Basketball at the 2004 Summer Olympics – Men's qualification
The men's qualification for the 2004 Olympic basketball tournament occurred from 2002–2003. The first qualifying tournament was the 2002 FIBA World Championship in which the champion was guaranteed of a place in the Olympics. Throughout the next two years, several regional tournaments served as qualification for the zonal tournaments, which doubles as intercontinental championships, to determine which teams were to participate in the 2004 Athens Olympics. A total of 12 teams took part with each NOC sending in one team; the host nation qualified automatically as hosts. Serbia and Montenegro qualified automatically by winning at the 2002 FIBA World Championship; the other 10 teams were determined by five zonal tournaments, held in 2003. Each zone was allocated with the following qualifying berths: FIBA Africa: 1 team FIBA Americas: 3 teams FIBA Asia: 1 team FIBA Europe: 3 teams FIBA Oceania: 2 teams These are the final standings of the different Olympic qualifying tournaments; the venues are as follows: 2002 FIBA World Championship: Indianapolis FIBA Africa Championship 2003: Alexandria FIBA Americas Championship 2003: San Juan FIBA Asia Championship 2003: Harbin EuroBasket 2003: Borås, Luleå, Norrköping, Södertälje, Stockholm FIBA Oceania Championship 2003: Bendigo, Melbourne The FIBA Africa Championship 2003 at Egypt determined FIBA Africa's only outright representative to the Olympics.
The tournament is structured into a preliminary round of 12 teams divided into 2 groups. Angola won the tournament, beating Nigeria in the final, 85–65; the FIBA Americas Championship 2003 held in the Roberto Clemente Coliseum at San Juan, Puerto Rico determined the three teams representing FIBA Americas in the Olympics. The tournament is structured into a preliminary round of ten teams divided into 2 groups; the top four teams advance to the semifinals, a knockout stage deciding the first four places. The United States defeated Argentina 106–73 in the final, hosts Puerto Rico earned the final spot by defeating Canada 79–66 in the bronze medal match; the tournament held in Harbin, China is structured with a preliminary round of 16 teams divided into four groups, with the top two teams from each group advancing to the quarterfinals, where they'll be divided into two groups. The top two teams in the quarterfinals groups advance to the knockout finals. China defeated Korea 106 -- 96 in the final.
European berths for the Olympic Games were decided at EuroBasket 2003, held in Sweden. The tournament is structured with a preliminary round of 16 teams divided into four groups, where the top team from each group advances to the quarterfinals directly; the second and third places play an extra math against the third and second places from another group. The four winners gain a spot in the quarterfinal round. Lithuania defeated Spain 93-84 in the final, while Italy earned the third Europe spot in a 69–67 victory against France in the bronze medal match; this time around, two spots were given to Oceania, so the only two competing nations had qualified for the Olympic Tournament. Australia claimed the continental championship by defeating New Zealand in all three matches
Carlos Austin Boozer Jr. is an American retired professional basketball player. The two-time NBA All-Star played for the Cleveland Cavaliers, Utah Jazz, Chicago Bulls and Los Angeles Lakers, spent his last season playing overseas with the Guangdong Southern Tigers; as a member of Team USA, Boozer won an Olympic bronze medal at the 2004 Summer Olympics and an Olympic gold medal at the 2008 Summer Olympics. Although born at a military base in Aschaffenburg, West Germany, Boozer grew up in Alaska. Boozer was a two-time member of the PARADE All-American high school basketball team, leading the Juneau-Douglas Crimson Bears to back-to-back state titles, he was recruited by many top-tier collegiate basketball programs, including St. John's and UCLA, but Boozer elected to play for coach Mike Krzyzewski at Duke University, helping the team win the 2001 NCAA championship. In 2001–02, Jason Williams, Mike Dunleavy, Jr. each scored at least 600 points for the season, a feat only matched at Duke by Jon Scheyer, Kyle Singler and Nolan Smith in the 2009–10 season.
