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Battle of Worcester

The Battle of Worcester took place on 3 September 1651 at Worcester and was the final battle of the English Civil War. Oliver Cromwell's Parliamentarian New Model Army, 28,000 strong, defeated King Charles II's 16,000 Royalists, of whom the vast majority were Scottish; the King was aided by Scottish allies and was attempting to regain the throne, lost when his father Charles I was executed. The commander of the Scots, David Leslie, supported the plan of fighting in Scotland, where royal support was strongest. Charles, insisted on making war in England, he calculated that Cromwell's campaign north of the River Forth would allow the main Scottish Royalist army, south of the Forth to steal the march on the Roundhead New Model Army in a race to London. He hoped to rally not the old faithful Royalists, but the overwhelming numerical strength of the English Presbyterians to his standard, he calculated that his alliance with the Scottish Presbyterian Covenanters and his signing of the Solemn League and Covenant would encourage English Presbyterians to support him against the English Independent faction which had grown in power over the last few years.

The Royalist army was kept well in hand, no excesses were allowed, in a week the Royalists covered 150 miles in marked contrast to the Duke of Hamilton's ill-fated expedition of 1648. On 8 August the troops were given a well-earned rest between Kendal, but the Royalists were mistaken in supposing. Everything had been foreseen both by the Council of State in Westminster; the latter had called out the greater part of the militia on 7 August. Lieutenant-General Charles Fleetwood began to draw together the midland contingents at Banbury; the London trained-bands turned out for field service no fewer than 14,000 strong. Every suspected Royalist was watched, the magazines of arms in the country-houses of the gentry were for the most part removed into the strong places. On his part Cromwell had made his preparations. Perth passed into his hands on 2 August and he brought back his army to Leith by 5 August. Thence he dispatched Lieutenant-General John Lambert with a cavalry corps to harass the invaders.

Major-General Thomas Harrison was at Newcastle picking the best of the county mounted-troops to add to his own regulars. On 9 August, Charles was at Kendal, Lambert hovering in his rear, Harrison marching swiftly to bar his way at the Mersey. Thomas Fairfax emerged for a moment from his retirement to organize the Yorkshire levies, the best of these as well as of the Lancashire and Staffordshire militias were directed upon Warrington, which Harrison reached on 15 August, a few hours in front of Charles's advanced guard. Lambert too, slipping round the left flank of the enemy, joined Harrison, the English fell back and without letting themselves be drawn into a fight, along the London road. Cromwell meanwhile, leaving George Monck with the least efficient regiments to carry on the war in Scotland, had reached the river Tyne in seven days, thence, marching 20 miles a day in extreme heat with the country people carrying their arms and equipment, the regulars entered Ferrybridge on 19 August, at which date Lambert and the north-western militia were about Congleton.

It seemed probable that a great battle would take place between Lichfield and Coventry on or just after 25 August and that Cromwell, Harrison and Fleetwood would all take part in it. But the scene and the date of the denouement were changed by the enemy's movements. Shortly after leaving Warrington the young king had resolved to abandon the direct march on London and to make for the Severn valley, where his father had found the most constant and the most numerous adherents in the first war, and, the centre of gravity of the English Royalist movement of 1648. Sir Edward Massey the Parliamentary governor of Gloucester, was now with Charles, it was hoped that he would induce his fellow Presbyterians to take arms; the military quality of the Welsh border Royalists was well proved, that of the Gloucestershire Presbyterians not less so, and, in basing himself on Gloucester and Worcester as his father had done on Oxford, Charles II hoped to deal with the Independent faction minority of the English people more effectually than Charles I had earlier dealt with the majority of the people of England who had supported the Parliamentary cause.

