Electric Cinema, Notting Hill
The Electric Cinema is a movie theatre in Notting Hill, is one of the oldest working cinemas in Britain. The Electric Cinema first opened in London's Portobello Road on 24 February 1910 and was one of the first buildings in Britain to be designed for motion picture exhibition, it was built shortly after its namesake the Electric Cinema in Birmingham, which predates it by around two months. The cinema was soon eclipsed by the huge picture palaces that became fashionable during the 1930s but, despite being shuttered for brief periods, it has remained in continual use until the present day. Designed by architect Gerald Seymour Valentin in the Edwardian Baroque style, it opened as the Electric Cinema Theatre. During World War I an angry mob attacked the Electric, believing that its German-born manager was signalling to Zeppelin raiders from the roof, after nearby Arundel Gardens was hit by a bomb dropped from a Zeppelin. In 1932, the Electric became the Imperial Playhouse cinema, though by this time the Portobello Road area had become rather run down, along with the rest of Notting Hill.
During the late 1940s the notorious mass murderer John Christie of nearby 10 Rillington Place is said to have worked at the Electric as a projectionist In the late 1960s it changed its name again, becoming the Electric Cinema Club, showing independent and Avant Garde movies. Its fortunes however did not improve and thereafter it opened and closed several times without finding commercial success, it thereafter began to fall into disrepair. In the late 1990s local property developer European Estates and architects Gebler Tooth, acquired the site. Four years of planning followed in which Gebler Tooth developed the plan that would re-establish the commercial viability of the theatre; the critical element was acquiring the shop next door which would provide space for upgraded WCs and air conditioning plant and a restaurant. It is a Grade II* Listed building. On 9 June 2012, the building was evacuated due to a fire, remained closed until it reopened on 3 December 2012. Notting Hill Electric Cinema, Birmingham Official website Retrieved November 2010 article on the Electric Cinema at cinematreasures.org Retrieved November 2010 The Rediscovery of London's Electric Cinema, Sunday Times 04.03.01 Retrieved November 2010 Electric Cinema at cinematour.org Retrieved November 2010 review of the newly refurbished Electric Cinema Retrieved November 2010
My Aim Is True
My Aim Is True is the RIAA Platinum-certified debut album by English singer-songwriter Elvis Costello. The album was recorded at Pathway Studios in Highbury, London Borough of Islington, over the course of 1976 six four-hour studio sessions, in a total of twenty-four hours, it was the first of five consecutive Costello albums produced by Nick Lowe and cost £2,000 to record. The backing band was made up of members of Clover, but they were uncredited on the original release due to contractual difficulties. In 1977 Rolling Stone magazine named the album one of the best of the year. In 2003, the TV network VH1 named. In 2003, the album was ranked number 168 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. In 2004, it was ranked 37 of the top 100 albums of the 1970s by Pitchfork which said the album was "held by many as the most impressive debut in pop music history." In 2007, the album was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame. Costello had been performing in clubs and pubs in Liverpool and London since 1970 and had created some demo tapes, but he had had little success in obtaining a recording contract.
When Stiff Records was founded in 1976, Costello submitted his demos there and found some interest, but they wanted him as a songwriter for Dave Edmunds. Edmunds, was reluctant, so the company had Costello and Clover re-record some of his songs, with Lowe producing, to try to persuade him; the new recordings were good enough on their own for Stiff Records to abandon that idea. The label suggested that he share a début album with Wreckless Eric, but Costello had written enough songs, most of them at home late at night or on the London Underground while commuting to work, to have an entire album of his own. Costello called in sick to his day job to rehearse and record the album with Clover, cut in a series of six four-hour sessions for about £1,000. Costello stayed at his day job as the first two singles, "Less Than Zero" and "Alison", were released without much success; the label decided to release the album in the summer of 1977, he was asked to quit his job and become a professional musician.
