Live on "Free Mumia", a song in which they criticize Civil Rights activist C. Delores Tucker among others. Other prominent guest stars on KRS-One included Busta Rhymes, Das EFX and Fat Joe. In 1991, KRS-One appeared on the alternative rock group R. E. M.'s single "Radio Song", which appeared on the band's album Out of Time, released the same year. In 1992, Bradley Nowell from Sublime featured an acoustic song named "KRS-One" with his voice and DJ's samples.
Yohanes Kristiarto Soeryo Legowo is the Ambassador for the Republic of Indonesia in Australia, posted to Canberra. He holds the position of Indonesian Ambassador to the Republic of Vanuatu. Kristiarto Legowo's father, was a teacher. Kristarto was the youngest child in a family of ten children, his parents included Legowo as part of his name. In Javanese, a used language in the Magelang area, legowo describes the feeling of great relief after a difficulty has been overcome; the story that he recounts is that his mother fainted and fell in church shortly before he was born, the accident required stitches on her neck and triggered contractions. Kristiarto was born two days around a week before the due date. Kristarto hoped to become a pilot. However, he wore glasses. Instead, after finishing high school, he decided to continue his studies at Gadjah Mada University, one of Indonesia's leading universities, in Yogyakarta nearby to Magelang, he began his studies at Gadjah Mada University in 1981, entering the Faculty of Politics and Social Sciences majoring in international relations.
He completed the full course in the Faculty, graduating with a doctorandus degree, in 1986. Kristiarto was accepted as a young staffer into the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Jakarta, he began work in the Ministry in 1987 and subsequently, to gain professional experience, moved through various positions in the Ministry. In January 2007, he was promoted to the senior rank of Echelon II; as a career diplomat, Kristiarto has held a series of positions within the Ministry: 2000-2004: Director for Public Diplomacy 2007-2008: Chief Staff and Spokesperson for Foreign Minister Hassan Wirajuda 2008-2010: Director for East Asian and Pacific Affairs 2014-2017: Secretary General of the MinistryBefore his posting as ambassador to Australia, Kristiarto's overseas assignments included positions in Europe, the United States and Asia: 1990-1994: Indonesian ambassador to the Holy See in the Vatican 1996-2000: Indonesia's Permanent Mission to the United Nations in New York 2004-2007: Deputy Head of Mission in Canberra, Australia 2010-2013: Ambassador to the Philippines.
After his return to Jakarta from the Philippines, Kristiarto was appointed to the position of Secretary-General in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In this position, on occasion he found it necessary to defend the processes of reform in the Ministry when criticisms appeared in the Indonesian media. Kristiarto was nominated as a candidate for the position of Indonesian Ambassador to Australia by President Joko Widodo in late 2016. After approval of his nomination by the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Indonesian Parliament, he arrived to take up his post as Ambassador of Indonesia to Australia in early June 2017, he presented his credentials to the Australian Governor-General Sir Peter Cosgrove in Canberra on 27 June. His first posting as an Indonesian diplomat was to the Vatican in Rome. During the posting, Kristiarto met an Indonesian student, studying at Sapienza University, they married in Indonesia in 1994 and have three children, two daughters and a son