Langside, meaning the'Long Hill', is a district in the Scottish city of Glasgow. It is situated south of the River Clyde, lies east of Shawlands, south of Queens Park, west of Cathcart and north of Newlands; the district is residential and middle-class, has become an fashionable address in recent years. Housing stock is of the Victorian tenement type, along with some townhouses of the same period. In 1568 the area was the site of the Battle of Langside, the last battle fought by the forces of Mary, Queen of Scots, prior to her exile and death in England; the original village of Langside was based around what is now Algie Street, named after Glasgow Merchant Matthew Algie, near the Battlefield Monument. There were two mills nearby on the White Cart, a meal mill and a paper mill which dated back to the 17th century. In the early 19th century most of the inhabitants of the village were weavers although they cultivated fruits and flowers; the area South of the village, on what is now Mansionhouse Road, was a popular location for villas in the mid 19th century and included houses designed by Alexander "Greek" Thomson and Rawcliffe, a villa, built in Scottish Baronial style, it was used as a convent and has been converted to flats.
The area to the West of the village at this time consisted of the Camphill Estate and Langside Estate during which time a number of the roads in the area such as Tantallon Road and Camphill Avenue were laid out. The Camphill Estate was bought by the Glasgow Corporation in 1893 and now forms the basis of Queen's Park. In the late 19th century as Glasgow expanded South during the rapid growth of the industrialisation in the city the area was built up with tenements, the area became part of the City of Glasgow in 1891 with the last of the original weaver's cottages being demolished in 1905; the area was served by trams from 1901 with the terminus being at the Victoria Infirmary in what is now the Battlefield Rest. The Langside Library opened in 1915 and was the last library in Glasgow to be built from funds from Andrew Carnegie. In 2016, a group of local people launched Langside Community Heritage, to promote the history and heritage of the area. A number of events have taken place and, in conjunction with other community groups, a commemoration of the Battle of Langside will take place over the weekend of 12th/13th May 2018, the 450th anniversary.
Today, Langside incorporates various distinct estates, including the 12-acre Mansionhouse Gardens estate with its protected woodland, the 2011 Rawcliffe development directly across Mansionhouse Road. House prices are higher here than in neighboring boroughs like Shawlands or Battlefield to the west and east while Langside is bordered by Queens Park to the north, the Cathcart Circle train line to the south. Langside is part of the Glasgow South and Glasgow Cathcart constituencies in the UK and Scottish Parliaments and is represented in Westminster by Stewart McDonald and in Holyrood by James Dornan. Langside is part of Glasgow City Council Ward 7 which include the areas of Battlefield, King's Park and Mount Florida. Langside is served by a railway station offering regular commuter services to Glasgow Central Station on the Cathcart Circle; the area has many popular restaurants including Battlefield Rest, Tinto tapas bar and The Ivory hotel, is serviced by bars such as the Church on the Hill.
Langside Community Heritage Langside Heritage Trail Langside & Battlefield - Illustrated Guide Southside Festival
Lanarkshire called the County of Lanark is a historic county in the central Lowlands of Scotland. Lanarkshire was the most populous county in Scotland and, in earlier times, had greater boundaries, including neighbouring Renfrewshire until 1402. In modern times, it is bounded to the north by Stirlingshire and a detached portion of Dunbartonshire, to the northeast by Stirlingshire, West Lothian, to the east by Peeblesshire, to the southeast and south by Dumfriesshire, to the southwest by Dumfriesshire and Ayrshire and to the west by Ayrshire and Dunbartonshire. Lanarkshire was divided between two administrative areas. In the mid-18th century it was divided again into three wards: the upper and lower wards with their administrative centres at Lanark and Glasgow and remained this way until the Local Government Act of 1889. Other significant settlements include Coatbridge, East Kilbride, Airdrie, Cambuslang, Rutherglen and Carluke. In 1975, the county council was abolished and the area absorbed into the larger Strathclyde region, which itself was divided into new Council Areas in 1996.
