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Banshee

A banshee is a female spirit in Irish mythology who heralds the death of a family member by wailing, shrieking, or keening. Her name is connected to the mythologically important tumuli or "mounds" that dot the Irish countryside, which are known as síde in Old Irish. Sometimes she has long streaming hair and wears a grey cloak over a green dress, her eyes are red from continual weeping, she may be dressed in white with red hair and a ghastly complexion, according to a firsthand account by Ann, Lady Fanshawe in her Memoirs. Lady Wilde in Ancient Legends of Ireland provides another: The size of the banshee is another physical feature that differs between regional accounts. Though some accounts of her standing unnaturally tall are recorded, the majority of tales that describe her height state the banshee's stature as short, anywhere between one foot and four feet, her exceptional shortness goes alongside the description of her as an old woman, though it may be intended to emphasize her state as a fairy creature.

Sometimes the banshee assumes the form of some sweet singing virgin of the family who died young, has been given the mission by the invisible powers to become the harbinger of coming doom to her mortal kindred. Or she may be seen at night as a shrouded woman, crouched beneath the trees, lamenting with veiled face, or flying past in the moonlight, crying bitterly; the cry of this spirit is mournful beyond all other sounds on earth, betokens certain death to some member of the family whenever it is heard in the silence of the night. In Ireland and parts of Scotland, a traditional part of mourning is the keening woman, who wails a lament - in Irish: Caoineadh, Irish pronunciation:, or, caoin meaning "to weep, to wail"; this keening woman may in some cases be a professional, the best keeners would be in high demand. Irish legend speaks of a lament being sung by banshee, she would sing it when a family member died or was about to die if the person had died far away and news of their death had not yet come.

In those cases, her wailing would be the first warning. The banshee is a predictor of death. If someone is about to enter a situation where it is unlikely they will come out alive she will warn people by screaming or wailing, giving rise to a banshee being known as a wailing woman, it is stated that the banshee laments only the descendants of the pure Milesian stock of Ireland, sometimes clarified as surnames prefixed with O' and Mac, some accounts state that each family has its own banshee. One account, however included the Geraldines, as they had become "more Irish than the Irish themselves," countering the lore ascribing banshees to those of Milesian stock; when several banshees appear at once, it indicates the death of someone holy. The tales sometimes recounted that the woman, though called a fairy, was a ghost of a specific murdered woman, or a mother who died in childbirth. Most, though not all, surnames associated with banshees have the Ó or Mc/Mac prefix - that is, surnames of Goidelic origin, indicating a family native to the Insular Celtic lands rather than those of the Norse, English, or Norman.

Accounts reach as far back as 1380 to the publication of the Cathreim Thoirdhealbhaigh by Sean mac Craith. Mentions of banshees can be found in Norman literature of that time; the Ua Briain banshee is thought to be named Aibell and the ruler of 25 other banshees who would always be at her attendance. It is possible that this particular story is the source of the idea that the wailing of numerous banshees signifies the death of a great person. In some parts of Leinster, she is referred to as the bean chaointe whose wail can be so piercing that it shatters glass. In Scottish folklore, a similar creature is known as the bean nighe or ban nigheachain or nigheag na h-àth and is seen washing the bloodstained clothes or armour of those who are about to die. In Welsh folklore, a similar creature is known as the cyhyraeth. Banshees, or creatures based upon them, have appeared in many forms in popular culture. Sorlin, Evelyne. Cris de vie, cris de mort: Les fées du destin dans les pays celtiques. Academia Scientiarum Fennica.

ISBN 978-951-41-0650-7. Lysaght, Patricia; the banshee: The Irish death-messenger. Roberts Rinehart. ISBN 978-1-57098-138-8. Evans-Wentz, Walter Yeeling; the Fairy-Faith in celtic countries, its psychological origin and nature. C. Smythe. OCLC 257400792. Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Banshee". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press

SMS Panther (1885)

SMS Panther was a torpedo cruiser of the Austro-Hungarian Navy. She and her sister ship, Leopard were part of a program to build up Austria-Hungary's fleet of torpedo craft in the 1880s, she was the lead ship of her class, was built in Britain by Armstrong, from her keel laying in October 1884 to her completion in December 1885. She was armed with a battery of two 12 cm guns and ten 47 mm guns, along with four 356 mm torpedo tubes. After arriving in Austria-Hungary, Panther served with the main fleet. During this period, she visited Spain for the 1888 Barcelona Universal Exposition. Starting in the mid-1890s, the ship spent much of her time abroad. From 1896 to 1898, she was stationed in China, she sent a shore party to help United States Marines protect US civilians during a riot, she went on a cruise in the Mediterranean in 1902, in 1905, she visited East Africa. Panther received a new gun armament. At the outbreak of World War I in July 1914, the ship was assigned to the Coastal Defense Special Group.

