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Battle of Mu'tah

The Battle of Mu'tah was fought in September 629 CE, near the village of Mu'tah, east of the Jordan River and Karak in Karak Governorate, between the forces of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the forces of the Byzantine Empire and their Arab Christian Ghassanid vassals. In Islamic historical sources, the battle is described as the Muslims' attempt to take retribution against a Ghassanid chief for taking the life of an emissary. According to Byzantine sources, the Muslims planned to launch their attack on a feast day; the local Byzantine Vicarius collected the garrisons of the fortresses. Seeing the great number of the enemy forces, the Muslims withdrew to the south where the fighting started at the village of Mu'ta and they were routed. According to Muslim sources, after three of their leaders were killed, the command was given to Khalid ibn al-Walid and he succeeded in saving the rest of the force; the Byzantines were reoccupying territory following the peace accord between Emperor Heraclius and the Sasanid general Shahrbaraz in July 629.

The Byzantine sakellarios Theodore, was placed in command of the army, while in the area of Balqa, Arab tribes were employed. Meanwhile, Muhammad had sent his emissary to the ruler of Bosra. While on his way to Bosra, he was executed in the village of Mu'tah by the orders of a Ghassanid official. Muhammad dispatched 3,000 of his troops in the month of Jumada al-Awwal 7, 629, for a quick expedition to attack and punish the tribes for the murder of his emissary by the Ghassanids; the army was led by Zayd ibn Harithah. When the Muslim troops arrived at the area to the east of Jordan and learned of the size of the Byzantine army, they wanted to wait and send for reinforcements from Medina.'Abdullah ibn Rawahah reminded them about their desire for martyrdom and questioned the move to wait when what they desire was awaiting them, so they continued marching towards the waiting army. The Muslims engaged the Byzantines at their camp by the village of Musharif and withdrew towards Mu'tah, it was here. Some Muslim sources report that the battle was fought in a valley between two heights, which negated the Byzantines' numerical superiority.

During the battle, all three Muslim leaders fell one after the other as they took command of the force: first, Zayd Ja'far, then'Abdullah. After the death of the latter, some of the Muslim soldiers began to rout. Thabit ibn Al-Arqam, seeing the desperate state of the Muslim forces, took up the banner and rallied his comrades thus saving the army from complete destruction. After the battle, Al-Arqam took the banner, before asking Khalid ibn al-Walid to take the lead. Khalid bin Walid reported that the fighting at Mu'tah was so intense that he used nine swords which broke during the battle. Khalid, prepared to withdraw, he avoided pitched battle. The casualties of slain of the Muslim side were recorded as the four of them from Muhajireen while eight the rest from Ansar, their names were: Zayd ibn Harithah Ja'far ibn Abi Talib Abd Allah ibn Rawahah Masoud bin Al-Aswad Wahab bin Saad Abbad bin Qais Amr ibn Saad Harith bin Nu'man Saraqah bin Amr Abu Kulaib bin Amr Jabir ibn'Amr Amer bin SaadDaniel C.

Peterson, Professor of Islamic Studies at Brigham Young University, finds the ratio of casualties among the leaders suspiciously high compared to the losses suffered by ordinary soldiers. David Powers, Professor of Near Eastern Studies at Cornell mentions this curiosity concerning the minuscule casualties recorded by Muslim historians, it is reported that when the Muslim force arrived at Medina, they were berated for withdrawing and accused of fleeing. Salamah ibn Hisham, brother of Amr ibn Hishām was reported to have prayed at home rather than going to the mosque to avoid having to explain himself. Muhammad ordered saying that they would return to fight the Byzantines again, it would not be until the third century AH that Sunni Muslim historians would state that Muhammad bestowed upon Khalid the title of'Saifullah' meaning'Sword of Allah'. Today, Muslims are considered martyrs. A mausoleum was built at Mu'tah over their graves. According to al-Waqidi and Ibn Ishaq, the Muslims were informed that 100,000 or 200,000 enemy troops were encamped at Balqa'.

