The Battle of Resaca was part of the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War. The battle was waged in both Gordon and Whitfield counties, May 13–15, 1864, it ended inconclusively with the Confederate Army retreating. The engagement was fought between the Military Division of the Mississippi on the side of the Union and the Army of Tennessee for the Confederates. In early May 1864, the Confederate government granted Johnston's request for reinforcements to his camps around Dalton, Georgia; as the brigade of Brig. Gen. James Cantey started to move through the city on May 7, 1864, cavalry scouts alerted Johnston that a large number of Union troops were moving towards Rome, Georgia, on roads that led through Resaca. During the remainder of May 7 and the day of May 8 Cantey's brigade had time to entrench and set up defenses. On May 9, the Army of the Tennessee under the command of James B. McPherson moved out of Snake Creek Gap and ran into a Confederate cavalry brigade ordered to scout the area the day before under the command of Colonel Warren Grigsby.
After a fierce battle, Brig. Gen. Thomas W. Sweeny formed a defensive line and drove the Confederates back to Resaca, several miles to the east. Sherman's plan, as written in his memoirs, was to hold the railroad and telegraph lines south of Dalton so that Johnston would either evacuate his position at Dalton or detach a section of his army to fight Sherman on a ground that had more of an advantage to Sherman, he devoted the Army of the Tennessee for this, while the Army of the Cumberland and the Army of the Ohio, commanded by Maj. Gens. George H. Thomas and John M. Schofield would feign attacks in the Confederates's front; as McPherson's two Corps left the woods, they skirmished with Confederate cavalry for a while until the cavalry was able to withdraw to a line of fortifications on the outer edge of the city, where they were reinforced by the 37th Mississippi, a regiment in James Cantey's brigade. In the evening, McPherson sent his only cavalry, the 9th Illinois Mounted Infantry, northeast to scout out the best route to the Western & Atlantic Railroad.
Meanwhile, skirmishers in Maj. Gen. Grenville M. Dodge's XVI Corps moved to attack a line of fortifications along Camp Creek, held by Confederate cavalry, the remainders of Cantey's Division, two batteries of Confederate-manufactured 12-pound Napoleon guns and a fresh brigade under Confederate Brig. Gen. Daniel H. Reynolds, the lead of the column of 20,000 men sent out from Dalton by Joseph E Johnston. Johnston had withdrawn his forces from Rocky Face Ridge to the hills around Resaca. On May 13, the Union troops tested the Confederate lines to pinpoint their whereabouts; the next day full-scale fighting occurred, the Union troops were repulsed except on the Confederate right flank where Sherman did not exploit his advantage. On May 15, the battle continued with no advantage to either side until Sherman sent a force across the Oostanaula River, at Lay's Ferry, using newly delivered Cumberland pontoon bridges and advanced towards Johnston's railroad supply line. Unable to halt this Union turning movement, Johnston was forced to retire.
Unable to halt the Union turning movement caused by Sherman's crossing of the Oostanaula, Johnston was forced to retire, burning the railroad span and a nearby wagon bridge in the early morning of May 16. After the Union repaired the bridges and transported more men over, they continued in the pursuit of the Confederates, leading to the Battle of Adairsville on May 17. There were 6,100 combined casualties: 2,600 for the Confederacy; the battlefield is preserved as the Resaca Battlefield State Historic Site. The Civil War Trust, a division of the American Battlefield Trust, its partners have acquired and preserved 1,044 acres of the Resaca battlefield. Ambrose Bierce's short story "Killed at Resaca" focuses on a cohort of men who fight and die bravely at Resaca, the needless bloodshed of war in general. Resaca Confederate Cemetery Guernsey, Alfred H.. Harper's Pictoral History of the Civil War. Fairfax Press. National Park Service battle description Summary about pre-battle period Basic summary of battle Secrist, Philip L.
The Battle of Resaca: Atlanta Campaign, 1864. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 1998. ISBN 0-86554-601-0. Woodworth, Steven E. Nothing but Victory: The Army of the Tennessee, 1861–1865. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2005. ISBN 0-375-41218-2. Friends of Resaca The Battle of Resaca: Maps, histories and preservation news The Civil War in Georgia as told by its Historic Markers - Battle of Resaca "Battle of Resaca." New Georgia Encyclopedia
Úna Brennan was an Irish republican and feminist, active during the Easter Rising of 1916 and both the War of Independence and Civil War. Born Anastasia Bolger in 1888 to John Bolger and Johanna Whitty, she was the eldest of six children in Coolnaboy, County Wexford, she was educated in the Loreto Convent in Enniscorthy, where she had to be a boarder living away from home. In 1908 Brennan arranged to get a monthly column in The Echo newspaper edited by William Sears, she covered topics like Women's rights both in public life. She joined Inghinidhe na hÉireann and became the local Secretary she was a member of Cumann na mBan, she was one of the first female members of the Irish Republican Brotherhood. As a supporter of the Irish Language Brennan changed her name to Anatás before changing it to Úna, she married Robert Brennan on 6 July 1909. He was in the Gaelic Sinn Féin, he taught Irish in Wexford and Castlebridge. He insisted they swear his wife in as well, he believed only his wife and Maud Gonne.