In April 2002, Boozer declared for the NBA draft. Boozer was selected with the 35th overall pick in the 2002 NBA draft by the Cleveland Cavaliers. Boozer averaged 10.0 points and 7.5 rebounds per game in his rookie campaign, followed it up with 15.5 points and 11.4 rebounds per game his second year. After the 2003–04 season, the Cavaliers had the option of allowing him to become a restricted free agent, or keeping him under contract for one more year at a $695,000 salary; the Cavaliers claimed to have reached an understanding with Boozer and his agent on a deal for $39 million over six years, which he would have signed if they let him out of his current deal. Cleveland proceeded to release him from his contract making him a restricted free agent. During this period, the Utah Jazz offered Boozer a six-year, $70 million contract that Cleveland chose not to match due to salary cap considerations. On July 30, 2004, Boozer signed with the Jazz. Cavaliers owner Gordon Gund said, "In the final analysis, I decided to trust Carlos and show him the respect he asked for.
He did not show that trust and respect in return." However, Boozer denied that he made any commitment to the Cavaliers: "There was no commitment. It's unfortunate how the turn of events went through the media", Boozer said shortly after signing the deal with Utah. "I'm not a guy that takes it away. I think I've made that clear." In his first season with the Jazz in 2004 -- 05, Boozer averaged 9 rebounds per game. However, he suffered an injury, missing the part of the season, which contributed to the Jazz missing the playoffs for only the second time in 22 years, he was publicly criticized for a lack of effort by team owner Larry Miller; as the 2005–06 season began, Boozer was still recovering from injury, aggravated a hamstring, causing him to miss the first half of that season as well. He returned to action in late February. In the middle of March, he was placed back into the starting lineup. From that point, he finished the season in impressive fashion, averaging over 20 points and 10 rebounds per game and establishing himself as the Jazz's starting power forward once again.
Boozer got off to a strong start in the 2006–07 season, winning the Western Conference Player of the Week Award and helping the Jazz to win eleven of their first twelve games. Boozer was named part of the NBA All-Star roster as a reserve, but could not participate because of a hairline fracture in his left fibula. In an April 23, 2007 game against the Houston Rockets, Boozer scored 41 points, tying the career high he had set a month earlier on March 26, he led the Jazz past the Rockets in game 7 of the first round in the NBA Playoffs, scoring 35 points, grabbing 14 rebounds and two clutch free throws to secure the victory in Boozer's first playoff series. The Jazz would go on to win their second round series against the upstart Golden State Warriors, 4 games to 1, advance to the Western Conference Finals for the first time since 1998. Though they lost 4 games to 1 to the more experienced San Antonio Spurs, Boozer proved valuable and durable, he ended the season averaging 20.9 points and 11.7 rebounds per game, playing in 74 of 82 games.
He was better in the playoffs, increasing his output to 23.5 points and 12.2 rebounds per game, appearing in all 17 Jazz playoff games. In November 2007, Boozer was named Western Conference Player of the Month. By mid-December, he was among the league's top five performers in scoring and field goal percentage. Although he slipped in all of these categories, he continued to produce solid numbers. Boozer was again chosen as a backup in the All-Star Game, finishing with 14 points and 10 rebounds in just 19 minutes of play, he registered his first career triple-double against the Seattle SuperSonics on February 13, 2008, with 22 points, 11 rebounds, 10 assists. In the 2008 playoffs, the Jazz faced the Houston Rockets in the first round for the second year in a row. Determined to not allow him to beat them, the Rockets geared their defense more to stopping Boozer and his production was somewhat limited, but the Jazz defeated the Rockets, 4–2. In the second round of the 2008 playoffs, the Jazz lost to the top seeded Los Angeles Lakers in six games.
During the 2008–09 season, Boozer's ability to stay healthy was questioned by fans and media alike, as he missed 44 games following arthroscopic left knee surgery. He missed time from late November 2008 to late February 20
The Americas comprise the totality of the continents of North and South America. Together, they comprise the New World. Along with their associated islands, they cover 8% of Earth's total surface area and 28.4% of its land area. The topography is dominated by the American Cordillera, a long chain of mountains that runs the length of the west coast; the flatter eastern side of the Americas is dominated by large river basins, such as the Amazon, St. Lawrence River / Great Lakes basin, La Plata. Since the Americas extend 14,000 km from north to south, the climate and ecology vary from the arctic tundra of Northern Canada and Alaska, to the tropical rain forests in Central America and South America. Humans first settled the Americas from Asia between 17,000 years ago. A second migration of Na-Dene speakers followed from Asia; the subsequent migration of the Inuit into the neoarctic around 3500 BCE completed what is regarded as the settlement by the indigenous peoples of the Americas. The first known European settlement in the Americas was by the Norse explorer Leif Erikson.