But the pure Royalism which now ruled in the invading army could not alter the fact that it was a foreign, army, it was not an Independent faction but all England that united against it. Charles arrived at Worcester on 22 August and spent five days in resting the troops, preparing for further operations, gathering and arming the few recruits who came in; the delay was to prove fatal. Worcester itself had no particular claim to being loyal to the King. Throughout the First Civil War it had taken the pragmatic position of declaring loyalty to whichever side had been in occupation; the epithet'Faithful City' arose out of a cynical claim at the Restoration for compensation from the new king. Cromwell, the lord general, had during his march south thrown out successively two flying columns under Colonel Robert Lilburne to deal with the Lancashire Royalists under the Earl of Derby. Lilburne routed a Lancashire detachment of the enemy on their way to join the main Royalist army at the Battle of Wigan Lane on 25 August and as affair

2018 UEFA Women's Under-19 Championship

The 2018 UEFA Women's Under-19 Championship was the 17th edition of the UEFA Women's Under-19 Championship, the annual international youth football championship organised by UEFA for the women's under-19 national teams of Europe. Switzerland, which were selected by UEFA on 26 January 2015, hosted the tournament. A total of eight teams played in the tournament, with players born on or after 1 January 1999 eligible to participate. Spain were the defending champions, defended the title after beating Germany in the final, became the first nation to win the women's under-17 and under-19 titles in the same year. A total of 49 UEFA nations entered the competition, with the hosts Switzerland qualifying automatically, the other 48 teams competed in the qualifying competition to determine the remaining seven spots in the final tournament; the qualifying competition consisted of two rounds: Qualifying round, which took place in autumn 2017, Elite round, which took place in spring 2018. The following teams qualified for the final tournament.

Note: All appearance statistics include only U-19 era. The final draw was held on 23 April 18:00 CEST, at the Stufenbau in Ittigen, Switzerland; the eight teams were drawn into two groups of four teams. There was no seeding; the eight teams were divided into two groups of four, a group West and a group East. A total of 6 referees, 8 assistant referees and 2 fourth officials were appointed for the final tournament; each national team have to submit a squad of 20 players. The final tournament schedule was confirmed on 30 April 2018; the group winners and runners-up advance to the semi-finals. TiebreakersIn the group stage, teams are ranked according to points, if tied on points, the following tiebreaking criteria are applied, in the order given, to determine the rankings: Points in head-to-head matches among tied teams. All times are local, CEST. In the knockout stage, extra time and penalty shoot-out are used to decide the winner. There were 33 goals scored for an average of 2.2 goals per match. 2 goals 1 goal Source: UEFA.com The UEFA technical observers selected the following 11 players for the team of the tournament: Official website UEFA Women's Under-19 history: 2017/18 2018 WU19 EURO: Switzerland, UEFA.com

2010 term per curiam opinions of the Supreme Court of the United States

The Supreme Court of the United States handed down ten per curiam opinions during its 2010 term, which began October 4, 2010 and concluded October 1, 2011. Because per curiam decisions are issued from the Court as an institution, these opinions all lack the attribution of authorship or joining votes to specific justices. All justices on the Court at the time the decision was handed down are assumed to have participated and concurred unless otherwise noted. Chief Justice: John Roberts Associate Justices: Antonin Scalia, Anthony Kennedy, Clarence Thomas, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen Breyer, Samuel Alito, Sonia Sotomayor, Elena Kagan 562 U. S. 1 Decided November 8, 2010. In 1997, a trial jury found Joseph Corcoran guilty of murdering four men and he was sentenced to death; the trial court included three factors in its justification of the sentence: the innocence of those killed, the heinousness of the crime, his potential to commit these crimes in the future. The Indiana Supreme Court vacated this sentence on the basis that these three factors are not admissible in a sentencing decision under Indiana law.

In response, the trial court stated that it did not rely on these factors in its sentence, whereupon the Indiana Supreme Court affirmed the sentence. Corcoran filed a petition for a writ of habeas corpus in federal court, which the District Court granted based on one of his claims without discussing the others; the Seventh Circuit reversed and directed the District Court upon remand to deny the writ, without permitting it to review the other claims and without explaining why those claims should not be considered. The Supreme Court vacated that decision in Corcoran v. Levenhagen, 558 U. S. 1, explaining that it was error for the Seventh Circuit to dispose of the petitioner's other claims without any explanation. On remand, the Seventh Circuit now granted habeas relief to Corcoran, indicating that the state courts should reconsider its sentence in order to comply with state law; the Supreme Court vacated the Seventh Circuit's ruling. The Court ruled that Federal courts may only grant a writ of habeas corpus if a violation of federal law is found.

