Barton Fink is a 1991 American independent period psychological thriller film written, produced and directed by the Coen brothers. Set in 1941, it stars John Turturro in the title role as a young New York City playwright, hired to write scripts for a film studio in Hollywood, John Goodman as Charlie Meadows, the insurance salesman who lives next door at the run-down Hotel Earle; the Coens wrote the screenplay for Barton Fink in three weeks while experiencing difficulty during the writing of Miller's Crossing. They began filming the former; the film is influenced by works of several earlier directors Roman Polanski's Repulsion and The Tenant. Barton Fink had its premiere at the Cannes Film Festival in May 1991. In a rare sweep, it won the Palme d'Or, as well as awards for Best Best Actor. Although the film was a box office disappointment, only grossing $6 million against its $9 million budget, it received positive reviews and was nominated for 3 Academy Awards. Prominent themes of Barton Fink include the writing process.
The diverse elements of the film have led it to defy efforts at genre classification, with the work being variously referred to as a film noir, a horror film, a Künstlerroman, a buddy film. It contains various literary allusions and religious overtones, as well as references to many real-life people and events – most notably the writers Clifford Odets and William Faulkner, of whom the characters of Barton Fink and W. P. Mayhew are seen as fictional representations. Several features of the film's narrative an image of a woman at the beach which recurs throughout, have sparked much commentary, with the Coens acknowledging some intentional symbolic elements while denying an attempt to communicate any single message in the film. In 1941, up-and-coming Broadway playwright Barton Fink accepts a contract from Capitol Pictures in Hollywood to write film scripts for a thousand dollars per week. Upon moving to Los Angeles, Fink settles into the cheap Hotel Earle, his room's only decoration is a small painting of a woman on arm raised to block the sun.
Fink is assigned to a wrestling film by his new boss Jack Lipnick, but he finds difficulty in writing for the unfamiliar subject. He is distracted by sounds coming from the room next door, he phones the front desk to complain, his neighbor, Charlie Meadows, visits Fink to apologize. As they talk, Fink proclaims his affection for "the common man", Meadows describes his life as an insurance salesman. Still unable to proceed beyond the first lines of his script, Fink consults producer Ben Geisler for advice. Irritated, the frenetic Geisler takes him to lunch and orders him to consult another writer for assistance. Fink accidentally meets the novelist William Mayhew in the bathroom, they discuss movie-writing and arrange a second meeting in the day. Fink learns from Mayhew's secretary, Audrey Taylor, that Mayhew suffers from alcoholism and that Taylor ghostwrote most of his scripts. With one day left before his meeting with Lipnick to discuss the movie, Fink phones Taylor and begs her for assistance.
Taylor visits him at the Earle and they have sex. Fink awakens the next morning to find. Horrified, he asks for help. Meadows disposes of the body and orders Fink to avoid contacting the police. After Fink has a meeting with an unusually supportive Lipnick, Meadows announces to Fink that he is going to New York for several days, asks him to watch over a package he is leaving behind. Soon afterward, Fink is visited by two police detectives, who inform him that Meadows's real name is Karl "Madman" Mundt. Mundt is a serial killer. Stunned, Fink places the box on his desk without opening it and he begins writing feverishly. Fink produces the entire script in one sitting and he goes out for a night of celebratory dancing. Fink returns to find the detectives in his room, who inform him of Mayhew's murder and accuse Fink of complicity with Mundt; as the hotel is engulfed in flames, Mundt appears and kills the detectives with a shotgun, after which he mentions that he had paid a visit to Fink's parents and uncle in New York.