According to Helena Molony she was a significant influence in the magazine Bean na hÉireann. Despite having a six-year-old daughter at home she was with her husband in the Athenaeum in Enniscorthy, County Wexford during the Rising, she was one of three women who raised the Tricolour on the building on Thursday 27 April 1916 with Marion Stokes and Gretta Comerford. She set up an emergency hospital and kitchen which she ran for the duration of the occupation. Brennan was arrested and taken to gaol in Waterford and to Mountjoy Prison; however she was released after a few days. After the Rising the family moved to Dublin. Brennan was active in the Irish War of Independence, using the home as a safe house for documents and men in hiding, such as Harry Boland and Colman O'Donovan. During the Irish Civil War they were on the Anti-Treaty side and continued to shelter men and dispatches, she and her husband had three daughters, Emer and Derry, as well as a son, Robert Patrick. Maeve Brennan became a well known writer.
Her great-nephew is the writer Roddy Doyle. Robert Brennan was involved in politics and was sent to the USA; however the couple returned to Ireland in 1947. They lived in Dublin once Robert Brennan was Director of Broadcasting at Radio Éireann. Úna Brennan died in 1958
Calvin Wellington is a Welsh rugby league footballer who plays as a centre for Workington Town in Betfred League 1. In November 2017 he joined the Welsh rugby union team the Dragons as a wing or centre in the Pro14 league. Wellington played rugby league for St Helens in the Super League. In July 2017, Wellington joined the Sheffield Eagles on loan until the end of the 2017 season; the Sheffield Eagles were at the time beginning their end-of-season campaign to win the Championship Shield. He joined along with two St. Helens' teammates. Dragons profile Saints Heritage Society profile
"The Luck of the Fryrish" is the fourth episode in season three of Futurama. It aired on the Fox network in the United States on March 11, 2001; the episode opens in the mid-1970s, where a young Yancy Fry is jealous of his newborn brother Philip, copies him in anything he can. In the year 3000, Philip J. Fry is getting fed up with his bad luck in a horse rally. A flashback shows Fry discovering a seven-leaf clover, which grants him extraordinary luck and allows him to beat his brother in any contest, from basketball to breakdancing. Fry sets off, with Leela and Bender, to find his clover in the ruins of Old New York and makes his way to his old house. Back in the 1980s, a teenage Fry hides the seven-leaf clover inside his Ronco record vault in his copy of The Breakfast Club soundtrack. In the year 3000, Fry opens the safe, only to discover the clover is missing, he concludes. They happen across a statue of whom they believe to be Yancy, with the seven-leaf clover in his lapel; the inscription, "Philip J. Fry - The Original Martian", angers Fry because he believes Yancy stole his name and his dream.
Professor Farnsworth pulls up a biographical movie about "Philip J. Fry", where the crew learns that he was a millionaire, rock star, is now buried with the seven-leaf clover in Orbiting Meadows National Cemetery, a graveyard orbiting Earth. A furious Fry sets off to recover the clover; the story jumps back to the early 21st century, where an adult Yancy is rummaging through his missing brother's music to find something to play at his wedding. Yancy takes it. Fry and Bender reach the grave site and start digging, but Fry knocks loose some moss, covering part of an inscription on the tombstone; the story jumps back to Yancy, discussing naming his newborn son with his wife. Yancy reveals he misses his brother, gives Fry's clover to his newborn son and names him Philip J. Fry; the inscription on the tomb reads "Here Lies Philip J. Fry, named for his uncle, to carry on his spirit." Bender finds the clover, but an touched Fry returns it to his nephew's grave. According to executive producer David X. Cohen, the storyboards for this particular episode were color-coded to indicate which scenes were based in the 31st century and which in the 20th century.
Cohen notes that the concept of telling two stories set in different times was inspired by The Godfather Part II. The quantum finish at the race track is a reference to the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Additionally, Fry's line, "It's clovering time", is a reference to the catchphrase of the Marvel Comics superhero, the Thing. Ron Weiner won an Annie Award for "Outstanding individual achievement for writing in an animated television production" for this episode in 2001. In 2006, IGN.com ranked this episode as number eleven in their list of the top 25 Futurama episodes due to the surprising ending and emotional nature of the plot. Christopher Bird of Torontoist called the episode "one of the greatest and most profound" episodes of Futurama, noted that it explores themes of loneliness and isolation, "that it does this without becoming maudlin is a triumph." In 2013, it was ranked number 3 "as voted on by fans" for Comedy Central's Futurama Fanarama marathon. In its original airing, this episode was in 73rd place for the week.
