Battle of Shiloh

The Battle of Shiloh was a battle in the Western Theater of the American Civil War, fought April 6–7, 1862, in southwestern Tennessee. A Union force known as the Army of the Tennessee had moved via the Tennessee River deep into Tennessee and was encamped principally at Pittsburg Landing on the west bank of the Tennessee River, where the Confederate Army of Mississippi launched a surprise attack on Grant's army from its base in Corinth, Mississippi. Johnston was mortally wounded during the fighting. Overnight, Grant was reinforced by one of his divisions stationed further north and was joined by three divisions from the Army of the Ohio; the Union forces began an unexpected counterattack the next morning which reversed the Confederate gains of the previous day. On April 6, the first day of the battle, the Confederates struck with the intention of driving the Union defenders away from the river and into the swamps of Owl Creek to the west. Johnston hoped to defeat Grant's army before the anticipated arrival of Buell and the Army of the Ohio.

The Confederate battle lines became confused during the fighting, Grant's men instead fell back to the northeast, in the direction of Pittsburg Landing. A Union position on a sunken road, nicknamed the "Hornet's Nest" and defended by the divisions of Brig. Gens. Benjamin Prentiss and William H. L. Wallace, provided time for the remainder of the Union line to stabilize under the protection of numerous artillery batteries. Wallace was mortally wounded when the position collapsed, while several regiments from the two divisions were surrounded and surrendered. Johnston was bled to death while leading an attack. Beauregard acknowledged how tired the army was from the day's exertions and decided against assaulting the final Union position that night. Tired but unfought and well-organized men from Buell's army and a division of Grant's army arrived in the evening of April 6 and helped turn the tide the next morning, when the Union commanders launched a counterattack along the entire line. Confederate forces were forced to retreat, ending their hopes of blocking the Union advance into northern Mississippi.

The Battle of Shiloh was the battle with the highest number of casualties in American history until the Battle of Stones River, surpassed by the Battle of Chancellorsville the next year and soon after, by the three-day Battle of Gettysburg, the highest-casualty battle of the war. After the losses of Fort Henry and Fort Donelson in February 1862, Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston withdrew his forces into western Tennessee, northern Mississippi, Alabama to reorganize. Johnston established his base at Corinth, the site of a major railroad junction and strategic transportation link between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mississippi River, but left the Union troops with access into southern Tennessee and points farther south via the Tennessee River. In early March, Union Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck commander of the Department of the Missouri, ordered Grant to remain at Fort Henry, on March 4 turned field command of the expedition over to a subordinate, Brig. Gen. C. F. Smith, nominated as a major general.

Smith's orders were to lead raids intended to capture or damage the railroads in southwestern Tennessee. Brig. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman's troops arrived from Paducah, Kentucky, to conduct a similar mission to break the railroads near Eastport, Mississippi. Halleck ordered Grant to advance his Army of West Tennessee on an invasion up the Tennessee River. Grant left Fort Henry and headed upriver, arriving at Savannah, Tennessee, on March 14, established his headquarters on the east bank of the river. Grant's troops set up camp farther upriver: five divisions at Pittsburg Landing, a sixth at Crump's Landing, four miles from Grant's headquarters. Meanwhile, Halleck's command was enlarged through consolidation of Grant's and Buell's armies and renamed the Department of the Mississippi. With Buell's Army of the Ohio under his command, Halleck ordered Buell to concentrate with Grant at Savannah. Buell began a march with much of his army from Nashville and headed southwest toward Savannah. Halleck intended to take the field in person and lead both armies in an advance south to seize Corinth, where the Mobile and Ohio Railroad linking Mobile, Alabama, to the Ohio River intersected the Memphis and Charleston Railroad.

