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Battelle Memorial Institute

Battelle Memorial Institute is a private nonprofit applied science and technology development company headquartered in Columbus, Ohio. Battelle is a charitable trust organized as a nonprofit corporation under the laws of the State of Ohio and is exempt from taxation under Section 501 of the Internal Revenue Code because it is organized for charitable and education purposes; the institute opened in 1929 but traces its origins to the 1923 will of Ohio industrialist Gordon Battelle which provided for its creation. Focusing on contract research and development work in the areas of metals and material science, Battelle is now an international science and technology enterprise that explores emerging areas of science and commercializes technology, manages laboratories for customers. Battelle serves the following: Agribusiness: cannabis research, formulation, environmental fate, spray drift and droplet characterization Ecology & Environment: scientific data packages for researchers, air and soil analysis and remediation Health: genomics, life sciences research, medical device development, public health studies Materials Science: analytical chemistry, coatings and structures, corrosion studies and materials National Security: aviation and aerospace technologies and biological defense systems, cyber innovations, ground tactical systems, maritime technologies Research Infrastructure: Biosafety Laboratory 3 operations, chemical demilitarization facilities, National Ecological Observatory Network, national laboratory management STEM Education: BattelleEd, STEMX, Battelle Arts Grant, STEM Learning NetworksIn addition to its Columbus headquarters, Battelle has offices in Aberdeen, West Jefferson, Arlington, Charlottesville, Baltimore and Egg Harbor Township.

In addition to operating its own research facilities, as of 2019, Battelle manages or co-manages on behalf of the United States Department of Energy the following national laboratories: Brookhaven National Laboratory Idaho National Laboratory Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory National Renewable Energy Laboratory Oak Ridge National Laboratory Pacific Northwest National LaboratoryAdditionally, on behalf of the Department of Homeland Security: National Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures CenterNational Science Foundation projects: In March 2016, Battelle was selected to manage the completion of the National Ecological Observatory Network for the National Science Foundation. In the 1940s, Battelle's Vice-President of Engineering, John Crout made it possible for Battelle researchers, including William Bixby and Paul Andrus, to develop Chester Carlson's concept of dry copying. Carlson had been turned down for funding by more than a dozen agencies including the U.

S. Navy. Work led to the first commercial xerographic equipment, to the formation of Xerox corporation. Battelle developed the first nuclear fuel rods for nuclear reactors, numerous advances in metallurgy that helped advance the United States space program and coatings that led to the first optical digital recorder developed by James Russell, which paved the way for the first compact disc, the first generation jet engines using titanium alloys. Other advances included the armor plating for tanks in World War II. In 1987, PIRI, a fiber optics venture with Mitsubishi and NTT, was launched, which resulted in a $1.8 billion market. In conjunction with Kevin M. Amula, Battelle Geneva developed "No-melt" chocolate in 1988. Battelle has made numerous medical advances, including a 1972 breakthrough development of special tubing to prevent blood clots during surgical procedures, more the development of reusable insulin injection pen, including dose memory, with Eli Lilly and Co.. Battelle was the contractor for a computer system on which the Voter News Service relied for tallying exit polling data in the November 2002 U.

S. Congressional and Senate elections; the failure led to the disbanding of the VNS and the formation of its replacement, the National Election Pool. Battelle provides funds for a public policy research center at the John Glenn College of Public Affairs of The Ohio State University to focus on scholarly questions associated with science and technology policy; the Battelle Center for Science and Technology Policy began official operation in July 2011. Chester Carlson John Crout

Meteor hammer

The meteor hammer referred to as meteor, is an ancient Chinese weapon, consisting at its most basic level of two weights connected by a rope or chain. One of the flexible or "soft" weapons, it is referred to by many different names worldwide, dependent upon region and intended use. Other names in use include flying hammer, or dragon's fist, it belongs to the broader classes of chain weapons. The meteor hammer could be concealed as a defensive or surprise weapon, being of a flexible construction; the primary advantage for using a meteor hammer was its sheer speed. Using a meteor hammer involves swinging it around the body to build up considerable speed before releasing the meteor to strike at any angle. Since the meteor has two heads, one could be used offensively while the other could be used to defend, parrying attacks or ensnaring an opponent's weapon to disarm them; when used by a skilled fighter, its speed and unpredictability make it a difficult weapon to defend against. While being swung, a meteor may be wrapped around its user's arms, torso, neck or waist, before being unwrapped by a powerful jerk of the body to deliver a devastating and swift blow.