Modern historians refute this stating the figure to be exaggerated. According to Walter Emil Kaegi, professor of Byzantine history at the University of Chicago, the size of the entire Byzantine army during the 7th century might have totaled 100,000 even half this number. While the Byzantine forces at Mu'tah are unlikely to have numbered more than 10,000. Muslim accounts of the battle differ over the result. In the earliest Muslim sources, the battle is recorded as a humiliating defeat. While Muslim historians would rework the early source material to reflect the Islamic view of God's plan. In sources we read a revised narrative of the battle as a Muslim victory on grounds that most of the Muslim soldiers returned safely. Military career of Muhammad List of expeditions of Muhammad History of Islam Military career of Muhammad Jihad Muhammad's views on Christians El Hareir, Idris; the Different Aspects of Islam Culture: Volume 3, The Spread of Islam throughout the World. UNESCO publishing. Buhl, F..

"Muʾta". In H. A. R. Gibb. Encyclopaedia of Islam. 7. BRILL. P. 756. ISBN 9789004094


Shhiim alternatively written as Shheem or Chhim/Chhîm is a town in Lebanon, located 42 kilometres south-east of Beirut. Shhiim is located on 4 mountains in the Chouf region in lebanon. Chhim has a population of about 49,000, it is considered a city by some people. The most known families in Shhiim are Oueidat, Daher, El Hajjar, Chaaban, Fawaz,Dahrouj, Hajj-Chehade, Mrad, Saab and El Khatib, Trawi. Shhiim is the largest Sunnite town in the Chouf region; the community lives in harmony and there have never been any issues in Shhiim, despite the sectarian violence that Lebanon has suffered from the past 40 years or so. It has been in a battleground long ago when the French and British forces fought here around a century ago. Shhiim has suffered from excessive building, ruining its nature. Shhiim was built on a huge forest where hyenas lived in. However, forests still can be found around Shhiim; the town is rich in olive trees. Shhiim is confused within size due to many parts of it having different names.

These and many others have different names. Shhiim contains 11 schools, 8 of which are public, it contains two hospitals, one of them is public, the other is private. Shhiim contains many mosques and is inhabited by Sunni Muslims, it is the site of one of many Temples of the Beqaa Valley. The archaeological site lies on a slope of a hill on the outskirts of the city, it is a Roman-Byzantine village with a Roman temple towering above the rest of the ancient architecture. The temple has a small porch. There is a carving of the sun god Helios on one of the doorframes. Another carving portrays the image of a priest with outstretched arms. Haroutune Kalayan reconstructed the temple in the 1970s, in the 1990s, Renata Ortali Tarazi from the Directorate General of Antiquities of Lebanon undertook the task of site preservation, she started a three-way cooperation with the Institut français du Proche-Orient, represented by Lévon Nordiguian, the Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology, University of Warsaw.

An archaeological mission, established in 1996, worked on the site for more than 20 years under the direction of Tomasz Waliszewski from the PCMA UW. The settlement was founded at the turn of the eras, although the oldest finds date to the Bronze Age. Parts of the village are remarkably well preserved. Apart from the Roman temple, archaeologists discovered houses clustered along narrow streets, oil presses, a Christian basilica with mosaics, dated to AD 498. A necropolis surrounded the settlement; the village ceased to function in the 7th century. Multicolored mosaics covering the whole floor of the basilica are among the most spectacular discoveries made on the site. Most of them depict geometrical patterns, but floral and figural motifs occur. In the central part of the presbytery, there is a mosaic with a lioness, in the west aisle, a panel with two antelopes; the iconography of these mosaics bears many similarities to other Byzantine churches in the province of Phoenicia, e.g. in Zahrani and Ghiné.

The conservation and protection of the mosaics were carried out by specialists from the Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw. The majority of the mosaics from Chhim are on display in Lebanese museums. Waliszewski, T. and Wicenciak, U.. Chhim, Lebanon: a Roman and Late Antique village in the Sidon hinterland. Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology & Heritage Studies, 3. Waliszewski T. and Ortali-Tarazi R. 2000 ans d’Historie au cœur d’un village antique du Liban. Catalogue de l'exposition Palais de Beiteddine 7 septembre 2002 - 7 janvier 2003. Waliszewski, T. and Kowalski, S. P.. Chhim-Jiyeh excavations 1996. Polish Archaeology in the Mediterranean, 8. Shhiim, Localiban Chhîm, PCMA UW

