Basel Minster is a religious building in the Swiss city of Basel a Catholic cathedral and today a Reformed Protestant church. The original cathedral was built between 1500 in Romanesque and Gothic styles; the late Romanesque building, destroyed by the 1356 Basel earthquake, was rebuilt by Johannes Gmünd, at the same time employed for building the Freiburg Münster. Ulrich von Ensingen, architect of the towers at the Ulm Minster and the Strasbourg Cathedral, extended the building from 1421. Hans von Nußdorf completed the southern tower in 1500. One of the main landmarks and tourist attractions of Basel, it adds definition to the cityscape with its red sandstone architecture and coloured roof tiles, its two slim towers and the cross-shaped intersection of the main roof; the Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance lists the Münster as a heritage site of national significance. The hill on which the Minster is located today was a Celtic fortified city in the late Celtic Era in first century BC.
The Gallic wall of this city was uncovered during archeological excavations in 1970. Both, the gate site and the historical run of the street, can be retraced; this road parted at today's position of the Minster where it is presumed there was a small temple, replaced by a Roman fort. The first bishop of Basel is claimed to be Justinianus 343-346 AC; the bishop's see. According to the archeologist Hans Rudolf Sennhauser this transfer took place at the beginning of the 7th century under bishop Ragnacharius, a former monk of monastery Luxeuil. There is no historical evidence for the existence of a cathedral before the 9th century. Built on the old foundations of the Haito Minster some time after the turn of the first millennium a new building in the early Romanesque style of the Ottonian period was built by order of Bishop Adalberto II. Sometimes called “Adalberto Cathedral”, the three-nave cathedral is named after its patron Emperor Henry II, in German “Heinrich”; the cathedral is dedicated to his wife Kunigunde.
The prince-bishop governed the city as representative of the Emperor who gained possession of Basel in 1006. Excavations from 1973-1974 prove that the crypt of this building, consecrated in 1019, had not been expanded. At the end of the 11th century a tower made of light-colored limestone and molasse was erected on the western side of the building; this historic structure remains forming the bottom part of the north tower today. Heinrich Minster did not possess a tower on the south side; the building as it stands today dates back for the most part to the late Romanesque building constructed in the last third of the 12th century and completed around 1225. On the foundations of the previous buildings a church with three naves and a transept was built; the western facade was finished sometime in the latter part of the 13th century. A third storey was added to Georgsturm, the Martinsturm" was started. Though supported by massive pillars, an earthquake in 1356 destroyed five towers, the choir and various vaults.
Johannes von Gmünd, the architect of Freiburg Minster, rebuilt the damaged cathedral and in 1363 the main altar was consecrated. In 1421 Ulrich von Ensingen, who constructed the towers of the minsters in Ulm and Strasbourg, began the extension of the northern tower; this phase ended in 1429. The southern tower was completed by Hans von Nussdorf on 23 July 1500; this date marks the official architectural completion of the minster. In the 15th century the major and the minor cloisters were added; the minster served. Today's congregation forms part of the Evangelical-Reformed Church of the Canton Basel-Stadt. In the 19th century two major restorations took place. From 1852 until 1857 the rood screen was moved and the crypt on the western side was closed. In the 20th century the main aim of renovations has been to emphasize the late Romanesque architecture and to reverse some modifications made in the 1850s. Additionally, the floor was returned to the crypt reopened. A workshop dedicated to taking care of the deteriorating sandstone exterior was set up in 1985.
In 1424, Pope Martin V informed Basel’s government that their city has been chosen to be the site of the next council. The main goal of the meetings held by Basel’s council between 1431 and 1449 was to implement a church reform. Following the orders of Pope Eugene IV, president of the council at that time, Julian Cesarini, left Basel in 1438. One year on 24 July 1440, Felix V was elected as a counter pope at Basel’s Münsterplatz; the German Emperor, Frederick III, arranged for the dissolution of the council in Basel because Felix V could not prevail. After the closure of the pontifical university, citizens made an effort to establish a new university; the council’s secretary, Pope Pius II, made it possible to enact the papal bull and to open the Basel University as an independent university on 4 April 1460. During the iconoclasm of the Protestant Reformation, many valuable pieces of art belonging to the city of Basel and the minster were destroyed in 1528 and 1529. Numerous citizens stormed many of the churches in Basel, some of them by armed force in order to demolish religious paintings and statues.