However, the colonization never became permanent and was abandoned. The Spanish voyages of Christopher Columbus from 1492 to 1502 resulted in permanent contact with European powers, which led to the Columbian exchange and inaugurated a period of exploration and colonization whose effects and consequences persist to the present. Diseases introduced from Europe and West Africa devastated the indigenous peoples, the European powers colonized the Americas. Mass emigration from Europe, including large numbers of indentured servants, importation of African slaves replaced the indigenous peoples. Decolonization of the Americas began with the American Revolution in the 1770s and ended with the Spanish–American War in the late 1890s. All of the population of the Americas resides in independent countries; the Americas are home to over a billion inhabitants, two-thirds of which reside in the United States, Brazil, or Mexico. It is home to eight megacities: New York City, Mexico City, São Paulo, Los Angeles, Buenos Aires, Rio de Janeiro, Bogotá, Lima.
The name America was first recorded in 1507. Christie's auction house says a two-dimensional globe created by Martin Waldseemüller was the earliest recorded use of the term; the name was used in the Cosmographiae Introductio written by Matthias Ringmann, in reference to South America. It was applied to both North and South America by Gerardus Mercator in 1538. America derives from the Latin version of Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci's first name; the feminine form America accorded with the feminine names of Asia and Europa. In modern English and South America are considered separate continents, taken together are called America or the Americas in the plural; when conceived as a unitary continent, the form is the continent of America in the singular. However, without a clarifying context, singular America in English refers to the United States of America. In the English-speaking world, the term America used to refer to a single continent until the 1950s: According to historians Kären Wigen and Martin W. Lewis, While it might seem surprising to find North and South America still joined into a single continent in a book published in the United States in 1937, such a notion remained common until World War II.
By the 1950s, however all American geographers had come to insist that the visually distinct landmasses of North and South America deserved separate designations. This shift did not seem to happen in Romance-speaking countries, where America is still considered a continent encompassing the North America and South America subcontinents, as well as Central America; the first inhabitants migrated into the Americas from Asia. Habitation sites are known in Alaska and the Yukon from at least 20,000 years ago, with suggested ages of up to 40,000 years. Beyond that, the specifics of the Paleo-Indian migration to and throughout the Americas, including the dates and routes traveled, are subject to ongoing research and discussion. Widespread habitation of the Americas occurred during the late glacial maximum, from 16,000 to 13,000 years ago; the traditional theory has been that these early migrants moved into the Beringia land bridge between eastern Siberia and present-day Alaska around 40,000–17,000 years ago, when sea levels were lowered during the Quaternary glaciation.
These people are believed to have followed herds of now-extinct pleistocene megafauna along ice-free corridors that stretched between the Laurentide and Cordilleran ice sheets. Another route proposed is that, either on foot or using primitive boats, they migrated down the Pacific coast to South America. Evidence of the latter would since have been covered by a sea level rise of hundreds of meters following the last ice age. Both routes may have
Gabriel Fernández (basketball)
Gabriel Diego Fernández is a former Argentine-Italian professional basketball player. In his pro career, Fernández played with numerous clubs, including Boca Juniors in the Argentine league; as a member of Argentina's junior national teams, Fernández played at the 1995 FIBA Under-19 World Cup, the 1997 FIBA Under-21 World Cup. As a member of the senior men's Argentine national team, he played at the following tournaments: the 1995 FIBA South American Championship, the 1997 FIBA South American Championship, the 1997 FIBA AmeriCup, the 1998 FIBA World Cup, the 1999 Pan American Games, the 1999 FIBA AmeriCup, the 2001 FIBA South American Championship, the 2001 FIBA AmeriCup, the 2002 FIBA World Cup, the 2003 FIBA South American Championship, the 2003 FIBA AmeriCup, the 2005 FIBA AmeriCup, he was a member of Argentina's 2004 Summer Olympic Games gold medal winning team. Pan American Club Championship Champion: South American League Champion: Argentine League All-Star Game: 2× Argentine League Champion: Spanish Cup Winner: Spanish League Champion: 1995 FIBA South American Championship: Silver 1997 FIBA South American Championship: Bronze 1999 FIBA AmeriCup: Bronze 2001 FIBA South American Championship: Gold 2001 FIBA AmeriCup: Gold 2002 FIBA World Cup: Silver 2003 FIBA South American Championship: Silver 2003 FIBA AmeriCup: Silver 2004 Summer Olympics: Gold 2005 FIBA AmeriCup: Silver FIBA Profile Euroleague.net Profile Spanish League Profile Italian League Profile Latinbasket.com Profile
Walter Herrmann Heinrich is an Argentine professional basketball player. He is listed at 6'9" and 225 lbs, he was a key member of the senior men's Argentine national basketball team that won the gold medal during the 2004 Summer Olympic Games. Herrmann began his pro career in the top-tier level Argentine League with Olimpia Venado Tuerto in 1996, he played there until the year 2000. He won two Argentine League slam dunk contests during that time in 1999 and 2000, the Argentine League Revelation of the Year award in 1999. In 2000, he moved to the Argentine club Atenas Córdoba, he played there until 2002. With Atenas, he was named the MVP of the Argentine League regular season in 2001, the MVP of the Argentine League Finals in 2002. After a 16 month long hiatus from last playing basketball in Spain, during the 2009–2010 season, he spent the 2013–14 season with Atenas de Córdoba. He was the Argentine League's MVP in 2014. After playing in the Brazilian League, during the 2014–15 season, he spent the 2015–16 season with the Argentine club San Lorenzo, with whom he won the Argentine League championship, the Argentine League's Finals MVP award.