Stiff Records would match his office wages and gave him a record advance of £150, an amp, a tape recorder. Three weeks after its release, Costello was on the cover of a music paper, he described this situation as being "an overnight success after seven years". The album cover was designed by Barney Bubbles, uncredited on the sleeve; the cover art features rows of tiny black and white checks on which the phrase "Elvis Is King" is written. Costello's pose on the cover would become an iconic look for him, with the Buddy Holly glasses and the knees bent inwards together, he struck a similar pose in the photo on the back of the original sleeve. The LP cover had a black & white photo on the front, a yellow back; the first 1000 UK copies came with a form asking the buyer to send in the address of a friend, who would receive a free copy. The form was titled: HELP US HYPE ELVIS; the free copies that were sent out in response to returned forms were customised with a large special sticker. The form and the sticker were designed by Barney Bubbles.
First pressings came with writings on the dead wax with on the A side "Elvis is King" and "Porky Prime Cut" and on the B side "on this side too" and "porky prime cut too". Early issues were printed with many different coloured backs. Issues had a green tint on the front picture and a green back; the Demon re-issue had a yellow tint on the photo and a yellow back, the reissue has a green tint photo. According to Costello's own website, a second version of the album was recorded over a 2-day period in July 1977; this second version was recorded by Elvis Costello and his new permanent backing band, The Attractions, with the intention of replacing the original tracks contained in My Aim Is True once the initial pressings had sold out. This never came to pass and all released versions of the album continue to use the original recordings with members of Clover as the backing band; as well, although several reissues of My Aim Is True have featured various demos and 1977-era recordings as bonus tracks, the July 1977 album re-recordings have never been issued in any format.
On 8 November 2007, Costello reunited with the members of Clover from the original recording sessions to perform the songs from My Aim Is True. This marked the first live public performances of these songs by the original ensemble that recorded them; the event took place at the Great American Music Hall in San Francisco, was a benefit for the Richard de Lone Special Housing Fund, which assists those with Prader-Willi Syndrome. All songs written by Elvis Costello. Side one "Welcome to the Working Week" – 1:22 "Miracle Man" – 3:31 "No Dancing" – 2:39 "Blame It on Cain" – 2:49 "Alison" – 2:54 "Sneaky Feelings" – 2:09Side two " Red Shoes" – 2:47 "Less Than Zero" – 3:15 "Mystery Dance" – 1:38 "Pay It Back" – 2:33 "I'm Not Angry" – 2:57 "Waiting for the End of the World" – 3:22"Watching the Detectives", released in the UK as a single in October 1977, was not on the original UK release of the album, but was added to the US release as the last track on side one; the original UK Stiff and US Columbia LPs and US Columbia CD faded the track "Mystery Dance" at the end.
When Demon issued the CD in the UK, the track had a cold ending, with reverb added. This same ending was used on the subsequent remastered Demon CD and US Rykodisc CD; the R
The Roundhouse is a performing arts and concert venue situated at the Grade II* listed former railway engine shed in Chalk Farm, England. It was built in 1847 by the London and North Western Railway as a roundhouse, a circular building containing a railway turntable, but was only used for this purpose for about a decade. After being used as a warehouse for a number of years, the building fell into disuse just before the Second World War, it was first made a listed building in 1954. It reopened after twenty-five years, in 1964, as a performing arts venue, when the playwright Arnold Wesker established the Centre 42 Theatre Company and adapted the building as a theatre; this large circular structure has hosted various promotions, such as the launch of the underground paper International Times in 1966, one of only two UK appearances by The Doors with Jim Morrison in 1968, the Greasy Truckers Party in 1972. The Greater London Council ceded control of the building to the Camden London Borough Council in 1983.
By that time, Centre 42 had run out of funds and the building remained unused until a local businessman purchased the building in 1996 and performing arts shows returned. It was closed again in 2004 for a multi-million pound redevelopment. On 1 June 2006, the Argentine show Fuerzabruta opened at the new Roundhouse. Since 2006, Roundhouse has hosted the BBC Electric Proms and numerous iTunes Festivals, as well as award ceremonies such as the BT Digital Music Awards and the Vodafone Live Music Awards. In 2009, Bob Dylan performed a concert, iTunes promoted a music iTunes Festival, at the venue. In line with the continuing legacy of avant-garde productions, No Fit State Circus performed Tabu during which the audience were encouraged to move around the performance space; the Roundhouse was built in 1846 as a turntable engine shed for the London and Birmingham Railway, was known as the Great Circular Engine House, or the Luggage Engine House. The original building was built by Branson & Gwyther, using designs by architects Robert B.