Federal courts may not grant habeas relief if, the only issue raised is a potential violation of state law. 562 U. S. 40 Decided December 13, 2010. The decision was a summary affirmation "by an divided court" of the Ninth Circuit's decision. 562 U. S. 42 Decided January 10, 2011. The case involved the issue of whether tribal sovereign immunity protected the Oneida Indian Nation against foreclosure by local taxing authorities to enforce due property taxes. After the Supreme Court granted certiorari, the tribe passed a tribal declaration and ordinance waiving its immunity against tax enforcement; the Supreme Court vacated and remanded for the Second Circuit to consider the effect of this new development. 562 U. S. 216 Decided January 24, 2011. Ginsburg filed a concurrence. 562 U. S. 594 Decided March 21, 2011. A California jury convicted Steven Frank Jackson of numerous sexual offenses. Jackson raised a Batson claim; the prosecutor's race-neutral explanations for the exclusion were accepted by the California Court of Appeal, the California Supreme Court denied Jackson's petition for review.

Jackson sought federal habeas relief. The Federal District Court found that the state courts' decisions were not unreasonable and denied Jackson's petition, but was reversed by the Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in a three-paragraph memorandum opinion, without discussing any facts or reasoning of the three courts that had rejected Jackson's claim; the Supreme Court reversed the Ninth Circuit Court's decision, noting that "On federal habeas review, AEDPA'imposes a deferential standard for evaluating state-court rulings' and'demands that state-court decisions be given the benefit of the doubt.'" Moreover, "The state appellate court’s decision was plainly not unreasonable. There was no basis for the Ninth Circuit to reach the opposite conclusion in such a dismissive manner." 563 U. S. 395 Decided May 2, 2011. 564 U. S. 932 Decided June 27, 2011. The Court vacated the Ninth Circuit's judgment, because the case had become moot and the lower court, lacked constitutional authority under Article III to decide the case on the merits.

Justices Ginsburg and Sotomayor noted, without separate opinion, that they would have remanded the case to the Ninth Circuit for that court to consider the mootness issue in the first instance. Justice Kagan did not participate in the decision of the case. 564 U. S. 940 Decided July 7, 2011. The Court denied an application for a stay of execution of Humberto Leal Garcia, Jr. a Mexican national who argued that his conviction and death sentence in Texas violated the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations. Justice Breyer filed a dissent, joined by Justices Ginsburg and Kagan. Leal Garcia was executed on July 7, 2011 as scheduled

Valley Baseball League

The Valley Baseball League is an NCAA and MLB-sanctioned collegiate summer baseball league in the Shenandoah Valley region of Virginia. Each Valley Baseball League season consists of 42 games played during summer, beginning the Friday after Memorial Day and continuing into late July. Playoffs follow and culminate in early August; the league was started in 1923 and sanctioned by the NCAA in 1961. It has been a wooden bat league since 1993, it is one of a dozen leagues in the National Alliance of College Summer Baseball. The VBL is funded in part by a grant from Major League Baseball; the Valley League has produced well over 1,000 professional baseball players, including a record 79 former players drafted in the 2008 Major League Baseball First-Year Player Draft. In 2007, The Valley Baseball League expanded to include one new team with the addition of the Fauquier Gators. Another team was planned to be added in Lexington, Virginia but difficulties with the lighting system delayed the team's addition to the league.

The VBL announced in July 2008 that the Rockbridge Rapids would start play in the 2009 season, but the team folded a couple years later. In 2011 the Strasburg Express entered the league and in 2015 the Charlottesville Tom Sox entered the league. Front Royal Cardinals Purcellville Cannons New Market Rebels Strasburg Express Winchester Royals Woodstock River Bandits Charlottesville Tom Sox Covington Lumberjacks Harrisonburg Turks Staunton Braves Waynesboro Generals Quarterfinals: #1 vs. #8 #2 vs. #7 #3 vs. #6 #4 vs. #5 Semifinals: Highest Remaining Seed Vs. Lowest Remaining Seed Next Highest Seed vs. Next Lowest Seed Championship: Highest Remaining Seed vs. Other Remaining Seed Charlottesville -2 Covington -2 Elkton -1 Front Royal -1 Haymarket -1 Harrisonburg -12 Luray-7 Madison -2 New Market -4 Shenandoah -6 Staunton -6 Strasburg -2 Waynesboro -6 Winchester -13 Not all teams have been with VBL since 1954. Throughout its history, teams have been removed and added; the summer of 2008 was highlighted by a promotion called Around the Valley in 60 Days.

