William Boyd (actor)
William Lawrence Boyd was an American film actor, best known for portraying the cowboy hero Hopalong Cassidy. Boyd was born in Hendrysburg and reared in Cambridge and Tulsa, living in Tulsa from 1909 to 1913, he was the son of a day laborer, Charles William Boyd, his wife, the former Lida Wilkens. Following his father's death, he moved to California and worked as an orange picker, tool dresser and auto salesman. In Hollywood, he found work as an extra in Why Change Your Wife? and other films. During World War I, he enlisted in the army but was exempt from military service because of a "weak heart". More prominent film roles followed, including his breakout role as Jack Moreland in Cecil B. DeMille's The Road to Yesterday which starred Joseph Schildkraut, Jetta Goudal, Vera Reynolds. Boyd's performance in the film was praised by critics, while movie-goers were impressed by his easy charm and intense good-looks. Due to Boyd's growing popularity, DeMille soon cast him as the leading man in the acclaimed silent drama film, The Volga Boatman.
Boyd's role as Feodor impressed critics, with Boyd now established as a matinee idol and romantic leading man, he began earning an annual salary of $100,000. He acted in DeMille's extravaganza DeMille's Skyscraper, he appeared in D. W. Griffith's Lady of the Pavements. Radio Pictures ended Boyd's contract in 1931 when his picture was mistakenly run in a newspaper story about the arrest of another actor, William "Stage" Boyd, on gambling and liquor charges. Although the newspaper apologized, explaining the mistake in the following day's newspaper, Boyd said, "The damage was done." William "Stage" Boyd died in 1935, the same year William L. Boyd became Hopalong Cassidy, the role that led to his enduring fame, but at the time in 1931, Boyd was broke and without a job, for a few years he was credited in films as "Bill Boyd" to prevent being mistaken for the other William Boyd. In 1935, Boyd was offered the supporting role of Red Connors in the movie Hop-Along Cassidy, but he asked to be considered for the title role and won it.
The original character of Hopalong Cassidy, written by Clarence E. Mulford for pulp magazines, was changed from a hard-drinking, rough-living red-headed wrangler to a cowboy hero who did not smoke, swear, or drink alcohol and who always let the bad guy start the fight. Although Boyd "never branded a cow or mended a fence, cannot bulldog a steer" and disliked Western music, he became indelibly associated with the Hopalong character and, like the cowboy stars Roy Rogers and Gene Autry, gained lasting fame in the Western film genre. Boyd estimated in 1940 that he had starred in 28 outdoor films in which he fired 30,000 shots and killed at least 100 "varmits", he wore out 12 costumes and 60 ten-gallon hats, rode his horse Topper more than 2000 miles and rode herd on 5000 head of cattle. A score or more of heroines were never kissed; the films were more polished and impressive than the usual low-budget "program westerns". The Hopalong Cassidy adventures boasted superior outdoor photography of scenic locations and name supporting players familiar from major Hollywood films.
Big-city theaters, which wouldn't play Westerns, noticed the high quality of the productions and gave the series more exposure than other cowboy films could hope for. Paramount Pictures released the films through 1941. United Artists produced them from 1943; the producer Harry "Pop" Sherman wanted to make more ambitious epics and abandoned the Hopalong Cassidy franchise. Boyd, determined to keep it alive, produced the last 12 Cassidy features himself on noticeably lower budgets. By this time, interest in the character had waned, with far fewer theaters still showing the films, the series ended in 1948. Boyd insisted on buying the rights to all of the Hopalong Cassidy films. Harry Sherman no longer cared about the property—he thought both the films and the star were played out—and regarded Boyd's all-consuming interest with skepticism. Boyd was so single-minded about his mission that he sold or mortgaged everything he owned to meet Sherman's price of $350,000 for the rights and the film backlog.
In 1948 Boyd, now regarded as a washed-up cowboy star and with his fortunes at their lowest ebb, brought a print of one of his older pictures to the local NBC television station and offered it at a nominal rental, hoping for new exposure. The film was received so well that NBC asked for more, within months Boyd released the entire library to the national network, they became popular and began the long-running genre of Westerns on television. Boyd's desperate gamble paid off, making him the first national TV star and restoring his personal fortune. Like Rogers and Autry, Boyd licensed much merchandise, including such products as Hopalong Cassidy watches, trash cans, dishes, Topps trading cards, a comic strip, comic books, cowboy outfits, home-movie digests of his Paramount releases via Castle Films, a new Hopalong Cassidy radio show, which ran from 1948 to 1952; the actor identified with his character dressing as a cowboy in public. Although Boyd's portrayal of Hopalong made him wealthy, he believed that it was his duty to help strengthen his "friends"—America's youth.