Trollhunters: Tales of Arcadia

Trollhunters: Tales of Arcadia is an American computer-animated fantasy web television series created for Netflix by Guillermo del Toro and produced by DreamWorks Animation and Double Dare You Productions. It follows the story of James Lake Jr. a teenage boy who finds a mysterious amulet and stumbles across a secret realm inhabited by trolls and other magical creatures. Soon afterward, he and his friends are charged with protecting our world from the dangerous monsters that lurk in the shadows of their small suburban town; the first two episodes of the series premiered on October 2016, at the New York Comic Con. The first season was released worldwide on Netflix on December 23, 2016; the second season premiered on December 15, 2017, the third and final season premiered on May 25, 2018. Since its release, Trollhunters has been praised as an ambitious and boundary-pushing animated series, with Filmink's Travis Johnson calling it "...the best children’s animation to come along since Avatar: The Last Airbender."

The series was nominated for nine Daytime Emmy Awards in 2017, winning more than any other animated or live-action television program that year. In its first three seasons, it has received or been nominated for several Annie Awards, Kidscreen Awards, a Saturn Award; the show has spawned several original children's books and has been adapted into a series of graphic novels by Marc Guggenheim and Richard Hamilton, released by Dark Horse. Anton Yelchin continued to be part of the series through the first two seasons, as he had recorded enough dialogue to complete them before his sudden death. Yelchin was able to provide a portion of dialogue for the final season, while the remaining portions of dialogue was recorded by Emile Hirsch. Following the show's success, Guillermo del Toro announced that Trollhunters would be the first chapter in a trilogy of television series entitled Tales of Arcadia; the story was continued in a science fiction inspired follow-up series entitled 3Below: Tales of Arcadia, the trilogy will be concluded in a third and final fantasy series entitled Wizards: Tales of Arcadia.

It premiered on Pop in the UK on September 3, 2018. After being dubbed the first human Trollhunter, James "Jim" Lake Jr. reluctantly, begins to lead a double life with best friend Tobias "Toby" Domzalski at his side, along with gaining mentors from the trolls Blinky and AAARRRGGHH!!!. Jim faces hostility and resentment not just from other trolls, but from other humans during school time as well; the adventures of Jim and Toby become interrupted when Claire Nuñez gets dragged into the life and screaming, as well. With Jim trapped in the Darklands, his friends race to rescue him. With Jim out of the Darklands, he faces repercussions for his actions by going in. Blinky deals with old family wounds as the rest of Trollmarket deals with a possible mole among them. Things are not made easier when Steve Palchuk and Eli Pepperjack begin to stumble upon Jim's double life, on top of the pressures of high school. It's the end of sophomore year at Arcadia High: Jim's double life has taken its toll on his mother as Claire experiences trouble from an ancient sorceress.

The final battle is looming over the trio as Jim and Claire begin to grow closer in their relationship, graduation is upon them. Anton Yelchin and Emile Hirsch as James "Jim" Lake Jr. / Trollhunter, the first human Trollhunter and a reluctant hero dealing with the pressures of leading a double life. He has a talent for cooking and sword-fighting, cares for his mother and friends. Yelchin provided the voice of Jim through portions of Part 3 before his death. Hirsch replaced him. Charlie Saxton as Tobias "Toby" Domzalski, Jim's best friend and confidant. Dorky and excitable, he embraces the secret world of trolls and aids Jim in his quests, his weapon of choice is a warhammer. Lexi Medrano as Claire Nuñez, Jim's girlfriend, she is a feisty, jolly, sarcastic and intelligent tomboy who enjoys books and is a talented martial artist and gymnast. She obtains the Shadowstaff. Jonathan Hyde as Walter Strickler, Jim's history teacher, a Changeling; when Jim discovers the truth, he loses all respect for him and the two become bitter enemies.

However, he has redeeming qualities. Kelsey Grammer as Blinkous "Blinky" Galadrigal, Jim's six-eyed four-armed troll mentor. A wise and scholarly troll with a heart of gold, he serves as the brains of the Trollhunters and becomes a sort of father figure to Jim. Fred Tatasciore as Aarghaumont "AAARRRGGHH!!!", a burly troll and close companion of Blinky who forms a deep bond with Toby. He was kidnapped by the Gumm-Gumms as a child. Tormented by the atrocities they committed, he deserted Gunmar to live a life of peace. However, he will still fight to protect those. Victor Raider-Wexler as Vendel, the leader of Trollmarket. An ancient and wizened troll, Vendel is at first suspicious of Jim and comes across as a pessimist, but shows a softer side and eventual faith in Jim. At the end of Part 2, he is killed by Usurna after she revealed herself to be working for Gunmar, but not before recording the act to warn the Trollhunters. Ron Perlman as Bular, the son of Gunmar. A brutish and powerful troll warrior, he's obsessed with freeing his father from the Darklands.

