Basutoland was a British Crown colony established in 1884 due to the Cape Colony's inability to control the territory. It was divided into seven administrative districts: Berea, Maseru, Mohale's Hoek, Qacha's Nek and Quthing; the colony was brought under direct authority of Queen Victoria, via the High Commissioner, run by an Executive Council presided over by a series of British Resident Commissioners. Basutoland was renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho upon its independence from the United Kingdom on 4 October 1966. Between 1856 and 1868 the Basuto engaged in conflict with the Orange Free State, their King, Moshoeshoe I, sought British protection. On 29 August 1865, he wrote to Sir Philip Wodehouse, the Governor of Cape Colony: I am giving myself and my country up to Her Majesty's Government under certain conditions which we may agree on between your Excellency and me. In July 1866, after referring to the former letter, the Chief said: All those things I have given up into your hands the last year... they are still yours.
I still continue to be the humble servant of Her Majesty. In January 1868, the Governor received a document dated 9 December 1867, signed by the Secretary of State for the Colonies, authorizing the annexation of Basutoland to the Colony of Natal. On 12 March 1868, a proclamation declared the Basotho to be British subjects and Basutoland to be British territory, it was not in fact annexed to Natal but rather placed under the direct authority of the High Commissioner for South Africa. Three years it was annexed to the Cape Colony by Act No. 12 of 1871 of the Parliament of the Cape of Good Hope, confirmed by Order in Council of 3 November 1871. Cape Colony rule proved unpopular with the people, by an Order in Council dated 2 February 1884, brought into force on 18 March 1884, royal assent was given to a Cape bill repealing the Act of 1871. Basutoland was thus brought under the direct authority of the Queen, with legislative and executive powers vested in the High Commissioner. Basutoland's Executive Council members were the resident commissioner, who presided, three ex-officio members and four council members from the Basutoland National Council, appointed by the resident commissioner, one by the Paramount Chief and three nominated by the Council itself, selected by secret ballot.
The legislative council, known as the Basutoland National Council, consisted of a non-voting President appointed by the Resident Commissioner, four official members, twenty-two Chiefs, forty elected members elected by District Councils, fourteen nominated members appointed by the Resident Commissioner on the nomination of the Paramount Chief. The Resident Commissioner had the right to address the Council; the Commissioner had authority to make laws by Proclamation on certain subjects, such as external affairs and the public service. These matters were excluded from the powers of the National Council, but the Commissioner was required to lay a draft of any Proclamation before the Council and to consider their observations; the Constitution made special provision regarding particular objections made by the Council. There was a College of Chiefs of Basutoland whose function related to matters pertaining to the offices of the Paramount Chief and Headman, their decisions and recommendations were submitted for acceptance to the Paramount Chief.
They were subject to review by the High Court. The Constitution vested a number of functions in the Paramount Chief. In exercising these, he was required in most cases to consult either with the Executive Council or with the Resident Commissioner, a Council member of the Executive and a member of the Basuto Nation appointed by himself. Land in Basutoland was vested by the Constitution in the Paramount Chief in trust for the Basuto Nation, subject to lawfully acquired rights. Considering the extensive area of uninhabitable mountain land it contained, the territory supported a large population; the inhabitants increased from 128,206 in 1875, to 348,848 in 1904. Women outnumbered men by about 20,000, which was, about the number of adult men away from the country at any given period; the majority lived in the district between the Caledon river. The great bulk of the people were Basuto; the White inhabitants in 1904 numbered 895. The seat of government was Maseru, on the left bank of the Caledon, with a population of about 1,000 including some 100 Europeans.
There were numerous mission stations throughout Basutoland, to several of which Biblical names have been given, such as Shiloh, Cana and Berea. Berea District Leribe District Maseru District Mohales Hoek District Mafeteng District Qacha's Nek District Quthing District The Chief Justice was the Chief Justice of the High Commission Territories. From 1951 the Chief Justices were: This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Basutoland". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press; the British Empire.co: Basutoland map room
VPB-149 was a Patrol Bombing Squadron of the U. S. Navy; the squadron was established as Bombing Squadron 149 on 16 September 1943, redesignated Patrol Bombing Squadron Squadron 149 on 1 October 1944 and disestablished on 6 September 1945. 16 September – December 1943: VB-149 was established at NAS Beaufort, South Carolina, under the operational control of FAW-5, as a medium bombing squadron flying the PV-1 Ventura. Twelve aircraft were assigned; the squadron remained at NAS Beaufort through the end of September getting organized and collecting supplies, equipment and aircraft. On 6 October, the flight crews flew to NAAF Boca Chica, for advanced Anti-submarine warfare and shakedown training; the squadron was relocated to MCAS Cherry Point, North Carolina, on 21 November, for operations with the Eastern Sea Frontier in antisubmarine warfare. Concurrent with this reassignment was the transfer of administrative control over the squadron from FAW-5 to FAW-9. On 17 December 1943, the squadron returned to NAS Beaufort, having logged over 2,800 hours of flight time without having sighted an enemy submarine.