The next year, Panther was employed as a training ship. Awarded to Britain in the postwar division of war prizes, Panther was broken up for scrap in Italy in 1920. Panther was 73.19 meters long overall, with a draft of 4.28 m. She displaced 1,557 long tons; the ship's propulsion system consisted of a pair of two-cylinder vertical compound steam engines. On trials, Panther reached a speed of 18.4 knots from 5,940 indicated horsepower slower than her sister ship Leopard. Her crew numbered 186 men; the ship was armed with two 12-centimeter 35-caliber guns manufactured by Krupp in single mounts. These were supported by a battery of four 47 mm quick-firing guns and six 47 mm revolver cannon, she was armed with four 356 mm torpedo tubes. The torpedo tubes were located singly, in the bow, at either beam. Panther was protected with a thin 12 mm armored deck. Panther was built in Britain by the Armstrong shipyard in Elswick, her keel was laid down on 29 October 1884, her completed hull was launched on 13 June 1885.

She was completed on 31 December 1885. On 15 January 1886, the ship's first commander arrived to take the ship to Pola, which she reached on 12 February. Upon arrival, she was taken into the shipyard to have her armament installed, including her torpedo tubes in 1887. After this work was completed in 1887, Panther entered service with the fleet, where she served as a flotilla leader for torpedo boats; this included a period of service with the main fleet from 6 May to 5 June in 1886. She participated in the annual fleet maneuvers in 1888, along with the ironclads Don Juan d'Austria, Kaiser Max, Custoza and the cruisers Leopard and Meteor; that year and Leopard joined a squadron that included the ironclads Tegetthoff, Kaiser Max, Don Juan d'Austria, Prinz Eugen to represent Austria-Hungary in the opening ceremonies for the Barcelona Universal Exposition from 25 April to 2 May. This was the largest squadron of the Austro-Hungarian Navy. On 21 June, she ran aground and the ship's captain, Rudolf Montecuccoli the chief of the Marinesektion, was reprimanded and forced to pay for the repair costs.

In early 1896, Panther was adapted for extended overseas cruises. From 1 May 1896 to 28 February 1898, Panther was deployed to the East Asian station. During this period, she assisted American Marines from the gunboat USS Monocacy in Shanghai; the Austro-Hungarian landing party Panther sent ashore helped the Marines protect American civilians during riots in the area. Panther returned home in 1898 after having been relieved by Frundsberg. After returning to Austria-Hungary, she was decommissioned in 1899, she returned to active duty for service with the summer training squadron in 1900 and 1902. In 1902, Panther cruised the western Mediterranean Sea and into the Atlantic Ocean, making a call in Rabat, Morocco. One of the purposes of the trip was to deliver a gift to the Sultan of Morocco; the ship went to East Africa in 1905, departing Austria-Hungary on 15 January, under the command of Captain Ludwig von Höhnel. The ship stopped in French-controlled Djibouti, where Höhnel and a group left the ship to travel overland to Ethiopia, where they concluded a trading treaty for Austria-Hungary.

Höhnel's mission lasted from 4 February to 10 April. From there, Panther continued on in the Pacific Ocean, making visits in Australia, New Zealand and China, before returning to Austria-Hungary on 22 December 1906. In June 1909, the ship was drydocked for modernization that included a complete overhaul of her gun battery. Guns and ten 47 mm QF guns, along with her original torpedo tubes. Electric lighting and equipment to bake bread were installed. From 16 August 1909 to 15 November 1910, Panther made another voyage to East Asia. From her return to Austria-Hungary to 1913, she served as a station ship in Trieste. At the outbreak of World War I in July 1914, Panther was assigned to the Coastal Defense Special Group, along with the three Monarch-class coastal defense ships and the cruiser Kaiser Franz Joseph I; the ships were commanded by Rear Admiral Richard von Barry. From 8 to 10 January 1916, Panther and the ships of the Coastal Defense Special Group

GM 6L80 transmission

The 6L80 is a six-speed automatic transmission built by General Motors at its Willow Run Transmission plant in Ypsilanti, MI. It was introduced in late 2005, is similar in design to the smaller 6L45/6L50, produced at GM Powertrain in Strasbourg, France, it features clutch to clutch shifting, eliminating the one-way clutches used on older transmission designs. In February 2006 GM announced that it would invest $500 million to expand the Toledo Transmission plant in Toledo, Ohio to produce the 6L80 in 2008; the 6L80 is based on the ZF 6HP gearbox. Only the gear sets are deviant. 2006-2009 Cadillac XLR-V 2006-2014 Chevrolet Corvette 2006 Holden VE Commodore/2008 Pontiac G8 2006 Holden/Chevrolet WM Statesman/Caprice 2007-2016 Silverado 2500HD 6.0 2007-2009 Cadillac STS-V, STS 2007-2015 Cadillac Escalade 2010-present Chevrolet Express 2500-3500 2007-2015 GMC Yukon Denali 2009-2015 Chevrolet Tahoe 2008-2009 Hummer H2 2009-2013 Cadillac CTS-V 2009-2018 Chevrolet Silverado/GMC Sierra 1500 Series 2010-2015 Chevrolet Camaro 2012-2015 Chevrolet Camaro ZL1 2011-2012 Holden VE Commodore Series 2 2014-2017 Holden VF Commodore / Chevrolet SS 2008-2013 Chevrolet Avalanche List of GM transmissions Cadillac PDF info on 6L80-E Transmission: http://www.cadillacfaq.com/stsfaq/tsb/data/tsb/05-07-30-023.pdf "GM Ypsilanti Begins 6-Speed Production".

Automotive Design and Production. Archived from the original on March 3, 2006. Retrieved January 3, 2006