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Battle of Fredericksburg

The Battle of Fredericksburg was fought December 11–15, 1862, in and around Fredericksburg, Virginia, in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War. The combat, between the Union Army of the Potomac commanded by Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia under General Robert E. Lee, was part of the Union Army's futile frontal attacks on December 13 against entrenched Confederate defenders on the heights behind the city, it is remembered as one of the most one-sided battles of the war, with Union casualties more than twice as heavy as those suffered by the Confederates. A visitor to the battlefield described the battle to U. S. President Abraham Lincoln as a "butchery". Burnside's plan was to cross the Rappahannock River at Fredericksburg in mid-November and race to the Confederate capital of Richmond before Lee's army could stop him. Bureaucratic delays prevented Burnside from receiving the necessary pontoon bridges in time and Lee moved his army to block the crossings.

When the Union army was able to build its bridges and cross under fire, direct combat within the city resulted on December 11–12. Union troops prepared to assault Confederate defensive positions south of the city and on a fortified ridge just west of the city known as Marye's Heights. On December 13, the Left Grand Division of Maj. Gen. William B. Franklin was able to pierce the first defensive line of Confederate Lt. Gen. Stonewall Jackson to the south, but was repulsed. Burnside ordered the Center Grand Divisions of Maj. Gens. Edwin V. Sumner and Joseph Hooker to launch multiple frontal assaults against Lt. Gen. James Longstreet's position on Marye's Heights – all were repulsed with heavy losses. On December 15, Burnside withdrew his army, ending another failed Union campaign in the Eastern Theater. In November 1862, U. S. President Abraham Lincoln needed to demonstrate the success of the Union war effort before the Northern public lost confidence in his administration. Confederate armies had been on the move earlier in invading Kentucky and Maryland.

Although each had been turned back, those armies remained capable of further action. Lincoln urged Major General Ulysses S. Grant to advance against the Confederate stronghold of Vicksburg, Mississippi, he replaced Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell with Maj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans, hoping for a more aggressive posture against the Confederates in Tennessee, on November 5, seeing that his replacement of Buell had not stimulated Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan into action, he issued orders to replace McClellan in command of the Army of the Potomac in Virginia. McClellan had stopped General Robert E. Lee's forces at the Battle of Antietam in Maryland, but had not been able to destroy Lee's army, nor did he pursue Lee back into Virginia aggressively enough for Lincoln. McClellan's replacement was the commander of the IX Corps. Burnside had established a reputation as an independent commander, with successful operations earlier that year in coastal North Carolina and, unlike McClellan, had no apparent political ambitions.

However, he felt himself objected when offered the position. He accepted only when it was made clear to him that McClellan would be replaced in any event and that an alternative choice for command was Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker, whom Burnside disliked and distrusted. Burnside assumed command on November 7. In response to prodding from Lincoln and general-in-chief Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck, Burnside planned a late fall offensive; the plan relied on quick deception. He would concentrate his army in a visible fashion near Warrenton, feigning a movement on Culpeper Court House, Orange Court House or Gordonsville, he would rapidly shift his army southeast and cross the Rappahannock River to Fredericksburg, hoping that Lee would not move, unclear as to Burnside's intentions, while the Union Army made a rapid movement against Richmond, south along the Richmond and Potomac Railroad from Fredericksburg. Burnside selected this plan because he was concerned that if he were to move directly south from Warrenton, he would be exposed to a flanking attack from Lt. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson, whose corps was at that time in the Shenandoah Valley south of Winchester.

He believed that the Orange and Alexandria Railroad would be an inadequate supply line. While Burnside began assembling a supply base at Falmouth, near Fredericksburg, the Lincoln administration undertook a lengthy debate about the wisdom of his plan, which differed from the president's preference of a movement south on the O&A and a direct confrontation with Lee's army instead of the movement focused on the city of Richmond. Lincoln reluctantly approved the plan on November 14 but cautioned his general to move with great speed doubting that Lee would react as Burnside anticipated; the Union Army began marching on November 15, the first elements arrived in Falmouth on November 17. Burnside's plan went awry—he had ordered pontoon bridges to be sent to the front and assembled for his quick crossing of the Rappahannock, but because of administrative bungling, the bridges did not arrive on time. Burnside first requisitioned the pontoon bridging on November 7 when he detailed his plan to Halleck.