Dockray and Robert Stephenson. Within ten years locomotives became too long for the building to accommodate, the Roundhouse was used for various other purposes; the longest period of use was as a bonded warehouse for Gin distillers A Gilbey Ltd.. In 1964 the premises were transferred to Centre 42, which prepared a scheme to convert the building into "a permanent cultural centre with a theatre, art gallery and workshops, committee rooms for local organisations, youth club and restaurant dance-hall"; this was estimated to cost between £300,000 and £600,000, was supported by "well-known actors, authors and others". In 1966 the Roundhouse became an arts venue, after the freehold was taken up by the new Greater London Council; the opening concert was the 15 October 1966 All Night Rave, in which Soft Machine and Pink Floyd appeared at the launch of the underground newspaper International Times. During the next decade the building became a significant venue for UK Underground music events Middle Earth and Implosion.
Many of these were promoted by Jeff Dexter. Other bands playing at the Roundhouse during this period included Gass, The Rolling Stones, Jeff Beck, The Yardbirds, Zoot Money's Dantalian's Chariot, David Bowie, The Sinceros, Jimi Hendrix, Pink Floyd, Led Zeppelin, The Incredible String Band, The Doors with Jefferson Airplane, The Clash with The Jam, Elkie Brooks, Otis Redding, Motörhead, who appeared at the Roundhouse on 20 July 1975; the building was used in 1996 to film the promotional video for the Manic Street Preachers' single "A Design for Life" prior to the start of redevelopment. Promotional videos for the singles "Handbags and Gladrags" by Stereophonics, "Burn Burn" by Lostprophets, were filmed there. A scene from "Smashing Time" set in the revolving restaurant at the top of the GPO tower, was filmed there in 1967. In July that year the Roundhouse hosted the "Dialectics of Liberation" with R. D. Laing, Herbert Marcuse and Allen Ginsberg; the Roundhouse has been used for theatre, has had two periods of theatrical glory, with musicals such as Catch My Soul.
Under administrator George Hoskins, the first phase featured experimental theatre productions, such as the Living Theatre production of 1776 and other plays directed by Peter Brook. The once controversial nude revue Oh! Calcutta! opened in July 1970, started a run of nearly four thousand performances in London, the anarchic "Evening of British Rubbish" with professor Bruce Lacey and the Alberts had one performance in 1967. The Greater London Council passed the building to the Camden London Borough Council in 1983, it was closed as a venue due to lack of funds. During this time, on New Year's Eve 1991/92, Spiral Tribe held a week long party in the venue. During the party the generators cut out, so power had to be sourced from nearby British Rail train lines; the building lay empty until it was purchased for £6m in 1996 by the Norman Trust led by the philanthropist Torquil Norman. In 1998 he set up the Roundhouse Trust and led its redevelopment, with a board of trustees which included musicians Bob Geldof and Suggs, filmmaker Terry Gilliam.
The venue opened for a two-year period to raise awareness and funds for a redevelopment scheme, with former Battersea Arts Centre director Paul Blackman as its director. Shows promoted at this time included the Royal National Theatre's Oh, What a Lovely War!, dancer Michael Clark's comeback performance, percussion extravaganza Stomp, Ken Campbell's twenty-four-hour-long show The Warp and the Argentine De La Guarda's Villa Villa which ran for a year, becoming the venue's longest run
Hawkwind are an English rock band and one of the earliest space rock groups. Formed in November 1969, Hawkwind have gone through many incarnations and they have incorporated different styles into their music, including hard rock, progressive rock and psychedelic rock, their lyrics favour urban and science fiction themes. They are regarded as an influential proto-punk band. Dozens of musicians and writers have worked with the band since their inception. Notable musicians to have performed in the band include Lemmy, Ginger Baker, Nik Turner and Huw Lloyd-Langton, but the band are most associated with their founder, the singer and guitarist Dave Brock, the only remaining original member, they are best known for the song "Silver Machine", which became a number three UK hit single in 1972, but they scored further hit singles with "Urban Guerrilla" and "Shot Down in the Night." The band had a run of twenty-two of their albums charting in the UK from 1971 to 1993. Dave Brock and Mick Slattery had been in the London-based psychedelic band Famous Cure, a meeting with bassist John Harrison revealed a mutual interest in electronic music which led the trio to embark upon a new musical venture together.
