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Barnabas

Barnabas, born Joseph, was according to tradition an early Christian, one of the prominent Christian disciples in Jerusalem. According to Acts 4:36, Barnabas was a Cypriot Jew. Named an apostle in Acts 14:14, he and Paul the Apostle undertook missionary journeys together and defended Gentile converts against the Judaizers, they traveled together making more converts, participated in the Council of Jerusalem. Barnabas and Paul evangelized among the "God-fearing" Gentiles who attended synagogues in various Hellenized cities of Anatolia. Barnabas' story appears in the Acts of the Apostles, Paul mentions him in some of his epistles. Tertullian named him as the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews, but this and other attributions are conjecture. Clement of Alexandria and some scholars have ascribed the Epistle of Barnabas to him, but his authorship is disputed. Although the date and circumstances of his death are unverifiable, Christian tradition holds that Barnabas was martyred at Salamis, Cyprus, in 61 AD.

He is traditionally identified as the founder of the Cypriot Orthodox Church. The feast day of Barnabas is celebrated on June 11. Barnabas is identified as the cousin of Mark the Evangelist on the basis of the term "anepsios" used in Colossians 4, which carries the connotation of "cousin." Some traditions hold that Aristobulus of Britannia, one of the Seventy Disciples, was the brother of Barnabas. Acts 11:24 describes Barnabas as "a good man, full of the Holy Spirit and of faith", his Hellenic Jewish parents called him Joseph, but when recounting the story of how he sold all his goods and gave the money to the apostles in Jerusalem, the Book of Acts says the apostles called him Barnabas. The Greek text of Acts 4:36 explains the name as υἱὸς παρακλήσεως, hyios paraklēseōs, meaning "son of encouragement" or "son of consolation". One theory is that this is from the Aramaic בר נחמה, bar neḥmā, meaning'son consolation'. Another is that it is related to the Hebrew word nabī meaning "prophet". In the Syriac Bible, the phrase "son of consolation" is translated bara dbuya'a.

Barnabas appears in Acts, a history of the early Christian church. He appears in several of Paul's epistles. Barnabas, a native of Cyprus and a Levite, is first mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles as a member of the early Christian community in Jerusalem, who sold some land that he owned and gave the proceeds to the community; when the future Paul the Apostle returned to Jerusalem after his conversion, Barnabas introduced him to the apostles. Easton, in his Bible Dictionary, supposes that they had been fellow students in the school of Gamaliel; the successful preaching of Christianity at Antioch to non-Jews led the church at Jerusalem to send Barnabas there to oversee the movement. He found the work so extensive and weighty that he went to Tarsus in search of Paul, "an admirable colleague", to assist him. Paul labored with him for a whole year. At the end of this period, the two were sent up to Jerusalem with contributions from the church at Antioch for the relief of the poorer Christians in Judea.

They returned to Antioch taking the cousin or nephew of Barnabas. They went to Cyprus and some of the principal cities of Pamphylia and Lycaonia. After recounting what the governor of Cyprus Sergius Paulus believed, Acts 13:9 speaks of Barnabas's companion no longer as Saul, but as Paul, his Roman name, refers to the two no longer as "Barnabas and Saul" as heretofore, but as "Paul and Barnabas". Only in 14:14 and 15:12-25 does Barnabas again occupy the first place, in the first passage with recollection of 14:12, in the last 2, because Barnabas stood in closer relation to the Jerusalem church than Paul. Paul appears as the more eloquent missionary, whence the Lystrans regarded him as Hermes and Barnabas as Zeus; the King James Version renders the Greek name "Zeus" by the Latin name "Jupiter". Returning from this first missionary journey to Antioch, they were again sent up to Jerusalem to consult with the church there regarding the relation of Gentiles to the church. According to Galatians 2:9-10, Barnabas was included with Paul in the agreement made between them, on the one hand, James and John, on the other, that the two former should in the future preach to the pagans, not forgetting the poor at Jerusalem.

