Bally's Atlantic City
Bally's Atlantic City is a hotel and casino on the Boardwalk in Atlantic City, New Jersey, owned by Vici Properties and operated by Caesars Entertainment. The Marlborough-Blenheim Hotel stood on the site, it is famous for its address of "Park Place and the Boardwalk", two locations popularized by the board game Monopoly. Bally's is one of the largest hotels on the boardwalk with nearly 1,169 rooms, its Dennis Tower opened in 1921. In 1997, The Wild Wild West Casino was opened as an expansion of Bally's. In 1977, Reese Palley and local attorney and businessman Martin Blatt bought the Marlborough-Blenheim Hotel and planned to preserve the Blenheim half of the hotel, along with adjacent Dennis Hotel for his Park Place Casino. Palley was successful in getting the Blenheim part of the hotel placed on the National Register of Historic Buildings, while planning to raze the Marlborough to make way for a new modern hotel. However, he stepped aside. After Bally took control, it announced plans to raze the Marlborough and the adjacent Dennis Hotel, despite protests, to make way for the new "Bally's Park Place Casino and Hotel".
However, in an effort to offset costs and open the casino as soon as possible, the Dennis Hotel was retained to serve as the temporary hotel for Bally's until a new tower could be built. In November 1978, Bally's demolished the Marlborough-Blenheim and cleared the land to begin building the Bally's Park Place Casino. On December 30, 1979, the casino opened with the newly renovated Dennis serving as its hotel. In 1989, Bally's constructed a 750-room hotel tower in a modern style, with an exterior of light pink glass. On July 2, 1997, The Wild Wild West Casino opened as the second casino at Bally's. In 2000, Bally's Park Place became Bally's Atlantic City; the adjacent Claridge Hotel and Casino was purchased and incorporated into Bally's in 2003, was renamed the Claridge Tower. The casino in the Claridge Tower was named The Ridge; the casino was renovated in 2008 from a standard casino floor to an upscale lounge-casino. In 2005, Harrah's Entertainment purchased; the boardwalk side of Bally's was renovated in 2009.
The facade of the Dennis Tower was refurbished and a row of shops between the Dennis Hotel and the boardwalk was demolished, which opened the plaza of the Dennis Tower to the boardwalk. In 2012, The Ridge closed its food amenities; the tower's 500 hotel rooms continued to be used for Bally's guests until it was sold in 2013 to be reopened as the independent Claridge Hotel. In October 2017, ownership of Bally's was transferred to Vici Properties as part of a corporate spin-off, the property was leased back to Caesars Entertainment; the two casinos at Bally's have over 220,000 sq ft. of gaming space with over 5000 slot machines and many table games, among other features. Recent developments include games which combine the features of live table games with those of slot machines: The multi-player Roulette automatically spins the ball, but the bet and payout function is handle by computerized video terminals for each player. In the Wild Wild West area, a video recorded "blackjack dealer" on a big TV screen "deals" as the player bet on a video terminal which shows their "cards" in a multi-player game.
Bally's has a sportsbook which offers sports betting. As provided by local and state law, there scattered areas where smoking is permitted, totaling 25% of the official gaming space.. Under New Jersey law, persons under 21 years of age are not permitted to gamble, they may only pass through the main aisles of the casino when accompanied by someone over 21 years old to cross between hotel areas and exits, may not stop or slow down to observe the games. Bally's Atlantic City participates along with other Caesars Entertainment properties in the "Total Rewards" loyalty program for their players and other customers. Rewards are based on casino play, food/beverage/retail/hotel room/entertainment purchases, other factors. There are four tiers of membership, increasing in status: Gold, Platinum and Seven Star. Opened on July 2, 1997, as an expansion of Bally's Atlantic City, it was extensively themed to the American Old West, with waterfalls, faux gold mines, a running stream, it is notable for being one of the only themed casinos on the East Coast.
