The Battle of Tsushima known as the Battle of Tsushima Strait and the Naval Battle of the Sea of Japan in Japan, was a major naval battle fought between Russia and Japan during the Russo-Japanese War. It was naval history's first decisive sea battle fought by modern steel battleship fleets, the first naval battle in which wireless telegraphy played a critically important role, it has been characterized as the "dying echo of the old era – for the last time in the history of naval warfare, ships of the line of a beaten fleet surrendered on the high seas". It was fought on 27 -- 28 May 1905 in the Tsushima Strait between southern Japan. In this battle the Japanese fleet under Admiral Tōgō Heihachirō destroyed two-thirds of the Russian fleet, under Admiral Zinovy Rozhestvensky, which had traveled over 18,000 nautical miles to reach the Far East. In London in 1906, Sir George Sydenham Clarke wrote, "The battle of Tsu-shima is by far the greatest and the most important naval event since Trafalgar".
The destruction of the Russian navy caused a bitter reaction from the Russian public, which induced a peace treaty in September 1905 without any further battles. Prior to the Russo-Japanese War, countries constructed their battleships with mixed batteries of 6-inch, 8-inch, 10-inch and 12-inch guns, with the intent that these battleships fight on the battle line in a close-quarter, decisive fleet action; the Battle of Tsushima conclusively demonstrated that battleship speed and big guns with longer ranges were more advantageous in naval battles than mixed batteries of different sizes. On 8 February, 1904, destroyers of the Imperial Japanese Navy launched a surprise attack on the Russian Far East Fleet anchored in Port Arthur; the Russo-Japanese war had thus begun. Japan's first objective was to secure its lines of communication and supply to the Asian mainland, enabling it to conduct a ground war in Manchuria. To achieve this, it was necessary to neutralize Russian naval power in the Far East.
At first, the Russian naval forces remained inactive and did not engage the Japanese, who staged unopposed landings in Korea. The Russians were revitalised by the arrival of Admiral Stepan Makarov and were able to achieve some degree of success against the Japanese, but on 13 April Makarov's flagship, the battleship Petropavlovsk, struck a mine and sank, his successors failed to challenge the Japanese Navy, the Russians were bottled up in their base at Port Arthur. By May, the Japanese had landed forces on the Liaodong Peninsula and in August began the siege of the naval station. On 9 August, Admiral Wilgelm Vitgeft, commander of the 1st Pacific Squadron, was ordered to sortie his fleet to Vladivostok, link up with the Squadron stationed there, engage the Imperial Japanese Navy in a decisive battle. Both squadrons of the Russian Pacific Fleet would become dispersed during the battles of the Yellow Sea on 10 August and the Ulsan on 14 August 1904. What remained of Russian naval power would be sunk in Port Arthur.
With the inactivity of the First Pacific Squadron after the death of Admiral Makarov and the tightening of the Japanese noose around Port Arthur, the Russians considered sending part of their Baltic Fleet to the Far East. The plan was to relieve Port Arthur by sea, link up with the First Pacific Squadron, overwhelm the Imperial Japanese Navy, delay the Japanese advance into Manchuria until Russian reinforcements could arrive via the Trans-Siberian railroad and overwhelm the Japanese land forces in Manchuria; as the situation in the Far East deteriorated, the Tsar, agreed to the formation of the Second Pacific Squadron. This would consist of five divisions including 11 of its 13 battleships; the squadron departed the Baltic ports of Reval and Libau on 15–16 October 1904, numbering 42 ships and auxiliaries under the command of Admiral Zinovy Rozhestvensky. The Second Pacific Squadron sailed through the Baltic into the North Sea; the Russians had heard fictitious reports of Japanese torpedo boats operating in the area and were on high alert.