He moved to the Argentine League club Obras Sanitarias, for the 2016–17 season. Herrmann moved to the Spanish ACB League club Baloncesto Fuenlabrada for the 2002–03 season, he was named the regular season ACB League MVP that year. He moved the Spanish club Unicaja Málaga and he played there until the year 2006, he moved on to the NBA. He returned to the Spanish League in July 2009, when he signed a 4-year contract worth €5.05 million euros net income with Saski Baskonia. The last two years of the contract being team options. In 2006, Herrmann signed a one-year contract worth $1.8 million with a team option for a 2nd year to play for the NBA's Charlotte Bobcats during the 2006–07 NBA season Herrmann won the NBA Eastern Conference Rookie of the Month Award in March 2007. In his 13 March games, Herrmann averaged 12.1 points and 4.2 rebounds per game and he shot 58.5 percent from the field and 47.2 percent from 3-point range. Herrmann finished the 2006 -- 07 NBA season averaging 2.9 rebounds per game.
Walter scored his NBA career-high 30 points against the Milwaukee Bucks on April 14 and grabbed a career high 7 defensive rebounds in the same game. Walter made the NBA All-Rookie Second Team along with his teammate Adam Morrison at the end of the season. After the season was over, the Bobcats activated their team option on Herrmann for the 2007–08 NBA season, paying him $1.944 million. On December 14, 2007, along with center Primož Brezec, was traded to the Detroit Pistons in exchange for center Nazr Mohammed. On August 2, 2008, it was announced that Herrmann had signed a one-year deal to keep him in Detroit for another season. Herrmann spent the 2014 -- 15 season, playing with Flamengo. With Flamengo, he won the 2014 edition of the FIBA Intercontinental Cup, the Brazilian League's 2014–15 season championship. Herrmann was a key reserve for years on the senior men's Argentine national basketball team. With Argentina's national team, he won the gold medal at the 2001 FIBA Americas Championship.
He won the gold medal at the 2004 Summer Olympic Games. Herrmann played at the 2006 FIBA World Championship with Argentina's national team. In 2012, he was invited to re-join Argentina's national team, he played at the 2014 FIBA World Cup. The son of Héctor Herrmann and María Cristina Heinrich, Walter Herrmann is of German descent, he lost his mother, his younger sister and his fiancée in a car accident in July 2003. One year his father died of a heart attack. Herrmann is married to Spanish doctor Elena, they have two children and Leyton. Hermann has a son, from a previous relationship. Career statistics and player information from NBA.com Walter Herrmann at Basketball-Reference.com Euroleague.net Profile Spanish League Profile Eurobasket.com Profile FIBA Profile
Dwyane Tyrone Wade Jr. is an American former professional basketball player. Wade spent the majority of his 16-year career playing for the Miami Heat in the National Basketball Association. After a successful college basketball career with the Marquette Golden Eagles, Wade was drafted fifth overall in the 2003 NBA draft by the Heat. In his third season, Wade led the Heat to their first NBA Championship in franchise history and was named the 2006 NBA Finals MVP. At the 2008 Summer Olympics, Wade led the United States men's basketball team known as the "Redeem Team", in scoring, helped them capture the gold medal. In the 2008 -- 09 season, Wade earned his first NBA scoring title. With LeBron James and Chris Bosh, Wade helped guide Miami to four consecutive NBA Finals from 2011 to 2014, winning back-to-back championships in 2012 and 2013. After playing for the Chicago Bulls and the Cleveland Cavaliers, Wade was traded back to Miami in February 2018. A 13-time NBA All-Star, Wade is Miami's all-time leader in points, games and steals, shots made and shots taken.
