The Banovina of Croatia or Banate of Croatia was an autonomous province of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1939 and 1941. It was formed by combining the Sava Banovina and Littoral Banovina, but with small parts of the Drina and Danube banovinas, its capital was Zagreb and it included most of present-day Croatia along with portions of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia. It included area of 65,456 km2 and had population of 4,024,601; the Ban of the Banovina of Croatia during this period was Ivan Šubašić. In the Vidovdan Constitution of 1921, the Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes had established 33 administrative districts, each headed by a government-appointed prefect. Both the Vidovdan Constitution in general and the administrative districts in particular were part of the design of Nikola Pašić and Svetozar Pribićević to maximize the power of the ethnic Serb population within the new state; the new constitution was passed in a political climate favorable to the Serbian centralists, as the Croatian regionalists chose to abstain from parliamentary duty, whereas the deputies of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia were excluded by a parliamentary vote.
An amendment to the electoral law in June of 1922 further stacked the deck in favor of the Serbian population, when electoral constituencies were created based on pre-war census figures, allowing Serbia to ignore its massive military casualties sustained in the First World War. This only furthered the resentment felt by the proponents of a federate or confederate state towards the government the Croatian regionalists of the Croatian Republican Peasant Party around Stjepan Radić. Radić died two months later; this provoked the withdrawal of the HRSS from the assembly, forged an anti-Belgrade mindset in Croatia and led to the collapse of the constitutional system of the Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes. After fruitless efforts to fix the Serb-Croat divide and Croat abstention from government, including a cabinet headed by the nominally neutral Slovene Anton Korošec, King Alexander I of Yugoslavia intervened and, on 6 January 1929, established the 6 January Dictatorship. On 3 October 1929, the country was renamed Kingdom of Yugoslavia in an effort to unite the various ethnicities into a greater national identity.
The new state had a new constitution, in place of the 33 administrative districts of the Vidovdan Constitution, it instead established the banovinas. The banovinas were drawn in a way to avoid the old historical, regionalist or ethnic affiliations, but because the King still had a vested interest in maintaining the Serb dominance from which he drew most of his legitimacy as King, six of the nine Banovinas ended up with Serb majorities. Instead of uniting Serbs and Croats into a joint Yugoslav identity, there was widespread Croatian resentment against a perceived Serbian hegemony instead. Over the course of the next ten years, the royal dictatorship grew in strength and ruled with authoritarian decrees, climaxing in the tenure of Milan Stojadinović as Prime Minister between 1936 and 1939. Stojadinović, who had adopted fascist symbolism and titles from Benito Mussolini in his aspirations to be Yugoslavia's strongman fell from grace because he lost the faith of minority representatives in February of 1939.
He was replaced by Dragiša Cvetković, who, in an effort to win Croat support for his government, opened talks with Radić's successor as leader of the Croatian regionalists, Vladko Maček. In a compromise named after the two, the Cvetković-Maček Agreement, the central government made the concession of merging two of the nine banovinas and Littoral, into one, the Banovina of Croatia. On the basis of the Cvetković–Maček Agreement, the Decree on the Banate of Croatia dated 24 August 1939, the Banate of Croatia was created; the entire area of the Sava and Littoral Banovinas was combined and parts of the Vrbas, Zeta and Danube banovinas were added to form the Banate of Croatia. The borders of the Banate of Croatia are the historical borders of Croatia, based on the application of the principle of ethnicity according to which Bosnian and Herzegovinian territory with a majority Croat population was annexed to the Banate. Under the Agreement, central government continued to control defense, internal security, foreign policy and transport.
The Agreement fueled separatism. Maček and other Croats viewed autonomy as a first step toward full Croatian independence, so they began haggling over territory. Prince Regent Paul appointed a new government with Cvetković as prime minister and Maček as vice prime minister, but it gained little support. In May 1940 free local elections were held in rural municipalities, showing some weakening of support for Maček and Croatian Peasant Party due to poor economic showing. In 1941, the World War II Axis Powers occupied Yugoslavia, establishing a government-in-exile in London; the Banovina of Croatia remained a part of the occupied Kingdom of Yugoslavia, while the Axis proceeded to dismember Yugoslav territory and the Banovina along with it. Some of the coastal areas from Split to Zadar and near the Gulf of Kotor were annexed by Fascist Italy but the remainder was added to the Independent State of Croatia; as the Kingdom o
Rose Conway served as the personal secretary to United States President Harry S. Truman from 1945 until 1953. Conway has been referred to as "President Truman's Secret Weapon." Conway was moved to Kansas City with her parents as a baby. Conway attended business school in Kansas City. Conway became a secretary for her uncle, a banker. For a time Conway worked for an insurance executive and for ten years as secretary to John Vivian Truman, District Director of the Kansas City Area Federal Housing Administration. John Vivian told his brother, Harry S. Truman a United States Senators, about Roses’ efficiency. In February 1945, after Truman became Vice President of the United States, he asked Rose to join his Washington staff, she reported for duty in March. Less than a month Franklin D. Roosevelt died. Conway was a dedicated and loyal member of Truman's staff working with him from his hospital bedside during illnesses and, at times, assisting with financial bookkeeping for the Truman's Executive Residence.
