The Battle of Abritus known as the Battle of Forum Terebronii, occurred near Abritus in the Roman province of Moesia Inferior in the summer of 251. It was fought between the Romans and a federation of Gothic and Scythian tribesmen under the Gothic king Cniva; the Roman army of three legions was soundly defeated, Roman emperors Decius and his son Herennius Etruscus were both killed in battle. They became the first Roman emperors to be killed by a foreign enemy, it was one of the worst defeats suffered by the Roman Empire against Germanics, rated by the Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus as on par with the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest in 9 CE, the Marcomannic invasion of Roman Italy in 170, the Battle of Adrianople in 378. The defeat was a disaster for Rome; the emperors' deaths led to more political instability at home. The new Roman emperor Trebonianus Gallus was forced to allow the Goths to return home with their loot and prisoners; the barbarians would not be expelled from Roman territory until 271.
The long-debated location of Abritus was believed to have been established after the excavations published by T. Ivanov in 1969 and 1971; however recent work has shown that the location of the battle is about 15 kilometres northwest of Abritus, in the valley of the river Beli Lom, to the south of the village of Dryanovets near the site known locally as "Poleto". This is evidenced by the large number of Roman coins and arms including swords, spears, armour and military tentpoles found by archaeologists and local residents on the site which must be the last Roman camp. For example, in 1952 a pottery vessel was found at ‘Poleto’ containing about 30 aurei in mint condition dating from Gordian III to Trajan Decius. Soon after Decius ascended to the throne in 249, barbarian tribes invaded the Roman provinces of Dacia, Moesia Superior, Moesia Inferior. Two factors had contributed to growing unrest in the area north of the Danube. First, Decius' predecessor Philip the Arab had refused to continue payments, initiated by Emperor Maximinus Thrax in 238, of annual subsidies to the aggressive tribes of the region.
Second and more important, there were continuous movements of new peoples since the time of Emperor Severus Alexander. Decius may have taken with him troops from the Danube frontier, in order to depose Philip in 249, he had with him three legions: legio XIV Gemina from Carnuntum, legio IV Flavia Felix from Singidunum, legio VII Claudia from Viminacium and/or their vexillationes. The resultant military vacuum would attract invaders. In 250 a tribal coalition under Cniva crossed the Roman Danube frontier advancing in two columns. Whether these were consisted only of Goths is rather unlikely so the name "Scythians" by which the Greek sources called them seems more appropriate, it is quite possible that other people of Germanic and Sarmatian origin Roman deserters as well, had joined the invaders. However, the name of the king is indeed Gothic and genuine. Meanwhile the Carpi invaded Dacia, eastern Moesia Superior, western Moesia Inferior; the first column of Cniva's army, a detachment of about 20,000 or so led by the chieftains Argaith and Gunteric, besieged Marcianopolis, without success it seems.
They headed south to besiege Philippopolis. Cniva's main column of 70,000 under the King himself crossed the Danube at Oescus headed eastwards to Novae, where he was repelled by the provincial governor Trebonianus Gallus; the invaders headed south to plunder Nicopolis ad Istrum where Decius defeated them but not decisively. After these initial setbacks, the barbarians moved southwards through Haemus mountain and Decius pursued them to save Philippopolis; this time Decius' army was taken by surprise while resting at Beroe/Augusta Traiana. The Romans were defeated in the ensuing Battle of Beroe. Decius was forced to withdraw his army to the north at Oescus, leaving Cniva ample time to ravage Moesia and capture Philippopolis in the summer of 251, in part with the help of its commander, a certain Titus Julius Priscus who had proclaimed himself Emperor, it seems that Priscus, after receiving the news of the defeat at Beroe, thought that the Goths would spare him and the city. He was wrong and was killed when the city fell.
The Scythians began returning to their homeland, laden with booty and captives, among them many of senatorial rank. In the meantime, Decius had returned with his re-organized army, consisting of 80,000 men according to Dexippus, accompanied by his son Herennius Etruscus and the general Trebonianus Gallus, intending to defeat the invaders and recover the booty. Decius had lost a force of auxiliary soldiers according to Dexippus. Archaeology has revealed the presence of three legions at the battle. In either June, July, or August of 251, the Roman army engaged the Scythians under Cniva near Abritus; the strengths of the belligerent forces are unknown, but we know that Cniva divided his forces into three units, with one of these parts concealed behind a swamp. It seems that Cniva was a skilled tactician and that he was familiar with the surrounding terrain. Jordanes and Aurelius Victor claim that Herennius Etruscus was killed by an arrow during a skirmish before the battle but his father addressed his soldiers as if the loss of his son did not matter.