Seventeen-year-old drummer Terry Ollis replied to an advert in a music weekly, while Nik Turner and Michael "Dik Mik" Davies, old acquaintances of Brock, offered help with transport and gear, but were soon pulled into the band. Gatecrashing a local talent night at the All Saints Hall, Notting Hill, they were so disorganised as to not have a name, opting for "Group X" at the last minute, nor any songs, choosing to play an extended 20-minute jam on the Byrds' "Eight Miles High." BBC Radio 1 DJ John Peel was in the audience and was impressed enough to tell event organiser, Douglas Smith, to keep an eye on them. Smith signed them up and got them a deal with Liberty Records on the back of a deal he was setting up for Cochise; the band settled on the name "Hawkwind" after being billed as "Group X" and "Hawkwind Zoo". An Abbey Road session took place recording demos of "Hurry on Sundown" and others, after which Slattery left to be replaced by Huw Lloyd-Langton, who had known Brock from his days working in a music shop selling guitar strings to Brock a busker.
Pretty Things guitarist Dick Taylor was brought in to produce the 1970 debut album Hawkwind. Although it was not a commercial success, it did bring them to the attention of the UK underground scene, which found them playing free concerts, benefit gigs, festivals. Playing free outside the Bath Festival, they encountered another Ladbroke Grove based band, the Pink Fairies, who shared similar interests in music and recreational activities, their use of drugs, led to the departure of Harrison, who did not partake, to be replaced by Thomas Crimble. Crimble played on a few BBC sessions before leaving to help organise the Glastonbury Free Festival 1971. Lloyd-Langton quit, after a bad LSD trip at the Isle of Wight Festival led to a nervous breakdown, their follow-up album, 1971's In Search of Space, brought greater commercial success, reaching number 18 on the UK album charts. This album offered a refinement of the band's image and philosophy courtesy of graphic artist Barney Bubbles and underground press writer Robert Calvert, as depicted in the accompanying Hawklog booklet, which would be further developed into the Space Ritual stage show.
Science fiction author Michael Moorcock and dancer Stacia started contributing to the band. Dik Mik had left the band, replaced by sound engineer Del Dettmar, but chose to return for this album giving the band two electronics players. Bass player Dave Anderson, in the German band Amon Düül II, had joined and played on the album but departed before its release because of personal tensions with some other members of the band. Anderson and Lloyd-Langton formed the short-lived band Amon Din. Meanwhile, Ollis quit; the addition of bassist Ian "Lemmy" Kilmister and drummer Simon King propelled the band to greater heights. One of the early gigs the band played was a benefit for the Greasy Truckers at The Roundhouse on 13 February 1972. A live album of the concert, Greasy Truckers Party, was released, after re-recording the vocal, a single, "Silver Machine", was released, reaching number three in the UK charts; this generated sufficient funds for the subsequent album Doremi Fasol Latido Space Ritual tour.
The show featured dancers Stacia and Miss Renee performing either topless or wearing only body paint, mime artist Tony Carrera and a light show by Liquid Len and was recorded on the elaborate package Space Ritual. At the height of their success, in 1973, the band released the single "Urban Guerrilla", which coincided with an IRA bombing campaign in London, so the BBC refused to play it and the band's management reluctantly decided to withdraw it fearing accusations of opportunism, despite the disc having climbed to number 39 in the UK chart. Dik Mik departed during 1973 and Calvert ended his association with the band to concentrate on solo projects. Dettmar indicated that he was to leave the band, so Simon House was recruited as keyboardist and violinist playing live shows, a North America tour and recording the 1974 album Hall of the Mountain Grill. Dettmar left after a European tour and emigrated to Canada, whilst Alan Powell deputised for an incapacitated King on that European tour, but remained giving the band two drummers.