A master is capable of striking, ensnaring or strangling from a distance. There are two types of meteor hammers: a single-headed version; the double-headed meteor hammer is 2–3 meters in length with a spherical head on each end. While the ends of the meteor hammer can be heavier than a rope dart head, the difference in weight is not great; some meteor hammer versions have heads. The lighter versions of this weapon are used for practice and for modern wu shu displays since they are faster and less dangerous; the single-headed version of this weapon is used in a similar manner to the rope dart in that it is a long reach weapon with a single head. The main difference between the headed meteor hammer and a rope spear is that traditionally the meteor hammer has an end shaped similar to an egg or melon; the single end can traditionally weigh up to 3 kg and is attached to a rope that can be 6 meters in length. Because of these traits, a single headed meteor hammer can be a effective weapon, despite being difficult to control.

The weapon could attack in multiple directions and in an arching pattern when engaged in formation attacks. This weapon would be tossed up and over an enemy formation to hit troops not yet engaged in the head. In modern times, this version is studied or taught since a weapon of this nature isn't needed and is complex to learn; the double headed version is better known. All chain-based weapons tend to be handled in a similar fashion. Firstly, it has no secondly it is weighted at both ends; these allow for more effective control over its movement. At the most basic levels, a meteor hammer is seen as unpredictable and intimidating; the difficulty people have in following it makes it effective in combat. Throw: A meteor may be thrown, while holding one of the heads to enable its retrieval; this is a unpredictable form of attack used to catch an opponent off guard. A throw can be initiated and efficiently by a skilled fighter, with a simple pull in the correct direction. Grab: A placed throw can cause the meteor to wrap itself around an object and grab it.

If done the meteor will wrap over itself and ensnare a weapon, an object or an opponent's limb. Alternatively, if the meteor does not wrap over itself, it can be used to spin an object, providing a helpful way of swiftly disorienting an opponent. Whip: A simple linear strike can be effected, as from a whip. Slam: Sometimes referred to as "storm from above", this powerful attack involves a wide overhead arc, resulting in a vertical strike. Difficult to counter, but easy to dodge, this attack can be repeated a number of times, similar to the technique used with a Bō. Swing: The swing is a simple side attack, capable of tripping an opponent. A basic move to learn, but a difficult one to master, being as a horizontal swing can easily backfire and injure the one wielding the meteor. Further moves include blocks, short strikes, figure eight motions and holds, it is possible to use many of the same techniques common to the nunchaku, by bouncing the chain off the body or other objects for more unpredictability.

In the 2005 film The Promise, General GuangMing, played by Hiroyuki Sanada, was an expert of the weapon. In the film Crippled Avengers, Mr. Wan, played by Wang Lung Wei, was an expert of the weapon. In the film Shanghai Noon, Jackie Chan uses a rope and horse shoe to fashion a makeshift version of the weapon. In the film Kill Bill: Volume 1, Gogo Yubari, played by Chiaki Kuriyama, uses a modern version of the weapon. In the anime Re:Zero- Starting Life in Another World, rem is an expert of this weapon known as a Morning Star. Fire Meteor Freestyle Meteor Info Page Shaolin Kung Fu Australia The Chinese Olympic Committee Official Website Rare Kung Fu Weapons Nine Dragon Baguazhang

