Sheldon Allan Shel Silverstein was an American poet, singer-songwriter, cartoonist and author of childrens books. He styled himself as Uncle Shelby in some works, translated into more than 30 languages, his books have sold over 20 million copies. He was the recipient of two Grammy Awards, as well as a Golden Globe and Academy Award nominee. Born into a Jewish family, Silverstein grew up in the Logan Square neighborhood of Chicago, attended Roosevelt High School and, and he enrolled in Chicago Academy of Fine Arts where he was attending when he was drafted into the United States Army. He served in Japan and Korea and he had one daughter, Shoshanna Jordan Hastings, born June 30,1970, with Susan Taylor Hastings of Sausalito, California. Susan died on June 29,1975, one day before Shoshannas fifth birthday, and Shoshanna died April 24,1982, at age 11, of a cerebral aneurysm. He had a son named Matthew, born November 10,1984, with Sarah Spencer of Key West, Sarah drove the conch train, on May 10,1999, Silverstein died at age 68 of a heart attack in Key West, Florida.
He is buried in Westlawn Cemetery in Norridge, Silverstein began drawing at age seven by tracing the works of Al Capp. He told Publishers Weekly, When I was a kid—12 to 14, Id much rather have been a baseball player or a hit with the girls. Luckily, the didnt want me. Not much I could do about that, so I started to draw and to write. I was lucky that I didnt have anybody to copy, I had developed my own style, I was creating before I knew there was a Thurber, a Benchley, a Price and a Steinberg. I never saw their work til I was around 30, by the time I got to where I was attracting girls, I was already into work, and it was more important to me. Not that I wouldnt rather make love, but the work has become a habit and he was first published in the Roosevelt Torch, a student newspaper at Roosevelt University, where he studied English after leaving the Art Institute. During his time in the military, his cartoons were published in Pacific Stars and Stripes and his first book, Take Ten, a compilation of his military Take Ten cartoon series, was published by Pacific Stars and Stripes in 1955.
He said his time in college was a waste and would have been spent traveling around the world meeting people. After returning to Chicago, Silverstein began submitting cartoons to magazines while selling hot dogs at Chicago ballparks and his cartoons began appearing in Look, Sports Illustrated and This Week. Mass-market paperback readers across America were introduced to Silverstein in 1956 when Take Ten was reprinted by Ballantine Books as Grab Your Socks, the edition included a foreword by Bill Mauldin
Publishing is the dissemination of literature, music, or information—the activity of making information available to the general public. In some cases, authors may be their own publishers, meaning originators and developers of content provide media to deliver, the word publisher can refer to the individual who leads a publishing company or an imprint or to a person who owns/heads a magazine. Traditionally, the term refers to the distribution of printed works such as books, Publishing includes the following stages of development, copy editing, production and marketing and distribution. There are two categories of book publisher, Non-paid publishers, A non-paid publisher is a house that does not charge authors at all to publish their books. Paid publishers, The author has to meet with the expense to get the book published. This is known as vanity publishing, at a small press, it is possible to survive by relying entirely on commissioned material. But as activity increases, the need for works may outstrip the publishers established circle of writers, for works written independently of the publisher, writers often first submit a query letter or proposal directly to a literary agent or to a publisher.
Submissions sent directly to a publisher are referred to as unsolicited submissions, the acquisitions editors send their choices to the editorial staff. Unsolicited submissions have a low rate of acceptance, with some sources estimating that publishers ultimately choose about three out of every ten thousand unsolicited manuscripts they receive. Many book publishers around the world maintain a strict no unsolicited submissions policy and this policy shifts the burden of assessing and developing writers out of the publisher and onto the literary agents. At these publishers, unsolicited manuscripts are thrown out, or sometimes returned, established authors may be represented by a literary agent to market their work to publishers and negotiate contracts. Literary agents take a percentage of earnings to pay for their services. Some writers follow a route to publication. Such books often employ the services of a ghostwriter, for a submission to reach publication, it must be championed by an editor or publisher who must work to convince other staff of the need to publish a particular title.
