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Battle of Zierikzee

The battle of Zierikzee was a naval battle between a Flemish fleet and an allied Franco-Hollandic fleet which took place on 10 and 11 August 1304. The battle, fought near the town of Zierikzee, ended in a Franco-Holland victory; the battle is part of a larger conflict between the Count of Flanders and his French feudal lord, King Philip IV of France. The County of Zeeland was an area, contested between the Count of Flanders and the Count of Holland since the 11th century. Granted in 1012 by Emperor Henry II to the count of Flanders Baldwin IV, by 1076 the area had become part of Holland but under Flemish overlordship. After the Flemish victory in the battle of the Golden Spurs, the Flemish attacked John II Avesnes, count of Holland, Zeeland and of Hainaut and conquered Lessines; the House of Dampierre and the House of Avesnes had been involved in a familial war for decades. In retaliation to the Flemish invasion of Hainaut John's son William plundered Cadzand. In reaction to this raid, Guy of Namur, son of Guy I of Flanders, formed a fleet at Sluis, which sailed on 23 April 1303 to claim Zeeland for the Flemish.

After Flemish landings near Arnemuiden and Veere the troops of William fled to Middelburg which surrendered on 9 May 1303. After this the Flemings conquered the whole of several other islands. Only Zierikzee was held for the count of Holland. In July 1303 an armistice was arranged between the count of Holland. Covered by an armistice in the north, the Flemings raised an army near Cassel, which entered France and attacked Saint-Omer and Tournai. In August 1303 Philip IV of France tried to raise a new army to counter this threat, but due to mutiny over backpay he was forced to conclude an armistice until May 1304 with the Flemings, extended to June; the armistice gave the French the opportunity to raise a new army in peace for the next campaigning season. In the Spring of 1304 the armistice between the Flemings and Holland was broken. William defeated the Flemings near Castle Blodenburg. A fleet led by William and his uncle Guy of Avesnes, bishop of Utrecht however was defeated by the Flemings, the bishop being captured.

After this victory, the Flemings invaded Utrecht. Seeing the Flemish success John II, Duke of Brabant joined the Flemish cause. Dordrecht, led by Witte van Haemstede, a bastard son of count Floris V, brought the cities of Holland to the side of William and the Flemings retreated. After this Zierikzee, still held by Holland, was besieged. Upon the end of the armistice between France and Flanders, Philip IV launched his army on Tournai and sent his fleet, led by Rainier Grimaldi, to aid the count of Holland. Grimaldi's fleet consisted of eight Spanish cogs and 11 Genoese galleys; this fleet was joined at Schiedam by the small fleet of Holland. This combined fleet set sail for Zierikzee. Guy of Namur could count on a motley fleet of 37 Flemish, Hanseatic and Swedish ships, as well as numerous smaller vessels. On the evening of August 1304, the two fleets met on the Gouwe, back a bay near Zierikzee; as the river was silted, maneuvering was hindered. The Flemish tried a fire ship attack which failed when the vessels were blown back to the Flemish lines.

At first the battle seemed to go to the Flemings as the larger French ships were immobilized by grounding. But when the tides changed, the larger French ships came free and joined the fight, turning the battle to Grimaldi's advantage; the next morning, the Flemish ships were seen to aimlessly float sabotaged by a traitor who cut their moorings. As the Franco-Hollander fleet was still in battle array, it was able to put down further Flemish resistance; as a result of the French victory, Guy of Namur was captured and the siege of Zierikzee was lifted. One week after the naval battle, on 18 August Philip IV himself was able to defeat the Flemish main army at the battle of Mons-en-Pévèle. On 22 August Count John II died and was succeeded as count of Hainaut and Zeeland by his son William. G. Asaert, J. van Beylen en H. P. H. Jansen et al. Maritieme geschiedenis der Nederlanden 1, De Boer Maritiem, Bussum, 1976 J. I. Israel, De Republiek, 1477-1806, Uitgeverij Van Wijnen, Franeker, 1996 Arco Willeboordse, Een woensdag in 1302, 2002

Regiment of Mounted Grenadiers

The Regiment of Mounted Grenadiers is the name of two Argentine Army regiments of two different time periods: a historic regiment that operated from 1812 to 1826, a modern cavalry unit, organized in 1903. The first Regiment of Mounted Grenadiers, formed in 1812, fought in the Argentine War of Independence under José de San Martín, the Cisplatine War, subsequently becoming the Presidential bodyguard in 1825. Refusing to replenish its membership with soldiers who had not fought in the Argentine War of Independence, the regiment disbanded in 1826; the second Regiment of Mounted Grenadiers was formed in 1903, serves as the national ceremonial unit. It has no direct link or lineage; as a unit, it has never been in combat, although ten members of the regiment were seconded to other units which fought in the Falklands. The original regiment was founded by Argentine national hero José de San Martín in 1812, its first military action was the Battle of San Lorenzo. The regiment played a key role as part of the Army of the Andes in the battles of Chacabuco and Maipú in Chile.

