click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Balrog

Balrogs are fictional creatures in J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth legendarium, they first appeared in print in his high fantasy novel The Lord of the Rings, where the Fellowship of the Ring encounter one known as Durin's Bane in the Mines of Moria. Balrogs appear in Tolkien's The Silmarillion and other posthumously published books. Balrogs are tall and menacing beings who can shroud themselves in fire and shadow, they appeared armed with fiery whips "of many thongs", used long swords. In Tolkien's conception, they could not be vanquished—a certain stature was required by the would-be hero. Only dragons rivalled their capacity for ferocity and destruction, during the First Age of Middle-earth, they were among the most feared of Morgoth's forces. According to the fictional history in The Silmarillion, the evil Vala Melkor corrupted lesser Maiar to his service in the days of his splendour before the making of Arda; these became known as Valaraukar in Quenya. Upon the awakening of the Elves, the Valar captured Melkor and destroyed his fortresses Utumno and Angband.

But they overlooked the deepest pits, with many of Melkor's other allies, the Balrogs fled into hiding. When Melkor returned to Middle-earth from Valinor, now bearing the epithet Morgoth, he was attacked by Ungoliant, a spider-like creature; when the Noldor arrived in Beleriand in pursuit of Morgoth, they won a swift victory over his Orcs in the Dagor-nuin-Giliath. Fëanor pressed on towards Angband, but the Balrogs came against him, Fëanor was mortally wounded by Gothmog, Lord of Balrogs. Fëanor's sons fought off the Balrogs. In The Lays of Beleriand, The Lay of Leithian mentions Balrog captains leading Orcs: "the Orcs went forth to rape and war, Balrog captains marched before". Tolkien tells of two Balrogs slain by Elves in the fall of Gondolin. During the assault on the city, Ecthelion of the Fountain fought Gothmog, "each slew the other." Glorfindel fought a Balrog. In the War of Wrath that ended the First Age, most of the Balrogs were destroyed, although some including the Balrog known as Durin's Bane, managed to escape and hide in "caverns at the roots of the earth".

In The Fellowship of the Ring, the Fellowship ventured through Moria and were attacked in the Chamber of Mazarbul by Orcs and the Balrog. Gandalf faced the Balrog at the Bridge of Khazad-dûm and broke the Bridge, but was dragged down by the Balrog, he slew the Balrog but perished himself at the same time—to be sent back as the more powerful Gandalf the White. Tolkien's conception of Balrogs changed over time. In all his early writing, they are numerous. A host of a thousand of them is mentioned in the Quenta Silmarillion, while at the storming of Gondolin Balrogs in the hundreds ride on the backs of the Dragons, they are of twice human size, were killed in battle by Elves and Men. They were fierce demons, associated with fire, armed with fiery whips of many thongs and claws like steel, Morgoth delighted in using them to torture his captives, they were loyal to Morgoth, once came out of hiding to save him from capture. In the published version of The Lord of the Rings, Balrogs became altogether more sinister and more powerful.

Christopher Tolkien notes the difference, saying that in earlier versions they were "less terrible and more destructible". He quotes a late margin note, not incorporated into the text saying "at most seven" existed. In writings they ceased to be creatures, but are instead Maiar, lesser Ainur like Gandalf or Sauron, spirits of fire whom Melkor had corrupted before the creation of the World. Power of the order of Gandalf's was necessary to destroy them, as Maiar, only their physical forms could be destroyed. Tolkien says of the Valar that they can change their shape at will, move unclad in the raiment of the world, meaning invisible and without form, but it seems that Morgoth and their associated Maiar could lose this ability: Morgoth, for example, was unable to heal his burns from the Silmarils or wounds from Fingolfin and the eagle Thorondor. Tolkien does not address this for Balrogs though at least in his conception they are Maiar. In "the Bridge of Khazad-dûm" in The Fellowship of the Ring, the Balrog appears "like a great shadow, in the middle of, a dark form, of man-shape maybe, yet greater".

