The Battle of Fort Henry was fought on February 6, 1862, in Donelson Middle Tennessee, during the American Civil War. It was the first important victory for the Union and Brig. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in the Western Theater. On February 4 and 5, Grant landed two divisions just north of Fort Henry on the Tennessee River. Grant's plan was to advance upon the fort on February 6 while it was being attacked by Union gunboats commanded by Flag Officer Andrew Hull Foote. A combination of accurate and effective naval gunfire, heavy rain, the poor siting of the fort, nearly inundated by rising river waters, caused its commander, Brig. Gen. Lloyd Tilghman, to surrender to Foote before the Union Army arrived; the surrender of Fort Henry opened the Tennessee River to Union traffic south of the Alabama border. In the days following the fort's surrender, from February 6 through February 12, Union raids used ironclad boats to destroy Confederate shipping and railroad bridges along the river. On February 12, Grant's army proceeded overland 12 miles to engage with Confederate troops in the Battle of Fort Donelson.
In early 1861 the critical border state of Kentucky had declared neutrality in the American Civil War. This neutrality was first violated on September 3, when Confederate Brig. Gen. Gideon J. Pillow, acting on orders from Maj. Gen. Leonidas Polk, occupied Columbus, Kentucky; the riverside town was situated on 180 foot high bluffs that commanded the river at that point, where the Confederates installed 140 large guns, underwater mines and a heavy chain that stretched a mile across the Mississippi River to Belmont, while occupying the town with 17,000 Confederate troops, thus cutting off northern commerce to the south and beyond. Two days Union Brig. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, displaying the personal initiative that would characterize his career, seized Paducah, Kentucky, a major transportation hub of rail and port facilities at the mouth of the Tennessee River. Henceforth, neither adversary respected Kentucky's proclaimed neutrality, the Confederate advantage was lost; the buffer zone that Kentucky provided between the North and the South was no longer available to assist in the defense of Tennessee.
By early 1862, a single general, Albert Sidney Johnston, commanded all the Confederate forces from Arkansas to the Cumberland Gap, but his forces were spread too thinly over a wide defensive line. Johnston's left flank was Polk, in Columbus with 12,000 men. Forts Henry and Donelson were the sole positions defending the important Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers, respectively. If these rivers were opened to Union military traffic, two direct invasion paths would lead into Tennessee and beyond; the Union military command in the West suffered from a lack of unified command, were organized into three separate departments: the Department of Kansas, under Maj. Gen. David Hunter. By January 1862, the disunity was apparent because they could not agree on a strategy for operations in the Western Theater. Buell, under political pressure to invade and hold pro-Union eastern Tennessee, moved in the direction of Nashville. In Halleck's department, Grant moved up the Tennessee River to divert attention from Buell's intended advance, which did not occur.
Halleck and the other generals in the West were coming under political pressure from President Abraham Lincoln to participate in a general offensive by Washington's birthday. Despite his tradition of caution, Halleck reacted positively to Grant's proposal to move against Fort Henry. Halleck hoped that this would improve his standing in relation to Buell. Halleck and Grant were concerned about rumors that Confederate General P. G. T. Beauregard would soon arrive with 15 Confederate regiments. On January 30, 1862, Halleck authorized Grant to take Fort Henry. Grant wasted no time, leaving Cairo, Illinois, at the confluence of the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers, on February 2, his invasion force, which arrived on the Tennessee River on February 4 and 5, consisted of 15–17,000 men in two divisions, commanded by Brig. Gens. John A. McClernand and Charles F. Smith, the Western Gunboat Flotilla, commanded by United States Navy Flag Officer Andrew Hull Foote; the flotilla included four ironclad gunboats under Foote's direct command, three timberclad gunboats under Lt. Seth Ledyard Phelps.
Insufficient transport ships this early in the war to deliver all of the army troops in a single operation required two trips upriver to reach the fort. Fort Henry was a five-sided, open-bastioned earthen structure covering 10 acres on the eastern bank of the Tennessee River, near Kirkman's Old Landing; the site was about one mile above Panther Creek and about six miles below the mouth of the Big Sandy River and Standing Rock Creek. In May 1861, Isham G. Harris, the governor of Tennessee, appointed the state's attorney, Daniel S. Donelson, as a brigadier general and directed him to build fortifications on the rivers of Middle Tennessee. Donelson found suitable sites, but they were within the borders of Kentucky, still a neutral state at that time. Moving upriver, just inside the Tennessee border, Donelson selected the site of the fort on the Cumberland River that would bear his
The Eno River, named for the Eno Indians who once lived along its banks, is the initial tributary of the Neuse River in North Carolina, USA. The Eno rises in Orange County; the river's watershed occupies most of Durham counties. The Eno converges with the Flat and Little Rivers to form the Neuse at Falls Lake, which straddles Durham and Wake counties; the Eno is notable for its beauty and water quality, preserved through aggressive citizen efforts. Though more than forty miles from its source to its convergence at the Neuse, the Eno features significant stretches of natural preservation. Through the combined efforts of the North Carolina State Parks System, local government, private non-profit preservation groups, over 5,600 acres of land have been protected in the Eno Basin, including Occoneechee Mountain State Natural Area, Eno River State Park, West Point on the Eno, Penny's Bend State Nature Preserve. Permitted recreational activities include swimming, fishing, canoeing and backcountry camping.
Individual and group campsites are available. List of North Carolina rivers Eno River State Park West Point on the Eno Eno River Association Eno River State Park Occoneechee Mountain State Natural Area Penny's Bend State Nature Preserve West Point on the Eno - Durham City Park
Ronald John Oester is a former Major League Baseball second baseman. He played his entire MLB career with the Cincinnati Reds from 1978 to 1990, he is a native of Cincinnati. Drafted by the Cincinnati Reds in the 9th round of the 1974 MLB amateur draft, Oester made his debut with the Reds on September 10, 1978, appeared in his final game on October 3, 1990, he finished fourth in the Rookie of the Year voting in 1980. Oester was one of the few major leaguers, he perpetually developed blisters on his hands, according to teammates, they would develop into deep wounds on his palms. In 1984 Oester had a career best 21 game hitting streak. In 1985 he had a.295 batting average, a career high. On July 5, 1987, during a Mets-Reds game at Riverfront Stadium, the New York Mets' Mookie Wilson slid hard into second base during a double-play attempt. During the slide, playing second, collided with Wilson, his cleats got caught in the turf, he tore his left ACL. Oester did not return to action until July 16, 1988.
For his comeback from this injury, Oester earned the Hutch Award. Oester was a member of the Cincinnati Reds team that defeated the Oakland Athletics in the 1990 World Series. Although he lost the starting second baseman job to Mariano Duncan that season, Oester was one of the team's top pinch hitters, hitting.299 that season and going 2-for-4 in the postseason. His final major league plate appearance was a hit that drove in Joe Oliver in Game 2 of the 1990 World Series, keeping the Reds in the game, a game they would go on to win in 10 innings. Bill James described him as "a quiet, efficient player, always overlooked". Oester ended his career with a WAR of 10.9 and a batting average of.265 In 2001, while serving as the Reds third base coach, Oester was offered the job of manager of the club. As the offer was below the market average, Oester turned it down. Withrow High School, which Oester attended and renamed its field in honor of him. Oester was inducted into the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame in 2014 List of Major League Baseball players who spent their entire career with one franchise Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference, or Retrosheet Ron Oester at Pura Pelota