4 August 1944: VB-149 received orders transferring its operations to NAAF Otis Field, for training in ground school, fighter affiliation flights, formation flying, torpedo runs, bombing and use of LORAN and radar gear. 1 October 1944: VPB-149 was transferred to NAS Quonset Point, Rhode Island, where the aircraft underwent necessary overhaul and all hands were given 10 days leave prior to assignment in the South Pacific theater of operations. 1 November – 5 December 1944: The squadron departed NAS Quonset Point for NAS Alameda, with the last aircraft arriving on the 8th. The crews and ground staff began packing for the trip to Hawaii. On 29 November the entire squadron with its aircraft boarded USS Wake Island bound for Hawaii. Upon arrival on 5 December the squadron came under the operational control of FAW-2 and commenced combat training at NAS Kaneohe Bay. 14–31 December 1944: Six aircraft and nine crews were detached for duty and training at Midway Island. While the detachment was away, the remainder of the squadron continued its advanced training in all aspects of bombing, jungle survival and navigation.
28 February 1945: VPB-149 was transferred to Manus Island for duty with the Seventh Fleet. 1–27 March 1945: VPB-149 was relocated to Tacloban Airfield, Philippines, as relief for VPB-137. Upon arrival on 10 March the squadron was placed under the operational control of FAW-10. Combat patrols extended to North Borneo and eastern Luzon. From 20 to 27 March the squadron conducted daily strikes with 100-pound bombs and strafing against Japanese troop concentrations in the Negros area. 12 March 1945: Lieutenant E. A. Brigham and his crew became lost on patrol and ditched at sea off the west coast of Cebu, they were rescued by Philippine guerrillas and returned to base two days by a Dumbo PBY-5A. A second PV-1 flown by Lieutenant J. J. Boyd, lost in the same bad weather, went down at sea and all hands were lost. 22 March 1945: Lieutenant Commander Charles M. Wood Jr. and crew failed to return after an attack on Pontevedra, Philippines. 29 March 1945: The squadron was transferred to NAB Samar, Philippines.
Daily dawn-to-dusk antishipping patrols were conducted in the southern Visayas Islands area through mid-August. Aircraft maintenance and availability was a problem during this period because the CASU had little experience with PV-1 Venturas; the squadron’s own ground staff and aircrew personnel did most of the work. 14 August 1945: VPB-149 was relieved for return to Naval Base Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Upon arrival, squadron personnel began preparations to depart for the U. S. aboard USS Nassau. The ship arrived on the 27th. 6 September 1945: VPB-149 was disestablished at NAS Alameda. The squadron was assigned the following aircraft, effective on the dates shown: PV-1 - September 1943 The squadron was assigned to these home ports, effective on the dates shown: NAS Beaufort, South Carolina - 16 September 1943 NAAF Boca Chica, Florida - 6 October 1943 MCAS Cherry Point, North Carolina - 21 November 1943 NAS Beaufort - 17 December 1943 NAAF Otis Field, Massachusetts - 3 August 1944 NAS Quonset Point, Rhode Island - 1 October 1944 NAS Alameda, California - 1 November 1944 NAS Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii - 5 December 1944 NAS Alameda - 27 August 1945 Maritime patrol aircraft List of inactive United States Navy aircraft squadrons List of United States Navy aircraft squadrons List of squadrons in the Dictionary of American Naval Aviation Squadrons History of the United States Navy This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Aviation Squadrons
Curt Miller is an American basketball coach the head coach of the Connecticut Sun of the WNBA. He served as the head coach at Bowling Green State University from 2001–2012 and Indiana University from 2012–2014, spent one season as an assistant to Brian Agler with the Los Angeles Sparks. Miller served as an assistant coach at Colorado State, helping the school to an 81-20 overall record during his three seasons there, he served as an assistant at Cleveland State and Syracuse. On March 31, 2015, the Los Angeles Sparks hired Miller as an assistant coach. During his tenure at Bowling Green he compiled a 258-92 record including 135-41 in the Mid-American Conference, he was named MAC Coach of the Year 6 times, won the conference regular season title 8 straight times between 2005-2012. His best season came in 2006 when he led the Falcons to a 31-4 mark, including a sweet sixteen appearance in the NCAA tournament; when Miller was negotiating a contract extension with Bowling Green in 2005, he included a "dream clause" in which Miller could list a few of his personal destination jobs.
The Indiana Hoosiers were on that list and, when an opening for head women's basketball coach occurred at the school in 2012, he applied for and got the position. Miller signed a six-year deal worth $275,000 a year. Miller resigned on July 2014 citing health and family reasons. After one season as an assistant with the Los Angeles Sparks, Miller returned to the head coaching ranks, he was announced as the new head coach of the Connecticut Sun on December 17, 2015