The exterior features a facade made to resemble an old western town, while the inside featured a large mountain and other western town facades. The western theme has since been toned down in favor of a party atmosphere in order to attract a younger demographic. Renovations to the Wild Wild West Casino began in June 2012 and were completed on February 21, 2014; the Virginia City Buffet was closed, the casino floor area was reduced in size. Table games returned to the casino with the completion of renovations, occupying the newly renovated back area. A World Series of Poker-branded poker room allows simultaneous online play. A new stage for live entertainment was part of the renovations. Further renovations occurred in 2015 and 2016; the animatronic gold miner and large rock formation/waterfall near the main boardwalk entrance were removed. The only slot machines besides those in Coyote Kate's Slot Parlor are located near the new stage; the area between the stage and the far back poker rooms remains vacant, but plans may still be in
A health club is a place that houses exercise equipment for the purpose of physical exercise. Most health clubs have a main workout area, which consists of free weights including dumbbells and barbells and the stands and benches used with these items and exercise machines, which use gears and other mechanisms to guide the user's exercise; this area includes mirrors so that exercisers can monitor and maintain correct posture during their workout. A gym that predominantly or consists of free weights, as opposed to exercise machines, is sometimes referred to as a black-iron gym, after the traditional color of weight plates. A cardio theater or cardio area includes many types of cardiovascular training-related equipment such as rowing machines, stationary exercise bikes, elliptical trainers and treadmills; these areas include a number of audio-visual displays TVs in order to keep exercisers entertained during long cardio workout sessions. Some gyms provide newspapers and magazines for users of the cardio theatre to read while working out.
Most 2010-era health clubs offer group exercise classes that are conducted by certified fitness instructors or trainers. Many types of group exercise classes exist, but these include classes based on aerobics, boxing or martial arts, high intensity training, step yoga, regular yoga and hot yoga, muscle training and self-defense classes such as Krav Maga and Brazilian jiu-jitsu. Health clubs with swimming pools offer aqua aerobics classes; the instructors must gain certification in order to teach these classes and ensure participant safety. Some health clubs offer sports facilities such as a swimming pools, squash courts, indoor running tracks, ice rinks, or boxing areas. In some cases, additional fees are charged for the use of these facilities. Most health clubs employ personal trainers who are accessible to members for training/fitness/nutrition/health advice and consultation. Personal trainers can devise a customized fitness routine, sometimes including a nutrition plan, to help clients achieve their goals.
They can monitor and train with members. More than not, access to personal trainers involves an additional hourly fee. Newer health clubs include health-shops selling equipment, snack bars, child-care facilities, member lounges and cafes; some clubs have a sauna, steam room, or swimming pool or alternative medicine wellness facilities or offices to be present. Health clubs charge a fee to allow visitors to use the equipment and other provided services. In the 2010s, some clubs have is eco-friendly health clubs which incorporate principles of "green living" in its fitness regimen, into the design of the centre or both. Health clubs offer many services and as a result, the monthly membership prices can vary greatly. A recent study of American clubs found that the monthly cost of membership ranged from US$15 per month at basic chain clubs that offer limited amenities to over US$200 per month at spa-oriented clubs that cater to families and to those seeking social activities in addition to a workout.
In addition, some clubs - such as many local YMCAs - offer per-use punchcards or one-time fees for those seeking to use the club on an as-needed basis. These one-time fees are referred to as day passes. Costs can vary through the purchase of a higher-level membership, such as a Founders or a Life membership; such memberships have a high up-front cost but a lower monthly rate, making them beneficial to those who use the club and hold their memberships for years. Health clubs in North America offer a number of facilities and services with different price points for different levels of services; some services have differently-priced levels or tiers, such as regular, pro and gold facilities or packages. Some of the health and fitness facilities use cardio equipment, fitness screening, resistance-building equipment, pro shops, artificial sun-beds, health spas and saunas; the membership plans vary from as low as $20 per month, for value-priced gyms to as high as $700 per month. These health clubs in the United States, are equipped with a range of facilities and provide personal trainer support.
