Banten is the westernmost province on the island of Java, in Indonesia. Its provincial capital city is Serang; the province borders West Java and the Special Capital Region of Jakarta to the east, the Java Sea to the north, the Indian Ocean to the south, the Sunda Strait to the west, which separates Java from the neighbouring island of Sumatra. The population of Banten was estimated at 12,959,169 in the middle of 2019, up from over 10.6 million during the 2010 census. Part of the province of West Java, Banten became a separate province in 2000; the province is a transit corridor to the neighbouring Indonesian island of Sumatra. It has had a culture distinct from the rest of Java and that of the broader Indonesian archipelago. In recent years, the northern half those areas near Jakarta and the Java Sea coast, have experienced rapid rises in population and urbanization, while the southern half that facing the Indian Ocean, maintains more of its traditional character. Centuries ago, the area in what-is-now Banten is ruled by the Sundanese Tarumanagara kingdom.
After the fall of the Tarumanegara, Banten was controlled by many Hindu-Buddhist kingdoms, such as the Srivijaya Empire and the Sunda Kingdom. The spread of Islam in the region begins in the 15th century. By the late 16th century, Islam has replaced Hinduism and Buddhism as the dominant religion in the province, with the establishment of the Banten Sultanate. At that time however, Europeans traders started arriving in the region; the first was the Portuguese the British and the Dutch. In the end, through the Dutch East India Company, the Dutch controlled the economy in the region, causing a gradual decline of the Banten Sultanate in the region. On 22 November 1808, the Dutch Governor-General Herman Willem Daendels declared that the Sultanate of Banten had been absorbed into the territory of the Dutch East Indies; this marked the beginning of direct Dutch rule in the region for the next 150 years. In March 1942, the Japanese invaded the Indies and occupied the region for 3 years, before they surrendered in August 1945.
The area was returned to Dutch control for 5 years, before they handed the region to the new Indonesian government when the Dutch left in 1950. Banten was absorbed into the province of West Java. However, separatist sentiment led to the creation of the province of Banten in 2000. A diverse province, Banten is populated by many ethnic groups, the most dominant being the Bantenese, a sub-group of the Sundanese people. Therefore, the Sundanese language forms the lingua franca of the province, although Indonesian is the main official language; the Javanese language is spoken by many Javanese migrants from Central or East Java. In the Lebak Regency lives the semi-isolated Baduy people, who spoke the Baduy language, an archaic form of the Sundanese language. Nonetheless, most of the people in Banten can speak Indonesian fluently as their second language; the name "Banten" turns out to have several possible origins. The first possible origins comes from the Sundanese phrase katiban inten, which means "struck down by diamonds".
The phrase comes from the history of the Bantenese people, who were animist embraced Buddhism or Hinduism. After Islam began to spread in Banten, the community began to embrace Islam; this spread of Islam in Banten is described as "struck down by diamonds". Another story about the origin of the name "Banten" is when the Hindu God Batara Guru Jampang traveled from east to west arrived at a place called Surasowan; when arriving in Surasowan, Batara Guru Jampang sits on a rock, called watu gilang. The stone was glowing, presented to King Surasowan, it was told that Surasowan was surrounded by a clear river of water, as if this country was surrounded by stars. The place is described as a ring covered with diamonds, which evolved into the name "Banten". Another possible origin is that "Banten" comes from the Indonesian word bantahan, because the local Bantenese people resisted to be subjected to regulations enacted by the Dutch colonial government at that time. Apart from the story of the origin of the name "Banten" mentioned above, the word "Banten" has appeared long before the establishment of the Banten Sultanate.
This word is used to name a river, namely the Cibanten River. The higher plains on the edge of Cibanten River are called Cibanten Girang, abbreviated as Banten Girang. Based on the results of research conducted in Banten Girang, there have been settlements in this area since the 11-12th century. In the 16th century, this area developed rapidly; the development of settlements in Banten Girang extends towards Serang and towards the northern coast. The coastal area would become the Sultanate of Banten, founded by Sunan Gunung Jati; this Sultanate controlled all terriitory of the former Sunda Kingdom in West Java. But Sunda Kelapa or Batavia were captured by the Dutch, while Cirebon and the Parahiyangan region were captured by the Mataram Sultanate; the territory of the former Banten Sultanate was converted to a residentie by the Dutch. In the 5th century, Banten was part of the Kingdom of Tarumanagara; the Lebak relic inscriptions, found in lowland villages on the edge of the Cidanghiyang River in Munjul, Pandeglang were discovered in 1947 and contains two lines of poetry with Pallawa script and Sanskrit language.
