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Barasingha

The barasingha called swamp deer, is a deer species distributed in the Indian subcontinent. Populations in northern and central India are fragmented, two isolated populations occur in southwestern Nepal, it is extinct in Bangladesh. The specific name commemorates the French naturalist Alfred Duvaucel; the swamp deer differs from all other Indian deer species in that the antlers carry more than three tines. Because of this distinctive character it is designated bārah-singgā, meaning "twelve-horned" in Hindustani. Mature stags have 10 to 14 tines, some have been known to have up to 20. In Assamese, barasingha is called dolhorina; the barasingha is a large deer with a shoulder height of 44 to 46 in and a head-to-body length of nearly 6 ft. Its hair is rather woolly and yellowish brown above but paler below, with white spots along the spine; the throat, inside of the thighs and beneath the tail is white. In summer the coat becomes bright rufous-brown; the neck is maned. Females are paler than males. Young are spotted.

Average antlers measure 30 in round the curve with a girth of 5 in at mid beam. A record antler measured. Stags weigh 170 to 280 kg. Females are less heavy. Large stags have weighed from 460 to 570 lb. In the 19th century, swamp deer ranged along the base of the Himalayas from Upper Assam to the west of the Jumna River, throughout Assam, in a few places in the Indo-Gangetic plain from the Eastern Sundarbans to Upper Sind, locally throughout the area between the Ganges and Godavari as far east as Mandla. Swamp deer was common in parts of the Upper Nerbudda valley and to the south in Bastar, they frequent flat or undulating grasslands and keep in the outskirts of forests. Sometimes, they are found in open forest. In the 1960s, the total population was estimated at 1,600 to less than 2,150 individuals in India and about 1,600 in Nepal. Today, the distribution is much reduced and fragmented due to major losses in the 1930s–1960s following unregulated hunting and conversion of large tracts of grassland to cropland.

Swamp deer occur in the Kanha National Park of Madhya Pradesh, in two localities in Assam, in only 6 localities in Uttar Pradesh. They are regionally extinct in West Bengal, they are probably extinct in Arunachal Pradesh. A few survive in Manas National Parks. In 2005, a small population of about 320 individuals was discovered in the Jhilmil Jheel Conservation Reserve in Haridwar district in Uttarakhand on the east bank of the Ganges; this represents the northern limit of the species. Three subspecies are recognized: Western swamp deer R. d. duvauceli – has splayed hooves and is adapted to the flooded tall grassland habitat in the Indo-Gangetic plain. Southern swamp deer R. d. branderi – has hard hooves and is adapted to hard ground in open sal forest with a grass understorey. It was reintroduced into Satpura Tiger Reserve. Eastern swamp deer R. d. ranjitsinhi – is only found in Assam, where the population numbered about 700 individuals in 1978. After a census conducted in 2016, 1148 individuals were estimated in the park.

Swamp deer are grazers. They feed on grasses and aquatic plants, foremost on Saccharum, Imperata cylindrica, Narenga porphyrocoma, Phragmites karka, Oryza rufipogon and Hydrilla, they feed throughout the day with peaks during late afternoons to evenings. In winter and monsoon, they drink water twice, thrice or more in summer. In the hot season, they rest in the shade of trees during the day. In central India, the herds comprise on average about 8–20 individuals, with large herds of up to 60. There are twice as many females than males. During the rut they form large herds of adults; the breeding season lasts from September to April, births occur after a gestation of 240–250 days in August to November. The peak is in October in Kanha National Park, they give birth to single calves. When alarmed, they give out shrill. Captive specimens live up to 23 years; the swamp deer populations outside protected areas and seasonally migrating populations are threatened by poaching for antlers and meat, which are sold in local markets.

Swamp deer lost most of its former range because wetlands were converted and used for agriculture so that suitable habitat was reduced to small and isolated fragments. The remaining habitat in protected areas is threatened by the change in river dynamics, reduced water flow during summer, increasing siltation, is further degraded by local people who cut grass and fuelwood, by illegal farming on government land. George Schaller wrote: "Most of these remnants have or soon will have reached the point of no return." Rucervus duvaucelii is listed on CITES Appendix I. In India, it is included under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972. In 1992, there were about 50 individuals in five Indian zoos and 300 in various zoos in North America and Europe. Swamp deer were introduced to Texas, they exist only in small numbers on ranches. Sport hunters for whom bagging a stag with huge

Alfred Music

Alfred Music is a music publishing company. Founded in New York in 1922, it is headquartered in Van Nuys, with additional branches in Miami, New York, Germany and the United Kingdom. In New York City's Tin Pan Alley in 1922, Sam Manus, a violinist and importer of mood music for silent films, started a music publishing company and named it Manus Music; the company published popular sheet music. In 1930, Sam acquired Alfred & Company, founded by Alfred Haase. Sam decided to combine the names and shortened it to Alfred Music, which the company is still known as today. Sam's son, Morty and pianist, began working for Alfred Music in the late 1940s and met his wife Iris at the company when the bookkeeper, Rose Kopelman, brought her daughter to work one day. Inspired by the need for quality music educational products. Morty, a clarinetist and pianist, oversaw the development of an instructional series for accordion, followed by books for guitar and recorder. Alfred Music was now more than just a sheet music publisher.

In 1975, the firm moved to larger offices in Los Angeles. In 1980, with growing sales, the company went international. In 2002, the company partnered with Daisy Rock Girl Guitars, in 2005 it acquired Warner Bros. Publications from the Warner Music Group, again expanding its business. In April 2016, Alfred Music joined parent company of MakeMusic. Gear Fisher became CEO, Ron Manus moved from CEO to Business Development Manager. Alfred's portfolio of music teaching products include: Sound Innovations SI Online: Access streaming video MasterClasses and audio accompaniments for SI Strings and SI Band Books 1 & 2, Sound Percussion. Sound Innovations for String Orchestra: emphasizes playing with a characteristic sound. Ensemble Development for Concert Band: provides exercises to help students develop concepts needed to build the foundational qualities of concert band performance. Sound Percussion: four books plus a Teacher's Score for snare drum / bass drum, mallet percussion and accessory instruments.