The plan was sent to the attention of Brig. Gen. George Washington Cullum, the chief of staff in Washington (

Allan Svensson

Dan Allan Waldemar Svensson, known as Allan Svensson is a Swedish actor mostly known for his role as Gustav Svensson in the hit comedy series Svensson, Svensson. Besides acting in films, television and on stage, Svensson owns and runs the film production company Ridåfall AB. Svensson grew up in Tranemo, Sweden. At the age of seventeen he started high school studies. At the end of the 1970s, Svensson enrolled for acting studies at Skara Skolscen and at Teaterhögskolan in Gothenburg, his first television role was as Erik in Hedebyborna. He has worked as part of the Stockholm stadsteater ensemble, acted in films and on television and directed; the theatre and television roles have varied, from playing Cyrano at Oscarsteatern to playing the everyday stereotypical Swede Gustav Svensson in the SVT comedy show Svensson and the role of RF Simpson in the Swedish version of the musical Singing in the Raun at Oscarsteatern. During the summer of 2007, Svensson performed on stage comedy shows in Växjö in the play Kuta och Kör where he had the lead role.

In 2007, Svensson played Santa Claus on Julkalendern on SVT. In 2008 he acted in the TV4 miniseries Maria Wern – Främmande fågel alongside Eva Röse. In November 2013, Svensson revealed that he was to play "Kapten Klänning" more known as Göran Lindberg a former police chief, imprisoned in 2010 for sexually abusing a number of women; the play "Fallet Kapten Klänning" was performed at Uppsala Stadsteater in Uppsala. In the summer of 2014 Svensson and Robert Gustafsson will work together in the play "Charmörer på vift" at the Krusenstiernska outside theater. Linda Olsson will appear in the play as the love interest of both the men as "Yvette". 1978: Hedebyborna 1985: August Strindberg ett liv 1986: Hassel – Anmäld försvunnen 1986: Mästerdetektiven Basil Mus 1986: Resan till Amerika 1986: Sammansvärjningen 1987: Saxofonhallicken 1988: Strul 1988: Kråsnålen 1989: Tre kärlekar 1990: Den svarta cirkeln 1990: Bernard och Bianca i Australien 1991: Agnes Cecilia – en sällsam historia 1991: Resan till Amerika - Fievel i vilda västern 1992: Kejsarn av Portugallien 1994: Svensson, Svensson 1994: Tummelisa 1994: Bert 1995: Sommaren 1995: Bert: The Last Virgin 1996: Vinterviken 1996: Svensson, Svensson 1997: Svensson, Svensson - film 1998: Resan till Amerika - Skatten på Manhattan 1999: Asterix och Obelix möter Caesar 1999: Resan till Amerika - Mysteriet med nattmonstret 1999: Jakten på en mördare 2000: Hassel - Förgörarna 2000: Hjärta av sten 2000: Kejsarens nya stil 2001: Harry Potter och de vises sten 2002: Monsters, Inc. 2002: Asterix & Obelix: Uppdrag Kleopatra 2002: Ice Age 2002: Harry Potter och Hemligheternas kammare 2003: Håkan Bråkan 2004: The Incredibles 2004: Kogänget 2004: Harry Potter och fången från Azkaban 2005: God morgon alla barn 2005: Harry Potter och den flammande bägaren 2005: Wallander - Bröderna 2005: Kejsarens nya stil 2 - Kronks nya stil 2006: Tusenbröder - Återkomsten 2006: Göta kanal 2 – Kanalkampen 2007: Svensson, Svensson 2007: Harry Potter och Fenixorden 2007: En riktig jul 2008: Svensson, Svensson 2008: Maria Wern - Främmande fågel 2008: Oskyldigt dömd 2008: Asterix på olympiaden 2010: Maria Wern - Stum sitter guden 2010: Maria Wern - Alla de stillsamma döda 2011: Åsa-Nisse - wälkom to Knohult 2011: Stockholm - Båstad 2011: Maria Wern - Må döden sova 2011: Svensson, Svensson - i nöd och lust 2011: Tintins äventyr: Enhörningens hemlighet 2012: Modig 2012: Gustafsson 3 tr 2012: Asterix & Obelix och britterna 2012: De fem legenderna 2013: That Boy Emil 2013: Monsters University