At the beginning of 1975, the band recorded the al
Portobello Road is a street in the Notting Hill district of the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in west London. It runs the length of Notting Hill from south to north parallel with Ladbroke Grove. On Saturdays it is home to Portobello Road Market, one of London's notable street markets, known for its second-hand clothes and antiques; every August since 1996, the Portobello Film Festival has been held in locations around Portobello Road. Portobello Road was known prior to 1740 as Green's Lane - a winding country path leading from Kensington Gravel Pits, in what is now Notting Hill Gate, up to Kensal Green in the north. In 1740, Portobello Farm was built in the area near; the farm got its name from a popular victory during the lost War of Jenkins' Ear, when Admiral Edward Vernon captured the Spanish-ruled town of Puerto Bello. Vernon Yard, which runs off Portobello Road, still honours the Admiral's name to this day; the Portobello farming area covered the land, now St. Charles Hospital. Portobello Farm was sold to an order of nuns after the railways came in 1864.
They built St Joseph's Convent for the Dominican Order - or the "Black Friars" as they were known in England. Portobello Road is a construction of the Victorian era. Before about 1850, it was little more than a country lane connecting Portobello Farm with Kensal Green in the north and what is today Notting Hill in the south. Much of it consisted of hayfields and other open land; the road took form piecemeal in the second half of the 19th century, nestling between the large new residential developments of Paddington and Notting Hill. Its shops and markets thrived on serving the wealthy inhabitants of the elegant crescents and terraces that sprang up around it, its working class residents found employment in the immediate vicinity as construction workers, domestic servants, messengers and costermongers. After the Hammersmith and City Railway line was completed in 1864, Ladbroke Grove station opened, the northern end of Portobello Road was developed, the last of the open fields disappeared under brick and concrete.
Portobello Road's distinctiveness does not rely only on its market. A range of communities inhabiting the street and the district contributes to a cosmopolitan and energetic atmosphere, as do the many restaurants and pubs; the architecture plays a part too, as the road meanders and curves gracefully along most of its length, unlike the more formally planned layout of most of the nearby area. Mid- to late-Victorian terrace houses and shops predominate, squeezed into the available space, adding intimacy and a pleasing scale to the streetscape; the Friends of Portobello campaign seeks to preserve the street's unique dynamic, as the potential arrival of big-brand chain stores threatens the locals. Portobello Road is home to the Grade II* Electric Cinema, one of Britain's oldest cinemas; the road descends from 84 feet above sea level at the northern end, the highest point, to a lowest point of 65 feet, just south of the overpasses, after which the road rises and falls before reaching a high point of 78 feet at the southern end.
The average grade of ascent or descent between the northern end and the lowest point is about 1.77 percent. Portobello Road Market draws thousands of tourists each year; the main market day for antiques is Saturday, the only day when all five sections are opened: second-hand goods and fashion, household essentials, fruit and other food, antiques. However, there are clothing, bric-a-brac and vegetable stalls throughout the week and are located further north than the antiques, near the Westway Flyover. Shops and Cafes are opened daily; the market began as many other London market and sold fresh-food in the 19th century. It is the largest antiques market in the UK; the market section of Portobello Road runs in a direction between the north-northwest and the south-south-east. The northern terminus is at Golborne Road; the market area is about 1,028 yards long. About one third of the way from its north end, the market runs beneath adjacent bridges of the A40 road and the Hammersmith & City line of the London Underground.
Here the market focuses on second hand clothes as well as trendy couture. The 1950 Ealing Studios police thriller, The Blue Lamp, starring Dirk Bogarde and Jack Warner, as P. C. George Dixon, a character revived in the long-running TV drama, Dixon of Dock Green, featured location filming in the Paddington / Notting Hill / Portobello area, it features good shots of these locations in pre-Westway days, includes a thrilling car chase along traffic-free roads, including Portobello Road. In the short story "The Portobello Road", Muriel Spark narrates the story of a murderer who, visited by the ghost of his victim, Macbeth-style, tends to go to the Portobello Road market to meet her. "The Portobello Road" was included in the 1958 collection of stories The Go-away Bird and Other Stories. In the narrative introduction to their song Have Some Madeira M'Dear, Michael Flanders of Flanders & Swann mentions a decanter he owns, - "cut glass, from the Portobello Road" - in which he keeps Madeira; that decanter plus his Edwardian hat, are credited as the inspirations for the song.