The actor refused to license his name for products he viewed as unsuitable or dangerous and turned down personal appearances at which his "friends" would be charged admission. Boyd appeared as Hopalong Cassidy on the cover of numerous national magazines, including Look and Time. For Thanksgiving
Bethel is a town in Fairfield County, United States, about 69 miles from New York City. Its population was 18,584 at the 2010 census; the town center is defined by the U. S. Census Bureau as a census-designated place; the core area of the town center has been designated as a historic district The town is near Interstate 84 and has a train station on the Danbury Branch of Metro-North's New Haven Line. Bethel was first settled around 1700; the town incorporated in 1855. Bethel is a name derived from Hebrew meaning "house of God". Greenwood Avenue Historic District — Roughly along Greenwood Ave. P. T. Barnum Sq. Depot Pl. and South St. Rev. John Ely House — 54 Milwaukee Ave. Seth Seelye House — 189 Greenwood Ave. Captain Benjamin Hickock house — 13 Blackman Ave. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 16.9 square miles, of which 16.8 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles, or 0.53%, is water. The CDP corresponding to the town center has a total area of 4.1 square miles, all land.
Bethel borders Redding to the south, Danbury to the west, Brookfield to the north, Newtown to the east. The first meeting of the Young Communist League was held in Bethel in May 1922. Battery manufacturer Duracell is headquartered in Bethel. In 1934, Rudolph Kunett started the first vodka distillery in the U. S. after purchasing rights to the recipe from the exiled Smirnoff family. Bethel High School is home to an award-winning NJROTC unit. Yano Anaya, former child actor Marian Anderson, singer. Glover Teixeira, Professional MMA Fighter in the Ultimate Fighting Championship. Matt Barnes pitcher for showman. Barbara Britton, stage and television actress. Dan Cramer, mixed martial arts fighter for the Ultimate Fighting Championship. Tony Dovolani, ballroom dancer, cast member on Dancing with the Stars Kevin Gutzman, constitutional scholar, Professor of History. Allan J. Kellogg, Congressional Medal of Honor recipient. Jan Miner, actress Thurston Moore and guitarist for Sonic Youth Noël Regney, composer.
Meg Ryan, actress. Julius Hawley Seelye, author, U. S. Representative, former president of Amherst College. Henry Arthur "Art" Young, "Dean of American Cartoonists"; the following films were at least shot in Bethel. Rachel, Rachel The Case of the Cosmic Comic Other People's Money Rise of the Dead The Entrepreneurs Revolutionary Road As of the 2010 census Bethel had a population of 18,584; the racial and ethnic composition of the population was 88.8% white, 1.8% black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 4.5% Asian, 2.8% from some other race and 1.9% from two or more races. 7.6 % of the population was Latino from any race. As of the census of 2000, there were 18,067 people, 6,505 households, 4,846 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,075.7 people per square mile. There were 6,653 housing units at an average density of 396.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town in 2005 was 85.86% White, 1.91% African American, 0.26% Native American, 4.58% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.20% from other races or of multiple races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.33% of the population. 20.2% were of Italian, 17.5% Irish, 9.1% German, 7.0% English, 6.7% American and 6.0% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 88.7% spoke English, 4.4% Spanish, 3.3% Portuguese, 1.5% German and 1.0% French as their first language. There were 6,505 households out of which 38.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.4% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.5% were non-families. 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.23. In the town, the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $68,891, the median income for a family was $78,358. Males had a median income of $51,816 versus $36,544 for females; the per capita income for the town was $28,927. About 1.2% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.3% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over. As of the census of 2000, there are 9,137 people, 3,639 households, 2,358 families residing in the CDP; the population density is 2,237.8 inhabitants per square mile. There are 3,744 housing units at an average density of 354.3 persons/km². The racial makeup of the CDP is 89.96% White, 1.61% African American, 0.13% Native American, 4.40% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.67% from other races, 2.20% from two or more races. 4.63 % of the population are Latino of any race. There are 3,639 households out of which 33.7% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% are married couples living together, 11.5% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, 35.2% are non-families.