Huldrych Zwingli, an influential church reformer, condemned the worship of God in the form of pictures as idolatry. A group of 40 armed men is said to have ascended to the minster from the crowded market place at 1 pm on 9 February 1529. After a first attack on the church, during which an altarpiece was ti
Alisa Lepselter is an American film editor who has edited director Woody Allen's films since 1999. Lepselter received a bachelor's degree from Duke University in 1985 with a major in art history. Lepselter began her editing career as an intern with editor Craig McKay on Something Wild, she was an apprentice with editor Barry Malkin on Francis Ford Coppola's segment of New York Stories. She was Thelma Schoonmaker's assistant editor on Martin Scorsese's adaptation of The Age of Innocence, was Robert M. Reitano's assistant on three films associated with Nora Ephron. Lepselter's first editing credit was for Nicole Holofcener's Walking and Talking, Holofcener's first film as a director. Since Sweet and Lowdown, she has edited all of Woody Allen's films. Lepselter was nominated for an American Cinema Editors "Eddie" Award for Vicky Cristina Barcelona and again for Midnight in Paris. Something Wild Light of Day A Gathering of Old Men New York Stories Staying Together An Innocent Man My Blue Heaven This Is My Life The Age of Innocence Mixed Nuts Closer to Home Walking and Talking Sweet and Lowdown Small Time Crooks The Curse of the Jade Scorpion Hollywood Ending Anything Else Melinda and Melinda Match Point Scoop Cassandra's Dream Vicky Cristina Barcelona Whatever Works You Will Meet a Tall Dark Stranger Midnight in Paris To Rome with Love Blue Jasmine Magic in the Moonlight Irrational Man Café Society Crisis in Six Scenes Wonder Wheel A Rainy Day in New York List of film director and editor collaborations Frazer, Bryant.
"Match Point". Deep Focus. Archived from the original on 2006-10-20. I can’t help but think that if Allen’s editor Alisa Lepselter, who he’s been working with since 1999, would rule his cutting room with an iron fist, his recent movies would be about 20 percent shorter and maybe 50 percent better. Caranicas, Peter. "Directors play favorites with editors: Eastwood, Allen stick with usual collaborators". Variety. Retrieved 2010-10-28. Personality plays a key role in Lepselter's relationship with Allen.'I'm pretty diplomatic, I didn't come in there to challenge him,' she says.'It took him awhile to trust me. He had worked with Susan Morse for many years and I'm sure they finished each other's sentences.' Kasman, Daniel. "Tailor Made". Mubi.com. Dark Stranger fits like a too-tight, synthetic blouse—the actors having to punch out of their claustrophobic, nearly television-like frames, the awkward long takes of Allen's previous film abandoned by DP Vilmos Zsigmond and editor Alisa Lepselter for shot/reverse-shot scenes which pin everyone a bit too close.
Alisa Lepselter on IMDb
The Université de Moncton Aigles Bleus Hockey Assault was an on-ice assault which took place in Charlottetown. Prince Edward Island, on February 24, 1996 during the Atlantic University Sport playoff game between the Université de Moncton Aigles Bleus and the UPEI Panthers; the game was tied 2-2 during regulation play. With 31.6 seconds remaining in the first overtime period, Tyler Ertel of UPEI fired a shot at the Aigles Bleus' net. The puck bounced back. Referee Brian Carragher did not signal a goal. After consulting the goal judge Carragher awarded the goal to UPEI. Video showed that the puck had entered the net. Moncton goalie Pierre Gagnon grabbed Carragher and said "You blew it -- you choked." Eight Aigles Bleus players punched him repeatedly. Carragher was speared twice in the groin. Patrick Daviault, an assistant coach for the Aigles Bleus, pulled a metal net mooring from the ice and threw it into a pane of glass in front of the goal judge, shattering it. Two uniformed police officers intervened as did 10 to 15 off-duty police officers who were in the stands along with 10 campus police.
The incident took 20 minutes to contain. The Université de Moncton temporarily shut down the men's hockey program pending an investigation. Frantz Bergevin-Jean, Mathieu Bibeau and Sylvain Ducharme were suspended for five years each by Atlantic University Sport. Pierre Gagnon was suspended for Phillipe Lavoie for one year. Jean Imbeau was given a three-game suspension for throwing a stool on the ice. On appeal the suspensions were reduced. Bibeau and Ducharme were given three-year suspensions, or two years plus 400 hours of community service. Bergevin-Jean was suspended for two years was suspended for two years or one year and 200 hours of community service. Gagnon's suspension stood at two years but he was given the option to reduce it to one year with 200 hours of community service. Lavoie's suspension was overturned as it was determined that he did not take part in the assault but attempted to pry his teammate away using his stick. Imbeau's three-game suspension remained in place. Police threatened to lay charges.
The Université de Moncton reinstated the hockey program in April 1996 on the recommendation of Ken Dryden, asked to investigate the incident. Assistant coach Patrick Daviault was fired