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Battle of Kham Duc

The Battle of Kham Duc was a major battle of the Vietnam War. The event occurred in Khâm Đức, now district capital of Khâm Đức District in Quảng Tín Province, from 10–12 May 1968. During the Tet Offensive of 1968, the People's Army of Vietnam 2nd Division tried to capture Đà Nẵng, but they were defeated in the Battle of Lo Giang by elements of the U. S. 1st Marine Division, the 23rd Infantry Division. PAVN General Chu Huy Mân decided to disengage from the fight in the outskirts of the city, pull the 2nd Division into the mountains where they could rest and prepare for the next major operation. Khâm Đức, a small district in the north of Quảng Tín, was chosen as the next target for the 2nd Division. Following their defeat at Đà Nẵng, U. S. military intelligence agencies in I Corps Tactical Zone were confused by the movements of the 2nd Division, because they could not track down the unit. During March and April, U. S. military intelligence began to detect elements of the PAVN 2nd Division moving towards Khâm Đức, but their opponent's true intentions were unknown.

In response to what could be a major attack, General William Westmoreland decided to build up the defenses of the Khâm Đức Special Forces, by sending in U. S. Army engineers to upgrade the local airstrip for sustained use by large transport aircraft, as well as airlifting weapons and ammunition for the U. S.-led Detachment A-105. Australian-led 11th Mobile Strike Force Company was ordered to take up positions in Ngok Tavak, an outpost serving Khâm Đức, to boost allied intelligence-gathering capabilities in the area. However, unbeknownst to the United States and other allied forces, the Viet Cong 1st Regiment had been watching the build-up around Khâm Đức for some time, were preparing to initiate the assault by taking out Ngok Tavak. In the early hours of 10 May, elements of the VC 1st Regiment attacked Ngok Tavak, they overran much of the outpost. By dawn, the 11th MSF Company was devastated, but they received reinforcements from the 12th Mobile Strike Force Company. Despite having received assurances that further reinforcements would arrive to relieve the outpost, the commander of the 11th MSF Company decided to evacuate his troops and move towards Khâm Đức.

By that time, the PAVN had turned their attention to the main target at Khâm Đức, they only left behind some local force units to destroy allied reinforcements. Meanwhile, elements of the Americal Division had been airlifted into Khâm Đức as part of Operation Golden Valley, to bolster the strength of the Special Forces Camp there. On the morning of 11 May, the PAVN 2nd Division surrounded Khâm Đức, they forced U. S.-led forces into their bases after several outposts were overrun. Westmoreland ordered Khâm Đức to be evacuated, so the 834th Air Division was told to make an all-out effort to extract all the people in Khâm Đức, both military and civilian. By the time the evacuation was completed, nine U. S. military aircraft had been shot down, including two C-130s. On 12 May, the PAVN were in complete control of Khâm Đức. 1968 marked a decisive turning point in the history of the Vietnam War. Towards the end of January, regular units of the PAVN and the VC initiated large-scale attacks on Saigon and all 34 provincial cities of South Vietnam.

Several major towns and allied military installations throughout the country were attacked during the same period. In doing so, the PAVN and VC violated the Tết holiday truce, which had enabled South Vietnamese military personnel to go on leave; the combined PAVN/VC forces were able to achieve the element of surprise, but despite some early victories, they could only sustain their offensive for a few days, or in the case of the Battle of Huế several weeks, before being ejected with heavy losses. In I Corps the PAVN had mixed successes against allied military forces. On 7 February 1968, PAVN infantry armed with satchel charges, tear gas, flamethrowers, reinforced with Soviet-made PT-76 amphibious tanks seized the Lang Vei Special Forces Camp. At Khe Sanh Combat Base, located about 7 kilometers east of Lang Vei, the U. S. 26th Marine Regiment was able to hold their ground against a multi-division PAVN assault. During the siege U. S. Air Force and Marine fighter-bombers dropped 40,000 tonnes of bombs on PAVN positions, while B-52 bombers unleashed more than 60,000 tonnes of ordnance on areas where the PAVN were believed to have concentrated their forces.

In the same period, the PAVN 2nd Division under the command of General Giáp Văn Cương clashed with elements of the 1st Marine Division, the Americal Division and the South Korean Marine Brigade in their attempts to capture Đà Nẵng. However the PAVN were defeated in the Battle of Lo Giang. After 9 February, the PAVN 2nd Division seemed to be withdrawing from the battlefield, so Lieutenant General Robert E. Cushman Jr. Commander of III Marine Amphibious Force ordered his troops to continue their attacks on the retreating forces. In the aftermath of the battle for Đà Nẵng, U. S. military commanders in I Corps held different views on the fighting ability of the PAVN 2nd Division. Americal Division commander Major-General Samuel W. Koster claimed losses sustained by the PAVN 2nd Division had "impaired its future effectiveness", after his units killed more than 1,000 PAVN soldiers in the month of January alone. In contrast, 1st Marine Division commander Major-General Donn J. Robertson told his superiors that the 2nd Division may have several uncommitted units they could deploy for future operations.