28.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.6% have someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.51 and the average family size is 3.14. In the CDP the population is spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 35.1% from 2
McCall's was a monthly American women's magazine, published by the McCall Corporation, that enjoyed great popularity through much of the 20th century, peaking at a readership of 8.4 million in the early 1960s. It was established as a small-format magazine called The Queen in 1873. In 1897 it was renamed McCall's Magazine—The Queen of Fashion and subsequently grew in size to become a large-format glossy, it was one of the "Seven Sisters" group of women's service magazines. McCall's published fiction by such well-known authors as Alice Adams, Ray Bradbury, Gelett Burgess, Willa Cather, Jack Finney, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Barbara Garson, John Steinbeck, Tim O'Brien, Anne Tyler and Kurt Vonnegut. From June 1949 until her death in November 1962, Eleanor Roosevelt wrote a McCall's column, "If You Ask Me"; the former First Lady gave brief answers to questions sent in to the magazine. Starting in May 1951, lasting until at least 1995, Betsy McCall paper dolls were printed in most issues. Children could cut out the printed dolls and clothing, or for a small fee paper dolls printed on cardboard could be ordered.
Betsy McCall became so popular that various sized vinyl dolls were produced by Ideal and American Character Dolls. Another popular feature which ran for many years was the cartoon panel "It's All in the Family" by Stan and Jan Berenstain. A pair of pioneering female illustrators, Jesse Willcox Smith and Neysa McMein, drew dozens of McCall's cover portraits. Film critic Pauline Kael worked at McCall's from 1965 to 1966, was fired after writing a unfavorable review of The Sound of Music. In 1870, Scottish immigrant James McCall began designing and printing his own line of sewing patterns; as a means of advertising his patterns, McCall founded a four-page fashion journal entitled The Queen: Illustrating McCall's Bazaar Glove-Fitting Patterns. When McCall died in 1884, his widow became president of McCall Company, hired Mrs. George Bladsworth as magazine editor. Mrs. Bladsworth held the position until 1891. Though still a vehicle to sell McCall's sewing patterns, The Queen began to publish homemaking and handiwork information, by 1890 had expanded to 12 pages.
In 1891, the magazine's name became The Queen of Fashion, the cost for a year's subscription was 30 cents. In 1893, James Henry Ottley took over the McCall Company, he increased the subscription price to 50 cents a year, increased the number of pages to between 16 and 30 per issue, began to publish articles on children's issues, health and foreign travel. In order to reflect the magazine's expanded range of topics, the name was changed to McCall's Magazine—The Queen of Fashion in 1897. In time, the name would be shortened to McCall's. Despite the name changes, for many years information on McCall's patterns filled an average of 20 percent of the magazine's pages. In 1913, the magazine was purchased by the banking firm of White Weld & Co. which organized the McCall Corporation under the direction of president Edward Alfred Simmons. In 1917, the price was raised to 10 cents per issue. In 1922, Harry Payne Burton became editor, for the first time such well-known fiction writers as Kathleen Norris, Harold Bell Wright, Zane Grey and Booth Tarkington had stories published in McCall's.
In 1928, the 23-year-old associate editor, Otis Wiese, was promoted to editor. He believed "women were ready for more significant fiction than Gene Stratton-Porter" and suggested that McCall's sell Burton's acquisitions of popular fiction to Ladies Home Journal and Woman's Home Companion; such radical ideas caused Wiese to be fired at least six times within his first year as editor, but he was always rehired because, as he put it, "there was no one else around the place with ideas." In 1932, Wiese changed the format to. Three sections—News and Fiction, Homemaking and Beauty—had their own cover, each contained ads tailored to its contents. A survey was conducted that showed fiction was a major attraction for female magazine readers, in 1937 McCall's became the first women's magazine to print a complete novel in one issue. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941, Otis Wiese revamped the February 1942 issue in preparation. A frilly valentine cover was replaced with a woman wearing an "I've Enlisted" consumer pledge button.
Readers were asked to sign a pledge that stated "As a consumer, in the total defense of democracy, I will do my part to make my country ready and strong. I will buy carefully. I will take good care of the things I have. I will waste nothing." Within three weeks, 150,000 readers sent in a coupon printed in the magazine. During World War II, all women's magazines took on a patriotic slant, but McCall's received much positive press coverage for being the first magazine to do so McCall's began a "Washington Newsletter" section, which provided information on rationing and conservation. During the post-war era, fiction was no longer such an important draw for readers. To provide lively nonfiction Wiese hired two former Look magazine editors. Daniel Danforth Mich became editorial director, Henry Ehrlich was named managing editor. McCall's Three Magazines in One format was discontinued in 1950. In 1954 Wiese began to reformat McCall's with a "Togetherness" slogan. During this time period paid circulation was 4.5 million per issue.