Dwyane Wade was born on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois, to JoLinda and Dwyane Wade Sr, whose name's unusual spelling was decided by his own mother. In 1977, JoLinda, at the age of 18 had two children. Wade has described his upbringing in Chicago as being difficult. Wade stated that " mom was on drugs and family was in the gang environment, so it was a rough childhood." At a young age, Wade witnessed police raids and found dead bodies several times in a nearby garbage can. When he was only 4 months old, his parents separated – and would divorce. JoLinda was given custody of the two children, she moved to her mother's house with them; the family struggled financially, it was around that time when JoLinda started dealing drugs. His mom was addicted to several substances including cigarettes, alcohol and cocaine. JoLinda would get high with friends at her home in the presence of her children. In an interview with ESPN, Wade said "I've seen the needles laying around the house. I've seen my mother shoot up before.
I've seen a lot of things my mother didn't know I'd seen as a kid." At the age of 6, he recalls police – with guns drawn – raiding his home as they searched for his mother. When Wade turned 8 years old, his older sister, tricked him – by telling him they were going to the movies – into living with his father, a former Army sergeant, stepmother in a nearby neighborhood. Wade would still visit his mom. A year his father moved the family to Robbins, Illinois. After moving to Robbins, Wade did not see his mother for two years. During this time, JoLinda was able to access a free supply of drugs by volunteering to be a tester – i.e. someone who tests street drugs for impurities before the dealers try to sell them. JoLinda was hospitalized and nearly died after she mistakenly injected herself with LSD. In 1994, JoLinda was arrested for possession of crack cocaine with intent to sell and locked up in Cook County Jail. Wade, at the age of 10, reunited with his mom by talking with her at Cook County Jail through a glass panel over a telephone.
JoLinda served 23 months in prison for her crimes, but while serving her second sentence in 1997, she failed to report to prison while on work release. Wade turned to sports basketball and football, to avoid the temptations of participating in drug and gang-related activities. Wade's mom and dad would take him to the park to play basketball, he cites one of his older sisters, Tragil, as the individual most responsible for his childhood upbringing and for steering him in the proper direction. As a child growing up in the Chicago area, Wade idolized Chicago Bulls star Michael Jordan, has said he patterns his game after him. Wade attended Harold L. Richards High School in Oak Lawn. Wade found success as a wide receiver on the football team, but he needed to work hard to earn playing time on the varsity basketball team during his junior year. While he did not acquire much playing time during his second year, his stepbrother, Demetris McDaniel, was the star of the team. Wade grew four inches in the summer before his junior year and saw an increase in playing time, averaging 20.7 points and 7.6 rebounds per game.
The following year, Wade averaged 27.0 points and 11.0 rebounds per game while leading his team to a 24–5 record. It advanced to the title game of the Class AA Eisenhower Sectional. During this season he steals in a season. Wade has stated that his high school coach, Jack Fitzgerald, was one of the most positive influences in his life during this time. Wade was recruited by only three college basketball teams due to academic problems. During most of Wade's time at Marquette, his mother was either eluding the law or serving time in jail for selling crack cocaine. On October 14, 2001, JoLinda declared that she would change her life and get clean while attending a service at a Chicago church. Wade a sophomore at Marquette, went home for Christmas to be with his mom, who he believed was clean and sober for the first time in his life. However, JoLinda admitted to him that she was going back to prison. Wade told ESPN, "I was hurt because I felt like I was just getting my mom back, now she had to leave again."