Though the Balrog had entered the "large square chamber" of Mazarbul, at the Bridge of Khazad-dûm it "drew itself to a great height, its wings spread from wall to wall" in what was a vast hall. The Balrog's size and shape, are not given precisely; when Gandalf threw it from the peak of Zirakzigil, the Balrog "broke the mountain-side where he smote it in his ruin". Whether Balrogs have wings is unclear; this is due to Tolkien's changing conception of Balrogs, but to his imprecise but suggestive and figurative description of the Balrog that confronted Gandalf in Moria. The three key quotations: His enemy halted again, facing him, the shadow about it reached out like two vast wings. … it drew itself up to a great height, its wings were spread from wall to wall … With a terrible cry the Balrog fell forward, a

Ronald Shelp

Ronald Kent Shelp is the author of Fallen Giant: The Amazing Story of Hank Greenberg and the History of AIG. Shelp worked for Maurice "Hank" Greenberg, CEO of American International Group, for 12 years serving as worldwide head of government relations. Fallen Giant is a 2006 non-fiction book that tracks AIG from its first business transaction in China in 1919, through its growth into a global financial services powerhouse, to Greenberg's exit in 2005 after accusations of fraud by New York Attorney General Eliot Spitzer; the contributions of C. V. Starr, AIG's founder, Greenberg, who led the company for 37 years, are chronicled in the book, it was updated several times during the financial crisis that began in 2008, when the US government seized control of AIG by lending the company $85 billion in exchange for a 79.9% equity stake, making the American taxpayer AIG’s largest shareholder. Fallen Giant was translated and published in China and Korea. Shelp met Greenberg early in his career when he led the insurance industry group at the U.

S. Chamber of Commerce, he was an advocate for trade in services, outlined in his book, Beyond Industrialization: Ascendancy of the Global Service Economy. While at AIG he served on the board of American International Underwriters Corporation and other AIG subsidiary boards. Shelp was president and CEO of the New York City Partnership and New York Chamber of Commerce, he is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and writes about AIG and Greenberg on his Forbes.com blog, Greenberg Watch. Shelp is a graduate of the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, he received his baccalaureate from the University of Georgia, pursued doctoral studies at the London School of Economics. He lives in New York City with two children. Lowenstein, Roger. "The Foundation, the Flaws, of an Empire", The New York Times. December 17, 2006. Guerrera and Andrea Felsted. "Inadequate Cover." Financial Times. October 6, 2008. Http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/19e64f6e-93c5-11dd-9a63-0000779fd18c.html?nclick_check=1#axzz1Tu3O9HJf, accessed August 2, 2011 Cypel, Sylvain.

"La revanche de M. Greenberg." LE MONDE. March 10, 2009. Accessed August 2, 2011 Shelp, Ron. "AIA's New Deal." The Wall Street Journal. November 2, 2010. Shelp, Ron. "The End of AIG's Asian Era." The Wall Street Journal Business Asia. March 4, 2010: n. page. Print. Quinn, James. Lehman collpase: analysis at a premium in run-up to AIG’s failure." The Telegraph. September 17, 2009. Shelp, Ronald K. "The Hollowing of New York." The New York Times. February 1, 1992. "New President Named At 2 Business Groups." The New York Times. August 26, 1987. Shelp, Ron. "Trade in Services." Foreign Policy. Number 65: 64-84. Print. Https://www.jstor.org/stable/1148840. Shelp, Ronald K. and Gary W. Hart. "Understanding a New Economy." The Wall Street Journal. December 3, 1986. Print

Reagan Maui'a

Reagan Pūala'umuli Maui'a is a former American football fullback. He was drafted by the Miami Dolphins in the sixth round of the 2007 NFL Draft, he played college football at Hawaii. Maui'a has played for the Cincinnati Bengals and Arizona Cardinals. Born Reagan Pūala'umuli Maui'a on July 6th 1984, he attended Tokay High School in Lodi and was a four-year letterman in football and track and field athletics. In football, he was an All-Area selection. In track and field athletics, he broke the school record in the shot put with a throw of 52 ft 8 in. Maui'a graduated from Tokay High School in 2002. At the University of Hawaii, Maui'a was a 351-pound defensive lineman, he was switched to fullback after Senior Adam Olis tore his ACL and played that position at 295 pounds. He subsequently dropped to 270 pounds before the NFL Draft. In 2007, Maui'a took over the starting job in training camp when he beat out Cory Schlesinger for the starting job. In 2008, Maui'a lost a preseason competition with Boomer Grigsby for the team's starting fullback job and was released on August 30 during final cuts.