In 1953, financier Norton Simon began purchasing shares of McCall Corporation, in 1956, Simon's group of investors was in control of the corporation. In 1958, Simon named Arthur B. Langlie as president of the company. Otis Wiese, vice presiden
Louisiana Purchase (film)
Louisiana Purchase is a 1941 film adaptation of the theater musical of the same name. A Paramount Pictures production, the film was directed by Irving Cummings, with Robert Emmett Dolan serving as musical director as he had done for the play. Starring comedian Bob Hope, the film featured Vera Zorina, Victor Moore and Irène Bordoni reprising their stage roles. Raoul Pene Du Bois did the production and costume design and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Art Direction-Interior Decoration, Color along with Stephen Seymour; the cinematography was by Harry Hallenberger and Ray Rennahan who received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Cinematography. Bob Hope as Jim Taylor Vera Zorina as Marina Von Minden Victor Moore as Sen. Oliver P. Loganberry Irène Bordoni as Madame Yvonne Bordelaise Phyllis Ruth as Emmy Lou Dona Drake as Beatrice Raymond Walburn as Colonel Davis Maxie Rosenbloom as The Shadow aka Wilson Louisiana Purchase on IMDb
So Proudly We Hail!
So Proudly We Hail! is a 1943 American war film directed and produced by Mark Sandrich and starring Claudette Colbert, Paulette Goddard –, nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance – and Veronica Lake. Featuring George Reeves, it was produced and released by Paramount Pictures; the film follows a group of military nurses sent to the Philippines during the early days of World War II. The movie was based on a book written by Lieutenant Colonel Juanita Hipps, a World War II nurse – one of the "Angels of Bataan" – who served in Bataan and Corregidor during the time when McArthur withdrew to Australia which led to the surrender of US and Philippine troops to Japanese forces; those prisoners of war were subjected to the infamous Bataan Death March. The film was based, in part, on Hipps' memoir I Served On Bataan; the story covers many day-to-day events and contrasts the brutality of war against the sometimes futile efforts of the nurses to provide medical aid and comfort.
Each of the nurses has a present love story with a soldier. Flashback narration and a sequence where the nurses and injured soldiers are stranded in Malinta Tunnel pinned down by aircraft fire are two notable aspects of the film; the movie was timely, since the battles for Bataan and Corregidor, as well as MacArthur's dramatic escape from the Philippines, were fresh in the memories of every American. Although the love-story plot line is the primary thrust of the film, the difficulties and emotional toll of war are shown; the film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists: 2006: AFI's 100 Years...100 Cheers – Nominated So Proudly We Hail was adapted for The Lux Radio Theatre on November 1, 1943 with Colbert and Lake reprising their original roles. The film was nominated for four Academy Awards: Best Supporting Actress Best Cinematography Best Visual Effects Best Original Screenplay So Proudly We Hail! at the American Film Institute Catalog So Proudly We Hail! on IMDb So Proudly We Hail! at the TCM Movie Database So Proudly We Hail! at AllMovie
Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American film studio based in Hollywood, a subsidiary of the American media conglomerate Viacom since 1994. Paramount is the fifth oldest surviving film studio in the world, the second oldest in the United States, the sole member of the "Big Five" film studios still located in the Los Angeles neighborhood of Hollywood. In 1916, film producer Adolph Zukor put 22 actors and actresses under contract and honored each with a star on the logo. In 2014, Paramount Pictures became the first major Hollywood studio to distribute all of its films in digital form only; the company's headquarters and studios are located at 5555 Melrose Avenue, California, United States. Paramount Pictures is a member of the Motion Picture Association of America. Paramount is the fifth oldest surviving film studio in the world after the French studios Gaumont Film Company and Pathé, followed by the Nordisk Film company, Universal Studios, it is the last major film studio still headquartered in the Hollywood district of Los Angeles.
Paramount Pictures dates its existence from the 1912 founding date of the Famous Players Film Company. Hungarian-born founder Adolph Zukor, an early investor in nickelodeons, saw that movies appealed to working-class immigrants. With partners Daniel Frohman and Charles Frohman he planned to offer feature-length films that would appeal to the middle class by featuring the leading theatrical players of the time. By mid-1913, Famous Players had completed five films, Zukor was on his way to success, its first film was Les Amours de la reine Élisabeth. That same year, another aspiring producer, Jesse L. Lasky, opened his Lasky Feature Play Company with money borrowed from his brother-in-law, Samuel Goldfish known as Samuel Goldwyn; the Lasky company hired as their first employee a stage director with no film experience, Cecil B. DeMille, who would find a suitable site in Hollywood, near Los Angeles, for his first feature film, The Squaw Man. Starting in 1914, both Lasky and Famous Players released their films through a start-up company, Paramount Pictures Corporation, organized early that year by a Utah theatre owner, W. W. Hodkinson, who had bought and merged several smaller firms.