Traveling to Perú, Bolivia, the Grenadiers took part in the Battles of Riobamba and Ayacucho, in the Cisplatine War. The size of the regiment fell to 120 men and it was disbanded in 1827; when Lt. Col. of Cavalry Jose de San Martin arrived on March 9, 1812, the First Triumvirate recognized him for his services as a Cavalry officer in the Spanish Army. After studying the Argentine Army's organizational and strategic problems, he offered to put his experiences from the Peninsular War to use in assisting with the Argentine War for Independence. On March 12, the Superior Provisional Government gave an order that recognized and confirmed San Martin's services; the Triumvirate had written to the government asking that San Martin be appointed commander of the Mounted Grenadiers Squadron, about to be raised. San Martin set out to form a new cavalry corps that would be patterned after the Swiss Army's Mounted Grenadiers, his goal was to create a unit made up of native soldiers trained in cavalry tactics and mounted combat skills that could support the Argentine Army.

Over the next several months, he built what became known as the "Mounted Grenadiers Squadron". The new unit was led by eight officers of cavalry. Non-commissioned officers and enlisted troops numbered nine cavalry sergeants, three cavalry corporals, 31 cavalry grenadiers and one cavalry trumpeter. Officers and commanders of the Squadron Squadron Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Jose de San Martin Squadron Corporal Major: Carlos Maria de Alvear Adjutant Major: Francisco Luzuriaga Guidon Bearer: Manuel Hidalgo1st Cavalry Troop officers Cavalry Captain Jose Matias Zapiola Cavalry Lieutenant Justo Bermudez Cornet Hipolito Bouchard2nd Cavalry Troop officers Cavalry Captain Pedro Vergara Cavalry Lieutenant Agenor Murillio Cornet Mariano Necochea The strict training regimen and rules of conduct established by Jose de San Martin for the Mounted Grenadiers Regiment became a model for the Argentine Army. Rigorous military discipline in maneuvers and parade drills were a defining characteristic of the regiment.

The San Martin Code of Honor, still used today by the regiment, set out the rules expected to be followed by each member of the Mounted Grenadiers. San Martin used the Code of Honor in recruiting and leading what became an effective fighting force. Based on the concept of "leading by example", in private life as well as military life, the Regiment's Code of Honor included discipline, a commitment to training; the Code incorporated fourteen specific points, which stated that it was unbecoming of an officer in the regiment: To show cowardice in battle. Lowering one's head will be considered as such. To not accept a challenge, whether it is just or unjust. To not demand satisfaction when he has been insulted. To not defend, at all costs, the honor of his unit when it has been defamed in his presence or elsewhere. To cheat like a tradesman. To lack integrity in the management of his unit's interests. To speak ill of his comrades to soldiers or officers from other military units. To publicize the discussions held by the officers in their secret meetings.

To fraternize with sergeants and troopers. To lay hands on a woman if she has insulted him. To not come to the relief of a comrade, in danger, when he is able. To be seen in public with women who are known prostitutes. To gamble with low and bawdy people outside of the officer corps. To drink immoderately, in a way that would be prejudicial to the honor of his unit. Sometime San Martín wrote a short poem honoring his Grenadiers: After a period of recruitment and training, the Second Mounted Grenadiers Squadron was decreed as ready on September 11, 1812, the Third Mounted Grenadiers Squadron followed in December 1812. By this time, the First Triumvirate had been disbanded as a result of the Revolution of October 8, 1812, supported by the Second Squadron. San Martin was given the title of Commander of the Mounted Grenadiers; when the Mounted Grenadiers Regiment came into existence on December 7, 1812, San Martin was promoted to Colonel and the unit relocated to improved quarters and better stables.

Its Fourth Squadron was raised three years in 1815. On February 3, 1813, the regiment won the only battle of the Argentine War of Independence led by San Martin; the regiment had proceeded to the town of San Lorenzo in Santa Fe on the previous day to stop an advance landing party of 250 Spanish tro

Jack Novak

Clarence John Novak is an American former professional football player who played tight end in the National Football League for the Cincinnati Bengals and Tampa Bay Buccaneers from 1975 to 1977. Novak played football and basketball at Kewaunee High School, from which he graduated in 1971. During his senior season, he led the team to an undefeated season, he was named to the UPI All-State Team. In March 1971 as a high school senior, he announced he would attend the University of Wisconsin–Madison, he played college football for three seasons for the Badgers. In those three season, he played 33 games at tight end for the Badgers, with career totals of 49 receptions for 965 yards and six touchdowns. Novak was drafted in the 12th round of the 1975 NFL Draft by the Cincinnati Bengals. During his rookie season of 1975, he played in all 14 games on special teams and as a backup tight end, he totaled two receptions for 34 yards for the season. On September 7, 1976, Novak signed with the expansion Tampa Bay Buccaneers.

That season, he played in 12 games, starting one at tight end, had his most productive season with eight receptions for 130 yards and one touchdown. His lone career touchdown came on a 30-yard pass from quarterback Steve Spurrier in a 28-19 loss to the Kansas City Chiefs, it was his longest career reception. His third and final NFL season was 1977 for the Bucs, in which he played nine games, starting two, with two receptions for 24 yards, he is Real Estate Agency in Kewaunee, Wisconsin. He assists coaching the Kewaunee High School football team. A plaque on the school's Wall of Fame commemorates his career, he resides in Kewaunee with his wife and has 7 grandchildren. A lot of his grandchildren play sports, in which he attends the events