Vercelli railway station

Vercelli railway station is the main station serving the city and comune of Vercelli, in the Piedmont region, northwestern Italy. Opened in 1856, it forms part of the Turin–Milan railway, is a junction station for two other lines, to Valenza and Pavia, respectively; the station is managed by Rete Ferroviaria Italiana. However, the commercial area of the passenger building is managed by Centostazioni. Train services are operated by Trenitalia; each of these companies is a subsidiary of Italy's state-owned rail company. Vercelli railway station is situated at the northwestern edge of the city centre; the station was opened on 20 October 1856, upon the opening of the Torino Porta Susa–Novara section of the Turin–Milan railway. The passenger building is made up of three components: the central part has two levels and a large lobby consisting of five arches; the single storey lateral wings spread symmetrically from the central part, are smaller. The building is made of brick, it is painted grey at ground floor level, a rose colour above that level.

The station is served by the following services: High speed services Turin - Milan - Brescia - Verona - Vicenza - Padua - Venice - Trieste Night train Turin - Milan - Parma - Rome - Naples - Salerno Night train Turin - Milan - Parma - Reggio Emilia - Florence - Rome - Salerno - Lamezia Terme - Reggio di Calabria Express services Turin - Chivasso – Vercelli – Novara – Milan Regional services Chivasso - Vercelli - Novara Regional services Vercelli - Mortara - PaviaTrain services to Casale Monferrato finished on 14 June 2013. The station has around 3.5 million passenger movements each year. There are about 138 trains per day; the trains stopping at Vercelli are Intercity Notte and regional trains. Their main destinations are Novara and Milan. History of rail transport in Italy List of railway stations in Piedmont Rail transport in Italy Railway stations in Italy Media related to Vercelli railway station at Wikimedia Commons This article is based upon a translation of the Italian language version as at December 2010

Greeley, Pennsylvania

Greeley, Pennsylvania is a town in Pike County, United States halfway between Milford and Hawley, Pennsylvania. Its population is 1322. Lake Greeley Camp is named after this town, is situated on Lake Greeley. Greeley is a rural wooded section of Pike County, with no central town square, it is established summer camp grounds and state game lands. Camp Shohola, Pine Forest Camp, Lake Greeley Camp, Camp Timber Tops, Lake Owego Camp are popular summer camps for children and teens throughout the tri-state area. Camp Lee Mar, a camp in Greeley for children and young adults with special needs, has been in operation for over 60 years; the town is under the administrative control of the municipality of nearby Lackawaxen, which lies at the convergence of the Delaware and Lackawaxen rivers within the Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River. Prolific western author Zane Grey began his writing career in Lackawaxen, relating stories of his experiences along the Upper Delaware River. Greeley is named for Horace Greeley founder of The New York Tribune, considered to be the US's most influential newspaper from the 1840s to the 1870s.

Horace Greeley served a three month term as a US Congressman, was a founding member of the Liberal Republican Party. Horace Greeley was the Liberal Republican Party candidate for the 1872 United States presidential election Horace Greeley had supported a rural commune known as the Sylvania Association located within the township's current boundaries; the commune, for which Horace Greeley served as Treasurer, had attempted to structure itself in accordance with the radical ideas of Albert Brisbane, who studied Charles Fourier and Karl Marx. The association purchased 3200 acres from Mahlon Godley Sr. in 1842. They subsequently built a small saw mill, two small two story houses, a small barn. Only the foundation of the mill remains with some of the walls exceeding twenty feet in height; the old mill wall still stands alongside a stream. It can still be seen near a historical state marker along what is now the junction of Routes 434 and 590; the association failed because the members, unaccustomed to wilderness, failed to plant and harvest sufficient crops in 1845.