The old area of Lanarkshire is now occupied by the council areas of: East Dunbartonshire Glasgow City Council North Lanarkshire South Lanarkshire North Lanarkshire and South Lanarkshire have a joint board for valuation and electoral registration. There is a joint health board, which does not cover Rutherglen and the surrounding area in South Lanarkshire. Without the northern portion of North Lanarkshire, this is a Lieutenancy area. Lanarkshire was granted a coat of arms by the Lord Lyon on 24 December 1886; the arms is: Party per chevron gules and argent, two cinquefoils pierced in chief ermine, in base a man's heart counter-changed. The cinquefoils come from the arms of the Clan Hamilton, the heart from the arms of the Clan Douglas, the two main local families; the crest is a demi-eagle displayed with sable beaked gules. The motto is VIGILANTIA. From the mid-eighteenth century to the early twentieth century Lanarkshire profited from its rich seams of coal in places such as Glenboig; as the coal industry developed around Glasgow in the 1700s the price of coal to the city rose under the control of a cartel of coal owners.
The solution was to carve out a canal to take advantage of the good coal deposits of the Monklands area. By 1793, the Monklands canal was completed and the Lanarkshire coal industry thrived; the resulting boom lasted for over 100 years but reached its peak by the second decade of the twentieth century and two world wars failed to halt the contraction. Output in the county continued to fall and the National Coal Board concentrated investment in Ayrshire and the Lothians. By 1970 there were only four collieries left in Lanarkshire and the closure of Cardowan in 1983 brought the long decline to an end. Lanarkshire hosted the International Children's Games in August 2011. A total of 1,300 competitors and coaches, along with administrators and delegates, representing 77 cities from 33 countries worldwide attended. North Medwin River South Medwin River River Clyde River Avon South Calder Water Digitised historic and modern maps of Lanarkshire are available from National Library of Scotland including: Glasgow and the county of Lanark manuscript map drawn by Scottish cartographer Timothy Pont sometime between 1583 and 1596 The nether ward of Clyds-dail and Glasco from the Blaeu Atlas of Scotland by Dutch cartographer Joan Blaeu published in 1654 A mape of the west of Scotland containing Clydsdail, Ranfrew, Shyre of Ayre, & Galloway manuscript map drawn by the Scottish surveyor and map maker John Adair in about 1685 Map of the town of Glasgow & country seven miles around by Scottish cartographer Thomas Richardson published in 1795 Ainslie's Map of the Southern Part of Scotland by Scottish cartographer John Ainslie published in 1821 North and south of Lanarkshire from John Thomson's Atlas of Scotland published in 1882
Earl of Eglinton
Earl of Eglinton is a title in the Peerage of Scotland. In 1859, the thirteenth Earl of Eglinton, Archibald Montgomerie, was created Earl of Winton in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, which gave him an automatic seat in the House of Lords, both earldoms have been united since. Furthermore, other titles held with the earldoms are: Lord Montgomerie, Baron Ardrossan and Baron Seton and Tranent; the first is in the Peerage of Scotland, while the latter two are in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. William Dunbar mentions a Sir Hugh of Eglinton in his Lament for the Makaris, citing him as a fellow poet, he has sometimes been tentatively identified as Huchown. The Earl of Eglinton is the hereditary Clan Chief of Clan Montgomery; the family seat is Balhomie House, near Perthshire. The ancestral seat was Eglinton Castle, in North Ayrshire. Alexander Montgomerie, 1st Lord Montgomerie Hugh Montgomerie, 2nd Lord Montgomerie. Hugh Montgomerie, 1st Earl of Eglinton Hugh Montgomerie, 2nd Earl of Eglinton Hugh Montgomerie, 3rd Earl of Eglinton Hugh Montgomerie, 4th Earl of Eglinton Hugh Montgomerie, 5th Earl of Eglinton Alexander Montgomerie, 6th Earl of Eglinton Hugh Montgomerie, 7th Earl of Eglinton Alexander Montgomerie, 8th Earl of Eglinton Alexander Montgomerie, 9th Earl of Eglinton Alexander Montgomerie, 10th Earl of Eglinton Archibald Montgomerie, 11th Earl of Eglinton Hugh Montgomerie, 12th Earl of Eglinton Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton, 1st Earl of Winton Archibald William Montgomerie, 14th Earl of Eglinton, 2nd Earl of Winton George Arnulph Montgomerie, 15th Earl of Eglinton, 3rd Earl of Winton Archibald Seton Montgomerie, 16th Earl of Eglinton, 4th Earl of Winton Archibald William Alexander Montgomerie, 17th Earl of Eglinton, 5th Earl of Winton Archibald George Montgomerie, 18th Earl of Eglinton, 6th Earl of Winton Hugh Archibald William Montgomerie, 19th Earl of Eglinton, 7th Earl of Winton The heir apparent is the present holder's son Rhuridh Seton Archibald Montgomerie, Lord Montgomerie.
