Battersea Power Station is a decommissioned coal-fired power station, located on the south bank of the River Thames, in Nine Elms, Battersea, in the London Borough of Wandsworth. It was built by the London Power Company to the design of Leonard Pearce, Engineer in Chief to the LPC, CS Allott & Son Engineers; the architects were Giles Gilbert Scott. The station is one of the world's largest brick buildings and notable for its original, Art Deco interior fittings and decor; the building comprises two power stations, built in two stages in a single building. Battersea A Power Station was built between 1929–35 and Battersea B Power Station to its east, between 1937–41, when construction was paused owing to the worsening effects of the Second World War; the building was completed in 1955. "Battersea B" was built to a near identical design to "Battersea A" which provided the iconic four-chimney structure. "Battersea A" was decommissioned in 1975. In 1980 the whole structure was given Grade II listed status.
In 2007 its listed status was upgraded to Grade II*. The building remained empty until 2014. Various plans were made to make use of the building. In 2012, administrators Ernst & Young entered into an exclusivity agreement with Malaysia's SP Setia and Sime Darby to develop the site to include 250 residential units, restaurants, office space and entertainment spaces; the plans were approved and redevelopment started a few years later. As of 2019, the building is owned by a consortium of Malaysian investors. Situated on the south bank of the River Thames, in Nine Elms, Battersea, an inner-city district of South West London, the building comprises two power stations, built in two stages in a single building. Battersea A Power Station was built in the 1930s and Battersea B Power Station, to its east, in the 1950s, they were built to a near-identical design. The Power Station was decommissioned between 1975 and 1983 and remained empty until 2014, it was designated as a Grade II listed building in 1980.
In 2007 its listed status was upgraded to Grade II*. The station is one of the world's largest brick buildings and notable for its original, lavish Art Deco interior fittings and decor; the structure remained unused for more than 30 years after its closure. The site was listed on the 2004 World Monuments Watch by the World Monuments Fund. Since the station's closure, redevelopment plans have been drawn up by successive site owners. In 2004, when a redevelopment project by Parkview International stalled, the site was sold to the administrators of Irish company Real Estate Opportunities, who bought it for £400 million in November 2006 with plans to refurbish the station for public use and build 3,400 homes on the site; this plan fell through due to REO's debt being called in by the state-owned banks of the UK and Ireland. The site was again put up for sale in December 2011 through commercial estate agent Knight Frank; the combination of an existing debt burden of some £750 million, the need to make a £200 million contribution to an extension to the London Underground, requirements to fund conservation of the derelict power station shell, the presence of a waste transfer station and cement plant on the river frontage made commercial development of the site a significant challenge.
Until the late 1930s electricity was supplied by municipal undertakings. These were small power companies that built power stations dedicated to a single industry or group of factories, sold any excess electricity to the public; these companies used differing standards of voltage and frequency. In 1925 Parliament decided that the power grid should be a single system with uniform standards and under public ownership. Several of the private power companies reacted to the proposal by forming the London Power Company, they planned to heed parliament's recommendations and build a small number of large stations. The London Power Company's first of these super power stations was planned for the Battersea area, on the south bank of the River Thames in London; the proposal was made in 1927, for a station built in two stages and capable of generating 400 megawatts of electricity when complete. The site chosen was a 15-acre plot of land, the site of the reservoirs for the former Southwark and Vauxhall Waterworks Company.
The site was chosen for its proximity to the River Thames for cooling water and coal delivery, because it was in the heart of London, the station's immediate supply area. The proposal sparked protests from those who felt that the building would be too large and would be an eyesore, as well as worries about the pollution damaging local buildings and paintings in the nearby Tate Gallery; the company addressed the former concern by hiring Sir Giles Gilbert Scott to design the building's exterior. He was a distinguished architect and industrial designer, famous for his designs for the red telephone box and Liverpool Anglican Cathedral, he subsequently designed another London power station, which now houses Tate Modern art gallery. The pollution issue was resolved by granting permission for the station on the condition that its emissions were to be treated, to ensure they were "clean and smokeless". Construction of the first phase began in March 1929; the main building work was carried out by John Mowlem & Co, the structural steelwork erection carried out by Sir William Arrol & Co.
Other contractors were employed for specialist tasks. Most of the electr
The Hyundai Delta family is the company's smaller V6 engine, ranging from 2.5 to 2.7 L. Both share both are DOHC designs; the G6BW/G6BVV is the 2.5 L. Output is 172 PS at 23.5 kg ⋅ m at 3750 rpm. It made its first appearance in the 1999 EF series Sonata; the G6BA/G6BAX/G6BAY is the larger 2.7 L. Output is 167 -- 180 PS at 25 kg ⋅ m of torque at 4000 rpm, it has aluminum DOHC cylinder heads. It uses Multi-port fuel injection, has 4 valves per cylinder, features powder metal-forged, fracture-split connecting rods. Hyundai Coupe Hyundai Grandeur Hyundai Sonata Hyundai Santa Fe Hyundai Tiburon Hyundai Trajet Hyundai Tucson Kia Sportage Kia Optima Oullim Spirra List of Hyundai engines
The Federal Route 102 known as Pos Betau–Lembah Bertam Road, is a 79.1-kilometre federal highway in Pahang, Malaysia. It is built as the third access road to the district of Cameron Highlands, Pahang after the Federal Route 59 and 185; the completion of the highway makes it possible for Pahangite motorists to visit Cameron Highlands without leaving the state of Pahang. The Kilometre Zero of the Federal Route 102 is located at Cameron Highlands. Cameron Highlands used to be only accessible via the old Route 59 from Perak; the Second East–West Highway FT185 became the most popular alternative to the narrow, winding FT59 old road. Despite of the completion of the newer FT185 highway, motorists from Pahang who wished to go to Cameron Highlands had to access the hill station from the outside of Pahang; the study of the need for a new direct highway to Cameron Highlands within Pahang was done in 1996. Construction started in 1999 and the highway was constructed in stages until it was completed in March 2010.
The Federal Route 102 was constructed at the total cost of RM806 million. When completed, the journey from Kuantan to Cameron Highlands has been shortened by 80 km compared to the same journey via the Second East-West Highway from Gua Musang, Kelantan. At most sections, the Federal Route 102 was built under the JKR R5 road standard, allowing maximum speed limit of up to 90 km/h