Battle of Champion Hill

The Battle of Champion Hill, fought May 16, 1863, was the pivotal battle in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War. Union Army commander Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and the Army of the Tennessee pursued the retreating Confederate States Army, under Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton and defeated his army twenty miles to the east of Vicksburg, leading to the Siege of Vicksburg and surrender; the battle is known as Baker's Creek. Following the Union occupation of Jackson, Mississippi, on May 14, both Confederate and Federal forces made plans for future operations. General Joseph E. Johnston, commanding all Confederate forces in Mississippi, retreated with most of his army up the Canton Road. However, he ordered Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton, commanding three divisions totaling about 23,000 men, to leave Edwards Station and attack the Federals at Clinton. Pemberton and his generals felt that Johnston's plan was to result in disaster and decided instead to attack the Union supply trains moving from Grand Gulf to Raymond.

On May 16, Pemberton received another message from Johnston repeating his former orders. Pemberton had started after the supply trains and was on the Raymond-Edwards Road, with his rear at a crossroads one-third mile south of the crest of Champion Hill; when he obediently ordered a countermarch, his rear, including his supply wagons, had become the vanguard of his attack. Around 7 am on May 16, Union forces engaged the Battle of Champion Hill began. Pemberton's force formed into a three-mile -long defensive line that ran southwest to northeast along a crest of a ridge overlooking Jackson Creek. Grant wrote in his Personal Memoirs, "... where Pemberton had chosen his position to receive us, whether taken by accident or design, was well selected. It is one of the highest points in that section, commanded all the ground in the range." Pemberton was unaware that one of the three Union columns was moving along the Jackson Road against his unprotected left flank on Champion Hill. Pemberton posted Brig. Gen. Stephen D. Lee's Alabama brigade on Champion Hill where they could watch for a Union column reported moving on the crossroads.

Lee soon spotted they in turn saw him. If the enemy force was not stopped, it would cut the Confederates off from their Vicksburg base. Pemberton was sent troops to defend his left flank. Union forces at the Champion House moved into action and their artillery began firing; when Grant arrived at Champion Hill at about 10:00 a.m. he ordered an attack to begin. John A. McClernand's corps attacked on the left and James B. McPherson's on the right. William T. Sherman's corps was well behind departing from Jackson. By 11:30 a.m. the Union forces had reached the Confederate's main line. At 1:00 p.m. they took the crest, the troops from Carter L. Stevenson's division retiring in disorder. McPherson's corps swept forward, closing the Jackson Road escape route; the division of John S. Bowen counterattacked in support of Stevenson, pushing the Federals back beyond the Champion Hill crest before their surge was halted. However, they were too few to hold the position. Pemberton directed William W. Loring to send forces from the southern area of the line, where they were only engaged with McClernand's ineffective attack, to reinforce the Hill.

However, Loring refused citing a strong Union presence to his front. Grant now counterattacked, committing his forces that had just arrived from Clinton by way of Bolton. Pemberton's men could not resist this assault, he ordered his men to use the one escape route still open, the Raymond Road crossing of Bakers Creek. By now, Loring had decided to obey Pemberton's order and was marching toward the fighting by a circuitous route that kept them out of action. Brig. Gen. Lloyd Tilghman's brigade formed the rearguard and held at all costs, including the death of Tilghman, killed by artillery fire. Late in the afternoon, Grant's troops seized the Bakers Creek Bridge, by midnight they had occupied Edwards; the Confederates fell back to a defensive position at the Big Black River in front of Vicksburg. The Battle of Big Black River Bridge the next day would be the final chance for Pemberton to escape. Champion Hill was a decisive Union victory. In his Personal Memoirs, Grant observed, "While a battle is raging, one can see his enemy mowed down by the thousand, or the ten thousand, with great composure.

McClernand's casualties were low on the Union left flank. The Confederates suffered about 3,800 casualties. According to diarist William Eddington, so many Confederate horses had been killed, Union soldiers couldn't approach the abandoned batteries; the Confederates' effective loss included most of Loring's division, which had marched off on its own to join Joseph E. Johnston in Jackson. A 4,000 acres area was listed as the Champion Hill Battlefield on the National Register of Historic Places in 1971; the listing covered 4,000 acres including three contributing buildings, one contributing site, one contributing object. It was further designated a National Historic Landmark District in 1977, it is located about 3 miles southwest of Mississippi. Large sections of the battlefield remain well preserved, includin

Jason Morrison (radio broadcaster)

Jason Morrison is a conservative Australian talk radio presenter and newspaper columnist. Morrison was raised in Hornsby, a suburb of Sydney's North, he is Catholic. He trained at 2GB in a journalism cadetship programme in 1990 and qualified at the Australian Film Television and Radio School. Morrison has spoken of working for Dick Smith Electronics as a salesman while working in radio to boost his income, he did not complete the degree. Morrison's media career started with 2GB in 1989 at the age of 17 as a newsroom cadet and he has subsequently covered news and current affairs in all parts of the country and around the world. In 1998, Morrison was appointed Director of News at 2GB and remains the youngest person to have held that position. Between 2008 and 2010, Morrison presented the Drivetime afternoon shift where he held second-place in the market but never broke to number one, he was the regular alternate for Alan Jones for several years and during an extended stint in Jones' breakfast shift out-rated him.