Clan Montgomery Barony and Castle of Giffen Eglinton Country Park Eglinton Tournament Bridge Lament for the Makaris Industry and the Eglinton Castle estate Eglinton Castle Robert Burns and the Eglinton Estate Polnoon Castle Seagate Castle Burke, John. A General and heraldic dictionary of the peerage and baronetage of the British Empire. 1. H. Colburn and R. Bentley. Henderson, Thomas Finlayson. "Montgomerie, Alexander". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 38. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 298–300. Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Seton". Encyclopædia Britannica. 24. Cambridge University Press. P. 703. Henderson, Thomas Finlayson. "Montgomerie, Alexander". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 38. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 2300. Video & commentary on Auchans House and Lady Susanna Montgomerie
In law, treason is criminal disloyalty to the state. It is a crime that covers some of the more extreme acts against one's sovereign; this includes things such as participating in a war against one's native country, attempting to overthrow its government, spying on its military, its diplomats, or its secret services for a hostile and foreign power, or attempting to kill its head of state. A person who commits treason is known in law as a traitor. In common law countries, treason covered the murder of specific social superiors, such as the murder of a husband by his wife or that of a master by his servant. Treason against the king was known as high treason and treason against a lesser superior was petty treason; as jurisdictions around the world abolished petty treason, "treason" came to refer to what was known as high treason. At times, the term traitor has been used as a political epithet, regardless of any verifiable treasonable action. In a civil war or insurrection, the winners may deem the losers to be traitors.
The term traitor is used in heated political discussion – as a slur against political dissidents, or against officials in power who are perceived as failing to act in the best interest of their constituents. In certain cases, as with the Dolchstoßlegende, the accusation of treason towards a large group of people can be a unifying political message. Treason is considered to be different and on many occasions a separate charge from "treasonable felony" in many parts of the world. In English law, high treason was punishable by being hanged and quartered or burnt at the stake, although beheading could be substituted by royal command; those penalties were abolished in 1790 and 1973 respectively. The penalty was used by monarchs against people who could reasonably be called traitors. Many of them would now just be considered dissidents; the words "treason" and "traitor" are derived from the Latin tradere, to hand over. Christian theology and political thinking until after the Enlightenment considered treason and blasphemy as synonymous, as it challenged both the state and the will of God.
Kings were considered chosen by God, to betray one's country was to do the work of Satan. Many nations' laws mention various types of treason. "Crimes Related to Insurrection" is the internal treason, may include a coup d'état. "Crimes Related to Foreign Aggression" is the treason of cooperating with foreign aggression positively regardless of the national inside and outside. "Crimes Related to inducement of Foreign Aggression" is the crime of communicating with aliens secretly to cause foreign aggression or menace. Depending on a country, conspiracy is added to these. In Australia, there are federal and state laws against treason in the states of New South Wales, South Australia and Victoria. To Treason laws in the United States, citizens of Australia owe allegiance to their sovereign, the federal and state level; the federal law defining treason in Australia is provided under section 80.1 of the Criminal Code, contained in the schedule of the Commonwealth Criminal Code Act 1995. It defines treason as follows: A person commits an offence, called treason, if the person: causes the death of the Sovereign, the heir apparent of the Sovereign, the consort of the Sovereign, the Governor-General or the Prime Minister.
