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Los Angeles Railway

The Los Angeles Railway was a system of streetcars that operated in Central Los Angeles and surrounding neighborhoods between 1901 and 1963. It operated on 3 ft 6 in narrow gauge tracks; the company carried many more passengers than the Pacific Electric Railway's Red Cars, which served a larger area of Los Angeles. The system shared dual gauge track with the 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in standard gauge Pacific Electric, "Red Car," system on Main Street in downtown Los Angeles, on 4th Street, along Hawthorne Boulevard south of Downtown Los Angeles toward the cities of Hawthorne and Torrance; the system was purchased by railroad and real estate tycoon Henry E. Huntington in 1898 and started operation in 1901. At its height, the system contained over 20 streetcar lines and 1,250 trolleys, most running through the core of Los Angeles and serving such neighborhoods as Crenshaw, West Adams, Leimert Park, Exposition Park, Echo Park, Hancock Park, Boyle Heights and Lincoln Heights; the system was sold in 1944 by Huntington's estate to American City Lines, Inc. of Chicago, a subsidiary of National City Lines, a holding company, purchasing transit systems across the country.

The sale was announced December 5, 1944. National City Lines, along with its investors that included Firestone Tire, Standard Oil of California and General Motors, were convicted of conspiring to monopolize the sale of buses and related products to local transit companies controlled by National City Lines and other companies in what became known as the General Motors streetcar conspiracy. National City Lines purchased Key System, which operated streetcars systems in Northern California, the following year; the company was renamed as Los Angeles Transit Lines. The new company introduced 40 new ACF-Brill trolley buses, intended for the Key System streetcar system in Oakland, being converted by National City Lines to buses in late 1948. Many lines were converted to buses in early 1950s; the last remaining lines were taken over by the Los Angeles Metropolitan Transit Authority along with the remains of the Pacific Electric Railway in 1958. The agency removed the remaining five streetcar lines and two trolley bus lines, replacing electric service with diesel buses on March 31, 1963.

2 Line – Rampart area of Echo Park to Montecito Heights. 3 Line – Skid Row to Hollywood. 5 Line – Hawthorne to Eagle Rock. 7 Line – South Los Angeles to Los Angeles Plaza Historic District. 8 Line – Leimert Park to Los Angeles Plaza Historic District. 9 Line – Leimert Park to the Wholesale District, by way of 48th Street, Hoover Street, Grand Avenue, Pico Boulevard, 2nd Street. 10 Line – Leimert Park to Lincoln Heights. A Line – Mid City to Echo Park. B Line – Nevin to City Terrace. D Line – Westlake to Skid Row. F LineAthens to Boyle Heights. G Line – Nevin to South Park. H Line – South Los Angeles to East Hollywood. I Line - J Line – Jefferson Park to Huntington Park. K Line - Nevin to South Park. L Line – East Hollywood to Mid-City. N LineKoreatown to South Park. O Line – South Los Angeles to Lincoln Heights. P Line – Mid-City to City Terrace. R Line – Hancock Park to East Los Angeles. S Line – Watts to East Hollywood. U Line – Nevin to West Adams. V Line – Nevin to E

Gladstone, North Dakota

Gladstone is a city in Stark County, North Dakota, United States. The population was 239 at the 2010 census, it is part of the Dickinson Micropolitan Statistical Area. Gladstone was laid out in 1882, was built up by a group of settlers from Ripon, Wisconsin; the city was named for British Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone. Gladstone is located at 46°51′35″N 102°33′56″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.35 square miles, of which, 0.34 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 239 people, 99 households, 62 families residing in the city; the population density was 702.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 113 housing units at an average density of 332.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.2% White, 0.4% Asian, 0.8% from other races, 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population. There were 99 households of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 37.4% were non-families.

25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age in the city was 43.4 years. 23.4% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.3 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 248 people, 95 households, 64 families residing in the city; the population density was 695.8 people per square mile. There were 106 housing units at an average density of 297.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.56% White, 1.21% Native American, 2.42% from other races, 0.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.44% of the population. There were 95 households out of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.6% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.14. In the city, the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 115.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 122.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $26,563, the median income for a family was $29,688. Males had a median income of $22,083 versus $18,750 for females; the per capita income for the city was $12,447. About 12.7% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.1% of those under the age of eighteen and 28.6% of those sixty five or over