Fink leaves the still-burning hotel, carrying his script. Shortly thereafter he attempts to telephone his family. In a final meeting with Lipnick, Fink's script is lambasted as "a fruity movie about suffering", he is informed that he is to remain in Los Angeles. Dazed, Fink wanders onto a beach, still carrying the package, he meets a woman who looks just like the one in the picture on his wall at the Earle, she asks about the box. He tells her he does not know, she assumes the pose from the picture. In 1989, film-makers Joel and Ethan Coen began writing the script for a film released as Miller's Crossing; the many threads of the story became complicated, after four months they found themselves lost in the process. Although biographers and critics referred to it as writer's block, the Coen brothers rejected this description. "It's not the case that we were suffering from writer's block," Joel said in a 1991 interview, "but our working speed had slowed, we were eager to get a certain distance from Miller's Cro
Roderick John "Roddy" McEachrane was a Scottish footballer, born in Inverness. McEachrane moved to Canning Town, London at the age of 20, to work at the Thames Iron Works, joined the works football team, Thames Ironworks F. C, he soon settled in the side as a left half-back with a reputation for tough tackling. He was an ever-present for The Irons in the 1898-99 season, helping them to win the Southern League Division Two title, he was again an ever-present the following season, again during Thames Ironworks' first season under their new name, West Ham United. McEachrane was one of the Irons' first players to turn professional and during his time as a player for the club he amassed 113 appearances and 6 goals. In May 1902, McEachrane moved south of the River Thames to join Second Division side Woolwich Arsenal, was joined by ex-West Ham teammates James Bigden and Charlie Satterthwaite, he made his debut against Preston North End on 6 September 1902, his arrival coincided with the south London club's first period of success, as they finished third in the 1902-03 season, second in 1903-04, which won them promotion to the First Division.
McEachrane, at left half, was near ever-present, although the Gunners only occupied mid-table in their first stint in the top flight, they reached the FA Cup semi-finals in 1905-06 and 1906-07. McEachrane continued to be a stalwart in midfield for the next four seasons, as Woolwich Arsenal finished sixth in 1908-90, but he could not go on forever, he remained at the club for another three seasons as McKinnon's understudy, although by now the club had fallen on hard times, were relegated in 1912-13. He played his last first-team match for Woolwich Arsenal on 22 November 1913; the arrival of World War I suspended all first-class football in England, with it McEachrane's career finished. In all he played 346 games for Arsenal in eleven years, every single one at left half – he never scored a goal, however, he holds the Arsenal club record for the most appearances by a player without winning a cap or a medal. He died in 1952 aged 74. Harris, Jeff. Hogg, Tony. Arsenal Who's Who. Independent UK Sports.
Kayla Iacovino is an American volcanologist, noted for her widespread fieldwork and experimental petrology. She was the first woman to do her field work in North Korea and has international experience and recognition. From Arizona in the United States, she has worked in countries including Chile, North Korea, Costa Rica, Italy and Ethiopia. Iacovino was raised in Arizona, she entered Arizona State University in 2005, with the initial interest of filming and directing or becoming an astronaut but became fascinated by geology. In her sophomore year, she began researching with petrologist Gordon Moore, she pursued her doctoral degree at the University of Cambridge. Iacovino's work has involved negotiated diplomatic relations with countries such as North Korea. During one of these trips, she worked alongside a team of their scientists as the only woman involved, she was the first female scientist to conduct traveling research in North Korea and was the only American on this expedition. Iacovino is part of a small group of women in volcanology, but is respected for her work ethic and strength.
Iacovino's work in North Korea is part of an international effort to understand Mount Paektu, an active volcano located on the border between North Korea and China. The work is led by British scientists Clive Oppenheimer and James Hammond and was featured in the Werner Herzog documentary "Into the Inferno"; the group's work has been published in peer-reviewed scientific journals. Notably, the publications include both western and North Korean co-authors. In 2012, Iacovino studied Erta Ale in Ethiopia. During this, her team was the target of a high-profile attempt to imprison Westerners. Due to a delay in traveling, this was not successful -. Iacovino is working for NASA. Iacovino was a Post-Doctoral Fellow at Arizona State University. Iacovino held a National Science Foundation Post-Doctoral Fellowship at the United States Department of the Interior US Geological Survey, she recreates magma chambers with experimental petrology, characterizes rock samples, measures volcanic degassing, performs thermodynamic modeling.
She has published numerous articles in scientific journals, lectured at universities such as Arizona State University, presented around the world. Additionally, she received many prestigious research grants, including the AAAS Research Grant most recently. Iacovino is the Editor-in-Chief of TrekMovie.com, as a longstanding Star Trek fan. She believes, she was inspired by Kate Mulgrew's character - the first female captain of Star Trek. Mulgrew has since met with Iacovino and noted that unlike Iacovino, she "only played one on TV."Iacovino is involved in encouraging young women to pursue STEM careers, such as with projects like the Curiosity Science Program created through a Gold Award Project by one of BBC's 100 Women of 2016, Erin McKenney. In this program, Iacovino described her own career as one that requires curiosity, interest in the world, a willingness to get your hands dirty