A person is not guilty of treason under paragraphs, or if their assistance or intended assistance is purely humanitarian in nature. The maximum penalty for treason is life imprisonment. Section 80.1AC of the Act creates the related offence of treachery. The Treason Act 1351, the Treason Act 1795 and the Treason Act 1817 form part of the law of New South Wales; the Treason Act 1795 and the Treason Act 1817 have been repealed by Section 11 of the Crimes Act 1900, except in so far as they relate to the compassing, inventing, devising, or intending death or destruction, or any bodily harm tending to death or destruction, maim, or wounding, imprisonment, or restraint of the person of the heirs and successors of King George III of the United Kingdom, the expressing, uttering, or declaring of such compassings, inventions, devices, or intentions, or any of them. Section 12 of the Crimes Act 1900 creates an offence, derived from section 3 of the Treason Felony Act 1848: 12 Compassing etc deposition of the Sovereign—overawing Parliament etc Whosoever, within New South Wales or without, imagines, devises, or intends to deprive or depose Our M
Mary, Queen of Scots
Mary, Queen of Scots known as Mary Stuart or Mary I of Scotland, reigned over Scotland from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567. Mary, the only surviving legitimate child of King James V, was six days old when her father died and she acceded to the throne, she spent most of her childhood in France while Scotland was ruled by regents, in 1558, she married the Dauphin of France, Francis. He ascended the French throne as King Francis II in 1559, Mary became queen consort of France, until his death in December 1560. Widowed, Mary returned to Scotland, arriving in Leith on 19 August 1561. Four years she married her first cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley and in June 1566 they had a son, James. In February 1567, Darnley's residence was destroyed by an explosion, he was found murdered in the garden. James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, was believed to have orchestrated Darnley's death, but he was acquitted of the charge in April 1567, the following month he married Mary. Following an uprising against the couple, Mary was imprisoned in Loch Leven Castle.
On 24 July 1567 she was forced to abdicate in favour of her one-year-old son. After an unsuccessful attempt to regain the throne, she fled southwards seeking the protection of her first cousin once removed, Queen Elizabeth I of England. Mary had once claimed Elizabeth's throne as her own, was considered the legitimate sovereign of England by many English Catholics, including participants in a rebellion known as the Rising of the North. Perceiving her as a threat, Elizabeth had her confined in various castles and manor houses in the interior of England. After eighteen and a half years in custody, Mary was found guilty of plotting to assassinate Elizabeth in 1586, she was beheaded the following year at Fotheringhay Castle. Mary was born on 8 December 1542 at Linlithgow Palace, Scotland, to King James V and his French second wife, Mary of Guise, she was said to have been born prematurely and was the only legitimate child of James to survive him. She was the great-niece of King Henry VIII of England, as her paternal grandmother, Margaret Tudor, was Henry VIII's sister.
On 14 December, six days after her birth, she became Queen of Scotland when her father died from the effects of a nervous collapse following the Battle of Solway Moss, or from drinking contaminated water while on campaign. A popular tale, first recorded by John Knox, states that James, hearing on his deathbed that his wife had given birth to a daughter, ruefully exclaimed, "It cam wi' a lass and it will gang wi' a lass!" His House of Stuart had gained the throne of Scotland by the marriage of Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert the Bruce, to Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland. The crown had come to his family through a woman, would be lost from his family through a woman; this legendary statement came true much later—not through Mary, but through her descendant Queen Anne. Mary was baptised at the nearby Church of St Michael. Rumours spread that she was weak and frail, but an English diplomat, Ralph Sadler, saw the infant at Linlithgow Palace in March 1543, unwrapped by her nurse, wrote, "it is as goodly a child as I have seen of her age, as like to live."As Mary was an infant when she inherited the throne, Scotland was ruled by regents until she became an adult.