On January 2, 2002, his mother went back to prison to serve her 14-month sentence. She says she has been clean since 2003. Wade chose to play college basketball for Tom Crean at Marquette University in Wisconsin. During Wade's freshman year at Marquette, he was ineligible to play with the men's team as he had fallen short of academic stan
2004 Summer Olympics
The 2004 Summer Olympic Games known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad and known as Athens 2004, was a premier international multi-sport event held in Athens, from 13 to 29 August 2004 with the motto Welcome Home. The Games saw 10,625 athletes compete, some 600 more than expected, accompanied by 5,501 team officials from 201 countries. There were 301 medal events in 28 different sports. Athens 2004 marked the first time since the 1996 Summer Olympics that all countries with a National Olympic Committee were in attendance. 2004 marked the return of the Olympic Games to the city where they began. Having hosted the Olympics in 1896, Athens became one of only four cities to have hosted the Summer Olympic Games on two separate occasions. A new medal obverse was introduced at these Games, replacing the design by Giuseppe Cassioli, used since the 1928 Games; this rectified the long lasting mistake of using a depiction of the Roman Colosseum rather than a Greek venue. The new design features the Panathenaic Stadium.
The 2004 Summer Games were hailed as "unforgettable, dream games" by IOC President Jacques Rogge, left Athens with a improved infrastructure, including a new airport, ring road, subway system. There have been arguments regarding the cost of the 2004 Athens Summer Games and their possible contribution to the Greek government-debt crisis, there is little or no evidence for such a correlation; the 2004 Olympics were deemed to be a success, with the rising standard of competition amongst nations across the world. The final medal tally was led by the United States, followed by China and Russia with the host Greece at 15th place. Several World and Olympic records were broken during these Games. Athens was chosen as the host city during the 106th IOC Session held in Lausanne on 5 September 1997. Athens had lost its bid to organize the 1996 Summer Olympics to Atlanta nearly seven years before on 18 September 1990, during the 96th IOC Session in Tokyo. Under the direction of Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki, Athens pursued another bid, this time for the right to host the Summer Olympics in 2004.
The success of Athens in securing the 2004 Games was based on Athens' appeal to Olympic history and the emphasis that it placed on the pivotal role that Greece and Athens could play in promoting Olympism and the Olympic Movement. Furthermore, unlike their bid for the 1996 Games, criticized for its overall disorganization and arrogance—wherein the bid lacked specifics and relied upon sentiment and the notion that it was Athens' right to organize the Centennial Games—the bid for the 2004 Games was lauded for its humility and earnestness, its focused message, its detailed bid concept; the 2004 bid addressed concerns and criticisms raised in its unsuccessful 1996 bid – Athens' infrastructural readiness, its air pollution, its budget, politicization of Games preparations. Athens' successful organization of the 1997 World Championships in Athletics the month before the host city election was crucial in allaying lingering fears and concerns among the sporting community and some IOC members about its ability to host international sporting events.
Another factor which contributed to Athens' selection was a growing sentiment among some IOC members to restore the values of the Olympics to the Games, a component which they felt was lost during the criticized over-commercialization of Atlanta 1996 Games. Subsequently, the selection of Athens was motivated by a lingering sense of disappointment among IOC members regarding the numerous organizational and logistical setbacks experienced during the 1996 Games. After leading all voting rounds, Athens defeated Rome in the 5th and final vote. Cape Town and Buenos Aires, the three other cities that made the IOC shortlist, were eliminated in prior rounds of voting. Six other cities submitted applications, but their bids were dropped by the IOC in 1996; these cities were Istanbul, Rio de Janeiro, San Juan, Saint Petersburg and Cali. The 2004 Summer Olympic Games cost the Government of Greece €8.954 billion to stage. According to the cost-benefit evaluation of the impact of the Athens 2004 Olympic Games presented to the Greek Parliament in January 2013 by the Minister of Finance Mr. Giannis Stournaras, the overall net economic benefit for Greece was positive.
The Athens 2004 Organizing Committee, responsible for the preparation and organisation of the Games, concluded its operations as a company in 2005 with a surplus of €130.6 million. ATHOC contributed €123.6 million of the surplus to the Greek State to cover other related expenditures of the Greek State in organizing the Games. As a result, ATHOC reported in its official published accounts a net profit of €7 million; the State's contribution to the total ATHOC budget was 8% of its expenditure against an anticipated 14%. The overall revenue of ATHOC, including income from tickets, broadcasting rights, merchandise sales etc. totalled €2,098.4 million. The largest percentage of that income came from broadcasting rights; the overall expenditure of ATHOC was €1,967.8 million. Analysts refer to the "Cost of the Olympic Games" by taking into account not only the Organizing Committee's budget directly related to the Olympic Games, but the cost incurred by the hosting country during preparation, i.e. the large projects required for the upgrade of the country's infrastructure, including sports infrastructure, airports, power grid etc.
This cost, however, is not directly attributable to the act