Baltimore is the most populous city in the U. S. state of Maryland, as well as the 30th most populous city in the United States, with a population of 602,495 in 2018 and the largest such independent city in the country. Baltimore was established by the Constitution of Maryland as an independent city in 1729; as of 2017, the population of the Baltimore metropolitan area was estimated to be just under 2.802 million, making it the 21st largest metropolitan area in the country. Baltimore is located about 40 miles northeast of Washington, D. C. making it a principal city in the Washington-Baltimore combined statistical area, the fourth-largest CSA in the nation, with a calculated 2018 population of 9,797,063. The city's Inner Harbor was once the second leading port of entry for immigrants to the United States. In addition, Baltimore was a major manufacturing center. After a decline in major manufacturing, heavy industry, restructuring of the rail industry, Baltimore has shifted to a service-oriented economy.
Johns Hopkins Hospital and Johns Hopkins University are the city's top two employers. With hundreds of identified districts, Baltimore has been dubbed a "city of neighborhoods." Famous residents have included writers Edgar Allan Poe, Edith Hamilton, Frederick Douglass, W. E. B. Du Bois, Ogden Nash, Gertrude Stein, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Dashiell Hammett, Upton Sinclair, Tom Clancy, Ta-Nehisi Coates, H. L. Mencken. During the War of 1812, Francis Scott Key wrote "The Star-Spangled Banner" in Baltimore after the bombardment of Fort McHenry, his poem popularized as a song. Baltimore has more public statues and monuments per capita than any other city in the country, is home to some of the earliest National Register Historic Districts in the nation, including Fell's Point, Federal Hill, Mount Vernon; these were added to the National Register between 1969 and 1971, soon after historic preservation legislation was passed. Nearly one third of the city's buildings are designated as historic in the National Register, more than any other U.
S. city. The city has 33 local historic districts. Over 65,000 properties are designated as historic buildings and listed in the NRHP, more than any other U. S. city. The historical records of the government of Baltimore are located at the Baltimore City Archives; the city is named after Cecil Calvert, second Lord Baltimore of the Irish House of Lords and founding proprietor of the Province of Maryland. Baltimore Manor was the name of the estate in County Longford on which the Calvert family lived in Ireland. Baltimore is an anglicization of the Irish name Baile an Tí Mhóir, meaning "town of the big house." The Baltimore area had been inhabited by Native Americans since at least the 10th millennium BC, when Paleo-Indians first settled in the region. One Paleo-Indian site and several Archaic period and Woodland period archaeological sites have been identified in Baltimore, including four from the Late Woodland period. During the Late Woodland period, the archaeological culture, called the "Potomac Creek complex" resided in the area from Baltimore south to the Rappahannock River in present-day Virginia.
In the early 1600s, the immediate Baltimore vicinity was sparsely populated, if at all, by Native Americans. The Baltimore County area northward was used as hunting grounds by the Susquehannock living in the lower Susquehanna River valley; this Iroquoian-speaking people "controlled all of the upper tributaries of the Chesapeake" but "refrained from much contact with Powhatan in the Potomac region" and south into Virginia. Pressured by the Susquehannock, the Piscataway tribe, an Algonquian-speaking people, stayed well south of the Baltimore area and inhabited the north bank of the Potomac River in what are now Charles and southern Prince George's counties in the coastal areas south of the Fall Line. European colonization of Maryland began with the arrival of an English ship at St. Clement's Island in the Potomac River on March 25, 1634. Europeans began to settle the area further north, beginning to populate the area of Baltimore County; the original county seat, known today as "Old Baltimore", was located on Bush River within the present-day Aberdeen Proving Ground.
The colonists engaged in sporadic warfare with the Susquehanna, whose numbers dwindled from new infectious diseases, such as smallpox, endemic among the Europeans. In 1661 David Jones claimed the area known today as Jonestown on the east bank of the Jones Falls stream; the colonial General Assembly of Maryland created the Port of Baltimore at old Whetstone Point in 1706 for the tobacco trade. The Town of Baltimore, on the west side of the Jones Falls, was founded and laid out on July 30, 1729. By 1752 the town had just 27 homes, including two taverns. Jonestown and Fells Point had been settled to the east; the three settlements, covering 60 acres, became a commercial hub, in 1768 were designated as the county seat. Being a colony, the Baltimore street names were laid out to demonstrate loyalty to the mo
Giles E. H. Tremlett is an award-winning historian and journalist based in Madrid, Spain. Tremlett is a Fellow of the Cañada Blanch Centre at the London School of Economics and is author of three works of history and non-fiction that have been translated into half a dozen languages, he is Contributing Editor at The Guardian, specializing in long form international reportage and political analysis. He worked for The Economist, he won the Elizabeth Longford Prize for Historical Biography in 2018. He graduated in Human Sciences at the University of Oxford in 1984 and has studied at the Universities of Barcelona and Lisbon, he had his first taste of Spanish life. After a period in Lisbon and in London, he returned to live in Spain in the mid-1990s, he was The Guardian's correspondent for Spain and the Maghreb for a dozen years. He was Madrid correspondent for The Economist for a decade until 2016, he has been a regular current affairs commentator for various Spanish broadcasters, including state-owned TVE television, La Sexta and the country's biggest radio station, Cadena SER, as well as writing for several Spanish newspapers, including El País and El Mundo.