In 1966, singer Donovan recorded the song "Sunny South Kensington" containing the lyrics, "in the Portobella I met a fella with a cane umbrell
A graphic designer is a professional within the graphic design and graphic arts industry who assembles together images, typography, or motion graphics to create a piece of design. A graphic designer creates the graphics for published, printed or electronic media, such as brochures and advertising, they are sometimes responsible for typesetting, user interfaces, web design. A core responsibility of the designer's job is to present information in a way, both accessible and memorable. A Bachelor's degree or certificate from an accredited trade school is considered essential for a graphic design position. After a career history has been established, the graphic designer's experience and number of years in the business are considered the primary qualifications. A portfolio, the primary method for demonstrating these qualifications, is required to be shown at job interviews, is developed throughout a designer's career. One can obtain an MPhil / PhD in graphic design. Degree programs available vary depending upon the institution, although typical U.
S. graphic design jobs may require at least some form of degree. Current graphic designer jobs demand proficiency in one or more graphic design software programs. A common software package used in the graphic design industry is Adobe Creative Cloud; this software package contains the three main programs used by graphic designers, which are Photoshop, Illustrator and InDesign. Photoshop, InDesign, Illustrator are the industry standard applications for many graphic design positions. Another example of a common software package is CorelDraw Graphics Suite. Outside the graphic design industry, many people use Microsoft Word or Microsoft Publisher to create a layout or design. However, depending on the job at hand, most designers create the layout in either InDesign, CorelDRAW or QuarkXPress; the designer will type or import the text in the layout program importing the graphics and images they created in Photoshop or Illustrator. There are a couple of reasons a designer builds a layout in this fashion: Files going to press are printed at 300 dots per inch.
As a result, the file size can become large, depending upon the photos and graphics used in it. By using a layout program and linking these graphics and images, the working file is a fraction of the file size; when the designer is ready to go to press, s/he will either create a press-ready PDF. InDesign, CorelDRAW, or QuarkXPress make it possible to work with large multiple page layouts, such as catalogs and booklets. Since InDesign, CorelDRAW, QuarkXPress the original file, linking to the graphics and images, the designer can change the "original file" and it will update all instances throughout the document to save time. A web designer should understand how to work with XML, HTML, basic web programming scripts. A print designer should understand the processes involved in printing to be able to produce press-ready artwork. Designers should be able to solve visual communication challenges. In doing so, the designer must identify the communications issue and analyze information related to the issue, generate potential approaches aimed at solving the problem.
Iterative prototyping and user testing can be used to determine the success or failure of a visual solution. Approaches to a communications problem are developed in the context of an audience and a media channel. Graphic designers must understand the social and cultural norms of that audience in order to develop visual solutions that are perceived as relevant and effective. Graphic designers should have a thorough understanding of production and rendering methods; some of the technologies and methods of production are drawing, offset printing and time-based and interactive media. Designers are called upon to manage color in different media. 50 years ago, the graphic designer's portfolio was a black book or large binder in which samples of the artist's best printed pieces were carried to show prospective clients or employers. Printed pieces are protected inside by being mounted on boards or slipped into Acetate sleeves. Since the 1990s, portfolios have become computer digitized and now may be digitized and available on the Internet, or on CD, DVD, or via email.
Graphic design relates to corporate identity, the branding, "persona" of a corporation. Branding originated in the late 1890s and not only did it emerge as corporate identity, but it signified corporate quality. Many might recognize the process of "branding" a hot iron symbol or logo onto an animal's body to differentiate other cattle. Branding your business or any other type of asset that requires an identity does help one to be recognized in a commercialized industry. Exceptional graphic designers can create a brand that fits the company as well as define it through one simple logo. Graphic design occupations List of graphic designers Mood board
Nicholas "Nik" Turner is an English musician, best known as a former member of space rock pioneers Hawkwind. Turner plays saxophones, sings, is a composer. While with Hawkwind, Turner was known for his experimental free jazz stylisations and outrageous stage presence donning full makeup and Ancient Egypt-inspired costumes. Turner was born in Oxford in August 1940 to a theatrical family, although his father was working in a munitions factory. At the age of 13 his family moved to the Kent seaside resort of Margate where he worked at the local funfair during the summer holiday season, befriending another seasonal worker Robert Calvert, his first influences were the films of James Dean. He went on to complete an engineering course and undertook one voyage in the Merchant Navy, he set about travelling around Europe picking up menial jobs, it was during a stint as a roustabout in a travelling music circus in 1967 that he made the acquaintance of Dave Brock in Haarlem, the Netherlands. He had two years of clarinet and saxophone lessons in the early 1960s but never considered himself good enough to pursue them seriously.