The inscriptions which tells the life in the Tarumanegara kingdom under the reign of Purnawarman. After the collapse of the Tarumanagara kingdom, due to an attack by Srivijaya, power in western Java fell to the Kingdom of Sunda; the Chinese source, Chu-fan-chi, written circa 12
The Model 1840 light artillery saber was a saber of about 42 inches in length with a curved, single-edged blade and iron scabbard. The U. S. Model 1840 light artillery saber has a brass hilt and knuckle-bow of about 6 inches in length, the grip wrapped in leather and bound with brass wire, a blade of 32.25 inches in length. Unlike the Model 1840 Heavy Cavalry Saber the artillery model has no basket; this model was one of the many weapons produced by the Ames Manufacturing Company. Of Springfield, Massachusetts; the design appears to be a copy of the French saber style of 1829. The mounted artillery units accompanied dragoons to provide them with more firepower; the primary weapon of the mounted artillery were their cannons. The saber was more a traditional accoutrement than a combat weapon; the fact that Ames manufactured far fewer 1840 light artillery sabers than the number of soldiers in the artillery branch attests to this. This saber has a flat, brass handle, black leather grip wrapped in brass wire, steel scabbard.
Its shorter but more steeply curved blade and single brass knuckle-bow distinguish this saber from similar cavalry designs. French versions can be distinguished from American versions by the presence of French manufacturers' marks and the lack of U. S. markings. Union Army Uniforms and Insignia of the Civil War M1840 Light Artillery Saber
A fork end, fork-end, or forkend is a slot in a bicycle frame or bicycle fork where the axle of a bicycle wheel is attached. A dropout is a type of fork end that allows the rear wheel to be removed without first derailing the chain. Track bicycle frames have track fork ends; because they do not have dropouts, the chain must be derailed from the sprocket before the rear wheel can be removed from a typical track bike. Some single-speed bicycles intended for street or trail use are equipped with track fork ends instead of dropouts. On bicycles that do not have a derailleur or other chain tensioning device, rear horizontal dropouts allow adjustment of chain tension, can accommodate a range of chain lengths or cog sizes, they were standard on most older derailleur bicycles from before the 1990s. An older derailleur-equipped bicycle with horizontal dropouts can be converted into singlespeed, fixed gear or to use an internally geared hub. Rear vertical dropouts have the slot facing downwards; the advantage is.
The disadvantage is that on a bicycle without a rear derailleur but with vertical dropouts, the chain tension cannot be adjusted by moving the wheel forwards or backwards, needs another means of chain-tensioning, by a derailleur, chain tensioner, or eccentric bottom bracket or rear hub. Fixed wheel bicycles cannot use any form of chain tensioning device, because the lower run of chain is pulled tight when using the transmission as a brake. In general, a modern bicycle frame intended for derailleur gears will have a vertical dropout, while one designed for singlespeed or hub gears will have horizontal dropouts or track fork ends. Lawyer lips or lawyer tabs, a nineteenth century invention, are tabs fitted to the fork ends on the front fork of bicycles sold in some countries to prevent a wheel from leaving the fork if the quick release skewer comes undone, they were reintroduced in response to lawsuits supported by experts including John Howard, in cases where incorrectly adjusted quick release wheels came out of the forks.
Lawyer tabs are designed to compensate for the fact that many riders do not know how to operate a quick release properly: some riders treat them as a folding wing nut, others do not tighten them enough for fear of snapping them or shearing the skewer. A side-effect is that the quick release, developed to allow the wheel to be removed without having to unscrew any components, no longer works as designed: the skewer must be unscrewed in order to remove the wheel; this means. Some cyclists file off the lawyer tabs so the quick release works as intended. A secured quick release is unlikely to be ejected from the fork end in normal use where rim brakes are in use, although there has been some evidence, notably from James Annan, a British scientist working in Japan, suggesting that the moments in disc brake systems can cause quick-release front wheels to be ejected past the lawyer tabs. A small number of serious crashes have been attributed to this cause; this is controversial, the fork manufacturers have not admitted a fault, although there is some evidence that they may accept the principle, advice on checking quick release tension has been strengthened.
