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Laplatasaurus is a genus of titanosaurian sauropod dinosaur that lived during the Late Cretaceous in South America. The genus was named in 1927 by Friedrich von Huene, but without a description, so that it remained a nomen nudum. In 1929 the type species, Laplatasaurus araukanicus, was described by Huene; the generic name refers to La Plata. The specific name is derived from the Mapuche. By accident Huene in 1929 mentioned a "Laplatasaurus wichmannianus" but, a lapsus calami for Antarctosaurus wichmannianus. In 1933 however, he and Charles Alfred Matley renamed Titanosaurus madagascariensis to Laplatasaurus madagascariensis; this last species is today referred to the original Titanosaurus. Huene based Laplatasaurus on fragmentary material found in three locations in Argentina, in strata of the Allen Formation, dating from the Campanian faunal stage, it consisted of some dorsal vertebrae and a series of caudal vertebrae. Part of the finds had earlier been referred by Richard Lydekker to Titanosaurus australis.

Huene never assigned a holotype, but in 1979 José Fernando Bonaparte chose MLP 26-306 as the lectotype, a specimen consisting of a tibia and a fibula that originate from different individuals. Huene assigned those fossils to Laplatasaurus that seemed to indicate a rather large yet at the same time elegantly built sauropod; the about eighteen metres long Laplatasaurus was similar to Saltasaurus. Osteoderms forming an armored plating on the back, have been referred to Laplatasaurus but the association is uncertain; these plates had much smaller ridges than those of Saltasaurus. Huene placed Laplatasaurus in the Titanosauridae, still a common classification. In his 2003 review of South American titanosaurs, Jaime Eduardo Powell assigned Laplatasaurus to Titanosaurus, creating the new combination Titanosaurus aurakanicus. Others however, continued to treat Laplatasaurus. A 2015 re-assessment of Laplatasaurus found it to be related to Bonitasaura, Futalognkosaurus and Uberabatitan; the genus was restricted to the lectotype, the material from Rancho de Avila was assigned to cf. Bonitasaura sp

Sandeep Shukla

Sandeep Kumar Shukla is Poonam and Prabhu Goel Chair Professor and Head of Computer Science and Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology, India. He is the Editor-in-Chief of ACM Transactions on Embedded Systems, associate editor for ACM transactions on Cyber Physical Systems. Shukla obtained his B. E. degree from Jadavpur University in 1991. After graduation, he immigrated to the United States where he attended University at Albany, SUNY for three years; when he graduated from it with an M. S. degree he got enrolled into its Ph. D. program, completing it in 1997. He was a faculty at the Virginia Tech, Virginia between 2002 and 2015. In 2014, he was named Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers for contributions to applied probablistic model checking for system design. Nano and Molecular Computing Implications to High Level Design and Validation, Springer Publishing, 2004, ISBN 9781402080685 Formal Methods and Models for System Design A System Level Perspective, Springer Publishing, 2004, ISBN 9781402080524 SystemC Kernel Extensions for Heterogeneous System Modeling A Framework for Multi-MoC Modeling & Simulation, Springer Publishing, 2004, ISBN 9781402080883 Ingredients for Successful System Level Design Methodology, Springer Publishing, 2008, ISBN 9781402084720 Fundamental Problems in Computing, Springer Publishing, 2009, ISBN 9781402096884 Metamodeling-Driven IP Reuse for SoC Integration and Microprocessor Design, Artech House Publishing, 2009, ISBN 9781596934245 Synthesis of Embedded Software, Springer Publishing, 2010, ISBN 9781441964007 Low Power Hardware Synthesis from Concurrent Action-Oriented Specifications, Springer Publishing, 2010, ISBN 9781441964816 Low Power Design with High-Level Power Estimation and Power-Aware Synthesis, Springer Publishing, 2012, ISBN 9781461408727 Sandeep Shukla publications indexed by Google Scholar

Adam Phillips (psychologist)

Adam Phillips is a British psychotherapist and essayist. Since 2003 he has been the general editor of the new Penguin Modern Classics translations of Sigmund Freud, he is a regular contributor to the London Review of Books. Joan Acocella, writing in The New Yorker, described Phillips as "Britain's foremost psychoanalytic writer", an opinion echoed by historian Élisabeth Roudinesco in Le Monde. Phillips was born in Wales in 1954, the child of second-generation Polish Jews, he grew up as part of an extended family of aunts and cousins and describes his parents as "very consciously Jewish but not believing". As a child, his first interest was the study of tropical birds and it was not until adolescence that he developed an interest in literature, he was educated at Clifton College. He went on to study English at St John's College, graduating with a third class degree, his defining influences are literary – he was inspired to become a psychoanalyst after reading Carl Jung's autobiography and he has always believed psychoanalysis to be closer to poetry than medicine: "For me, psychoanalysis has always been of a piece with the various languages of literature—a kind of practical poetry."