An early public gymnasium started in Paris in 1847. However, the history of health clubs for the general public can be traced back to Santa Monica, California in 1947. Jack Lalanne created the first American fitness club 1936 in California. Country club Outdoor fitness Spa Sports centre Carroll, L. "Choosing a health club", MSNBC Health, December 19, 2003. Accessed February 23, 2008. Media related to Health clubs at Wikimedia Commons
Bally Total Fitness
Bally Total Fitness Holding Corporation was an American fitness club chain. At its 2007 peak, prior to the filing of the first of two Chapter 11 bankruptcies, Bally operated nearly 440 facilities located in 29 U. S. states, Canada, South Korea and the Caribbean under the Bally Total Fitness, Crunch Fitness, Gorilla Sports, Pinnacle Fitness, Bally Sports Clubs, Sports Clubs of Canada brands. Bally Total Fitness was the last surviving non-gambling ex-subsidiary of Bally Manufacturing due to the acquisition of Bally Technologies by Scientific Games Corporation in 2014. In 1983, slot-machine and arcade game manufacturer Bally Entertainment purchased Health and Tennis Corporation of America, entering the leisure industry and creating the Bally Health and Tennis Corporation division of the company, it purchased Lifecycle, an exercise bike manufacturer, renaming the company Bally Fitness Products. In 1987, it was operator of fitness centers, it further expanded with the purchase of the American Fitness Centers and Nautilus Fitness Centers, which were once connected to Vic Tanny and Jack LaLanne.
The various brands were consolidated under the Bally Total Fitness brand in 1995. By that year, the company was operator of health clubs, it operated a total of 325 health clubs in the United States and Canada. The rebranding was done to take advantage of the Bally name as well as rename the existing Tanny and LaLanne locations. In 1996, Bally Total Fitness was spun from its casino-owning parent. In May 1998, it was listed on the New York Stock Exchange trading under the ticker symbol of BFT; the company carried $300 million in debt at the time of its initial public offering. Paul Toback, a former White House aide in the Clinton administration who joined Bally as a corporate development officer in 1997, was named Chief Executive Officer in December 2002 after predecessor Lee Hillman resigned. On November 18, 2011, Bally Total Fitness announced the sale of 171 of its clubs located in sixteen states and the District of Columbia to an affiliate of LA Fitness for $153 million. In February 2012, it sold the Toledo Airport Road club to Red Fitness 24/7.
In April 2012, Bally sold an additional 39 facilities to Blast Fitness. Blast Fitness has begun operating the new facilities under their own name in stages, transitioning away from the Bally's name; those two sales left Bally with 44 locations, 27 of them in the New York area, 8 in the San Francisco area, 1 in Louisiana and 8 in Colorado. After the LA Fitness transaction, Bally had 800,000 members. All of the clubs in the Cleveland area were sold to Red Fitness 24/7, effective December 31, 2012; some employees received termination notices the same day. The number of clubs still in the Bally chain continued to dwindle. For example, the Bally Total Fitness location in Danville, California closed on June 22, 2012 and reopened as Danville Fit; the former Bally club in Colorado Springs, CO changed ownership in June 2014, became Voretex Fitness. In December 2014, thirty-two locations located in New York, New Jersey and San Francisco Bay Area are acquired by 24 Hour Fitness; the Greece, New York location closed without notice on December 30, 2014.
The NYC 106th st location became a Tapout Fitness center in August 2016. As of October 2016, Bally was down to its last location in New York City; the last Bally location in Penta NYC closed on October 26 becoming a Tapout Fitness center. As a result, Bally Total Fitness became defunct. Bally filed for bankruptcy with outstanding debts of $761 million. Over the preceding ten years, its stock price had fallen from a high of US$37.00 to less than $0.37 on the Pink Sheets, a plunge of over 99% of its value. It was removed from the NYSE shortly thereafter. On October 1, 2007, Bally announced its emergence from bankruptcy court protection, 100% owned by a hedge fund, Harbinger Capital. Earlier that year, it had sold off its 16 Toronto health clubs to existing chains: 10 locations were sold to GoodLife Fitness, 6 to Extreme Fitness, allowing the latter company its first move into the downtown core for what had heretofore been a suburban chain. On December 3, 2008, Bally again filed for bankruptcy due to problems arising from the global credit crisis.
The company indicated at that time that it would explore options including reorganization or even a sale, but that it hoped to emerge from bankruptcy as soon as possible. Bally Total Fitness has been the subject of controversy over its sales and membership cancellation practices, with some customers claiming they were misled into signing loans with terms up to three years using documents containing uncommonly-used language such as "Retail Installment Contract". Customers alleged. In April 1994, Bally paid $120,000 to settle Federal Trade Commission charges of illegal billing, cancellation and debt-collection practices. Consumers have complained, that little has changed over the years. From 1999 to 2004, over six hundred customers complained to the New York Attorney General's office, leading to an investigation and subsequent agreement by Bally Total Fitness to reform their sales tactics in February 2004. In 1997, Bally’s became the subject of a pioneering type of website that published consumer complaints.