A complete solution to ejection risk would involve mounting the front disc brake caliper in front of the fork blade rather than behind, as the reaction force on the disc would be into, rather than out of, the fork-end. However, this would involve major retooling by fork and brake manufacturers, though at least one manufacturer has placed the disc caliper mounts on the front of the right fork blade; this allows standard disc brakes to be used, makes it easier to mount mudguards. Fork ends and dropouts may support one or more eyelets, small protruding tabs with holes threaded, to facilitate the mounting of racks and fenders; some rear track fork ends have threaded devices to aid in setting the proper chain tension. These may be integral to separate items, they work by holding the rear axle in an eye at the end of a threaded bolt. The bolt passes through a cap. Tightening the bolts on each side causes the axle to be pulled backwards towards the open fork end, tensing the chain. Chaintugs can solve the problem of "axle creep" on hard-ridden fixed-gear bicycles those with hard chromed fork ends, which may not offer adequate grip for the serrated track nuts.
The derailleur hanger or mech hanger is the part of the dropout that the rear derailleur attaches to. Most non-steel framed bikes have a separate removable derailleur hanger made from aluminium, bolted to the dropout; these are intended as a cheap replaceable part so that in the event of an accident or mechanical problem that could damage the derailleur or frame, the derailleur hanger breaks or deforms instead. Sometimes a shear bolt, designed as a weak point will be used. There are dozens of different derailleur hangers available and one model is interchangeable with another. In general, steel-framed bikes do not have a removable derailleur hanger, because a steel dropout and hanger is stronger and therefore less to be damaged, it is more malleable and less to work harden during deformation and can be bent back into shape without breaking; the derailleur hanger must be aligned for proper ind
The Return of John MacNab was the second novel by Scottish writer Andrew Greig. The novel was shortlisted for the Romantic Novelists' Association Award. Andrew Greig has rewritten John Macnab by John Buchan for the late 20th century; the plot follows the original closely. In John Macnab, three bored successful friends in their mid-forties turn to poaching, under the collective name ‘John Macnab’, set up in the Highland home of a war hero and prospective Conservative MP. In The Return of John MacNab three rather downcast friends decide to revive Buchan’s novel, they target an estate owned by a Moroccan, another rented by a Dutch corporation, the third, traditional home of the British royal family in Scotland. The modern-day MacNabs are hijacked by Kirsty Fowler, a hard-living reporter and singer with a murky past. Review
Ellen Kathleen Pompeo is an American actress and producer. One of the world's highest paid actors since 2017, she has made multiple appearances on the Forbes' year-end lists. Pompeo is the recipient of such accolades as a Screen Award, a Special Achievement in Entertaining by the National Italian American Foundation, a nomination for a Golden Globe Award. Born in Everett, Pompeo moved to Miami to New York City, where she was discovered by a casting director who signed her for an advertisement campaign for L'Oreal, she made her screen debut with NBC's legal drama Law & Order and guest-starred in other television shows, including the comedy Strangers with Candy, the medical drama Strong Medicine and Friends. Pompeo made her feature film debut in 1999 with the romantic comedy Coming Soon, went on to play minor roles in films like In the Weeds and Mambo Café but found little success initially. A turning point came in her career in 2002, when she gained wide recognition for her starring role in Brad Silberling's drama Moonlight Mile.
Pompeo was cast in ABC's popular medical drama Grey's Anatomy, gained worldwide recognition for her portrayal of the title character Dr. Meredith Grey; the role on the long running series earned her a Golden Globe nomination and a Screen Actors Guild Award. The character became popular, making Pompeo one of the most renowned television actresses. In 2016, Pompeo was ranked fourth in the list of highest paid TV actresses by Forbes, with earnings of $14.9 million. She was the highest ranked actor from a drama series on the list. Pompeo's other notable film roles include the comedy Old School, the superhero film Daredevil, the caper film Art Heist, the comedy drama Life of the Party. In addition to her acting career, she has directed two episodes for Grey's Anatomy and founded a production company Calamity Jane. Pompeo married Chris Ivery in 2007 and the couple have three children together. Ellen Kathleen Pompeo was born in Everett, Massachusetts, on November 10, 1969, the daughter of Joseph Pompeo and Kathleen Pompeo.