Whether the PAVN 2nd Division had been rendered ineffective or not was uncertain, as U. S. military intelligence did not know the whereabouts of the enemy unit or their intent

Apache May Slaughter

Apache May Slaughter was the adopted daughter of Tombstone, Arizona sheriff John Slaughter and his wife Viola. Apache May was found by John Slaughter, she had been abandoned to her luck by her natural parents. John Slaughter returned to Arizona with Apache May; when she was adopted by the couple, she became Daniel Boone's great great great granddaughter. Apache May's name came from her background, her month of birth. Calculating her age, the Slaughters were convinced. Apache May Slaughter became a young celebrity across Arizona, because many newspapers and publications speculated about the girl's natural parents, her relation to the Apaches and whether those factors would affect her personality in the future and turn her into a violent person without morals. Photographers were no strangers to the small girl; the Slaughters loved Apache May. She wore dresses made out of posters of different kinds; these were chosen for her by the Slaughters, who supposed that she would look outstanding in the small dresses.

Apache May died at the Slaughters' San Bernardino Ranch when one of her dresses caught fire as she was playing near a pot with boiling water. Apache Campaign

2003–04 TSV 1860 Munich season

After several seasons in midtable, Die Löwen's 10-season stay in Germany's top flight ended with a 17th-place finish and relegation. Manager Falko Götz had been sacked in April, with former 1860 player Gerald Vanenburg juggling his duties as manager of PSV's youth team to replace him, but he was unable to save the club from the drop. After relegation, Rudolf Bommer, who had led fellow Bavarian club SV Wacker Burghausen to promotion to the 2. Bundesliga and consecutive 10th-place finishes in that division, was tasked with obtaining promotion; the club's kits were sponsored by German motor oil company Liqui Moly. Squad at end of seasonNote: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality

Juvenile (organism)

A juvenile is an individual organism that has not yet reached its adult form, sexual maturity or size. Juveniles sometimes look different from the adult form in colour. In many organisms the juvenile has a different name from the adult; some organisms reach sexual maturity such as eclosion in many insects. For others, the transition from juvenile to mature is a more prolonged process—puberty, for example. In such cases, juveniles during this transformation are sometimes called subadults. Many invertebrates, on reaching the adult stage, are mature and their development and growth stops, their juveniles are nymphs. In vertebrates and some invertebrates, larval forms are considered a development stage of their own, "juvenile" refers to a post-larval stage, not grown and not sexually mature. In amniotes and most plants, the embryo represents the larval stage. Here, a "juvenile" is an individual in the time between hatching/birth/germination and reaching maturity. For animal larval juveniles, see larvaFor human juvenile life stages, see childhood and adolescence, an intermediary period between the onset of puberty and full physical and social adulthood


Kołacz meaning cake, wheel cake, or coffee cake is a traditional Polish pastry a wedding cake dating to the start of the 13th century, that has made its way into American homes around the Christmas and Easter holidays. The pastry is a light and flaky dough filled with a variety of sweet and savory fillings such as apricot, prune, sweet cheese, poppy seed or a nut mixture. Variants of the traditional Slavic pastry have found entrance into many Central and Eastern European cuisines, e.g. the Czech leven yeast dough called kolache. When the dough and filling mixture is rolled it is known as a makowiec, poteca, strucla z makiem, strucla orzechowa, strucla z migdałami. In Hungarian this is called, Diós-mákos Bejgli; some sprinkle the roll with poppy seeds or powdered sugar on top and can be baked in a circular pan or long-ways in a jelly pan like a log. The Polish pastry is made from a special dough that combines cream cheese with flour; this ingredient mixture gives it a unique flakey quality similar to a pie crust.

For individual servings, the dough is rolled thin and cut into squares. A thin line of the filling is spread along the diagonal of the square. Two opposing corners are folded over each other to create the unique shape of the pastry; when made in a large batch or in a roll, servings are sliced off like bread. Kalach, East Slavic bread Kolache, Czech pastry Kalács, Hungarian sweet bread List of desserts List of Polish desserts Encyklopedia staropolska ilustrowana by Zygmunt Gloger Product information by the Polish Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development

Brain painting

Brain painting is a non-invasive P300-based brain-computer interface that allows painting without the use of muscular activity. The technology combines electroencephalography, signal processing algorithms and visual stimulation on a monitor to detect where the user focuses his attention, allowing him to voluntarily trigger commands to a painting software; the research project aims at assisting people afflicted with the Locked-in syndrome due to neurological or neuromuscular disease, who are restricted in communication with their environment, therefore cut off from the possibility of creative expression. Brain painting was co-developed by Andrea Kübler from the University of Adi Hoesle. After development and testing, Brain Painting first appeared in 2010 to general press and to scientific press with a report of evaluation on healthy and locked-in participantsSupported since 2012 by the EU project "BackHome", the BCI has been adapted for independent home use, installed at locked-in artist's home: Heide Pfützner in 2012 and Jürgen Thiele in 2013.

Long-term evaluation by a locked-in end user showed good satisfaction towards the system. After successful crowdfunding support, the artist Heide Pfüztner had an exhibition in summer 2013 in Easdale and from July to December 2014 in Würzburg Official website