From the outset, there were two claims to the regency: one from Catholic Cardinal Beaton, the other from the Protestant Earl of Arran, next in line to the throne. Beaton's claim was based on a version of the king's will. Arran, with the support of his friends and relations, became the regent until 1554 when Mary's mother managed to remove and succeed him. King Henry VIII of England took the opportunity of the regency to propose marriage between Mary and his own son and heir, hoping for a union of Scotland and England. On 1 July 1543, when Mary was six months old, the Treaty of Greenwich was signed, which promised that, at the age of ten, Mary would marry Edward and move to England, where Henry could oversee her upbringing; the treaty provided that the two countries would remain separate and that if the couple should fail to have children, the temporary union would dissolve. Cardinal Beaton rose to power again and began to push a pro-Catholic pro-French agenda, angering Henry, who wanted to break the Scottish alliance with France.
Beaton wanted to move Mary away from the coast to the safety of Stirling Castle. Regent Arran resisted the move, but backed down when Beaton's armed supporters gathered at Linlithgow; the Earl of Lennox escorted her mother to Stirling on 27 July 1543 with 3,500 armed men. Mary was crowned in the castle chapel on 9 September 1543, with "such solemnity as they do use in this country, not costly" according to the report of Ralph Sadler and Henry Ray. Shortly before Mary's coronation, Scottish merchants headed for France were arrested by Henry, their goods impounded; the arrests caused anger in Scotland, Arran joined Beaton and became a Catholic. The Treaty of Greenwich was rejected by the Parliament of Scotland in December; the rejection of the marriage treaty and the renewal of the Auld Alliance between France and Scotland prompted Henry's "Rough Wooing", a military campaign designed to impose the marriage of Mary to his son. English forces mounted a series of raids on French territory. In May 1544, the English Earl of Hertford raided Edinburgh, the Scots took Mary to Dunkeld for safety.
In May 1546, Beaton was murdered by Protestant lairds, on 10 September 1547, nine months after the death of Henry VIII, the Scots suffered a heavy defeat at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh. Mary's guardians, fearful for her safety, sent her t
Dumbarton Castle has the longest recorded history of any stronghold in Scotland. It overlooks the Scottish town of Dumbarton, sits on a plug of volcanic basalt known as Dumbarton Rock, 240 feet high. According to the local museum, Dumbarton Rock is a volcanic plug of basalt created 334 million years ago, with the softer exterior of the volcano having weathered away. At least as far back as the Iron Age, this has been the site of a strategically important settlement as evidenced by archaeological finds; the people that came to reside there in the era of Roman Britain were known to have traded with the Romans - though these may or may not have been the Picts that dwelled in Dumbarton in the Bronze Age & early-mid Iron Age. However the first written record about a settlement there was marked in a letter Saint Patrick wrote to King Ceretic of Alt Clut in the late 5th century. David Nash Ford has proposed that Dumbarton was the Cair Brithon listed by Nennius among the 28 cities of Sub-Roman Britain.
From the fifth century until the ninth, the castle was the centre of the independent Brythonic Kingdom of Strathclyde. Alt Clut or Alcluith, the Brythonic name for Dumbarton Rock, became a metonym for kingdom; the king of Dumbarton in about AD 570 was Riderch Hael, who features in Latin works. During his reign Merlin was said to have stayed at Alt Clut; the medieval Scalacronica of Sir Thomas Grey records the legend that "Arthur left Hoël of Brittany his nephew sick at Alcluit in Scotland." Hoël was besieged in the castle by the Scots and Picts. The story first appeared in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae. Amongst lists of three things, in the triads of the Red Book of Hergest, the third "Unrestrained Ravaging" was Aeddan Fradog, coming to the court of Rhydderch the Generous at Alclud, who left neither food nor drink nor beast alive; this battle appears in stories of Myrddin Wyllt, the Merlin of Geoffrey of Monmouth's Vita Merlini conflated with the battle of Arfderydd, located as Arthuret by some authors.