Accent on Achievement course: a 3-book band-music course written by John O’Reilly and Mark Williams. Premier Piano course: includes a lesson book, theory books, performance books, technique books, supplementary books. Behind the Player: a series of DVDs consisting of conversations with, song instruction from, hard rock guitarists. Alfred acquired by Peaksware Holdings, LLC Alfred Music, an educational music publisher, has announced that it is joining the Peaksware Holdings, LLC portfolio of companies Alfred Music joins Peaksware, parent company of MakeMusic Alfred Publishing Morton and Iris Manus NAMM Oral History Program Ron Manus Interview NAMM Oral History Program Steven Raft Interview NAMM Oral History Program

Robot (The Goodies)

"Robot" is an episode of the British comedy television series The Goodies. This episode is known as "Automation"; this episode was made by LWT for ITV. Written by The Goodies, with songs and music by Bill Oddie. Tim and Graeme are studying a readout of their end of year profits and expenses, deduce that they must fire Bill in order to keep the business running at a profit. Graeme suggests that they introduce automation now that Bill is gone, while Bill announces that he's going to picket; the lettering on his picket sign, which reads "Support your striking mate!" Starts to run after it starts raining, leading the sign to now read "up yours mate!", which causes Bill to get knocked out by an offended passerby. Back at the Goodies office, Bill is packing up his things, while Tim nervously paces around the living room. Bill says it must be because of the guilt they are feeling for firing him, but Tim explains that they are expecting a little visitor and will soon be hearing the patter of tiny feet.

They hear the sound of a baby crying and Graeme bursts in and announces that they are now the proud parents of a baby robot. Bill is aghast at being replaced with such a thing, but Graeme explains that when it grows up it will be able to do everything that he does. Convinced that Graeme has lost his mind, Bill exits; that night and Graeme are woken up by the wailing of the robot. They get into an argument over who should get up to look after him and decide that they need an Au pair to look after the robot; the next morning, a group of attractive would-be Au pairs arrive at the house, a randy Tim is excited about the prospect of getting some hired help. However, one final applicant arrives - a still bearded Bill, in a pink sweater, mini-skirt, blonde wig and with an outrageously large bust, wanders in and introduces himself as Helga from Sweden. Tim is disgusted by "Helga", but Graeme insists they hire her, citing a well-known rule of life about never to hire a pretty Au pair as it always causes trouble.

Tim and Graeme explain to "Helga" what is expected of "her" and suggest "she" take the robot out for a walk. "Helga" tries to do away with the defenceless robot while out on their walk - using a variety of methods to dispose of him. None of these work and the robot turns the tables on his carer and gets "Helga" encased in a concrete block. Fed up, "Helga" runs away. Tim spanks "Helga" as punishment for losing the robot when they go on walks. Graeme enters and tells off "Helga". Tim and Graeme demand an explanation from "Helga" as to. Bill, who's now dropped the accent and speaks in his normal voice, comments that the robot is growing up and they can't rule his life. A nostalgic Graeme goes to his computer to play their home movies featuring his robot son; these movies include such moments of Graeme shoving dozens of ice creams into the mouth of the robot and "Helga" subsequently being vomited on by the robot. The film ends with secret video. Graeme proudly announces that "Helga's" efforts to get rid of the robot were useless, as it is always programmed to come home.

Bill inquires where the robot is now, Graeme admits that he has no idea. Tim and Graeme get into a debate over the gender of their cybernetic offspring when their "son" rather a daughter bursts in accompanied by a pink female robot. Tim demands that the robot get up to his room to which the robot replies "You said it, baldy"; the sounds of them engaging in hanky panky are heard as Graeme and Tim lament over where they went wrong as parents. The robot comes back down and Tim decides he needs to lay down the law; the robot treats Tim's dressing down with contempt, his interest only raising when Graeme walks in dressed up in kitchen utensils and cooking pans pretending to be a robot, in order to set a good example for his son. But this backfires when the robot becomes advances on him. Tim admits that their son is beyond saving, saying he's only interested in sex and playing loud music. Tim makes an offhand comment about how "next thing you know, he'll grow long hair and a beard", instantly, a beard and Oddie-esque long hair appears on the robot.

Graeme is aghast, declaring that they've turned the robot into Bill and talk about how much they loathed him. "Helga" wanders in and jumps to Bill's defence - saying he thought Bill was a fine human being. "Obviously you didn't know him" Graeme responds. Bill replies "Know him... I am him!", taking off his Helga wig. Tim and Graeme realise they want him back, saying they don't need a robot; the robot warns them to be careful, to which Bill launches into an agitated rant about how robots are taking over. He mentions C-3PO, K-9, R2-D2, Twiki and Metal Mickey as he launches into an impassioned speech about the greatness of the human race. Graeme is worried about agitating the robot, sure enough, he responds by storming out of the Goodies' apartment, leading his "comrades" - i.e. the kitchen appliances out of the home in protest. Tim vainly asks them to "Come back". To the strains of Bill's song "Come Back", the Goodies set off in pursuit of their whitegoods and the robot, with the help of a giant magnet.

It's left to Tim to defeat the angry appliances, after being cornered and advanced upon by the robot and his allies, he uses the giant magnet to lift himself up to a lightpost, thereby causing the robot and the appliances to crash into each other and explode. Tim returns to the Goodies' home saying that the robot has learnt his lesson