Bally’s club member Drew Faber believed he was subjected to a bait and switch marketing scheme by Bally’s, so he decided to create a website called “Bally Sucks.” On it, Faber put Bally’s trademark with the word “sucks” printed across it. The website collected complaints from Bally’s customers and published them. Bally’s sued Fa
A riverboat casino is a type of casino on a riverboat found in several states in the United States with frontage on the Mississippi River and its tributaries, or along the Gulf Coast. Several states authorized this type of casino in order to enable gaming but limit the areas where casinos could be constructed. Paddlewheel riverboats had long been used on the Mississippi River and its tributaries to transport passengers and freight. After railroads superseded them, in the 20th century, they were more used for entertainment excursions, sometimes for several hours, than for passage among riverfront towns, they were a way for people to escape the heat of the town, as well as to enjoy live music and dancing. Gambling was common on the riverboats, in card games and via slot machines; when riverboat casinos were first approved in the late 20th century by the states, which prohibited gaming on land, these casinos were required to be located on ships that could sail away from the dock. In some areas, gambling was allowed only when the ship was sailing, as in the traditional excursions.
They were approved in states with frontage along the Mississippi and its tributaries, including Illinois, Louisiana and Missouri. As an example, in 1994 Missouri voters approved amending the state constitution to allow "games of chance" on the Mississippi and Missouri rivers. By 1998, "according to the state Gaming Commission, just three of the 16 operations comprising Missouri's $652-million riverboat gambling industry on the main river channel." The state supreme court had ruled that boats had to be "solely over and in contact with the surface" of the rivers. Several casinos had been located on riverboats located in a moat or an area with water adjacent to a navigable waterway, leading them to be referred to as "boats in moats." The state legislatures were unwilling to give up the revenues generated by gambling. Over time, they allowed gaming casinos to be built on stilts but they still had to be over navigable water. Following Hurricane Katrina in 2005, which destroyed most riverboat casinos and their associated facilities of hotels, etc. in states along the Gulf Coast, several states changed their enabling legislation or amended constitutions.
They permitted such casinos to be built on land within certain geographic limits from a navigable waterway. Most of Mississippi's Gulf Coast riverboat casinos have been rebuilt since the hurricane. Partial listing of permanently moored casinos, DeJong and Lebet, Inc. Naval Architects and Marine Designers
The Astrocade is a second generation home video game console and simple computer system designed by a team at Midway, at that time the videogame division of Bally. It was announced as the "Bally Home Library Computer" in October 1977 and made available for mail order in December 1977, but due to production delays, the units were first released to stores in April 1978 and its branding changed to "Bally Professional Arcade". It was marketed only for a limited time; the rights were picked up by a third-party company, who re-released it and sold it until around 1984. The Astrocade is notable for its powerful graphics capabilities for the time of release, for the difficulty in accessing those capabilities. In the late 1970s, Midway contracted Dave Nutting Associates to design a video display chip that could be used in all of their videogame systems, from standup arcade games, to a home computer system; the system Nutting delivered was used in most of Midway's classic arcade games of the era, including Gorf and Wizard of Wor.
Referred to as the Bally Home Library Computer, it was released in 1977 but available only through mail order. Delays in the production meant none of the units shipped until 1978, by this time the machine had been renamed the Bally Professional Arcade. In this form it sold at computer stores and had little retail exposure. In 1979 Bally grew less interested in the arcade market and decided to sell off their Consumer Products Division, including development and production of the game console. At about the same time, a third-party group had been unsuccessfully attempting to bring their own console design to market as the Astrovision. A corporate buyer from Montgomery Ward, in charge of the Bally system put the two groups in contact, a deal was arranged. In 1981 they re-released the unit with the BASIC cartridge included for free, this time known as the Bally Computer System, with the name changing again, in 1982, to Astrocade, it sold under this name until the video game crash of 1983, disappeared around 1985.