He holds a special disdain for Changelings, whom he considers "impure", putting him at odds with Strickler and other Changelings who seek to free Gunmar. He is killed by Jim in the first half of season 1, but makes appearances in the season 1 episode "Where Is My Mind" and the season 2 episode "Unbecoming". Amy Landecker as

William Barraud

William Barraud was an English animal painter and illustrator, the brother of Henry Barraud, with whom he collaborated on many works. William was born in Lambeth in London, one of 17 children of William Francis Barraud, a clerk in the Custom House, Sophia Hull, his paternal grandfather was Paul Philip Barraud an eminent chronometer maker in Cornhill, his maternal grandfather, Thomas Hull, a miniature painter. The family was of French Huguenot origin that had come over to England at the time of the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, his younger brother Henry Barraud was a notable artist, another, though talented in art did not take it up as a profession. On leaving school he is said to have become a clerk in the Custom House where his father worked, but became a pupil of artist Abraham Cooper; as an animal artist he specialised in painting horses and dogs, exhibiting at the Royal Academy from 1829–50, the British Institution from 1828–49, the Society of British Artists and at other venues. His work was popular with huntsmen and dog-fanciers.

He produced some historical and landscape paintings. William shared a studio, from 1835 until his untimely death, with his brother Henry, collaborated on many subject pictures with himself painting the animals and Henry the figures. Several of these joint works were exhibited at the Royal Academy; the brothers produced a book together entitled "Sketches of Figures and Animals". William collaborated on another book with fellow artist Thomas Fairland called "The book of animals drawn from nature". In 1841 William married Mary Ratliff and they had a son Clement William, who went on to become a stained-glass designer, a Jesuit priest and playwright. Mary died soon in 1850 William married Margaret Harrison. William died in Kensington, London from dysentery and typhoid fever on 1 October 1850, in his fortieth year. A grey and a chestnut hunter with a deerhound A Grey in a stable Works by William Barraud

You Used to Hold Me (Ralphi Rosario song)

For the Calvin Harris song, see You Used to Hold Me."You Used to Hold Me" is a song by American DJ/producer Ralphi Rosario, featuring singer Xaviera Gold. Released as a single in 1987, the song remains Rosario's most popular song. In 1994, a set of remixes was released on Strictly Hype Recordings, entitled "You Used to Hold Me'94!". US 12" single A1. "You Used to Hold Me" - 6:28 A2. "You Used to Hold Me" - 1:16 A3. "You Used to Hold Me" - 3:22 B1. "You Used to Hold Me" - 8:17 B2. "You Used to Hold Me" - 4:58 In 2000, "You Used to Hold Me" was covered by UK garage duo Scott and Leon featuring singer Sylvia Mason-James on vocals. This version was a Top 20 hit, peaking at #19 on the UK Singles Chart and No. 5 on the UK Dance Chart

1847 Liverpool Town Council election

Elections to Liverpool Town Council were held on Wednesday 1 November 1847. One third of the council seats were up for election, the term of office of each councillor being three years. Four of the sixteen wards were uncontested. After the annual Council election on 1 November 1847, the Aldermanic election on 9 November 1847 and the four by-elections caused by four Councillors having been elected as Aldermen on 17 November 1847, the composition of the council was: * - Retiring Councillor seeking re-election On 9 November 1847, the term of office of eight aldermen who were elected on 9 November 1841 expired; the following were elected as Aldermen by the Council on 9 November 1847 for a term of office of six years. * - re-elected Alderman. Caused by the election of Councillor John Holmes as an Alderman on 9 November 1847. Caused by the election of Councillor Joseph Cooper as an Alderman on 9 November 1847. Caused by the election of Councillor James Procter (Conservative, elected 1 November 1847 Caused by the election of Councillor John Nelson Wood as an Alderman on 9 November 1847.

Liverpool Town Council elections 1835 - 1879 Liverpool City Council elections 1880 - present Mayors and Lord Mayors of Liverpool 1207 to present History of local government in England