Asteroid impact avoidance comprises a number of methods by which near-Earth objects could be diverted, preventing destructive impact events. A sufficiently large impact by an asteroid or other NEOs would cause, depending on its impact location, massive tsunamis, multiple firestorms and an impact winter caused by the sunlight-blocking effect of placing large quantities of pulverized rock dust, other debris, into the stratosphere. A collision 66 million years ago between the Earth and an object 10 kilometres wide is thought to have produced the Chicxulub crater and the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event held responsible for the extinction of most dinosaurs. While the chances of a major collision are low in the near term, there is a certainty that one will happen unless defensive measures are taken. Astronomical events—such as the Shoemaker-Levy 9 impacts on Jupiter and the 2013 Chelyabinsk meteor, along with the growing number of objects on the Sentry Risk Table—have drawn renewed attention to such threats.
In 2016, a NASA scientist warned. In April 2018, the B612 Foundation reported "It's 100 percent certain we'll be hit, but we're not 100 percent sure when." In 2018, physicist Stephen Hawking, in his final book Brief Answers to the Big Questions, considered an asteroid collision to be the biggest threat to the planet. Several ways of avoiding an asteroid impact have been described. Nonetheless, in March 2019, scientists reported that asteroids may be much more difficult to destroy than thought earlier. In addition, an asteroid may reassemble itself due to gravity after being disrupted. According to expert testimony in the United States Congress in 2013, NASA would require at least five years of preparation before a mission to intercept an asteroid could be launched. In June 2018, the US National Science and Technology Council warned that America is unprepared for an asteroid impact event, developed and released the "National Near-Earth Object Preparedness Strategy Action Plan" to better prepare.
Most deflection efforts for a large object require from a year to decades of warning, allowing time to prepare and carry out a collision avoidance project, as no known planetary defense hardware has yet been developed. It has been estimated that a velocity change of just 3.5/t × 10−2 m·s−1 is needed to deflect a body on a direct collision trajectory. In addition, under certain circumstances, much smaller velocity changes are needed. For example, it was estimated there was a high chance of 99942 Apophis swinging by Earth in 2029 with a 10−4 probability of passing through a'keyhole' and returning on an impact trajectory in 2035 or 2036, it was determined that a deflection from this potential return trajectory, several years before the swing-by, could be achieved with a velocity change on the order of 10−6 ms−1. An impact by a 10 kilometres asteroid on the Earth has caused an extinction-level event due to catastrophic damage to the biosphere. There is the threat from comets entering the inner Solar System.
The impact speed of a long-period comet would be several times greater than that of a near-Earth asteroid, making its impact much more destructive. Impacts from objects as small as 50 metres in diameter, which are far more common, are extremely destructive regionally. Finding out the material composition of the object is helpful before deciding which strategy is appropriate. Missions like the 2005 Deep Impact probe have provided valuable information on. Efforts in asteroid impact prediction have concentrated on the survey method; the 1992 NASA-sponsored Near-Earth-Object Interception Workshop hosted by Los Alamos National Laboratory evaluated issues involved in intercepting celestial objects that could hit Earth. In a 1992 report to NASA, a coordinated Spaceguard Survey was recommended to discover and provide follow-up observations for Earth-crossing asteroids; this survey was expected to discover 90% of these objects larger than one kilometer within 25 years. Three years another NASA report recommended search surveys that would discover 60–70% of short-period, near-Earth objects larger than one kilometer within ten years and obtain 90% completeness within five more years.
In 1998, NASA formally embraced the goal of finding and cataloging, by 2008, 90% of all near-Earth objects with diameters of 1 km or larger that could represent a collision risk to Earth. The 1 km diameter metric was chosen after considerable study indicated that an impact of an object smaller than 1 km could cause significant local or regional damage but is unlikely to cause a worldwide catastrophe; the impact of an object much larger than 1 km diameter could well result in worldwide damage up to, including, extinction of the human species. The NASA commitment has resulted in the funding of a number of NEO search efforts, which made considerable progress toward the 90% goal by 2008; however the 2009 discovery of several NEOs 2 to 3 kilometers in diameter demonstrated there were still large objects to be detected. United States Representative George E. Brown, Jr. was quoted as voicing his support for planetary defense projects in Air & Space Power Chronicles, saying "If some day in the future we discover well in advance that an asteroid, big enough to cause a mass extinction is going to hit the Earth, we alter the course of that asteroid so that it does not hit us, it will be one of the most important accomplishments i
Jorge Luis Linares Palencia is a Venezuelan professional boxer. He has held multiple world championships in three weight classes, including the WBC featherweight title from 2007 to 2008. Linares compiled an 89-5 record as an amateur, winning several national junior championships in Venezuela. At the age of 17, Linares moved to Japan at the suggestion of his countryman, WBA president Gilberto Mendoza. Linares wanted to turn pro as soon as possible and he would've had to wait until he turned 18 in Venezuela. Linares made his professional boxing debut managed by the Teiken Boxing Gym in December 2002, he was trained by Sendai Tanaka there, Antonio Esparragoza, trained by Tanaka's master Amílcar Bursa gave Linares the nickname of El Niño de Oro. Linares made his debut at the age of 17 at featherweight; the fight took place at the Prefectural Gymnasium in Osaka, Japan on 15 December 2002. He knocked out Kyong-Soo Chung in the first round of their scheduled four round fight, his next fight took place in February 2003, a six-round bout against Chawal Sor Vorapin at the famous Korakuen Hall in Tokyo.