Midway had long been planning to release an expansion system for the unit, known as the ZGRASS-100. The system was being developed by a group of computer artists at the University of Illinois at Chicago known as the'Circle Graphics Habitat', along with programmers at Nutting. Midway felt that such a system, in an external box, would make the Astrocade more interesting to the market; however it was still not ready for release. A small handful may have been produced as the ZGRASS-32 after the machine was re-released by Astrovision; the system, combined into a single box, would be released as the Datamax UV-1. Aimed at the home computer market while being designed, the machine was now re-targeted as a system for outputting high-quality graphics to video tape; these were offered for sale some time between 1980 and 1982. The basic system was powered by a Zilog Z80 driving the display chip with a RAM buffer in between the two; the display chip had two modes, a low-resolution mode at 160 × 102, a high-resolution mode at 320 × 204, both with 2-bits per pixel for four colors.
This sort of color/resolution was beyond the capabilities of RAM of the era, which could not read out the data fast enough to keep up with the TV display. The system used page mode addressing allowing them to read one "line" at a time at high speed into a buffer inside the display chip; the line could be read out to the screen at a more leisurely rate, while interfering less with the CPU, trying to use the same memory. On the Astrocade the pins needed to use this "trick", thus the Astrocade system was left with just the lower resolution 160 × 102 mode. In this mode the system used up 160 × 102 × 2bits = 4080 bytes of memory to hold the screen. Since the machine had only 4kiB of RAM, this left little room for program functions such as keeping score and game options; the rest of the program would have to be placed in ROM. The Astrocade used color registers, or color indirection, so the four colors could be picked from a palette of 256 colors. Color animation was possible by changing the values of the registers, using a horizontal blank interrupt they could be changed from line to line.
An additional set of four color registers could be "swapped in" at any point along the line, allowing you to create two "halves" of the screen, split vertically. Intended to allow you to create a score area on the side of the screen, programmers used this feature to emulate 8 color modes. Unlike the VCS, the Astrocade did not include hardware sprite support, it did, include a blitter-like system and software to drive it. Memory above 0x4000 was dedicated to the display, memory below that to the ROM. If a program wrote to the ROM space the video chip would take the data, apply a function to it, copy the result into the corresponding location in the RAM. Which function to use was stored in a register in the display chip, included common instructions like XOR and bit-shift; this allowed the Astrocade to support any number of sprite-like objects independent of hardware, with the downside that it was up to the software to re-draw them when they moved. The Astrocade was one of the early cartridge-based systems, using cartridges known as Videocades that were designed to be as close in size and shape as possible to a cassette tape.
The unit included two games built into the ROM, Gunfight and Checkmate, along with the simple but useful
Life Fitness is an American fitness equipment company that specializes in the production and distribution of equipment such as stationary bikes and treadmills. They developed the industry's first electronic stationary bicycle; as of 2015, the company has over 1,700 employees and twelve manufacturing facilities around the world. Keene P. Dimick created an exercise bike in 1968. In 1977, Augie Nieto incorporated the company in Illinois as Lifecycle, Inc. to sell exercise bikes based on the same name that were based on Dimick's. Nieto sold the company to Bally Total Fitness in 1984, who subsequently renamed the company Life Fitness, Inc. Life Fitness created the first computerized strength training program in 1988. In 1991, Bally Total Fitness sold the company to Mancuso & Company, a private equity firm, for $62.5 million. The same year, Life Fitness expanded into treadmills. Life Fitness was acquired by Brunswick Corporation in June 1997 for $310 million; the sale was completed on July 11, 1997. In 1997, Life Fitness bought Hammer Strength, a manufacturing of weight machines.
ParaBody, Inc. was bought by Life Fitness in 1998. In 2015, Brunswick Billiards was placed under Life Fitness by its parent company. In addition, Life Fitness created InMovement, a product line for workplaces, acquired SCIFIT. In January 2016, Cybex International became part of Life Fitness, following its $195 million acquisition by Life Fitness parent company, Brunswick Corporation. Indoor Cycling Group was acquired the same year
Pinball is a type of arcade game, in which points are scored by a player manipulating one or more metallic balls on a play field inside a glass-covered cabinet called a pinball machine. The primary objective of the game is to score as many points as possible within a limited time. Many modern pinball machines include a "storyline" where the player must complete certain objectives in a certain fashion to complete the story earning high scores for different methods of completing the game. Different amount of points are earned. A drain is situated at the bottom of the play field protected by player-controlled paddles called flippers. A game ends. Secondary objectives are to earn bonus games; the origins of pinball are intertwined with the history of many other games. Games played outdoors by rolling balls or stones on a grass course, such as bocce or bowls evolved into various local ground billiards games played by hitting the balls with sticks and propelling them at targets around obstacles. Croquet and paille-maille derived from ground billiards variants.