An editor who discovers or champions a book that becomes a best-seller may find their reputation enhanced as a result of their success. Once a work is accepted, commissioning editors negotiate the purchase of property rights. The authors of traditional printed materials typically sell exclusive territorial intellectual property rights that match the list of countries in which distribution is proposed. In the case of books, the publisher and writer must agree on the formats of publication —mass-market paperback
BDMI is a 100%-owned subsidiary of Bertelsmann SE, the international media company. The firms investing partners include Urs Cete, Sim Blaustein, the team is supported by investment Associate Mary Liu and Analyst Courtney Nelson. BDMI concentrates on early stage investments into growing companies in the media landscape, specifically in the categories of online video, next generation publishing. The company focuses predominantly on Series A and B investments, the initial investment range is from $500k to $5m. The company looks for opportunities where they can accelerate growth through BDMI’s financial and management resources, although BDMI is a 100%-owned subsidiary of Bertelsmann SE, it conducts investments just like every other financial VC. Due to the vast resources of Bertelsmann SE & Co, BDMI has invested in more than 50 startups since its inception in 2006. Notable investments have included, For more of BDMIs investments, see Crunchbase article, BDMI - Crunchbase Profile Official Website of BDMI
From about 1959 until 1969, Pohl edited Galaxy and its sister magazine If, the latter won three successive annual Hugo Awards as the years best professional magazine. He won the Campbell Memorial Award again for the 1984 collection of novellas Years of the City, for his 1979 novel Jem, Pohl won a U. S. National Book Award in the one-year category Science Fiction. It was a finalist for three other years best novel awards and he won four Hugo and three Nebula Awards. Pohl won the Hugo Award for Best Fan Writer in 2010, for his blog, Pohl was the son of Frederik George Pohl and Anna Jane Mason. Pohl Sr. held various jobs, and the Pohls lived in such locations as Texas, New Mexico. The family settled in Brooklyn when Pohl was around seven and he attended Brooklyn Technical High School, and dropped out at 17. In 2009, he was awarded a diploma from Brooklyn Tech. While a teenager, he co-founded the New York–based Futurians fan group, and began lifelong friendships with Donald Wollheim, Isaac Asimov and others who would become important writers and editors.
Pohl said that other friends came and went and were gone, many of the ones I met through fandom were friends all their lives – Isaac, Damon Knight, Cyril Kornbluth, Dirk Wylie, Dick Wilson. In fact, there are one or two – Jack Robins, Dave Kyle – whom I still count as friends, seventy-odd years and he published a science fiction fanzine called Mind of Man. During 1936, Pohl joined the Young Communist League because of its positions for unions and against racial prejudice, Adolf Hitler and he became president of the local Flatbush III Branch of the YCL in Brooklyn. Pohl has said that after the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of 1939, the party changed and he could no longer support it. Pohl served in the United States Army from April 1943 until November 1945, after training in Illinois and Colorado, he was mainly stationed in Italy with the 456th Bombardment Group. His first wife, Leslie Perri, was another Futurian, they were married in August 1940 and he married Dorothy LesTina in Paris in August 1945 while both were serving in the military in Europe, the marriage ended in 1947.
During 1948, he married Judith Merril, they had a daughter and Merril divorced in 1952. In 1953, he married Carol M. Ulf Stanton, with whom he had three children and collaborated on books, they separated in 1977 and were divorced in 1983. From 1984 until his death, Pohl was married to science fiction expert and he fathered four children – Ann, Frederik III, Frederik IV and Kathy. Grandchildren include Canadian writer Emily Pohl-Weary and chef Tobias Pohl-Weary, from 1984 on, he lived in Palatine, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago
The Space Merchants
The Space Merchants is a science fiction novel, written by Frederik Pohl and Cyril M. Kornbluth in 1952. Originally published in Galaxy Science Fiction magazine as a serial entitled Gravy Planet, the novel was first published as a volume in 1953. It deals satirically with a hyper-developed consumerism, seen through the eyes of an advertising executive, in 1984, Pohl published a sequel, The Merchants War. In 2012, it was included in the Library of America omnibus American Science Fiction, Pohl revised the original novel in 2011 with added material and more contemporary references. In a vastly overpopulated world, businesses have taken the place of governments, states exist merely to ensure the survival of huge trans-national corporations. Advertising has become aggressive and by far the best-paid profession. Through advertising, the public is constantly deluded into thinking that the quality of life is improved by all the products placed on the market, Some of the products contain addictive substances designed to make consumers dependent on them.