In 756, the first losses of Dumbarton Rock were recorded. A joint force of Picts and Northumbrians captured the fortress after a siege, only to lose it again a few days later. By 870, it was home to a packed British settlement, which served as a fortress and as the capital of Alt Clut. In 871, the Irish-based Viking kings Amlaíb and Ímar laid siege to Dumbarton Rock; the fortress fell in four months. The kings are recorded to have returned to Ireland with 200 ships and a host of British and Pictish captives; these prisoners may have included the ruling family of Alt Clut including the king Arthgal ap Dyfnwal, slain the following year under uncertain circumstances. Following the Viking destruction of the fortress, Dumbarton Rock does not appear on record again until the 13th century, the capital of the restructured Kingdom of Strathclyde appears to have relocated up the Clyde to the vicinity of Partick and Govan. In medieval Scotland, Dumbarton was an important royal castle, it sheltered David II and his young wife, Joan of The Tower after the Scottish defeat at Halidon Hill in 1333.
In 1425 the castle was attacked by James the Fat, youngest son of Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany, imprisoned by King James I of Scotland on charges of treason. James the Fat became a rallying point for enemies of the King, raised a rebellion against the crown, he marched on the town of Dumbarton and burned it, but was unable to take the castle, whose defender John Colquhoun held out against James' men. The former supporters of James III under the leadership of John Stewart, 1st Earl of Lennox met up at Dumbarton Castle in October 1489, they had hoped to gain the support of Henry VII of England. James IV defeated them in a battle between the Touch and Menteith hills near Stirling on 11 and 12 October. James IV used Dumbarton as the west coast base for his navy and campaigns to subdue the Western Isles. James was at Dumbarton with the Chancellor of Scotland, Colin Campbell, 1st Earl of Argyll, in November 1489, he had the use of a ship belonging to the Laird of Luss. In the following February a royal ship lost some of her cables.
In 1494 a row barge was built at Dumbarton for the king using timber from Loch Lomond. In March 1495 James IV was provided with a camp bed for use at sea and a boat carried cannon to Dumbarton. Patrick Hepburn, 1st Earl of Bothwell, was made Captain of the castle on 1 April 1495. A man played on a Gaelic harp, for the King. In 1505 Dumbarton was the King's base for visiting the Western Isles. One ship's mast was made from timber from Drymen. On 5 June James was entertained by a French'quhissilar' playing a recorder and on 8 June James played cards with John Murray and Master Robert Cockburn losing £4-10 shillings, that day attended Evensong in the Parish kirk and College of Dumbarton. In 1505 John Ramsay built. In December 1505 a sword that had belonged to William Wallace was repaired. On 18 May 1515 the James or the Margaret with six other ships brought John Stewart, Regent Albany to Dumbarton; these royal ships were repaired at Dumbarton in July and new docks were made for them. John Drummond of Milnab brought fourteen of their guns to Glasgow.
In September Regent Albany held court at Dumbarton, received Thomas Benolt, the English Clarenceux King of Arms. The Carrick H
James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton
James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton was the last of the four regents of Scotland during the minority of King James VI. He was in some ways the most successful of the four, since he won the civil war, dragging on with the supporters of the exiled Mary, Queen of Scots. However, he came to an unfortunate end, executed by means of the Maiden, a predecessor of the guillotine, which he himself was said to have introduced to Scotland. James Douglas was the second son of Sir George Douglas of Pittendreich, Master of Angus, Elizabeth Douglas, daughter David Douglas of Pittendreich, he wrote that he was over 61 years old in March 1578, so was born around 1516. Before 1543 he married daughter of James Douglas, 3rd Earl of Morton. In 1553 James Douglas succeeded to the title and estates of his father-in-law, including Dalkeith House in Midlothian, Aberdour Castle in Fife. Elizabeth Douglas and her two elder sisters, who were married to Regent Arran and Lord Maxwell, suffered from mental ill-health, their children either did not survive to adulthood, or in the case of three daughters were declared incompetent in 1581.