The evolution of outdoor games led to indoor versions that could be played on a table, such as billiards, or on the floor of a pub, like bowling and shuffleboard. The tabletop versions of these games became the ancestors of modern pinball. In France, during the long 1643–1715 reign of Louis XIV, billiard tables were narrowed, with wooden pins or skittles at one end of the table, players would shoot balls with a stick or cue from the other end, in a game inspired as much by bowling as billiards. Pins took too long to reset when knocked down, so they were fixed to the table, holes in the bed of the table became the targets. Players could ricochet balls off the pins to achieve the harder scorable holes. A standardized version of the game became known as bagatelle. Somewhere between the 1750s and 1770s, the bagatelle variant Billard japonais, or Japanese billiards in English, was invented in Western Europe, despite its name, it used thin metal pins and replaced the cue at the player's end of the table with a coiled spring and a plunger.
The player shot balls up the inclined playfield toward the scoring targets using this plunger, a device that remains in use in pinball to this day, the game was directly ancestral to pachinko. In 1869, British inventor Montague Redgrave settled in the United States and manufactured bagatelle tables in Cincinnati, Ohio. In 1871 Redgrave was granted U. S. Patent #115,357 for his "Improvements in Bagatelle", another name for the spring launcher, first introduced in Billard japonais; the game shrank in size to fit atop a bar or counter. The balls became the wickets became small metal pins. Redgrave's popularization of the spring launcher and innovations in game design are acknowledged as the birth of pinball in its modern form. By the 1930s, manufacturers were producing coin-operated versions of bagatelles, now known as "marble games" or "pin games"; the table was under glass and used M. Redgrave's plunger device to propel the ball into the upper playfield. In 1931 David Gottlieb's Baffle Ball became the first hit of the coin-operated era.
Selling for $17.50, the game dispensed five to seven balls for a penny. The game resonated with people wanting cheap entertainment in the Great Depression-era economy. Most drugstores and taverns in the U. S. operated pinball machines, with many locations recovering the cost of the game. Baffle Ball sold over 50,000 units and established Gottlieb as the first major manufacturer of pinball machines. In 1932, Gottlieb distributor Raymond Moloney found it hard to obtain more Baffle Ball units to sell. In his frustration he founded Lion Manufacturing to produce a game of his own design, named after a popular magazine of the day; the game became. Its larger playfield and ten pockets made it more challenging than Baffle Ball, selling 50,000 units in 7 months. Moloney changed the name of his company to Bally to reflect the success of this game; these early machines were small, mechanically simple and designed to sit on a counter or bar top. The 1930s saw major advances in pinball design with the introduction of electrification.
A company called Pacific Amusements in Los Angeles, California produced a game called Contact in 1933. Contact had an electrically powered solenoid to propel the ball out of a bonus hole in the middle of the playfield. Another solenoid rang a bell to reward the player; the designer of Contact, Harry Williams, would form his own company, Williams Manufacturing, in 1944. Other manufacturers followed suit with similar features. Electric lights soon became a standard feature of all subsequent pinball games, designed to attract players. By the end of 1932, there were 150 companies manufacturing pinball machines, most of them in Chicago, Illinois. Chicago has been the center of pinball manufacturing since. Competition among the companies was strong, by 1934 there were 14 companies remaining. During WWII, all of the major manufacturers of coin-operated games turned to the manufacture of equipment for the war effort; some companies, like Williams, bought old games from operators and refurbished them, adding new artwork with a patriotic theme.
At the end of the war, a generation of Americans looked for amusement in bars and malt shops, pinball saw another golden age. Improvements such as the tilt mechanism and free games appeared. Gottlieb's Humpty Dumpty, introduced in