However, the most basic elements of life are scarce, including water. Personal transport may be powered, with rickshaw rides being considered a luxury. The protagonist, Mitch Courtenay, is a copywriter in the Fowler Schocken advertising agency who has been assigned the ad campaign which would attract colonists to Venus. But a lot more is happening than he knows about and it soon becomes a tale of mystery and intrigue, in which many of the characters are not what they seem, and Mitchs loyalties and opinions change drastically over the course of the narrative. Mitch goes to a resort in Antarctica, only to become lost outside in a blizzard and he recovers to find that he has been shanghaied as an ordinary working stiff. His ID number tattooed on his arm has been altered so he cannot reclaim his old identity and he becomes the propaganda specialist for a cadre of revolutionaries, in the process becoming a convert to the cause of those he once manipulated as mere consumers. In the end he confronts those who stole his life, who are not necessarily his enemies, and those from his old life, who are not necessarily his friends.
Whilst serving in the US Army Air Force during the Second World War, Pohl had been posted to Stornara, in south-eastern Italy, shortly after learning of his mothers death in 1944, and feeling somewhat homesick, he decided to start writing a novel about New York. After the war ended, in early 1946, he re-read the manuscript, before rewriting it, he applied for advertising jobs to gain some background, and on 1 April 1946 joined a small Madison Avenue agency as their chief copywriter. He moved to Popular Science, finding that he enjoyed the work so much he lost track of why he took the job. Some years later, Pohl returned to For Some We Loved, in early 1950, he read through the original manuscript, but found the writing to be completely unsalvageable, he burned it, and decided to forget the idea
Edgar Rice Burroughs
Edgar Rice Burroughs was an American writer best known for his creations of the jungle hero Tarzan and the heroic Mars adventurer John Carter, although he produced works in many genres. Burroughs was born on September 1,1875, in Chicago, the son of Major George Tyler Burroughs, a businessman and Civil War veteran. His middle name is from his grandmother, Mary Rice Burroughs. Burroughs was of almost entirely English ancestry, with a line that had been in North America since the early colonial era. Through his grandmother Mary Rice, he was descended from Edmund Rice and he once remarked, I can trace my ancestry back to Deacon Edmund Rice. The Burroughs side of the family was of English origin, many of his ancestors fought in the American Revolution. He had other ancestors who settled in Virginia during the colonial period, Burroughs was educated at a number of local schools, and during the Chicago influenza epidemic in 1891, he spent half a year at his brothers ranch on the Raft River in Idaho.
He attended Phillips Academy, in Andover, graduating in 1895, and failing the entrance exam for the United States Military Academy at West Point, he became an enlisted soldier with the 7th U. S. Cavalry in Fort Grant, Arizona Territory. After being diagnosed with a problem and thus ineligible to serve. After his discharge, Burroughs worked a number of different jobs and he drifted and worked on a ranch in Idaho. He found work at his fathers firm in 1899 and he married his childhood sweetheart, Emma Hulbert, in January 1900. In 1904, he left his job and worked regularly, first in Idaho. By 1911, after seven years of low wages, he was working as a pencil-sharpener wholesaler, by this time, he and Emma had two children, who married the Tarzan film actor James Pierce, and Hulbert. During this period, he had spare time and began reading pulp fiction magazines. In 1929 he recalled thinking that. if people were paid for writing rot such as I read in some of those magazines, in 1913, Burroughs and Emma had their third and last child, John Coleman Burroughs, known for his illustrations of his fathers books.
In the 1920s Burroughs became a pilot, purchased a Security Airster S-1, Burroughs divorced Emma in 1934, and in 1935 he married the former actress Florence Gilbert Dearholt, the former wife of his friend Ashton Dearholt. Burroughs adopted the Dearholts two children and he and Florence divorced in 1942. Burroughs was in his late 60s and was in Honolulu at the time of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
A hardcover or hardback book is one bound with rigid protective covers. It has a flexible, sewn spine which allows the book to lie flat on a surface when opened, following the ISBN sequence numbers, books of this type may be identified by the abbreviation Hbk. Hardcover books are printed on acid-free paper, and are much more durable than paperbacks. Hardcover books are more costly to manufacture. If brisk sales are anticipated, an edition of a book is typically released first. Some publishers publish paperback originals if slow hardback sales are anticipated, for very popular books these sales cycles may be extended, and followed by a mass market paperback edition typeset in a more compact size and printed on shallower, less hardy paper. In the past the release of an edition was one year after the hardback. It is very unusual for a book that was first published in paperback to be followed by a hardback, an example is the novel The Judgment of Paris by Gore Vidal, which had its revised edition of 1961 first published in paperback, and in hardcover.