He began his training soon after leaving Oxford, underwent four years of analysis with Masud Khan and qualified to practise at the age of 27. He had a particular interest in children and began working as a child psychotherapist: "one of the pleasures of child psychotherapy is that it is, as it were, psychoanalysis for a non-psychoanalytic audience." From 1990 to 1997 he was principal child psychotherapist at Charing Cross Hospital in London. Phillips worked in the National Health Service for seventeen years but became disillusioned with its tightening bureaucratic demands, he divides his time between writing and his private practice in Notting Hill. For a number of years he was in a relationship with the academic Jacqueline Rose, he has been a visiting professor at the University of York English department since 2006. Phillips is a regular contributor to the London Review of Books, he has been described by The Times as "the Martin Amis of British psychoanalysis" for his "brilliantly amusing and profoundly unsettling" work.

His approach to the new Freud edition is consistent with his own ideas about psychoanalysis, which he considers to be a form of rhetorical persuasion. He has published essays on a variety of themes, including the work of literary figures such as Charles Lamb, Walter Savage Landor and William Empson, as well as on philosophy and psychoanalysis, he is opposed to any attempt to defend psychoanalysis as a science or as a field of academic study, rather than as he puts it, "a set of stories about how we can nourish ourselves to keep faith with our belief in nourishment, our desire for desire"—"stories will sustain our appetite, which is, by definition, our appetite for life." His influences include D. W. Winnicott, Roland Barthes, Stanley Cavell and W. H. Auden. Phillips has been described as "perhaps the best theorist of the modes and malfunctions of modernist psychology". For his intellectual resources, Phillips "draws from philosophy, politics amongst others. However, whilst this affords Phillips the opportunity to be expansive it makes him a maverick", others "suspicious of his work", so that he has been called "ludic and elusive and intellectually slippery."

Indeed, "To his critics... Phillips is little more than a charlatan about whom an alarming cult of personality is developing." He himself was opposed to "the idealization, a refusal to know someone", in appraisal of the psychoanalytic greats thought that alongside "thoughtful consideration... puerile consideration would not be the end of the world", in accordance with his enduring scepticism "about psychoanalysis... it should be the opposite, the antidote to a cult." Phillips refuses to "claim" any particular patch of psychoanalytic territory or defend the value of psychoanalysis itself. "For me", he has said, "psychoanalysis is only one among many things you might do if you're feeling unwell—you might try aromatherapy, hang-gliding. There are lots of things. I don't believe psychoanalysis is the best thing you can do if I value it a great deal." He has been alert to the possibility that "psychoanalysis... disempowers in the name of knowing what's best... at its worst it forces a pattern. It can make the links that should have been left to find their own way."

In the end, he claims, "Psychoanalysis cannot enable the patient to know what he wants, but only to risk finding out."On psychoanalysis and science he says, "I don't think psychoanalysts should have bought into the scientific model with such eagerness. I don't think psychoanalysis is a science or should aspire to be one." McRobbie, Angela. "The writing of Adam Phillips". Soundings. Lawrence and Wishart. 3. Christopher Bollas Jacqueline Rose Joseph J. Sandler Review of The Beast in the Nursery at Complete review *Discussion with Adam Phillips about Monogamy Profile in the New Statesman Audio: Adam Phillips in conversation on the BBC World Service discussion show The Forum Fisun Gunar Q&A:Adam Phillips 17.4.2010 Audio, transcript of 2009 interview with British journalist Jennifer O'Mahony Audio of interview with Leonard Lopate on WNYC radio on February 26, 2013 Paul Holdengräber. "Adam Phillips, The Art of Nonfiction No. 7". Paris Review

New Left 95

New Left 95 is a group of Lithuanian intellectuals and activists who launched their activities on 1 May 2007 with the declaration ‘New Left 95 Manifesto’, which brought together individual arguments on sociopolitical and cultural issues from the newer leftist perspective into the joint political stance of NK95. The preparation of the manifesto was coordinated by Dr Andrius Bielskis, a political philosopher with a PhD from Warwick University, who had returned to Lithuania after a lengthy spell of study and academic work in the UK in the summer of 2006. During his presentation at the annual conference organized by “Santara Šviesa,” a mainstream liberal organization set up in the US by Valdas Adamkus, a former President of Lithuania, Andrius Bielskis urged for debate and political action to undo unjust political and social practices in Lithuania; the audience was left perplexed, but some younger participants, graduates of the Institute of Political Science and International Relations in Vilnius, were inspired.