However, whilst travelling around Europe he encountered some free jazz players in Berlin who impressed upon him the importance of expression over technical proficiency, it was that he decided that what he "wanted to do was play free jazz in a rock band". Turner, owning a van, had offered his services as a roadie to the newly formed Hawkwind. However, when the band discovered his passion for the saxophone he was offered a position in the band to add to the overall weirdness of their sound. Of his playing, Turner admitted that "it's the overall feel rather than the individual parts of the music that we're interested in. I don't have any illusions about my technical ability. I tend to use it as an electronic medium rather than an instrument", he became an active and vocal member of the band, pulling in friends such as Dik Mik and Barney Bubbles, involving the band in community and charity projects, sometimes to the chagrin of the others. NME – September 1972He was a member of the band during their most commercially successful and critically acclaimed period, writing or co-writing some of their most popular songs such as "Brainstorm" and "Master of the Universe".
However, complaints about his playing over other members of the band despite numerous requests to modify his behaviour led to his dismissal in November 1976. In 1982 during the recording of Choose Your Masques, Brock invited Turner to the recording sessions and he was asked to front the band for the album's tour. Turner's second stint in the band lasted just over 2 years and although some live albums and videos were released, the band did not undertake any studio recording. At the end of 1984 while preparing material for The Chronicle of the Black Sword album, he was sacked once again. After leaving Hawkwind the first time, Turner holidayed in Egypt and while visiting the Great Pyramid of Giza he was given three hours inside the King's Chamber to record some flute music. On returning to England, Steve Hillage cleaned up the tapes and assembled the Sphynx band featuring Hawkwind's Alan Powell, Gong's Mike Howlett and Tim Blake, Harry Williamson to record music augmenting the original flute tracks while Turner adapted lyrics from the Egyptian Book of the Dead.
The album was released as Xitintoday on Charisma records in 1978 and the band toured, played festivals including Deeply Vale Festivals, Glastonbury Festival and his own themed Bohemian Love-In all day festival at the Roundhouse. With Williamson he conceived the "Nuclear Waste" single featuring many of the Sphynx musicians and a lead vocal by Sting, he guested on the album Fairy Tales by Williamson and Gilli Smyth's project Mother Gong, out of this he, Mo Vicarage and Ermanno Ghisio-Erba formed Inner City Unit with Trev Thoms and Dead Fred. Thoms and Ghisio-Erba had played together in Steve Took's Horns who had played their only gig at the Bohemian Love-In; the Horns were managed by Tony Landau, a friend of Turner's since adolescence, were fronted by former Tyrannosaurus Rex percussionist Steve Peregrin Took, who would make guest lead vocal appearances with ICU alongside his former Horns bandmates. Inner City Unit recorded the albums Pass Out and Maximum Effect before collapsing due to certain members drug problems.
Turner and Dead Fred had stints in Hawkwind before regrouping to release the albums New Anatomy, The President Tapes and the EP Blood and Bone. Turner's next project was Nik Turner's Fantastic All Stars, a sax and Hammond organ driven jazz and rhythm and blues band, they gigged for several years releasing the album Kubanno Kickasso!. Turner and Twink got together for some impromptu live performances under the name Pinkwind, two CDs of which were released on Twink's own record label without the permission of Turner. In 1993 Turner was approached by Pressurehed and Helios Creed to record another version of his Sphynx project using the original flute tracks, resulting in the album Sphynx; this partnership developed further touring in the US performing a set of Hawkwind-centred material sometimes featuring Genesis P-Orridge, Jello Biafra and former Hawkwind members Simon House, Del Dettmar and Powell. One studio album Prophets of Time was released in 1994 followed by the live CD and DVD Space Ritual 1994 Live and another live CD Past or Future? in 1996.
Out of this set of musicians formed the band Anubian Lights, centred on Len Del Rio and Tommy Greñas from Pressurehed with contributions from Turner and House, as did the band Spiral Realms centred on House and Rio. On 21 October 2000 at