Her father was of Italian and Irish descent, while her mother was of Irish ancestry. She was raised as a Catholic, her mother died of a painkiller overdose when Ellen was five, her father remarried soon after. In 2006, Pompeo said, "I think having my mother die at such a young age – when she was 33 – I appreciate life so much." She has five older siblings: two brothers. She was nicknamed "the pencil", "stracciatella". Pompeo worked as a barmaid in Miami when she started dating her boyfriend. Together, they moved to New York City in 1995 where she was approached by a casting director to appear in various ads for Citibank and L'Oreal. Pompeo's early work included small independent films, she made her television debut in 1996 by guest-starring in Law & Order. She made her feature film debut in playing a small part, she made her second appearance in Law & Order in 2000, guest-starred on Strangers with Candy, Strong Medicine and Friends. Pompeo moved to Los Angeles in 2001, she participated in the movie Mambo Café with Thalía.
In 2002, Pompeo was selected by director Brad Silberling for a lead role in his film Moonlight Mile, playing Jake Gyllenhaal's character's sympathetic love interest. Jeff Vice of Deseret News while praising the cast made note of Pompeo's "extremely appealing" performance, her performance was considered worthy of an Academy Award by other commentators. In 2002, Pompeo appeared in the biographical crime drama film Catch Me If You Can and in 2003, she appeared in Old School as Luke Wilson's love interest, she portrayed Jim Carrey's ex-girlfriend, Naomi, in the 2004 film Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind. Although her scenes were cut from that film, she felt grateful that director Michel Gondry selected her for his film, she played the role of Karen Page, in 2003, Mark Steven Johnson Marvel Entertainment film Daredevil, based on the Marvel Comics character. Pompeo landed her first major role in 2005 on the ABC medical drama series Grey's Anatomy, created by Shonda Rhimes, she has played the title character and series' protagonist, Meredith Grey, a surgical intern at the fictional Seattle Grace Hospital since the show's pilot episode.
Grey's Anatomy was a breakout was well received by television critics. At the time of the show's inception, Pompeo received positive feedback for her performance, with Newsday's Diane Werts writing, "star Ellen Pompeo's newly minted Dr. Grey conveys such substance that you can't stop watching."Pompeo signed a new contract for Grey's Anatomy in 2011 that increased her salary to US$200,000 per episode. The contract would have her involved with the show until its 12th season. Under her renewed deal of 2013, she earned $350,000 per episode, with additional payment from syndication. At this point, she was ranked fourth in the list of highest paid television actresses again in 2015, in the Forbes list, with the earnings of $11.5 million. Pompeo's contract with the company expired again at the end of the twelfth season along with the other original cast members, she signed a new one with an increased paycheck, she held on the fourth spot in Forbes' list in 2016, bringing in $14 million, a 32% increase in the earnings from 2015.
With the increasing popularity of the show, Pompeo garnered worldwide reputation among television vi
Louise Independent School District is a public school district based in the community of Louise, Texas. The Louise Independent School District was established in 1908. By 1927, there were four teachers. In 1990 the Louise schools counted 36 faculty members; the Louise district absorbed several surrounding school districts over the years, Sandies in 1938, Adams and Carancahua in 1948, Gobbler Creek in 1951. The district has three campuses - Louise High School; the district is a UIL 2A district. The high school competes in football, basketball, softball, power lifting, cross country, tennis. In 2009–2010, Louise High School went to state for volleyball. In 2007–2008 the high school and elementary schools were ranked "Recognized" by the Texas Education Agency; the campuses and the district meet the Annual Yearly Progress required by the federal No Child Left Behind laws. In 2009, the school district was rated "academically acceptable" by the Texas Education Agency; the superintendent is Garth Oliver, hired in 2015.
The district has 81 employees. Hudgins. Merle R.: LOUISE, TX from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved January 23, 2020. Wharton County Pictorial History: 1846-1946 Volume 1. Austin, TX: Eakin Press. 1993. Louise ISD