On September 3, 2008, Maui'a was signed by the Cincinnati Bengals after the team's starting fullback, Jeremi Johnson, was placed on injured reserve. Maui'a played in two games for the Bengals before being waived on October 11 when the team signed placekicker Dave Rayner. Maui'a was re-signed on October 22. However, he was placed on season-ending injured reserve just two days later. Maui'a was signed by the Arizona Cardinals on August 5, 2009, after fullback Justin Green was placed on injured reserve, he was waived on September 4. Maui'a was re-signed to a future contract on January 21, 2010, after spending the 2009 season out of football, he was released September 2, 2011, re-signed on November 2. He was waived again on November 29, he was re-signed again on August 11, 2012, waived again on August 25. He re-signed with the team on September 28, he is the distant cousin of Samson Satele, drafted by the Dolphins in the 2007 NFL Draft. He lived in Stockton. Arizona Cardinals bio

Anjana Sukhani

Anjana Sukhani is an Indian film actress and model, who predominantly appears in Bollywood films. Anjana was born in Jaipur to Om Sukhani, she has an older brother. She did her Masters from Cardiff Metropolitan University. Anjana Sukhani put her academic pursuits behind to pursue acting. During the early years of her career, she was cast in a television advertisement for Cadbury Dairy Milk chocolates with the Bollywood superstar Amitabh Bachchan, she was noted for her performance in the remixed Hindi music video for the song Ghar Jayegi. Though she does not have a film industry related background, she has figured in sizeable roles like in the 2007 multi-starrer blockbuster film Salaam-e-Ishq, following which she starred in Golmaal Returns, a sequel to the 2006 hit film Golmaal, her other releases were Jai Veeru and her Kannada debut film Maleyali Jotheyali alongside Ganesh and Yuvika Chaudhary. She has been cast in Tollywood actor Ravi Teja's film Don Seenu marking her second film in Telugu after Naa Oopiri.

In 2016, Anjana made her debut in Marathi cinema opposite Swapnil Joshi in Laal Ishq, a Sanjay Leela Bhansali Production directed by Swapna Waghmare Joshi. Fear Factor: Khatron Ke Khiladi on Colors TV List of Indian film actresses Anjana Sukhani on IMDb

Kevin O'Brien (Nunavut politician)

Kevin J. O'Brien is a Canadian politician. Born in Cape Breton Island Nova Scotia, O'Brien is a union negotiator, former civil servant and a former municipal and territorial level politician who has served as a Member of both the Northwest Territories Legislature and the Nunavut Legislature, he served as Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Nunavut from 2000–2004. O'Brien was first elected to the Northwest Territories Legislature in the 1995 Northwest Territories general election, he defeated incumbent MLA Silas Arngna'naaq to win the Kivallivik electoral district. He served a single term in the Legislature before Northwest Territories and Nunavut were split and his electoral district was abolished. O'Brien ran for a seat in the first Nunavut general election held in 1999, he became its first member. O'Brien was elected Speaker of the House in 2000 and held it until his defeat in the 2004 Nunavut general election, he was defeated by David Alagalak in a hotly contested race finishing a distant fourth.

During the 2004 election, O'Brien was fined for possession of alcohol in Arviat, Nunavut, a dry community. The fine was publicized after the election. In 2011, O'Brien sought the Liberal Party of Canada nomination for North Vancouver, but lost to Taleeb Noormohamed. Saskatchewan Legislative Assembly Hansard Guest Introductions April 21, 2001

Logan, Iowa

Logan is a city and county seat of Harrison County, United States, along the Boyer River. The population was 1,534 at the 2010 census. Logan was platted in 1867 when North Western Railway was extended to that point, it was named for a Union Army general. Logan's longitude and latitude coordinates in decimal form are 41.644614, -95.789931. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.00 square mile, all of it land. As of the census of 2010, there were 1,534 people, 595 households, 397 families living in the city; the population density was 1,534.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 649 housing units at an average density of 649.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.6% White, 0.1% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8% of the population. There were 595 households of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.5% had a male householder with no wife present, 33.3% were non-families.

27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age in the city was 38.5 years. 26.9% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 51.3 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,545 people, 608 households, 395 families living in the city; the population density was 1,522.8 people per square mile. There were 660 housing units at an average density of 650.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 99.29% White, 0.13% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.13% from other races, 0.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.65% of the population. There were 608 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.0% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.09. Age spread: 27.1% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, 21.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $35,455, the median income for a family was $44,375. Males had a median income of $30,347 versus $20,625 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,709. About 5.6% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.0% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over. Harrison County Courthouse City of Logan Logan-Magnolia Community Schools City-Data Comprehensive Statistical Data and more about Logan