Conway was referred to as "zipper lip" by reporters on Capitol Hill. Truman said of Conway, “No man had a more loyal secretary and one who knows the score." In 1949, Conway received an honorary doctor of law degree and was named as a “Woman of Achievement” by the Kansas City chapter of Theta Sigma Phi, national honorary for women in journalism. After Truman left office in 1953, Conway continued to serve as secretary for the Truman Office and Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum until her retirement in 1975. Conway was one of the few people to attend Truman's private burial service in 1972; the Truman Library Institute made Conway an honorary member after her retirement. In 1977, she was declared an honorary member of Battery D, 129th Field Artillery – the unit that Truman had commanded in World War I. On March 17, 1980 Conway died in Kansas City, Missouri
Earth Days is a 2009 documentary film about the history of the environmental movement in the United States, directed by Robert Stone and distributed by Zeitgeist Films in theaters. Earth Days premiered on US television April 19, 2010 as part of the American Experience series on PBS. Earth Days combines personal archival media; the film reviews the development of the modern environmental movement—from the post-war 1950s and the 1962 publication of Rachel Carson’s bestseller Silent Spring, to the successful Earth Day celebration in 1970. Featured pioneers of the era include the former United States Secretary of the Interior Stewart Udall. Included are Richard Nixon, former Governor of California Jerry Brown, Jimmy Carter, Denis Hayes, Jacques-Yves Cousteau, Hunter Lovins. On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 82% based on 33 reviews, an average rating of 6.8/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "This engaging and well-organized eco-doc maps the successes and failures of the American environmental movement, thanks to sharp interviews and remarkable archive footage."
On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 70 out of 100, based on 13 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". Closing night film, 2009 Sundance Film Festival The Sheffield Green Award, 2009 Sheffield Doc/Fest Nominated – Writers Guild of America Award for Best Documentary Screenplay, 62nd Writers Guild of America Awards. Environmentalism Radio Bikini Biophilia hypothesis Catching the Sun Official website "Earth Days". Pbs.org. PBS. Retrieved August 23, 2016. Earth Days on IMDb Uprising Radio interview with Robert Stone
Benny Jewell Barnes is a former American football cornerback in the National Football League for eleven seasons, all with the Dallas Cowboys. He played college football at Stanford University in the Pacific-8 Conference. After attending John F. Kennedy High School in Richmond, California, he moved on to Contra Costa College in nearby San Pablo, where he was an all-conference linebacker for the football team and an all-conference track and field athlete. In 1970, Barnes transferred across the Bay to Stanford, where he was converted from linebacker to free safety, he was a two-year starter and a part of the “Thunder Chickens” defense, effective. In 1971, Barnes posted seven interceptions and was an honorable-mention All-Pac-8 selection as a senior, he contributed to teams led by quarterbacks Jim Plunkett and Don Bunce in two of the biggest upset victories in the Rose Bowl, in January 1971 and 1972, respectively. Although he played just two years, Barnes was inducted into the Stanford Athletic Hall of Fame and selected to the Stanford's All-Century Team.
In 2011, he was inducted into the California Community College Athletic Association Hall of Fame. In 1972, he was signed as an undrafted free agent by the Super Bowl champion Dallas Cowboys, made the team based on his excellent special teams play on punt and kickoff coverage. In 1974, he was named the special teams captain and by the end of the season he was a starter at left cornerback, but fractured his right ankle and foot against the Cleveland Browns, an injury that would affect him the rest of his career; the next year, he was used on passing downs as the fifth or sixth defensive back and started 3 games. In 1976, he regained the starter position at left cornerback in the fifth game after Mark Washington suffered 2 concussions at the beginning of the season. Although he didn't have great athletic ability, he compensated with technique and effort, which made him and underrated part of the team. In 1977, he was the starter for the Super Bowl XII winning team, his best season came in 1978, although he missed three games with ankle and foot problems, he led the team with 5 interceptions, while still excelling on special teams.
In Super Bowl XIII he was involved in one of the most controversial calls in Super Bowl history, when Lynn Swann ran up his back and both fell, resulting in a pass interference that gave the Pittsburgh Steelers the ball deep in Cowboys territory and an eventual crucial touchdown. NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle, would concede that it was the official call was wrong. In 1979, despite a sore right foot that affected him since 1975, he tied for the team lead in interceptions and fumble recoveries. In the offseason he underwent a joint fusion surgery on his chronically right sore foot. In 1980, he missed the first five games after having an appendectomy in the morning of the season opener; the Cowboys went 12–4 in the regular season with Barnes and Steve Wilson sharing the left cornerback position. The next season, Barnes was moved to strong safety, to improve the depth after the retirement of Charlie Waters and to make room for undrafted free agent Everson Walls, he played as a third-down specialist and had a 72-yard fumble return for a touchdown in October at San Francisco.