He said, "Let no one mourn. The death of one soldier is not a great loss to the
Deepak Ohri is an award-winning Indian entrepreneur, business leader, public speaker, guest lecturer, mentor. Most acclaimed as the architect of bridging the gap between food and beverage and hotel room experiences, his ground-breaking engineering of sustainable financial growth models for the luxury and hospitality industries have been employed by many establishments as a gold standard. Graduating from the Institute of Hotel Management and the Indian Institute of Management, he started his career at the Indian Tourism Development Corporation before working at some of the leading hotel groups in the world. Ohri's tenure has included high-profile hospitality groups Taj Hotels. In 2003 Ohri founded lebua Resorts. Having seen that guests were craving something more than the ‘standard hotel experience’ he set about transforming the hospitality offering. Starting with one single restaurant within the famous State Tower Bangkok, he took the reins of Challenge Hospitality, rebranding it as lebua and setting out to develop a complete hospitality destination that not only provided guests with a luxurious place to stay, but surpassed expectations by providing unparalleled guest experiences.
Today, the State Tower Bangkok houses two hotels and 11 restaurants and bars, including the famous Sky Bar where The Hangover Part II was shot. The brand now has properties two properties in India and one in New Zealand. 2019 World Travel Awards - World's Leading Travel Personality Asia’s Greatest Brands & Leaders – Global Asian of the Year 2018 Brand Vision Award 2018 - The Extraordinaire Award2013 The Stars of the Industry Group 2013 – THOUGHT LEADERS AWARD for Innovation in Hospitality2012 The Indira Group of Institutes, India The Achievers and Leaders Award, CMO Asia & Asian Confederation of Business2011 The Hospitality Asia Platinum Awards for 2011– 2013: The Best in Asia Entrepreneur of The Year Award2008 The Hospitality Asia Platinum Awards for 2008 – 2010: Most Enterprising Entrepreneur Award2007 Art of Travel the Ultimate Luxury Travel Book, Netherlands 2007/2008 – Entrepreneur of The Year Quality Award 2003 - 2019 INSEAD Business School of the World, Paris Harvard Kennedy School, USHarvard Business School New York Times International Luxury Conference WTTC, Brazil WTTC, Thailand WTTC, Spain Entrepreneurial Summit of IIM Bangalore, India India Conference, Harvard India Conference, Columbia Business School INSEAD Global Luxury Forum, SwitzerlandWorld Travel and Tourism Council, Japan Global Tourism Economy Forum, ChinaThe Economy Hotels World Asia Conference, Singapore Real Estate Funds and Emerging Markets Conference, NYCThe Financial Times Business of Luxury Summit, LAWorldwide TRI*M Conference, New YorkForbes Global CEO Conference, Singapore Cityscape Conference, SingaporeWorld Travel and Tourism Council Global Travel and Tourism Summit.
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Kōnār is an ethnic group from the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. They were traditionally held to be a pastoral community involved in cattle cultivation, who are otherwise known as Ayar and Idaiyar, who appear in the ancient Sangam literature as occupants of the Mullai.. However they have held positions such as kings and chieftains. According to Alf Hiltebeitel, Konar is a regional name for Yadava, the caste to which Krishna belongs; the caste name is interchangeable with the names Konar and Kovalar being derived from Tamil word Kōn, which can mean "king" and "herdsmen". The word might be derived from the from a herdsman's staff; the Tamil word kōl means a king's sceptre. The word Ayar might be derived from the Tamil word Aa; the term idai might refer to the Mullai region, being an intermediate zone between two other Sangam landscapes called Kurinji and Marutham, but reflected their intermediate socio-economic status. Idaiyar remains the most used word in Tamil for a cow-herder, another name for Ayars was pothuvar, meaning common.
According to medieval inscriptions, the Konars are mentioned as Nandaputras of Yadava lineage.. The Ay rulers claimed they belonged to the line of the Ayar. Koviar Notes Citations
Westwood Hospital was a health facility in The Woodlands, East Riding of Yorkshire, England. Both the original block and the gateway are Grade II listed buildings; the hospital has its origins in the Beverley Union Workhouse, designed by John and William Atkinson and opened in 1861. An infirmary was added in 1893 and the entrance arch was completed in 1895, it became the Beverley Public Assistance Institution in 1930 and joined the National Health Service as Westwood Hospital in 1948. After services transferred to the East Riding Community Hospital in July 2012, Westwood Hospital and the buildings were redeveloped for residential use by PJ Livesey as Westwood Park
The ABC of Sex Education for Trainables is a 1975 short educational film hosted by Richard Dix. It was intended to inform people about the need to educate the mentally disabled about sex and sexuality. Reflecting the views held at the time, the film explains that "trainables" cannot learn in the same manner as those of normal intelligence, but must instead be trained through repetition; the 20 minute video places a high priority on teaching the intellectually disabled about sex so that they will not make inappropriate sexual comments, expose parts of their bodies, masturbate in public, be involved in unplanned pregnancies, or become victims of rape or molestation. It notes that the goal of teachers should be to explain sexuality in a factual manner, that views of sexual morality vary between families and should therefore be left for parents to teach; the movie is used in "the Sex Lesson", an episode of The Residents' video series Timmy. The onscreen credits acknowledge that narration was provided by Richard Dix and that dramatic sequences were provided by William Block, M.