James had five illegitimate childrenAt the start of war of the Rough Wooing and his brother David communicated with Henry VIII of England on the possibility of their surrendering Tantallon Castle to the English army that burnt Edinburgh in 1544. However, four years he defended Dalkeith Palace against the English and was captured in June 1548, "sore hurt on the thigh " and taken as a hostage to England. After the Treaty of Boulogne brought peace, in 1550 James returned from captivity in England and was exchanged for the English soldier John Luttrell, began to use his title of "Earl of Morton." In 1559 James's political activities and allegiances during the Scottish Reformation were at first equivocal, but in February 1560 he signed the Treaty of Berwick which invited an English army into Scotland to expel the Catholic regime of Mary of Guise. He took part in the unsuccessful embassy to England in November 1560 to treat for the marriage of Elizabeth I of England to James Hamilton, 3rd Earl of Arran.
In 1563 he became Lord Chancellor of Scotland. Though his sympathies were with the reformers, he took no part in the combination of Protestant reformers in 1565, but he headed the armed force which took possession of Holyrood palace in March 1566 to effect the assassination of David Rizzio, the leading conspirators adjourned to Morton's house while a messenger was sent to obtain Queen Mary's signature to the "bond of security"; the Queen, before complying with the request, escaped to Dunbar, Morton and the other leaders fled to England. Having been pardoned, Morton returned to Scotland early in 1567, with 600 men appeared before Borthwick Castle, where the Queen had taken refuge after her marriage to Bothwell. Morton attended the remarkable stand-off at the battle of Carberry Hill in June 1567, Mary's new husband, James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell offered to settle the matter by single combat; when Patrick, Lord Lindsay took up the challenge, Morton gave Lindsay the sword of his ancestor, Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Angus.
Mary vetoed a fight, surrendered. Morton took an active part in obtaining the consent of the queen, while she was imprisoned at Lochleven Castle, to her abdication in July 1567; when Mary escaped from Lochleven, he led the vanguard of the army which defeated her forces at the Battle of Langside in 1568, he was the most valued privy counsellor of the Earl of Moray during the latter's brief term of office as Regent of Scotland. Scotland was now ruled by Regents on behalf of Mary's infant son, James VI of Scotland, who faced a civil war. James Stewart, Regent Moray, Mary's half-brother, was assassinated in Linlithgow and Matthew Stewart, Regent Lennox died from a gunshot wound after a struggle on the streets of Stirling. On 18 November 1571, the new Regent, John Erskine, Earl of Mar, sent Morton with Robert Pitcairn, Commendator of Dunfermline and James MacGill of Nether Rankeillour to negotiate with Elizabeth's representative Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon, Governor of Berwick upon Tweed. Mar wanted English help to capture Edinburgh Castle from Sir William Kirkcaldy of Grange who held it for Mary, Queen of Scots.
Regent Mar hoped that Morton could arrange for 12 cannons, 3000 foot soldiers, wages for the 800 Scottish foot soldiers and 200 horsemen in the field. Morton was instructed to offer six hostages to England from the sons of the nobility who supported James VI, he discussed returning the Earl of Northumberland to England, a fugitive after the failed Rising of the North. A week Morton wrote to Hunsdon with the same request, urging an attack in winter because the Castle was vulnerable when the Nor' Loch was frozen. Hunsdon replied that Elizabeth still hoped for a peaceful settlement, but he would send an estimate of the expedition's cost to Elizabeth. Morton received a token payment; the English rebels were handed over. The treaty for military aid was still not finalised when Mar died at Stirling in October 1572. On 24 November 1572, a month after the death of Regent Mar, the most powerful noble during Mar and Lennox's rule, at last reached the object of his ambition by being elected regent; as Regent of Scotland, Morton expected the support of England and Elizabeth, a week after his election, he wrote to William Cecil, Lord Burghley following his discussions with the English ambassador Henry Killigrew.