Barnes was waived in August 1983 at the end of training camp, replaced with undrafted free agent Bill Bates. On January 14, 1984, he signed with the Oakland Invaders of the USFL, reuniting with John Ralston, his former head coach at Stanford, but was released before the season started. Barnes retired after an 11-year NFL career, where he was part of eight NFC Championship Games and three Super Bowls, he is considered to be one of the best special teams players in Dallas Cowboys history. Barnes spent some time investing in restaurants and worked at Contra Costa College as equipment manager, he is married, with three sons and one daughter. Giving back is an easy call for Barnes CCCAA Hall of Fame bio Career statistics and player information from NFL.com · Pro-Football-Reference
"Wishin' and Hopin'" is a song, written by Hal David and Burt Bacharach, a Top 10 hit for Dusty Springfield in 1964. The song was first recorded by Dionne Warwick in the fall of 1962, was the B-side of Warwick's single "This Empty Place" in the spring of 1963. Warwick's rendition became a charting single in France, reaching #79 in 1963. Dusty Springfield, who had heard the Warwick album track, recorded "Wishin' and Hopin'" in January 1964 at Olympic Studios. Personnel for the session included Bobby Graham on drums, Big Jim Sullivan on guitar, the Breakaways vocal group. Ivor Raymonde conducted on the session for which Johnny Franz was the producer; the track was included on Springfield's solo album debuts in the UK: A Girl Called Dusty, the US: Stay Awhile/I Only Want to Be with You. In February 1964, Springfield met with Burt Bacharach in New York City to listen to other songs to consider recording. Bacharach recalls at that time: "I I tried to talk her into releasing'Wishin' and Hopin" because she had some ambivalence about it."A New York disc jockey, Jack Lacy, began to play "Wishin' and Hopin'" following some encouragement from David and Bacharach, Philips' US label issued it as a single in May 1964.
The release of "Wishin' and Hopin'" as a concurrent UK single release for Springfield was precluded by the presence on the UK charts of Springfield's single "I Just Don't Know What to Do with Myself" – one of the songs Bacharach had pitched to her when they met in New York City in February 1964. "Wishin' and Hopin'" was recorded by UK band The Merseybeats whose inaugural single had been another song from the Presenting Dionne Warwick album: "It's Love That Really Counts". The Merseybeats "Wishin' and Hopin'" peaked at #13 on the UK Singles Chart in 1964, the same week Springfield's "I Just Don't Know What to Do with Myself" spent at its #3 peak. Another UK male vocal group The Eagles had a single release of "Wishin' and Hopin'", although it was the B-side of their non-charting single "Write Me a Letter". Despite not being a UK hit single for Springfield, "Wishin' and Hopin'" was identified with her in the UK public consciousness: she performed the song with the Merseybeats on the 8 August 1964 episode of Ready Steady Go!
– both acts lip-synched to a track spliced together from their respective versions – and on that show's Sound of Motown edition broadcast 28 April 1965 which Springfield hosted, the only one of her own songs she performed was "Wishin' and Hopin'" with the vocal accompaniment of Martha Reeves and the Vandellas. Springfield's recording was featured in A Home at the End of the World. "Wishin' and Hopin'" was featured in Tricks and Treats, the second episode of American Horror Story: Asylum. Springfield recorded foreign language versions of "Wishin' and Hopin'" in July 1964: in Italian as "Stupido Stupido" –, a combination of lyrics in Italian and English, the latter being newly written rather than taken from the original song – and in German as "Warten Und Hoffen". "Wishin' and Hopin'" was a hit for Springfield in Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Canada. Ani DiFranco's rendition of this song recorded in 1995 and released in November 1995, was featured over the opening credits of the film, My Best Friend's Wedding.
That film, along with the Austin Powers films, is suggested to have led to the renewed popularity of the Bacharach-David catalog. Nancy Sinatra recorded a cover-version of the song for her 1966 album "Nancy in London"
Baccharis brachyphylla is a North American species of shrub in the daisy family, known by the common name shortleaf baccharis or false willow. It is native to the southwestern United States and northern Mexico, it grows in desert habitats such as arroyos and canyons. This is a shrub producing erect, branching green stems up to a meter tall; the leaves are linear or thinly lance-shaped and less than 2 centimetres long. The inflorescence is a wide array of flower heads. A dioecious species, the male and female plants produce different flower types which are similar in appearance; the flowers and foliage are glandular. Female flowers yield fruits which are ribbed achenes, each with a fuzzy body 2–3 millimetres long and a pappus about 5 millimetres long. Jepson Manual Treatment for Baccharis brachyphylla