Hardcover books are sold at higher prices than comparable paperbacks. Hardcovers typically consist of a block, two boards, and a cloth or heavy paper covering. The pages are sewn together and glued onto a flexible spine between the boards, and it too is covered by the cloth, a paper wrapper, or dust jacket, is usually put over the binding, folding over each horizontal end of the boards. On the folded part, or flap, over the front cover is generally a blurb, the back flap is where the biography of the author can be found. Reviews are often placed on the back of the jacket, bookbinding Paperback How to make a simple Hardcover book
Cyril M. Kornbluth
Cyril M. Kornbluth was an American science fiction author and a member of the Futurians. He used a variety of pen-names, including Cecil Corwin, S. D. Gottesman, Edward J. Bellin, Simon Eisner, Jordan Park, Arthur Cooke, Paul Dennis Lavond and Scott Mariner. Kornbluth was born and grew up in the uptown Manhattan neighborhood of Inwood and he was of Polish Jewish descent, the son of a second-generation Jew who ran his own tailor shop. According to his widow, Kornbluth was a child, learning to read by the age of three and writing his own stories by the time he was seven. He graduated high school at thirteen, received a CCNY scholarship at fourteen, as a teenager, he became a member of the Futurians, an influential group of science fiction fans and writers. While a member of the Futurians, he met and became friends with Isaac Asimov, Frederik Pohl, Donald A. Wollheim, Robert A. W. Lowndes and he participated in the Fantasy Amateur Press Association. Kornbluth served in the US Army during World War II and he received a Bronze Star for his service in the Battle of the Bulge, where he served as a member of a heavy machine gun crew.
Upon his discharge, he returned to finish his education, which had been interrupted by the war, while living in Chicago he worked at Trans-Radio Press, a news wire service. In 1951 he started writing full-time, returning to the East Coast where he collaborated on novels with his old Futurian friends Frederik Pohl and his other short fiction includes The Little Black Bag, The Marching Morons, The Altar at Midnight, MS. Found in a Chinese Fortune Cookie and The Advent on Channel 12, the Little Black Bag was first adapted for television live on the television show Tales of Tomorrow on May 30,1952. It was adapted for television by the BBC in 1969 for its Out of the Unknown series, in 1970, the same story was adapted by Rod Serling for an episode of his Night Gallery series. This dramatization starred Burgess Meredith as the alcoholic Dr. William Fall and he finds a bag containing advanced medical technology from the future, after an unsuccessful attempt to pawn it, he uses benevolently. In his introduction to The Best of C.
M, a future Earth similar to The Marching Morons – a civilisation of morons protected by a small minority of hidden geniuses – is used again in the final stages of Kornbluth & Pohls Search the Sky. This fate is said to be Kornbluths response to the publication of Mask of Demeter in Wollheims anthology Prize Science Fiction in 1953. In his own world, Royland debated whether to progress at the Los Alamos nuclear research site or to help the atomic bomb achieve its terrifying result. Encountering both a village and a concentration camp in the alternative America, he comes to grips with the idea of life under bondage. Many of Kornbluths novels were written as collaborations, either with Judith Merril and these include Gladiator-At-Law and The Space Merchants. The Space Merchants contributed significantly to the maturing and to the academic respectability of the science fiction genre, not only in America
Stars and Stripes (newspaper)
Stars and Stripes is an American military newspaper that focuses and reports on matters concerning the members of the United States Armed Forces. The newspaper has its headquarters in Washington, D. C, on November 9,1861, during the Civil War, soldiers of the 11th, 18th, and 29th Illinois Regiments set up camp in the Missouri city of Bloomfield. Finding the local newspapers office empty, they decided to print a newspaper about their activities and they called it the Stars and Stripes. Today, the Stars and Stripes Museum/Library Association is located in Bloomfield, there is, however, no continuity between this and the newspaper bearing the same name. During World War I, the staff, roving reporters, and illustrators of the Stars, harold Ross, editor of the Stars and Stripes, returned home to found The New Yorker magazine. Cyrus Baldridge, its art director and principal illustrator, became an illustrator of books and magazines, as well as a writer, print maker. Sports page editor Grantland Rice had a career in journalism.