This matter having been settled, they returned again to Antioch, bringing the agreement of the council that Gentiles were to be admitted into the church without having to adopt Jewish practices. After they had returned to Antioch from the Jerusalem council, they spent some time there. Peter came and associated there with the Gentiles, eating with them, until criticized for this by some disciples of James, as against Mosaic law. Upon their remonstrances, Peter yielded through fear of displeasing them, refused to eat any longer with the Gentiles. Barnabas followed his example. Paul considered that they "walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel" and upbraided them before the whole church. Paul asked Barnabas to accompany him on another journey. Barnabas wished to take John Mark along, but Paul did not, as he had left them on the earlier journey; the dispute ended by Paul and Barnabas taking separate rout

Blessing Rebell

The Blessing Rebell was a one/two seat motorglider designed for amateur construction in Germany. Only one was built, it was modified and flew in 1980 as a tractor aircraft. The Rebell was designed by Gerhard Blessing as a self-launching glider suitable for amateur builders those working in confined workspaces. To allow this, the wing could be built in one, two or three parts and no individual component was more than 3.5 m long. The Rebell had low-mid set wings built around wood covered, they had dihedral only on each 3.75 m long and foldable for storage. The fuselage was a steel tube structure, wood covered and had a rectangular cross-section; the canopy was quite long and enclosed just a single seat, but there was space to place a second seat in tandem behind the first. The engine a 40 kW Hirth M28 twin cylinder unit, was placed over the wing behind the cockpit with the propeller shaft at the top of the fuselage, locating the propeller just behind the trailing edge of the wing. Aft, the fuselage became a low-set boom, bearing wooden tail surfaces including a swept, straight edged vertical tail with a long dorsal fillet.

The Rebell had a recessed monowheel undercarriage assisted by a tailwheel and two stabilizing wheels mounted at the extreme inner wing panels. The first flight was made on 3 June 1973. In 1974 the Hirth company went into liquidation and an alternative engine was needed. Further testing in this form led to a major power plant/fuselage rebuild, started in 1976; the result, renamed the Staff Rebell, had a tractor configuration Limbach SL1700 engine in the nose. The fuselage, its wooden covering replaced with Dacron, became deeper behind the cockpit and no longer a boom; the canopy was re-shaped, curving down to rather than merging horizontally into the dorsal line. The Staff Rebell first flew in August 1980; the sole Rebell/Staff Rebell D-KEBO was no longer on the German civil register in 2010. Rebell Original version with pusher configuration engine, first a Hirth M28 a modified Volkswagen from Summer 1975. Staff Rebell Major fuselage redesign with tractor configuration Limbach SL1700 engine. First flown August 1980.

Data from Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1976-77General characteristics Crew: one Capacity: one passenger Length: 7.20 m Wingspan: 15.00 m Wing area: 17.00 m2 Aspect ratio: 13.2 Airfoil: Root Wortmann FX-66-S-196, tip FX-66-17A Empty weight: 420 kg Gross weight: 620 kg Powerplant: 1 × Hirth M28 2-cylinder, 40 kW Propellers: 2-bladed Hoffmann feathering pusherPerformance Maximum speed: 200 km/h powered, maximum take-off weight Cruise speed: 150 km/h powered, maximum take-off weight Range: 600 km powered, maximum take-off weight Maximum glide ratio: 24:1, power off Rate of climb: 3.0 m/s powered, maximum take-off weight

Sylvia Sayer

Sylvia Olive Pleadwell Sayer, Lady Sayer, was a passionate conservationist and environmental campaigner on behalf of Dartmoor, an area of granite moorland in Devon in the south-west of England. She was chairman of the Dartmoor Preservation Association from 1951 to 1973, remained involved with the organisation until her death. Sayer's grandfather was Robert Burnard, who with Sabine Baring-Gould performed the first scientific excavations of ancient monuments on Dartmoor, including Grimspound, he leased Huccaby House, on the West Dart River, near Hexworthy, from the Duchy of Cornwall and Sayer used to visit as a child. Her mother was Robert Burnard's eldest daughter, her father was the Principal Medical Officer at the Naval Hospital School in Greenwich. She attended Princess Helena College in Ealing, the Central School of Art in London. In 1925 she married Guy Sayer, a midshipman in the Royal Navy, they spent some time in China. Three years they bought Old Middle Cator, a dilapidated Dartmoor longhouse about two miles west of the village of Widecombe-in-the-Moor in Dartmoor.

