Bartholomew Roberts, born John Roberts, was a Welsh pirate who raided ships off the Americas and West Africa between 1719 and 1722. He was the most successful pirate of the Golden Age of Piracy as measured by vessels captured, taking over 400 prizes in his career, he is known as Black Bart, but this name was never used in his lifetime. He was born John Roberts in 1682 in Casnewydd-Bach, between Fishguard and Haverfordwest in Pembrokeshire, Wales, his father was most George Roberts. It is unclear why Roberts changed his name from John to Bartholomew, but pirates adopted aliases, he may have chosen his first name after the well-known buccaneer Bartholomew Sharp. He was thought to have gone to sea when he was 13 in 1695, but there is no further record of him until 1718, when he was mate of a Barbados sloop. In 1719, Roberts was second mate on the slave ship Princess under Captain Abraham Plumb. In early June that year, the Princess was anchored at Anomabu; the pirates were in two vessels, Royal Rover and Royal James, were led by captain Howell Davis.
Davis, like Roberts, was a Welshman from Milford Haven in Pembrokeshire. Roberts and several other of the crew of the Princess were forced to join the pirates. Davis discovered Roberts' abilities as a navigator and took to consulting him, he was able to confide information to Roberts in Welsh, thereby keeping it hidden from the rest of the crew. Roberts is said to have been reluctant to become a pirate at first, but soon came to see the advantages of this new lifestyle. Captain Charles Johnson reports him as saying: In an honest service there is thin commons, low wages, hard labour. In this and satiety, pleasure and ease and power. No, a merry life and a short one shall be my motto. In the merchant navy, Roberts' wage was less than £4 per month and he had no chance of promotion to captaincy. A few weeks after Roberts' capture, Royal James had to be abandoned because of worm damage. Royal Rover headed for the island of Príncipe. Davis was allowed to enter the harbour. After a few days, Davis invited the governor to lunch on board his ship, intending to hold him hostage for a ransom.
Davis had to send boats to collect the governor, he was invited to call at the fort for a glass of wine first. The Portuguese had discovered, they ambushed Davis' party on its way to the fort. A new captain had to be elected. Davis' crew was divided into "Lords" and "Commons", it was the "Lords" who had the right to propose a name to the remainder of the crew. Within six weeks of his capture, Roberts was elected captain; this was unusual as he had objected to serving on the vessel. Historians believe he was elected for his navigational abilities and his personality, which history reflects was outspoken and opinionated, he accepted of the Honour, that since he had dipp'd his Hands in Muddy Water, must be a Pyrate, it was better being a Commander than a common Man. Roberts' first act as captain was to lead the crew back to Príncipe to avenge the death of Captain Davis. Roberts and his crew landed on the island in the darkness of night, killed a large portion of the male population, stole all items of value that they could carry away.
Soon afterwards, he captured a Dutch Guineaman two days a British ship called Experiment. The pirate ship took on water and provisions at Anamboe, where a vote was taken on whether the next voyage should be to the East Indies or to Brazil; the vote was for Brazil. The combination of bravery and success that marked this adventure cemented most of the crew's loyalty to Roberts, they concluded that they had much to gain by staying with him. Roberts and his crew crossed the Atlantic and watered and boot-topped their ship on the uninhabited island of Ferdinando, they saw no ships. They were about to leave for the West Indies when they encountered a fleet of 42 Portuguese ships in the Todos os Santos' Bay, waiting for two men-of-war of 70 guns each to escort them to Lisbon. Roberts ordered her master to point out the richest ship in the fleet, he pointed out Sagrada Familia, a ship of 40 guns and a crew of 170, which Roberts and his men boarded and captured. Sagrada Familia contained 40,000 gold moidores and jewellery designed for the King of Portugal, including a cross set with diamonds.
Rover next headed for Devil's Island off the coast of Guiana to spend the booty. A few weeks they headed for the River Surinam where they captured a sloop. After they sighted a brigantine, Roberts took 40 men to pursue it in the sloop, leaving Walter Kennedy in command of Rover; the sloop became wind-bound for eight days, when Roberts and his crew returned to their ship, they discovered that Kennedy had sailed off with Rover and what remained of the loot. Roberts and his crew renamed their sloop Fortune and agreed on new articles, now known as a pirate code, which they swore on a Bible to uphold. In late February 1720, they were joined by French pirate Montigny la Palisse in another sloop, Sea King; the inhabitants of Barbados equipped two well-armed ships and Philipa, to try to put an end to the pirate menace. On 26 February, they encountered the two pirate sloops. Sea King fled, Fortune broke off the engagement after sustaining considerable damage and was able to escape. Roberts headed fo
The Dominican Republic Professional Baseball League or LIDOM by its acronym in Spanish, is a winter professional baseball league consisting of six teams spread across the Dominican Republic. The league's players include many prospects that go on to play in Major League Baseball in the United States while signing many current MLB veterans; the champion of LIDOM advances to play in the yearly Caribbean Series. Each team plays a fifty-game round-robin schedule that begins at the middle of October and runs to the end of December; the top four teams engage in another round-robin schedule with 18 games per team from the end of December to the end of January. The league's champion advances to the Caribbean Series to play against the representatives from Mexico, Venezuela and Puerto Rico. Caimanes del Sur 1983-1989 Delfines del Atlántico Pollos del Cibao / Pollos Nacionales / Pollos Béisbol Club from 1999-2002 Gigantes del Nordeste Gigantes del Cibao For his close involvement in the Dominican league's establishment and early development, Pedro Miguel Caratini has been called "the father of Dominican baseball".