Hodkinson and actor, producer Hobart Bosworth had started production of a series of Jack London movies. Paramount was the first successful nationwide distributor. Famous Players and Lasky were owned while Paramount was a corporation. In 1916, Zukor maneuvered a three-way merger of his Famous Players, the Lasky Company, Paramount. Zukor and Lasky bought Hodkinson out of Paramount, merged the three companies into one; the new company Lasky and Zukor founded, Famous Players-Lasky Corporation, grew with Lasky and his partners Goldwyn and DeMille running the production side, Hiram Abrams in charge of distribution, Zukor making great plans. With only the exhibitor-owned First National as a rival, Famous Players-Lasky and its "Paramount Pictures" soon dominated the business; because Zukor believed in stars, he signed and developed many of the leading early stars, including Mary Pickford, Marguerite Clark, Pauline Frederick, Douglas Fairbanks, Gloria Swanson, Rudolph Valentino, Wallace Reid. With so many important players, Paramount was able to introduce "block booking", which meant that an exhibitor who wanted a particular star's films had to buy a year's worth of other Paramount productions.
It was this system that gave Paramount a leading position in the 1920s and 1930s, but which led the government to pursue it on antitrust grounds for more than twenty years. The driving force behind Paramount's rise was Zukor. Through the teens and twenties, he built the Publix Theatres Corporation, a chain of nearly 2,000 screens, ran two production studios, became an early investor in radio, taking a 50% interest in the new Columbia Broadcasting System in 1928. In 1926, Zukor hired independent producer B. P. Schulberg, an unerring eye for new talent, to run the new West Coast operations, they purchased the Robert Brunton Studios, a 26-acre facility at 5451 Marathon Street for US$1 million. In 1927, Famous Players-Lasky took the name Paramount Famous Lasky Corporation. Three years because of the importance of the Publix Theatres, it became Paramount Publix Corporation. In 1928, Paramount began releasing Inkwell Imps, animated cartoons produced by Max and Dave Fleischer's Fleischer Studios in New York City.
The Fleischers, veterans in the animation industry, were among the few animation producers capable of challenging the prominence of Walt Disney. The Paramount newsreel series Paramount News ran from 1927 to 1957. Paramount was one of the first Hollywood studios to release what were known at that time as "talkies", in 1929, released their first musical, Innocents of Paris. Richard A. Whiting and Leo Robin composed the score for the film. By acquiring the successful Balaban & Katz chain in 1926, Zukor gained the services of Barney Balaban, his brother A. J. Balaban, their partner Sam Katz (who would run the Paramount-Publix theatre chain in New York City from the thirty-five-stor
Beyond the Blue Horizon (film)
Beyond the Blue Horizon is a 1942 American adventure film directed by Alfred Santell and written by Frank Butler. The film stars Dorothy Lamour, Richard Denning, Jack Haley, Patricia Morison, Walter Abel, Helen Gilbert and Elizabeth Patterson; the film was released on June 1942, by Paramount Pictures. Circus lion tamer Jakra and publicist Squidge are intrigued when they hear about Tama, a beautiful woman from Malaya who may be the rightful heiress to an American family's fortune. To find proof of the claim and his girlfriend go with Squidge and another interested party, Professor Thornton, to the Malayan jungle where Tama was raised. There they see her tiger, which can swim, hear tales of a killer elephant responsible for many deaths. Natives, expecting riches, turn against the visitors, they discover documents that prove Tama to be the legitimate heir to the fortune run from the rampaging elephant, which plunges off a cliff to its death. Dorothy Lamour as Tama Richard Denning as Jakra the Magnificent Jack Haley as Squidge Sullivan Patricia Morison as Sylvia Walter Abel as Prof. Thornton Helen Gilbert as Carol Elizabeth Patterson as Mrs. Daly Edward Fielding as Judge Chase Gerald Oliver Smith as Chadwick Frank Reicher as Sneath Abner Biberman as La'oa Charles Stevens as Panao Charles Cane as Broderick William Telaak as Willys Gogo as Gogo Ines Palange as the native nurse Beyond the Blue Horizon on IMDb