Sticky Fingers (band)

Sticky Fingers is a reggae/indie rock band formed in 2008 in Sydney, Australia. The band consists of Paddy Cornwall, Seamus Coyle, Beaker Best and Freddy Crabs. Former band member Taras Hrubyj-Piper left the band in 2009, shortly after their debut EP Helping Hand was released, they have released four studio albums: Caress Your Soul, Land of Pleasure and Yours to Keep as well as three EP's: Helping Hand, Extended Play, Happy Endings. Their third album was the first album to debut and appear at number 1 on the Australian Albums Chart. On 5 December 2016 the band announced they would be going on an indefinite hiatus in February, due to several internal issues. On 26 March 2018, the band announced their return via their instagram account; the band was formed after Cornwall and Best saw Frost busking outside of the Coopers Hotel in Newtown. In 2009, Sticky Fingers played their first live show and released their debut EP titled Helping Hand; the EP showcases the early sound of Sticky Fingers, reggae driven, includes the songs "Inspirational" and "Juicy Ones" which were re-recorded for their Extended Play EP.

The EP credits Taras Hrubyj-Piper for guitar and keyboard work, as well as Caroline De Dear and rapper Mute Mc for vocal work on the song "Lyrical Stoka". Sticky Fingers released the Extended Play EP in October 2010, the acoustic EP Happy Endings in October 2011. After having their applications to play the Newtown Festival rejected on two consecutive occasions, in 2010, Sticky Fingers set up their own DIY stage in a friend's backyard nearby on the day of the festival; the renegade performance caught the attention of promoters, notably, producer Dan Hume, who would go on to produce their next 3 records. Sticky Fingers went on to headline Newtown Festival the next year. Caress Your Soul, the band's debut album, was released in March 2013 and reached number 39 in the Australian Albums Chart; the band's second album Land of Pleasure reached number 3 on the Australian Albums Chart when it released in August 2014. The band has not only gained popularity in Australia, but became popular in countries such as France, New Zealand, the Netherlands and the UK.

The band postponed their 2015 European tour due to personal reasons. Their third album Westway was recorded over the course of a month in Karma Sound Studios, Bang Saray, Thailand in early 2016 and was released on 30 September 2016. Frost and Cornwall wrote the lyrics of the album and two songs, "Something Strange" featuring Australian rapper Remi and "Amillionite", were recorded in Sydney; the album debuted at number one on the Australian Albums Chart, making it the band's first number-one Australian album. On 5 December 2016, the band announced through a Facebook post that they were going on an indefinite hiatus; that day, Dylan Frost posted a Facebook status on the band's page apologising for his recent racist outbursts and announcing he struggles with alcohol addiction and mental health issues. On 6 December 2016, an article published by The Sydney Morning Herald detailed further events leading to the hiatus. Frost was physically threatening to indigenous singer Thelma Plum after an incident at a Sydney pub where he spat on her.

Plum had referenced an earlier episode in July 2016 when Frost shouted racist taunts at indigenous metal band Dispossessed as they spoke about the abuse of children at the Don Dale Youth Detention Centre. On 26 March 2018, the band used their Instagram account to post an image of the five members together, with the caption "Look who's back", signalling a return from their hiatus. On 30 March they played at Bad Friday, a neighborhood music festival held in Sydney's Inner West. On 13 April 2018, they released a comeback single, "Kick On", announced a June 2018 world tour with shows in Australia, the United States, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, New Zealand and Indonesia; this tour includes a performance at Sydney. When asked where the band got their reggae vibe from, bassist Paddy Cornwall stated, Sydney'Rock Steady Reggae got soul band'King Tide' were a huge influence on'Sticky Fingers' opening for King Tide many times. On the band let King Tide open for them on their sold out run off Enmore theater gigs.

That said, You know Dizza is rocking his Kiwi roots from Auckland, you know Seamus loves his rock'n' roll, me and Beaks just do our thing on the rhythm section." The band has stated their psychedelic reggae music has been influenced by bands such as The Clash, Pink Floyd and the Arctic Monkeys."A melting pot of reggae and bourbon. Hypnotising you into a swaying trance punching you in the face for dancing like a hippy, their borderline contradictory fusion of flavours speaks to every walk of life, it's this multiplicity which makes the world their oyster."