During the years 1930-1963, military dictator General Rafael Trujillo can be credited with furthering the sport of baseball in Dominican Republic. Trujillo encouraged many sugar refineries to create teams of cane cutting laborers to play baseball during the idle months of cultivation. Fostering high levels of competition, the organization structure continued to mature stimulating growth in the intensity and popularity of the game. In 1937, teams of the Dominican Republic signed a large number of players from the Negro League of the United States; these players were given large salaries by Dominican men with political power. Among these players were baseball stars James Thomas "Cool Papa" Bell and Satchel Paige. However, these contracts exhausted team finances leading to a decline of Dominican baseball until 1950. In the early 1900s, four Dominican teams formed; these teams still exist today, form the foundation of Dominican professional baseball: Tigres del Licey Estrellas Orientales Leones del Escogido Sandino renamed Águilas Cibaeñas Brought to the country by fleeing Cubans that were escaping the Ten Years' War that started on 1868 and ended on 1878, thus giving it the name ten years' war.
The game of few, was slow to gain popularity, but when it started getting played by locals the game had a leap in popularity. And this same popularity led to the creation of LIDOM; the league that helped Latino players avoid the ethnocentrism and exclusion of the major leagues of the United States, developed their own teams, sort of like African Americans with the Negro American League. They were their own Major League, young kids and adults lined up to see their people play, to see fellow Dominicans just like them take the mound and swing the bat, it gave a poor country a sense of belonging. Today many people depend feel connected to the sport. In 2017, from the start of the season in mid October until its end in December, it feels like the 2000 World Series in New York City, its like if every person in the country is thinking, talking, or watching something about the sport 24/7. As a cultural icon of the Dominican Republic, baseball holds a strong presence in the country. Surrounded by impoverished neighborhoods, these baseball stadiums of the larger Dominican cities are maintained.
Owners of big businesses like sugar refineries funded the construction of these fields, benefit from the games. Games in these stadiums attract a sense of community can be observed. Like their American counterparts, these "latinized" games exude free-spiritedness, social cohesion, festivity from the fans and players alike. In the Dominican Republic, baseball players are regaled as sports heroes and function as role models to their fan base; this idolization is covered by the media more so than in the United States. The Dominican Republic is a developing country. In a 2016 CIA estimate, it was shown. In addition, the CIA estimated in 2016. With poverty costing many Dominicans a chance to get a higher education, many look up to the great success of those who make it to the MLB, KBO, NPB. Causing many young Dominicans to see the sport of Baseball as a way to leave the poverty behind, find a new meaning; because of this, children begin playing organized baseball as early as six years old, compete with others in leagues with the hopes of being recognized by baseball scouts.
Some argue that the perception of baseball as economic salvation is in reality detrimental to the youth of the Dominican Republic. For each time a Dominican succeeds, it intensifies the efforts of thousands of other Dominicans, motivating them to give up on education, concentrate on training for baseball, fail at being signed overseas. After Fidel Castro's revolution in Cuba and the subsequent U. S. blockade, scouts of the majors turned their sights towards the Dominican Republic. Posed with the opportunity to acquire quality talent at a reasonable price, major league teams established "working relationships" with Dominican professional teams. Since the 1950s, all 30 MLB franchises have established baseball training academies in the Dominican Republi
Reid Hope King is a census-designated place in Cameron County, United States. The population was 786 at the 2010 census, it is part of the Brownsville–Harlingen Metropolitan Statistical Area. Reid Hope King is located in southern Cameron County at 25°55′11″N 97°24′44″W. Texas State Highway 4 forms the southern edge of the CDP. According to the United States Census Bureau, the Reid Hope King CDP has a total area of 0.30 square miles, of which 0.28 square miles is land and 0.02 square miles, or 4.87%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 802 people, 194 households, 174 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 2,710.8 people per square mile. There were 212 housing units at an average density of 716.6/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 77.31% White, 1.75% African American, 0.25% Native American, 16.71% from other races, 3.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 95.26% of the population. There were 194 households out of which 56.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.4% were married couples living together, 22.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 10.3% were non-families.
8.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.13 and the average family size was 4.38. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 38.3% under the age of 18, 13.2% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, 6.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $19,732, the median income for a family was $25,865. Males had a median income of $13,657 versus $12,143 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $8,845. About 38.8% of families and 41.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.3% of those under age 18 and 54.3% of those age 65 or over. Reid Hope King is served by the Brownsville Independent School District. In addition, South Texas Independent School District operates magnet schools that serve the community