The fight aired on NTV G+ in Japan. Vorapin was dropped in round 1 and Linares was down in round 2 as the fight went to the scorecards. Linares won a unanimous decision. In his next five fights, Linares floated between super bantamweight and featherweight and remained undefeated, winning three via stoppages. On 31 January 2004 Linares, at the age of 19 fought for his first title, against 36 year old veteran and multiple weight world champion Hugo Rafael Soto in his home country of Venezuela at the El Poliedro in Caracas. Linares won the vacant WBA Fedelatin super bantamweight title after winning a unanimous decision with scores of 100-90, 100-90 and 99-91. Soto retired after this fight. In his tenth professional fight in August 2004, he won the vacant WBA Fedelatin featherweight title after defeating Renan Acosta at the Korakuen Hall in Tokyo; the fight went 10 rounds with the scores of 98-95 98-96 97-95 all in favor of Linares. Following a string of four wins, all via stoppage, Linares challenged 30 year old Jean Javier Sotelo for the vacant WBA Fedecentro featherweight title.
The fight took place at the Estadio Luna Park in Buenos Aires on 6 May 2005. Linares was knocked down for the first time in his career in round 2, he knocked Sotelo down twice in round 2 forcing a stoppage win. Linares spent the next year fighting in Venezuela and South Korea. On 21 July 2007, Linares fought on the undercard of Bernard Hopkins vs. Ronald Wright at the Mandalay Bay Resort & Casino in Nevada, it was the first time in his career that he would fight in the United States since turning professional. He fought former WBC super bantamweight champion Óscar Larios for the vacant WBC featherweight title. Linares dominated the action with his jab combinations and power punches which backed up Larios, although he remained competitive. Larios did not try to counter anything thrown his way. In the tenth round, a flurry of power punches from Linares sent Larios to the canvas. Larios beat the count, but referee Vic Drakulich stopped the fight giving Linares the win via technical knockout. At the time stoppage, Linares was ahead on two of the judges scorecards 87-84 and 89-82 whilst the third judge had Larios ahead by one point 86-85.
Linares made the first defense of his world title against former NABF featherweight champion Gamaliel Diaz on 15 December 2007 at the Plaza de Toros in Cancun, Mexico. Linares floored Diaz with a counter right hand in round eight, winning the bout via KO. Diaz was knocked down in round four following a right uppercut. At the time of stoppage, Linares was ahead on two of the judges scorecards 68-64 and 67-65, whilst the third judge had it at 66-66. Linares relinquished the title on 13 August 2008. Another reason for vacating the title was. Óscar Larios was elevated from Interim to full championship status. Eleven months after his last fight, Linares challenged 27 year old Whyber Garcia for the vacant WBA super featherweight title; the fight took place on 28 November 2008 at the Centro de Convenciones Atlapa in Panama City. Linares claimed the vacant WBA title via fifth-round technical knockout. On 27 June 2009 Linares made his first defense against former Mexico lightweight champion Josafat Perez, moving down in weight, in Mexico.
Linares retained the title following an over right to the head of Perez. Perez carried on with unsteady legs; the fight went on. Following some fast combinations from Linares, Perez stumbled backwards and referee Luis Pabon intervened to stop the fight; the time of stoppage was 1 minute 40 seconds into round 8. Linares signed a contract with the Golden Boy Promotions in September 2009 whilst still remaining Teiken Promotions. On 10 October 2009 Linares traveled back to Japan to make a second defense at the Yoyogi #2 Gymnasium in Tokyo against unbeaten 24 year old Mexican boxer Juan Carlos Salgado. Linares lost his WBA super featherweight title and his unbeaten streak after being knocked out in round one. Salgado came forward aggressively at the opening bell and knocked Linares down with a powerful left hook. Linares got back up, only to be attacked straight away with a barrage of left and right jabs to the head and body flooring him again, prompting the stoppage; the defeat was named Ring Magazine's 2009 Upset of the Year.
Linares took five months out before returning t