D. Beverly Camp, Rick Fullerton, Peter Green, Michael Kowalski, Ellen Moats, George Murray, Aaron Orenstein, Christopher Reidy, Murray Zeligman, members and staff of the Ronald Bruce Nippon Assoc. and Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania. The opening sequence is of a girl walking down the street, she is approached by a man in a car who plays with her hair. She gets in the back seat of his car and rides away. A group of teachers are in a workshop together; the instructor encourages the teachers to yell out different slang terms for the penis while she writes them on a chalkboard. This is intended to make the teachers more comfortable with the words so that they will not be embarrassed to teach mentally disabled children about sex. A man sits with a mentally disabled young man and explains to him about how penises become erect using several drawings. A man comes into a boy's bedroom; the boy replies: "I'm all wet and sticky!". The man proceeds to explain to the boy what a wet dream says he will help him clean up.
A woman discovers him masturbating. She explains to him that it is good that he is doing it in private, that it feels good, that someday she and he will have to talk about it and leaves the room. In 2001, DVD Talk reviewed the Fantoma Films "Educational Archives" series, Sex & Drugs, noted The ABCs of Sex Education for Trainables as among those included, writing the film had the "impact of Freaks" and that it was intended to "guide teachers in mental institutions, who must try to train those patients considered'trainable', to know enough about their bodies and sex to neither be anti-social nor victimized in public." They commented upon the film addressing the issues directly by its showing "some dedicated teachers taking on a tough job." When they reviewed the DVD compilation "Educational Archives" School Locker in 2006, they made note that collections of educational films from Fantoma "included the best of the best in educational films", that it was "hard to top marvels like The ABCs of Sex Education for Trainables," and that while this compilation was not without merit, "it pales in comparison with the earlier releases."DVD Verdict wrote that the film was "the flip side of all those sex education films directed at children", in how the "well-meaning short teaches teachers how to handle sex education for "retardates," or the developmentally disabled."
They noted that the film tended to be more graphic when compared to the other films included on the "Educational Archives" series, Sex & Drugs, though it tried "very hard to take its subject seriously. It comes across as surreal."Digitally Obsessed wrote that the ABC of Sex Education for Trainables was "produced by Planned Parenthood to train teachers of developmentally-challenged young adults about their bodies and the place of sexual relations in society." They noted that the film had a few scenes considered as humorous, but that the film "actually does the best job of dealing with the issues of sex in context with society," in how it dealt with such issues as anatomy, aspects of normal development and sexual maturity, the appropriateness of public masturbation, being aware of exploitation, with the subjects "handled with tact and matter of factness." They concluded that stylistic problems aside, the film was "quite an interesting piece on what would present a real challenge to those caring for developmentally-challenged individuals, their responsibilities as sexual beings."
And that of the films making up the compilation, it was "the most educational, least condescending sex education film of the lot." List of American films of 1975 "The ABC of Sex Education for Trainables" at Google Video The ABC's of Sex Education for Trainable Persons on IMDb The ABC of Sex Education for Trainables on YouTubeModern resourcesCoren, C. "Teenagers with Mental Disability Lack Reproductive Education and Knowledge. Doi:10.1363/3518703
S. Venkatesan known as Su. Venkatesan is a Tamil writer from Tamil Nadu and Tamil Nadu State Committee member of CPI, his debutant novel Kavalkottam published in 2008 was awarded the Sahitya Akademi Award for Tamil in 2011. The film Aravaan is based on it, his second novel'Veera Yuga Nayagan Velpari' was serialised in Tamil popular magazine Ananda Vikatan.'Veera Yuga Nayagan Velpari' is the second Novel after Ponniyin Selvan to make a big craze between the readers at that time. He is the general secretary of the Tamil Nadu Progressive Artists Association. S. Venkatesan contested as CPI candidate in the General elections 2019 from Madurai, he was elected to the Lok Sabha with a margin of 1.39 Lakhs of votes. S. Venkatesan joined in the communist CPI movement. A firebrand politician, S. Venkatesan Member of Parliament Madurai In 2010, his historical novel'Kaval Kottam' received the Fiction Award from The Tamil Literary Garden, Canada; the next year, it got him the prestigious Sahitya Academy Award on the following year