Although Greeley remains a rural, mountainous location between the somewhat more cosmopolitan towns of Hawley and Milford, Greeley attracts second home owners drawn to its scenic beauty and quiet lifestyle. Route 590, which runs through the town, is a popular route for motorcycle enthusiasts on their way from nearby Lake Wallenpaupack to the Delaware River, which lies just three miles down the road. U. S. Route 6 runs through the Greeley. On July 1, 2013, the Kahr Arms company announced that it was leaving New York state because of New York's Secure Ammunition and Firearms Enforcement Act of 2013. Kahr purchased 620 acres near Greeley in Blooming Grove Township, Pike County and said it would move its corporate staff after building offices in 2014 with plans to build a new factory by 2019. Beginning September 17, 2018, the company announced that all Kahr and Auto-Ordnance firearm repairs and product returns must be sent prepaid via UPS Air or FedEx Overnight to the company's new shipping address at: Kahr Firearms Group, 105 Kahr Avenue, Greeley, PA 18425.

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Prosperity Without Growth

Prosperity Without Growth is a book by author and economist Tim Jackson. It was released as a report by the Sustainable Development Commission; the study became the most downloaded report in the Commission's nine-year history when it was published in 2009. The report was that year reworked and published as a book by Earthscan. A revised and expanded edition was published in January 2017. By arguing that "prosperity – in any meaningful sense of the word – transcends material concerns", the book summarizes the evidence showing that, beyond a certain point, growth does not increase human well-being. Prosperity without Growth analyses the complex relationships between economic growth, environmental crises and social recession, it proposes a route to a sustainable economy, argues for a redefinition of "prosperity" in light of the evidence on what contributes to people’s well-being. The second edition expands on these ideas and sets out the framework for what he calls "the economy of tomorrow". By attending the nature of enterprise as a form of social organisation, the meaning of work as participation in society, the function of investment as a commitment to the future.

The first edition was described by Le Monde as "one of the most outstanding pieces of environmental economics literature in recent years". The sociologist Anthony Giddens referred to it as "a must-read for anyone concerned with issues of climate change and sustainability - bold and comprehensive." The second edition received endorsements from Yanis Varoufakis, who referred to it as “essential reading for those refusing to succumb to a dystopic future”. Noam Chomsky called it a "thoughtful and penetrating critique". Herman Daly praised it with: "It is hard to improve a classic, but Jackson has done it... a written yet scholarly union of moral vision, with solid economics." Rowan Williams called it "one of the most important essays of our generation: both visionary and realistic, rooted in careful research and setting out difficult but achievable goals, it gives what we so badly need - an alternative to passivity, short-term selfishness and cynicism". The second edition of Prosperity without growth: Foundations for the Economy of Tomorrow is organised in eleven chapters: The limits to growth Prosperity lost Redefining prosperity The dilemma of growth The myth of decoupling The'iron cage' of consumerism Flourishing – within limits Foundations for the economy of tomorrow Towards a'post-growth' macroeconomics The progressive State A lasting prosperity Prosperity without Growth: Economics for a Finite Planet has been translated into seventeen languages including Swedish, French, Spanish, Italian and Chinese.

The second edition, Prosperity without Growth: Foundations for the Economy of Tomorrow, has been translated into German and Italian. Degrowth Post-growth Steady-state economy Stern Review Material Concerns, a 1996 book by Jackson Review in The Guardian Routledge website for Prosperity Without Growth Biography of Tim Jackson Tim Jackson's Media Archive

Panos Bitsilis

Panos Bitzilis was an 18th-century General Consul of Russia in Albania and HimaraPanos Bitsilis came from Himara, modern Albania Ottoman Empire, from a Greek family background. Bitsilis clan was among the notable Greek clans that provided diplomats to the Russian Empire in the 18th century. Moreover, it provided several officers to the Regimento Cimarioto of the Venetian army as well as for the Albanskoe Volsko and the Odesskii Grecheskii Divizion Russian army. Being an influential personality, he became the Russian consul in the 1780s. During the Russo-Turkish War together with Loudovikos Sotiris from Lefkada, became the revolutionary leaders of an uprising in Epirus against the Ottomans, he was probably member of the Greek patriotic organization Filiki Eteria