The railroad was a vital supply line connecting the Mississippi River at Memphis, Tennessee to Richmond, Virginia. Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's Army of the Tennessee of 44,895 men consisted of six divisions: 1st Division: 3 brigades. Grant developed a reputation during the war for being more concerned with h

Raúl Porchetto

Raul Porchetto is an Argentine musician and songwriter. Porchetto emerged into the Acoustic movement of Argentine rock during the early 1970s releasing his debut record in 1972 following the subgenre's popular rise in the wake of the Acusticazo. By the mid 70s he would become a member of the first and ephemeral supergroup of Argentine rock, PorSuiGieco, with León Gieco, Charly García, Nito Mestre. For the remainder of the 1970s Porchetto released an average of one LP a year. In 1980 his sixth album Metegol featured a innovative type of uptown-suave sounding rock, yet remaining accessible and unpretentious when listened to. Metegol sent Porchetto's career to the top of Argentine rock; the album beat out Serú Girán's third release Bicicleta, in a yearly rock survey by newspaper Clarín and when that group was the most popular act in Argentine rock. In a similar style Porchetto released Televisión in 1981. Mirroring the early 80s trend towards the much more light and direct rock music of the New Democracy Sound, Raul Porchetto came out with his next two album releases.

1983's Reina Madre became one of the best selling rock albums until that time. He became, his most recognized hit is 1986's "Bailando en las veredas". But Porchetto grew tired of the Rock Star rat race; that along with his eagerness to pursue more experimental and ambitious music led his releases following Reina Madre to be departures from his earlier sound, more inaccessible to casual fans. Thus they did not sell nearly as well, by the late 1980s Porchetto had cut ties with major record labels and went indie, he has continued to come out with albums until the present day. During his career Raúl Porchetto earned 10 gold, two platinum and one double platinum records, becoming one of the best selling artists of all time in Argentina. Cristo Rock Porchetto Chico cósmico Volando de vida Mundo Metegol Televisión Che pibe Reina madre El mundo puede mejorar Noche y día Barrios Bajos Bumerang Caras de la guerra Altas cumbres Fuera de juego Centavos de amor Platino Yo soy Dragones y planetas

The Spitfire Boys

The Spitfire Boys were the first Liverpool punk band to release a single. The Spitfire Boys were notable for including in their line-up Peter Clarke, who went on to drum for The Slits and Siouxsie and the Banshees and the Creatures as Budgie, Paul Rutherford better known for being a member of 1980s pop band Frankie Goes to Hollywood. Jones went on to join The Photons, which included Steve Strange and Vince Ely. In early 1977, David Littler saw The Heartbreakers live at Eric's Club, in Liverpool, asked them about a band he had, but didn't exist, the group gave him a place to support them alongside Slaughter and the Dogs and Buzzcocks at Warrington Parr Hall, Cheshire, in May; the band was formed shortly afterwards by Littler as guitarist, alongside his friends, bassist Peter Griffiths and lead vocalist Michael Rigby, Steve Platt a drummer. A short time while preparing for the gig, the band changed their name to The Spitfire Boys as a suggestion of Wayne County. For their first gig at Warrington Parr Hall, they played covers of Ramones.

After their debut gig, the band had their first drummer, Peter Clarke an art student and member of Albert Dock Yachts. With that new line-up, the band played their second gig at Eric's Club. After that, the group sacked off Michael Rigby, replaced, as suggestion of Clarke, by Paul Rutherford, they released British Refugee 7", on 7 October 1977, on RKO Records. During the brief era of that line-up, they toured UK, they supported The Prefects and The Slits, played a gig with Holly Johnson. In December, Pete Wylie only for a few rehearsals. On 22 December 1977, the band split up, Clarke and Wylie formed The Nova Mob, Paul Rutherford formed The Opium Eaters, while Littler moved to London in January 1978, where joined The Photons, alongside Steve Strange. Griffiths joined turned his back on the entire music scene, citing the growing trend in drug abuse, general disillusionment as his reasons. In July 2006 the band had "British Refugee" re-released on a Korova Records compilation album, entitled North by Northwest, compiled by Paul Morley.

After Littler disbanded the short-lived Photons, he moved to Cardiff, Wales, in October 1978, where he formed a band, The White Boys, but changed their name to The Spitfire Boys, as pressure by a financer of the band, who thought the name would sell better. That time, the line-up was formed by Littler on vocals and guitar, former Nylonz members Peter Millman on guitar, Kurt Prasser on bass and Chris Brazier on drums; that alineation recorded and released the 7" single, "Funtime" in 1979. In October 1979, the band moved to London. By 1980, despite the interest of Major Label, they disbanded, Littler joined White Brothers. "British Refugee" "Funtime" Big in Japan List of musicians in the first wave of punk music