In the Dogger Bank incident, the Russian fleet mistook a group of British fishing trawlers operating near the Dogger Bank at night for hostile Japanese ships. The fleet fired upon the small civilian vessels. In confusion, the Russians fired upon two of their vessels, killing some of their own men; the firing continued for twenty minutes. The British were outraged by the incident and incredulous that the Russians could mistake a group of fishing trawlers for Japanese warships, thousands of kilometres from the nearest Japanese port. Britain entered the war in support of Japan, with whom it had a mutual defence agreement; the Royal Navy shadowed the Russian fleet while a diplomatic agreement was reached. France, which had hoped to bring the British and Russians together in an anti-German bloc, intervened diplomatically to restrain Britain from declaring war; the Russians were forced to accept re
Hello Cruel World is the third studio album by Sole and the Skyrider Band. It was released on Fake Four Inc. on July 19, 2011. Music videos were created for "Napoleon", "D. I. Y.", "Hello Cruel World", "Bad Captain Swag", "Immortality". At Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received an average score of 66% based on 6 reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews". Tom Briehan of Pitchfork gave the album a 6.1 out of 10, saying, "Sole has curbed his frantic, out-of-control, sometimes-arrhythmic rap style, going for a measured and controlled thing instead." David Jeffries of AllMusic gave the album 3.5 stars out of 5, saying, "the album's title references Sole's desire to bring the underground angst to the masses, injecting a little ugliness and art into your everyday programming." Thomas Quinlan of Exclaim! said: "While it's unlikely Hello Cruel World will reach far beyond Sole's current fan base, it should continue to impress those who are fans, offering a different perspective on the unorthodox MC."Westword included it on the "Denver's Best Music Releases of 2011" list.
Credits adapted from liner notes. Sole and the Skyrider Band Tim Holland – vocals, lyrics Bud Berning – programming, arrangement William Ryan Fritch – instrumentation, arrangement John Wagner – drum programming, productionAdditional musicians Xiu Xiu – vocals, lyrics Lil B – vocals, lyrics Pictureplane – vocals, lyrics Ceschi – vocals, lyrics Noah23 – vocals, lyrics Pedestrian – lyrics Sage Francis – vocals, lyrics Isaiah Toothtaker – vocals, lyrics Mestizo – vocals, lyrics Technical personnel Jesse O'Brien – mixing Tom Capek – mastering Lando – cover art Michael Crigler – art direction, design The Raincoat Man – vinyl layout Hello Cruel World at Discogs
Boeing Canada is the Canadian subsidiary of Boeing, with operations in Winnipeg, British Columbia and Ottawa. Boeing employs more than 1,600 people in Canada. Boeing Aircraft of Canada Limited was formed in 1929 by the American Boeing Airplane Company. In October 2008, Boeing Canada was named one of "Canada's Top 100 Employers" by Mediacorp Canada Inc. and was featured in Maclean's newsmagazine. That month, Boeing Canada Technology in Winnipeg was named one of Manitoba's Top Employers, announced by the Winnipeg Free Press newspaper. Boeing Canada Vancouver – Richmond, British Columbia & Yaletown in Downtown Vancouver makes maintenance-planning software applications for commercial and defence customers. Boeing Canada Winnipeg– an aerospace composite manufacturer; the Boeing Company has a long relationship with Canada going back to World War II: de Havilland Canada, Ontario, from 1985 to 1992. Sold to Bombardier and sold again to Viking Air's Longview Aviation to continue production of Bombardier Dash 8 under the de Havilland Aircraft of Canada.
Boeing Vertol Helicopters, Arnprior Division, from 1954 to 2005. Site now home to Arnprior Aerospace. Boeing Toronto Limited: manufacturer of Boeing 717 wings, parts for the Delta rocket, the Boeing C-17 transport and the Boeing 737 jetliner; this was the former McDonnell-Douglas Canada which merged into Boeing in 1997: manufacturer of aircraft wings and related components for the KC-10 and MD-11, MD-80 wings and cabin floors, McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet and CF-18 side panels and pylons. The plant was shut in 2005 after Boeing decided to cease production of 717. Plant building has since been demolished During World War II Boeing Aircraft of Canada in Vancouver built 240 PBY-5 Catalina flying boats for the RAF and the RCAF patrol bomber squadrons. In addition a further 67 PB2B-2 versions of the PBY-5 were built and supplied to the RAF as the Catalina VI; the plant was located at Sea Island and now re-developed as Burkeville residential area (named after Boeing Canada President Stanley Burke.