Morrison told the Sydney Morning Herald at the time "it was luck and anyone who thinks otherwise is kidding themselves". Jones remarked "I'm not surprised, Jason is hugely talented and one day I won't be here so it's in good hands". In December 2010, Morrison announced that he would be leaving his position at 2GB as host of Drive and move to rival 2UE, it was speculated that he had a falling out with fellow presenter Ray Hadley which Morrison denied, "Ray is just being competitive about me leaving. What do you expect him to say, tune in and listen to him. We got on fine". After three years at 2UE, Jason's contract was terminated at the end of 2013, after being told his conservative views and style did not fit with the future ideological direction of the Fairfax Media owned radio station; the decision was considered a shock and prompted wide discussion in the media, including by direct rival Ben Fordham who said "2UE has rocks in their heads for getting rid of Morrison". Fordham offered Morrison a segment on his show which he accepted.

It was reported Morrison was sanctioned for criticising the board of Fairfax for refusing to allow Gina Rinehart to take up a board position though she was the largest single shareholder. The remarks resulted in legal action against Morrison, dropped, it was reported Morrison fell out with 2UE management after siding with controversial presenter Michael Smith who left the station after being prevented from broadcasting allegations about Julia Gillard's associations with the Australian Workers Union. Morrison was chief of staff at the Sydney newsroom of Network Ten for five years from 2000, he was promoted to Editor but left a year to return to radio. He appears in short opinion slots of various national morning television shows including Sunrise, he is a regular panelist on Paul Murray Live on Sky News Live. In 2014, Morrison began working as an advisor to Australia's richest person Gina Rinehart. Morrison attempted to gain pre-selection to run as a Liberal Party candidate for the safe seat of Ku-ring-gai ahead of the 2015 NSW state election, but was unsuccessful.

In 2005 while broadcasting on 2GB, Morrison described Sydney Islamic activist Keysar Trad as a "gutless and a disgraceful and dangerous individual who incited racism and violence". Trad sued Morrison for defamation. Morrison and 2GB stood by the remarks. Morrison further described Trad as "typical of people who run around smearing others and the moment they are criticised, run to the courts"; the case was won by Morrison and 2GB and described in the media as Australia's longest running defamation case after it went to the NSW Supreme Court, the NSW Court of Appeal, the High Court of Australia. Trad was ordered to pay more than $500,000 in costs. In 2015, Morrison made international news when he told a leading British Islamic scholar he was "unfit for civilised society. You are uncivilised" during a televised debate on Al Jazeera; the exchange took place during a debate about freedom of the press following the terrorist attack on Charlie Hebdo magazine. Morrison argued that people who thought the publishers had brought the attack on themselves: "So, spare me the justification garbarge for these terrorists being upset and just responding to provocation.

If you think they were slightly justified for killing people who drew some pictures I'm afraid you are over in their column." In 2007, Morrison received the Brian White Memorial award recognising sustained journalistic achievement. In 2009 he again received the same award, the only time it has been awarded to the same person twice. Morrison lives in Carlingford, he has two children. He joined the staff of the Sydney Daily Telegraph in December 2013 as a columnist. Morrison is a contributor to New Zealand radio station Radio Live, he is a founding director of the medical charity Biaggio Signorelli Foundation. He holds an amateur radio licence and has built the studios of two community radio stations as a hobby. Jason Morrison's Twitter feed

Jared H. Gay House

The Jared H. Gay House is a log house located Route 2, 128th Avenue, in Crystal Valley, Michigan, it was designated a Michigan State Historic Site in 1987 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1989. Jared H. Gay was born in New York in 1830, he moved west to operate sawmills in Lyons and Fulton, Ohio in 1857 moved to Muskegon to operate a blacksmith's shop. In 1861, Gay arrived in Crystal Valley as a government-appointed blacksmith, serving the local Ottawa and Chippewa population in accordance with the recent treaty, signed in 1855. There he and his wife Catherine built this house; the Gays were the first European settlers in what is now Crystal Township, were instrumental in the early development of the area around Crystal Valley. Jared Gay worked as the government blacksmith until about 1865. After this, he ran a blacksmith shop located across the street from the house until the shop burned in 1877. By that time, the Gays had begun operating a small sawmill, had platted out the village of Crystal Valley.

In 1882, they moved out of this log structure. In 1902, the Gays sold the property. Mark and Calla Krieger purchased the house in 1954, renovated it as a weekend home, they lived there until at least 1989. The Jared H. Gay House is two-story structure, measuring 20 feet by 30 feet, built of squared and notched logs on a fieldstone foundation, it is built with a gable roof covered with asphalt shingles. The gables are covered with clapboard. A single story wing is attached. Additionally, the original front facade with two entrances and two double hung windows was updated to a single entrance with sidelights and a pair of double hung windows; the interior was divided up into four equal-sized rooms on the first floor, with a steep narrow staircase leading to the second floor. This has been remodeled into a single large room with a more modern staircase