SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Scripophily

Scripophily is the study and collection of stock and bond certificates. A specialized field of numismatics, scripophily is an area of collecting due to both the inherent beauty of some historical documents as well as the interesting historical context of each document; some stock certificates are excellent examples of engraving. An old stock certificate will be found that still has value as a stock in a successor company. Scripophily, the collecting of old stocks and bonds, gained recognition as a hobby around 1970; the word "scripophily" was coined by combining words from Greek. The word "scrip" represents an ownership right and the word "philos" means to love. Today, there are thousands of collectors worldwide in search of scarce and popular stocks and bonds. Collectors who come from a variety of businesses enjoy this as a hobby, although there are many who consider scripophily a good investment. Many collectors like the historical significance of old certificates. Others prefer the beauty of older stocks and bonds that were printed in various colors with fancy artwork and ornate engraving.

In recent times, Dot com companies and scandals have been popular issuances. A recent addition to the hobby is collecting live shares issued in one's name. Common companies that issue stock certificates include Walt Disney, Harley-Davidson, McDonald's, Google, Ford Motors, Coca-Cola, Berkshire Hathaway. Again, framing is a popular option for these shares. Many autograph collectors are found in this field, looking for signed certificates from John D. Rockefeller of Standard Oil Company, Henry Charles Carey of the Franklin Fire Insurance Company, Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus, Atari Corporation, Eddie Rickenbacker as president of Eastern Air Lines, Tucker Corporation and many others. A large part of scripophily is the area of financial history. Over the years there have been millions of companies. In order to do so, the founders of these companies issued securities. Speaking, they either issued an equity security in the form of stock or a debt security in the form of a bond. However, there are many varieties of debt instruments.

They can be common stock, preferred stock, cumulative preferred stocks, zero-coupon bonds, long term bonds and any combination thereof. Each certificate is a piece of history about its business; some companies became major successes, while others were merged with other companies. Some companies and industries were successful; some companies have been the center of fraud. The color, signatures, stamps, borders, vignettes, stock broker, name of company, transfer agent and holder name all add to the uniqueness of the hobby. A lot of companies either were never successful or went bankrupt, so that their certificates became worthless pieces of paper until the hobby of scripophily began; the mining boom in the 1850s, railroad construction in the 1830s, the oil boom in the 1870s, the automobile industry beginning around 1900, electric power and banks in the 1930s, the airline wars and mergers in the 1970s, cellular telephones, long distance telephone service in the 1980s and 1990s, most the Dot-com era and Enron all resulted in significant certificates being generated and issued.

Today, more stocks and bonds are issued electronically, meaning fewer paper certificates are issued as a percentage of actual stock issued. The Internet has played a dramatic role in raising awareness of the hobby. A number of websites now exist that sell old stocks and bonds to include scripophily.com and oldstocks.com. There are many factors; these include condition, historical significance, rarity, demand for the item, type of company, original face value, bankers associated with issuance, transfer stamps, cancellation markings, issued or unissued and type of engraving process. Condition - The grading scale that could be used in stocks and bonds is shown below. Speaking, the grading is not used in the hobby as as it is in coins and stamps. Most people acquire certificates for the history. Uncirculated - Looks like new, no abnormal markings or folds, no staples, clean signature and no stains Extremely Fine - Slight traces of wear Very Fine - Minor traces of wear Fine - Creased with clear signs of use and wear Fair- Strong signs of use and wear Poor- Some damage with heavy signs of wear and stainingAge - Usually the older the more valuable, but not always.

Historical significance - What product did the company produce? Was it the first car, cotton gin, etc. Was the company successful? Was it a fraud? In what era was the item issued? Signatures - Did anyone famous or infamous sign the certificate? Cross Collecting Themes - Sports, finance and railroad enthusiast interest. Newsworthy - Some companies that are in the news. Certificate Owner's Name - Was the certificate issued to anyone famous or to a famous company? Rarity - How many of the certificates were issued? How many survived over the years? Is the certificate a low number? Demand for Item - How many people are trying to collect the same certificate? Aesthetics - How does the certificate look? What is in the vignette? What color of ink was used? Does it have fancy borders or writing on it? Type of company - What type of company was it issued for? Does the industry still exist? Has the industry changed a lot over the years? Original Face

RTL Telekids

RTL Telekids is a Dutch pay television kids channel owned by RTL Nederland. In addition, RTL Telekids is broadcasting as a youth block on television channel RTL 8 during daytime. Like the rest of the Dutch RTL network, RTL Telekids is a Luxembourg channel that does not have to adhere to the Dutch media law; as Luxembourg has no real regulator, the channel is not monitored. On 19 August 2010 RTL announced that the name RTL Telekids would be used for a new youth block on RTL 8. A big difference with the former programme Telekids is that the broadcast is no longer done by a presenter from the studio. RTL Telekids would start on 4 October 2010. However, on 1 October 2010, there was a car collision on the motorway A59 where a woman and three children were killed in a car accident on their way to the Efteling, where the filming would take place for the program, De Schatkamer, part of RTL Telekids. Out of respect for the victims' families the launch of RTL Telekids had been postponed for two weeks until 18 October 2010.

The digital channel RTL Telekids can be received through Ziggo and Caiway since 3 September 2012 it can be received through KPN and Telfort since 1 July 2015. It is the third digital channel of RTL. Official site Company on digital channel, Pressroom RTL Nederland List of Programs