This promotion was started by Crystal Clear Delivery and S. Carter Studios and encouraged patrons to visit all 11 parks in the 60-day season; the program was deemed a huge success as some fifty fans completed the program and attended all 11 ballparks. Daniel Murphy Luray ’04 ’05 Brett Gardner, New Market'03 Center Field Ben Guez, Covington'06 Jason Kipnis, Covington'07, second baseman for the Cleveland Indians Collin Cowgill, Covington Javier Lopez, New Market ’96 Mike Lowell, Waynesboro ’93 Mike Maroth, Staunton ’96 ’97 Kyle Snyder, Winchester ’97 Cory Spangenberg, Winchester ’10 Aubrey Huff, Staunton Luke Scott, Staunton Juan Pierre, Harrisonburg Steve Finley, Harrisonburg Clint Robinson, Harrisonburg'05 Mo Vaughn, Harrisonburg Jon Rauch, Harrisonburg David Eckstein, Harrisonburg Chris Hoiles, Harrisonburg Chris Devenski, Woodstock Guido Knudson, Woodstock Yonder Alonso, Luray ‘06 Johnny Oates, Waynesboro Denny Walling, Waynesboro Wayne Comer, Shenandoah Jerry May, Staunton Jon Jay, Staunton ‘04 Chris Perez, Staunton ‘04 Ryan Schimpf, Luray ‘08 Roberto Hernandez, Front Royal Eddy Rodriguez, Luray ‘05 & ‘06 Jim Morris, Charlottesville Tom Browning, New Market Dan Pasqua, New Market Jimmy Key, Winchester Alex Wimmers, Luray ‘08 Drew Rucinski, Luray ‘08 Brian Bocock, Luray ‘04 Erik Kratz and Harrisonburg Mike Cubbage, Charlottesville Rick Honeycutt, Charlottesville Billy Sample, Harrisonburg Kirt Manwaring,Waynesboro Rich Rodriguez, Staunton Reggie Sanders, Front Royal Wayne Tolleson, Staunton Vic Correll, Staunton John Kruk, New Market Sam Perlozzo and New Market Jason Michaels, Staunton John Pawlowski, Staunton Chad Tracy, Staunton Tommy LaStella, Haymarket Darrell Whitmore, Front Royal Rick Spiers, Charlottesville Valley Baseball League

One Day, One Room

"One Day, One Room" is the twelfth episode of the third season of House and the fifty-eighth episode overall. Cuddy gives House extra mandatory clinic duty as a repayment for her perjury on his behalf in the previous episode, he is forced to examine three patients. Meanwhile, Cameron deals with a homeless patient with terminal lung cancer who wants to die in suffering so that someone will remember him. One of the first clinic patients House must treat is psychologically disturbed Eve, diagnosed with chlamydia, she begins sobbing and House explains that it is a curable disease. When she shouts "Don't touch me!" House realizes. Eve insists that House treat her and Cuddy forces him to spend time with her. In an effort to earn her trust so she will talk about the rape, House tells her of an abusive grandmother he had as a child. Scrutinizing the details, Eve asks if the story is true. House concedes that it is "true for somebody", but not him. At that point, Cuddy informs him that Eve is pregnant; when House explains the situation to Eve and insists that she terminate the pregnancy, she deems the solution unacceptable.

They go for a walk, debating the philosophy of religion. House concedes that the story he told her earlier was true, but it was not his grandmother who abused him, it was his father. With that revelation, Eve feels comfortable to open up to him and she begins to tell him about the rape. At the same time, Cameron is disconnecting the homeless man from the monitoring equipment, as he has died. In a closing conversation with Wilson and Cuddy, House explains that Eve has been discharged after terminating the pregnancy. FOX.com-House official site "One Day, One Room" on IMDb

1929–30 Welsh Cup

The 1929–30 FAW Welsh Cup is the 49th season of the annual knockout tournament for competitive football teams in Wales. League name pointed after clubs name. B&DL - Birmingham & District League CCL - Cheshire County League FL D2 - Football League Second Division FL D3N - Football League Third Division North FL D3S - Football League Third Division South SFL - Southern Football League WLN - Welsh League North WLS - Welsh League South Eight winners from the Fourth round and eight new clubs. Match between Rhyl and Colwyn bay were held at Llandudno. Final were held at replay - at Wrexham; the FAW Welsh Cup