He was curator of the Docubeats documentary project at The Guardian and El País. In 2012 he was voted Correspondent of the Year by the Madrid International Press Club, he has been a guest lecturer on journalism or contemporary Spanish history and participant in seminars at numerous universities, including Oxford, MIT and Stanford. Giles Tremlett is a twin, he moved around the world from an early age, following his father Colonel Edward Tremlett to postings in South Africa, Kenya and Germany. He lives in Madrid with his wife Katharine Blanca Scott and their two sons Lucas and Samuel, his book Ghosts of Spain: Travels through a country's hidden past was translated into five languages and has sold 150,000 copies worldwide. In 2010 he published a biography of Catherine of Aragon, the Spanish infanta who became Henry VIII's first wife, with Faber and Faber in London and Walker in New York. Catherine of Aragon was BBC Radio 4's "Book of the Week" in November 2010 and was short-listed for the HW Fisher Best First Biography Prize.
It has been translated into Spanish and Polish. His biography of Isabella of Castile – the Spanish queen who sent Columbus to the Americas, founded what became the world's first global empire, united Spain, set up the Inquisition and expelled Europe's largest community of Jews, was published in 2017, it won the Elizabeth Longford Prize in 2018. The Spanish translation, published by Debate, was one of the best-selling history books in Spain in 2018, it has been translated into Portuguese and Chinese. He is working on a history of the International Brigade volunteers from 52 countries who defended the Spanish Republic against the right-wing military uprising of General Francisco Franco in the 1930s; this is due for publication in the summer of 2020. Ghosts of Spain Faber and Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-22169-1 Catherine of Aragon Walker & Company. ISBN 978-0-8027-7916-8 Isabella of Castile Bloomsbury ISBN 978-1408853979 Interview in Spanish magazine Jot down, September, 2013
Suzanne "Sue" Lawless Duigan was an Australian paleobotanist who specialised in fossil pollen. She collaborated with fellow botanist Isobel Cookson extensively on Paleogene brown coal deposits in Victoria, she pioneered studies in south east Australian coal measures as she considered micro- and macrofossils of the region in terms of their relationships to living plant species and families and their ecologies. Duigan was born in Colac in Western Victoria, Australia, on 7 July 1924, she was the third child of Phyllis Mary Duigan. Duigan attended Elliminyt Primary, Colac High School, The Hermitage CEGS, before studying science at Melbourne University from 1942 to 1944. After gaining a Bachelor of Science degree, she earned an M. Sc. in Botany. She collaborated with Harry Godwin at the University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK, gaining a PhD. Duigan became a lecturer in botany at Melbourne University upon her return and specialised in fossil pollen, she collaborated with fellow botanist Isobel Cookson extensively on Paleogene brown coal deposits in Victoria.
Among taxa she described with Cookson were the early Paleogene proteaceae genera Banksieaephyllum and Banksieaeidites, as well as Araucaria lignitici from the brown coal beds at Yallourn and Agathis parwanensis from Bacchus Marsh. Duigan took a novel approach in considering micro- and macrofossils of the region in terms of their relationships to living plant species and families and their ecologies, she concluded that the dominant vegetation of Paleogene southeastern Australia were Nothofagus and members of the laurel family Lauraceae. In life she learned to fly, gaining her private pilot's licence on 6 November 1970, she piloted a Cessna 150 and a Piper 140 visiting her brother in Flinders Island in Bass Strait in the latter. Duigan died in 1993 in Australia. An issue of the Australian Journal of Botany was dedicated to her in 1997
Dolores is a town in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It is the administrative centre for Dolores Partido; the town settlement was founded by Ramón Lara on 21 August 1817. On March 9, 2008 an intercity bus from the company El Rápido Argentino collided with a Ferrobaires passenger train with 250 passengers on board at a level crossing on the Provincial Highway 63 on the outskirts of Dolores, killing seventeen people and injuring at least twenty-five; the bus driver disregarded the railroad crossing signals, which at the time of the accident were operating properly. Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute, Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. Dolores website Municipal website Dolores Aeroclub Dos Ombúes - Turismo Natural & Cultural No a la tala - Group for a healthy and sustainable Dolores LiveArgentina
Luke and Brian Comer are Irish billionaire property developers, the founders and owners of the Comer Group, a owned UK property development company. The Comer brothers come from Co Galway, in Ireland, they left school in their teens to work as plasterers. They moved to London in 1984, working first as plasterers and moving into property development. Since their focus has shifted to Germany and to Ireland in 2010, in their quest for value-for-money; the brothers' notable projects include the conversion of the listed Friern Hospital to residential accommodation in the mid-1990s as Princess Park Manor. The Comers invested more than €75 million in property purchases in Ireland, the UK, Germany within just six months and reported plans to invest an additional €200 million in the 18 months to follow. In 2017, two farmers in Ireland filed suit against the brothers over land rights to five acres of grazing territory in north county Dublin. In 2018, the Comers purchased Kilmartin House, a 111 acres piece of land in Dublin 15.
The land will be used for a residential development. In May 2018 it was reported that the Beckett Building, purchased by the Comer Brothers in 2013 for €5 million, was sold to Kookman Bank for €101 million, they are residents in Monaco for tax purposes. Luke Comer is a keen horse-breeder. Media related to Comer Group at Wikimedia Commons
Canso is a Martian crater. It lies about 450 kilometres west of the Viking 1 lander northeast of Lunae Planum, west of Chryse Planitia, in the Lunae Palus quadrangle; the crater is named after a fishing town in Nova Scotia. The name was adopted in 1988 by the International Astronomical Union's Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature. Impact craters have a rim with ejecta around them, in contrast volcanic craters do not have a rim or ejecta deposits; as craters get larger they have a central peak. The peak is caused by a rebound of the crater floor following the impact. Impact crater Impact event List of craters on Mars Ore resources on Mars Planetary nomenclature IAU/WGPSN Planetary Feature Gazetteer Database. USGS Branch of Astrogeology, Arizona