Drama critic Alexander Woollcotts essays for Stars and Stripes were collected in his 1919 book, during World War II, the newspaper was printed in dozens of editions in several operating theaters. Some of the editions were assembled and printed very close to the front in order to get the latest information to the most troops, during the war, the newspaper published the 53-book series G. I. The newspaper has published continuously in Europe since 1942 and in the Pacific since 1945. A photograph in Stars and Stripes loosely inspired the exploits of PFC Jack Agnew in the 1965 novel and its 1967 film adaptation, American comic strips have been presented in a 15-page section, Stripes Sunday Comics. A weekly derivative product is distributed within the United States by its commercial publishing partners and Stripes newspaper averages 32 pages each day and is published in tabloid format and online at www. stripes. com/epaper. Stars and Stripes serves independent military news and information to an audience of about 2.0 million unique visitors per month,60 to 70 percent of whom are located in the United States.
Stars and Stripes is a non-appropriated fund organization, only partially subsidized by the Department of Defense, a large portion of its operating costs is earned through the sale of advertising and subscriptions. Unique among the many publications and Stripes operates as a First Amendment newspaper and is part of the newly formed Defense Media Activity. The other entities encompassed by the Defense Media Activity, are command publications of the Department of Defense, only Stars and Stripes is in the process of digitizing its World War II editions. Newspaper microfilm from 1949 to 1999 is now in searchable format through a partnership with Heritage Microfilm and has integrated into an archives website. Newspaper Archive has recently made the England, Ireland
Fawcett Publications was an American publishing company founded in 1919 in Robbinsdale, Minnesota by Wilford Hamilton Captain Billy Fawcett. At the age of 16, Fawcett ran away home to join the Army. Back in Minnesota, he became a reporter for the Minneapolis Journal. The title Captain Billys Whiz Bang combined Fawcetts military moniker with the nickname of a destructive World War I artillery shell, according to one account, the earliest issues were mimeographed pamphlets, typed on a borrowed typewriter and peddled around Minneapolis by Captain Billy and his four sons. Distributing free copies of Captain Billys Whiz Bang to wounded veterans and his Minnesota friends, he circulated the remaining copies to newsstands in hotels. With gags like, AWOL means After Women Or Liquor, the joke book caught on, the book Humor Magazines and Comic Periodicals notes, Few periodicals reflect the post-WW I cultural change in American life as well as Captain Billy’s Whiz Bang. To some people represented the decline of morality and the flaunting of sexual immodesty, Captain Billys Whiz Bang is immortalized in the lyrics to the song Trouble from Meredith Willsons The Music Man, Is there a nicotine stain on his index finger.
A dime novel hidden in the corncrib, is he starting to memorize jokes from Captain Billys Whiz Bang. The publication, delivered in a 64-page, saddle-stitched, digest-sized format, by 1923, the magazine had a circulation of 425,000 with $500,000 annual profits. With the rising readership of Captain Billys Whiz Bang, Fawcett racked up more sales with Whiz Bang annuals, the popularity of Whiz Bang peaked during the 1920s. It continued into the 1930s, but circulation slowed as readers graduated to the sophisticated humor of Esquire. It had an influence on many other digest-sized cartoon humor publications, including Charley Jones Laugh Book, Captain Billys success as a publisher prompted him to create the Breezy Point Resort on Pelican Lake in Breezy Point, Minnesota. Since celebrity visitors came to the resort, Captain Billy had the road from Breezy Point into Pequot Lakes blacktopped at his own expense. His building program at the Resort included the construction of a lodge, planned to accommodate 700 people, using native Norway pines.