They had twin sons and Oliver, born in 1930, until World War Two the family travelled to meet the needs of Guy's navy career. After VE Day, Guy was posted to the Far East and Sylvia settled at Cator and became interested in local politics, at first as a parish councillor for Widecombe as a Rural District Councillor and a member of the Dartmoor Sub-Committee of Devon County Council. Lady Sayer acquired her title in 1959 when her husband was knighted on his retirement as the vice-admiral commanding the Reserve Fleet. After his retirement he spent much of his time helping his wife with her conservation work, she was chairman of the Dartmoor Preservation Association between 1951 and 1973, after that, as its patron, she continued to attend every meeting of its executive committee until 1999. She lived at Cator until her death, moving to a nursing home in Chagford two weeks before. On 10 February 2000 a service of celebration for her life was held in the parish church of Widecombe-in-the-Moor, it was attended by over 300 people, including representatives of the Dartmoor National Park Authority, the Association of National Park Authorities, the Council for National Parks, the Campaign to Protect Rural England, the Ramblers' Association, the Duchy of Cornwall.

Sayer was described in The Times newspaper in 1971 as "a militant conservationist, a full-time thorn in the sides of those authorities and others who want to flood, dig up, knock down and otherwise damage the Dartmoor national park." Crispin Gill wrote about her in his introduction to Dartmoor – A New Study published in 1970 as having "roused the conscience of a number of people" and he described her as an indefatigable worker with an enormous knowledge. She wrote letters to newspapers, both local and national, about matters related to Dartmoor. In her first published letter to The Times, in 1948, she expressed concerns about local authorities seeking to subvert the implementation of Arthur Hobhouse's recommendations for the creation of national parks by demanding that they retain their own planning powers, she noted that local authorities had been unable to control development by Government departments in areas such as Dartmoor, referring to the 32,800 acres held by the Admiralty and War Department and the 3,763 acres, taken by the Forestry Commission.

She referred to Dartmoor's uniqueness in that most of it was owned by the Duchy of Cornwall which, as a department of the Crown, could do what it liked with its land. She urged that control of the soon-to-be-formed National Parks should be at the highest possible level within the Government so there would be a chance of exercising control over the Duchy and other Government departments; the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949 created the National Parks Commission whose first chairman was Sir Patrick Duff. Ten National Parks were created in the 1950s under this Act – Dartmoor National Park was the fourth to be created, in October 1951, it was administered by Dartmoor National Park Authority, a special committee of Devon County Council and subsidiary to the County Planning Committee which could veto its recommendations. Sayer was a member of the committee from its formation, but she resigned in 1957 in protest at its failure to protect the moor as she would wish; as chairman of the Dartmoor Preservation Association, Sayer was involved in all that organisation's fights for what it saw as conservation issues.

The first of these was against the proposed installation of a television transmitting mast on North Hessary Tor in the centre of the moor. When the Dartmoor Standing Committee voted in June 1952 to approve the application, Sayer complained that it had relied on the casting vote of the chairman in the absence of three members who would have voted against. Continued objection from Sayer and the DPA, the CPRE, led to a public enquiry which took place in September 1953. Sir Patrick Duff, the National Parks Commission chairman, was well briefed by Sayer and at the enquiry his case was based on the damage the mast would do to the scenery of the moor. Although congratulatory letters were passed between all the main objectors after the enquiry, the ministry granted the planning application in January 1954, though with some minor provisos to minimise the impact. Although Duff had failed to stop the installation of the mast, Say