By December 2005 a group of Lithuanian university students along with a few other activists involved in the protest against the encroachment of privatization in public spaces in Vilnius gathered at TSPMI for a conference where the Vilnius Leftist Club Manifesto was signed. This action paved a way for the initial consolidation of leftist activists. During the autumn and winter 2006/2007, people from the two groups, joined by activists from other left-leaning groups and NGOs, came together, forming the core of the present day NK95; the final consolidation of the group came in June 2007, when the first NK95 conference was organized and set the tone for the further development. During the period of formation a virtual, email list based, organizational form was adopted as the most suitable for the formed community of practice; the group now lists around 35/40 activists who each extend the reach of NK95 to many other groups and formally established organizations in Vilnius and other cities, thus sustaining a nationwide network for New Left public actions that are organized and coordinated by self-appointed and group-approved initiators of individual actions on an ad hoc basis which may involve organizational gatherings, if required.

The main forms of action undertaken by NK95 activists are: formal statements and communications with a wider audience. The main objective of NK95, outside the most obvious, the popularization of the 45 theses of the NK95 manifesto, is to galvanize the political life in Lithuania by bringing to the fore of public debate leftist political values and ideas, with the hope that sooner or the whole political mindset and with it political practice will shift leftwards, given the unforgiving social and political reality which demands a new left approach and ideas. Thus, the group promotes the values of social justice, equality and collective emancipation, as well as supporting a broader progressive agenda. In order to achieve this aim two strategies are employed: 1) stirring up the debate by individual or group texts, 2) organizing PR campaigns by indirect actions getting media and commentators involved in the cycle of self-denial, which helps to raise publicity for a particular issue. Another strategy for action, being considered is organizing educational events, such as seminars, conferences or evening classes for the general public, where academic potential of NK is and can be tapped.

The first two pilot events organized under the banner of “New Left audience” featured Dr Kelvin Knight and Mr Svenn Arne Lie as the main speakers, showing the potential of such form of public action because of the enormous interest received not only from the Lithuanian leftist organizations but from the general public. Being aware of the limitations that any voluntary social formation faces as well as being dependent on individual goodwill and contribution of its members, NK95 has taken a course towards establishing international contacts at the international scene in order to be able to sustain its activism on the basis of co-sharing of resources via contact network. For that reason the Manifesto has been translated into German and French and contacts have been established with intellectuals from the UK and Norway as the first step towards the rebirth of the international New Left. Official site

Freida High Wasikhongo Tesfagiorgis

Freida High Wasikhongo Tesfagiorgis is a painter, art historian, visual culturalist. She is Professor Emeritus in the Department of African-American Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison, she received her A. A. from Graceland College, Iowa, her B. S. from Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, her M. A. and M. F. A. from University of Wisconsin-Madison and her Ph. D. from University of Chicago. Tesfagiorgis, Freida High W.. 1987. “Afrofemcentrism in the Art of Elizabeth Catlett and Faith Ringgold.” Sage. Tesfagiorgis, Freida High W. 1993. “In Search of a Discourse and Critique/s That Center the Art of Black Women Artists.” Included in:1993. Theorizing Black Feminisms: The Visionary Pragmatism of Black Women, edited by Stanlie M. James and Abena P. A. Busia. London . 1997. Gendered Visions: The Art of Contemporary Africana Women Artists, edited by Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art and Salah M. Hassan. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press. 2001. Black Feminist Cultural Criticism. Keyworks in Cultural Studies, edited by Jacqueline Bobo.

3. Malden, Mass: Blackwell. 2015. Feminism-Art-Theory: An Anthology 1968-2014, edited by Hilary Robinson. Second Edition. Malden, MA: Wiley Blackwell. High, Freida. 1999. “An Interwoven Framework of Art History and Black Feminism: Framing Nigeria.” In Contemporary Textures: Multidimensionality in Nigerian Art, edited by Nikru Nzegwu. Binghamton, N. Y: International Society for the Study of Africa, Binghamton University. Official website at University of Wisconsin—Madison