Celebrities who stayed at Breezy Point included Carole Lombard, Tom Mix, the Fawcett House, Captain Billys personal log mansion, is made available for public rental today. Decorated with elk and deer skins, Fawcett House has ten bedrooms, the living room has a cathedral ceiling, a loft, a bar and a large field rock fireplace. Harry Truman was another Breezy Point guest, edward McKim, a friend of Trumans since World War I, told of visits to the Resort in 1932 and Trumans success at the Breezy Point slot machine, Captain Billy was quite a shot with a shotgun. He was on the American Olympic team at one time and he had some traps out there, so we did a little shooting with him
Fantasy is a fiction genre set in an imaginary universe, often but not always without any locations, events, or people from the real world. Most fantasy uses magic or other elements as a main plot element, theme. Magic and magical creatures are common in many of these imaginary worlds, in popular culture, the fantasy genre is predominantly of the medievalist form. In its broadest sense, fantasy works by many writers, filmmakers. Fantasy is studied in a number of disciplines including English and other studies, cultural studies, comparative literature, history. The identifying trait of fantasy is the reliance on imagination to create narrative elements that do not have to rely on history or nature to be coherent. This differs from realistic fiction in that whereas realistic fiction has to attend to the history and natural laws of reality, an author applies his or her imagination to come up with characters and settings that are impossible in reality. Fantasy has often compared with science fiction and horror because they are the major categories of speculative fiction.
Fantasy is distinguished from science fiction by the plausibility of the narrative elements, a science fiction narrative is unlikely, though seeming possible through logical scientific and/or technological extrapolation, whereas fantasy narratives do not need to be scientifically possible. The imagined elements of fantasy do not need an explanation to be narratively functional. Authors have to rely on the suspension of disbelief, an acceptance of the unbelievable or impossible for the sake of enjoyment. Despite both genres heavy reliance on the supernatural and horror are distinguishable, horror primarily evokes fear through the protagonists weaknesses or inability to deal with the antagonists. Beginning perhaps with the earliest written documents and other elements that would come to define fantasy. MacDonald was an influence on both J. R. R. Tolkien and C. S. Lewis. The other major fantasy author of this era was William Morris, lord Dunsany established the genres popularity in both the novel and the short story form.
Many popular mainstream authors began to write fantasy at this time, including H. Rider Haggard, Rudyard Kipling and Edgar Rice Burroughs. Indeed, juvenile fantasy was considered more acceptable than fantasy intended for adults, nathaniel Hawthorne wrote fantasy in A Wonder-Book for Girls and Boys, intended for children, though works for adults only verged on fantasy. Political and social trends can affect a societys reception towards fantasy, in the early 20th century, the New Culture Movements enthusiasm for Westernization and science in China compelled them to condemn the fantastical shenmo genre of traditional Chinese literature
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt is an educational and trade publisher in the United States. Headquartered in Bostons Back Bay, it publishes textbooks, instructional materials, reference works. The company was known as Houghton Mifflin Company but changed its name following the 2007 acquisition of Harcourt Publishing. Prior to March 2010, it was a subsidiary of Education Media and Publishing Group Limited, in 1832, William Ticknor and James Thomas Fields had gathered an impressive list of writers, including Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Henry David Thoreau. The duo formed a relationship with Riverside Press, a Boston printing company owned by Henry Oscar Houghton. Shortly after, Houghton founded a company with partner George Mifflin. The company still had debt from when it merged from Houghton and Company, in 1884, James D. Hurd, the son of Melancthon Hurd became a partner. Three people in 1888 became partners as well, James Murray Kay, Thurlow Weed Barnes, shortly thereafter the company established an Educational Department, and from 1891 to 1908 sales of educational materials increased by 500 percent.
Soon after 1916, Houghton Mifflin became involved in publishing standardized tests and testing materials, the company was the fourth-largest educational publisher in the United States in 1921. In 1961, Houghton Mifflin famously passed on Julia Childs Mastering the Art of French Cooking, giving it up to Alfred A. Knopf who published it in 1962. It went on to become a success and is considered by many to be the bible of French cooking. Houghton Mifflins strategic error was depicted in the 2009 film Julie & Julia, in 1967, Houghton Mifflin became a publicly traded company on the New York Stock Exchange under the stock symbol HTN. Under president Nader F. Darehshori Houghton Mifflin acquired in 1994 for $138 million McDougal Littell, a publisher of secondary school materials. Heath and Company, a publisher of educational resources. In 1996, the company created their Great Source Education Group to combine the supplemental material product lines of their School Division and these two companies. In 1998, HMH announced a sub-brand called LOGAL Software, which was to release a new line of interactive science software called Science Gateways, as of 2017, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt is offering the Logal Science brand as a licensing opportunity on its website.
Mergers and acquisitions activities have had effects on this company. In 2001, Houghton Mifflin was acquired by French media giant Vivendi Universal for $2.2 billion including assumed debt, on December 22,2006, it was announced that Riverdeep PLC had completed its acquisition of Houghton Mifflin