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Battle of the Yalu River (1904)

The Battle of the Yalu River lasted from 30 April to 1 May 1904, was the first major land battle during the Russo-Japanese War. It was fought near Wiju on the lower reaches of the Yalu River, on the border between Korea and China; the strategy of the Russian commander in the Far East, General Alexei Kuropatkin was to conduct stalling action, while waiting for enough reinforcements to be brought up to the front via the single-track Trans-Siberian Railway to take the offensive. He estimated, he had received strict orders not to hinder the Japanese progress through Korea from Viceroy Yevgeni Alekseyev, but to hold the line at the Yalu River to prevent the Japanese from crossing into Manchuria. On 22 April 1904, Kuropatkin dispatched the "Eastern Detachment" under the command of Lieutenant-General Mikhail Zasulich with 16,000 infantry, 5,000 cavalry and some 62 artillery pieces to fight a static delaying action at the north bank of the river. However, this force was spread out piecemeal over a 170-mile front, whereas the Japanese Army could concentrate its efforts on any single point of its choosing.

Furthermore, General Zasulich did not hold the Japanese in a high regard. Most of the Russian forces were deployed near Wiju. Small detachments guarded the bank down the river. After the success of the Imperial Japanese Navy at the Battle of Chemulpo Bay on 9 February 1904, the way was clear for the Imperial Japanese Army to deploy the 2nd, the 12th, the Guards Divisions of the Japanese 1st Army, commanded by Major-General Baron Tamemoto Kuroki, into Korea; the total strength of Japanese force was about 42,500 men. The Japanese 1st Army advanced northwards from Chemulpo, with advance units entering Pyongyang on 21 February 1904 and Anju by 18 March 1904. Learning their lessons in logistics and transport from the Sino-Japanese War, the Japanese army hired some 10,000 local laborers at wages well above the local norms, paid for any food and supplies procured locally; this contrasted with the behavior of the Russian troops in northern Korea. By seizing the port of Chinampo at the mouth of the Taedong River outside of Pyongyang with the spring thaw, the Japanese were able to land the remaining components of the 1st Army by 29 March.

By 21 April 1904 the Japanese 1st Army was hidden south of Wiju. The Japanese were in the same positions on the southern bank of the Yalu River that they had been in August 1894; the Japanese knew the exact locations of the Russians' deployment from intelligence by forward scouts disguised as Korean fishermen, the Russians made no effort to conceal their positions. By 23 April, the Japanese knew the layout of the Russian trench line and details of the defensive positions around the area of Antung. Intelligence was so effective that the Japanese estimate of the Russian troop strength was only exceeded by 1000 and the estimate of the guns, only two less than the actual number; the Japanese made every effort to keep their positions hidden. Screens of trees and bushes were used to conceal activity as well as roads and other equipment; the prelude to major action took place at 21:45 on the night of 25 April 1904, when two battalions of the Japanese 2nd Division seized two islands in the Yalu River without opposition.

After reinforcement at 0400 on 26 April by units from the Guards Division and a brief firefight, the forward Russian observation post withdrew to the main Russian lines on the north shore. Japanese engineers determined. A third of these were steel prefabricated pontoons; the remainder were made from local resources. In full view of Russian positions, the Japanese began constructing a causeway across the Yalu River, targeted by two Russian batteries. With the Russians so engaged, the Japanese prepared nine other bridges that could be moved into position for a rapid assault across the river at other locations. Once the midstream islands were secured, General Kuroki ordered a feint on the lower Yalu River when Japanese gunboats engaged Cossack detachments at the river mouth; this convinced General Zasulich that the main Japanese attack would fall on the vicinity of the town of Antung, he concentrated his forces there. Kuroki was thus able to maneuver against the weak Russian left, deployed the 12th Division and Guards Division across the Yalu River at a fordable point.

The Russians observed these movements with trepidation, General Kashtalinsky informed General Zasulich that the Japanese were about to assault the position in force and his position was in danger of being flanked. Zasulich chose to ignore the reports, thinking that the attack was only a feint, redeployed a single battalion with four guns. Zasulitch remained convinced that the main Japanese attack would fall at Antung, kept his main force as well as his reserves at that location; the Japanese main attack began in the early morning hours of 27 April 1904. By 0300, the balance of the 12th Division was advancing in three columns. While the Japanese 12th Division advanced on the right, the Guards Division was moving into position in the center. By 0400, the artillery of the Guards Division was within range of the exposed Russian lines; the Japanese First Army continued its three-pronged advance and was across the Yalu by midnight of 29 April 1904 with little opposition. Limited visibility masked the Japanese movements from Russian observation.

When the fog lifted about 0500, the

Princess Anne Historic District

The Princess Anne Historic District is located in Princess Anne the county seat of Somerset County, Maryland on Maryland's Eastern Shore. There has been little change due to industry or other development, the town retains much of its historic character since its founding in the early 18th century, it has been the governmental center since the county was formed in 1742 and the present courthouse is one of the most architecturally distinguished in the state. Within the historic district are a few pre-Revolutionary structures, a high concentration of Federal and Victorian architecture, vernacular dwellings as well as 19th and early-20th century commercial and public buildings; the district contains 270 structures of which nearly 90 percent are contributing to the character of the district. Among the contributing structures are: Beckford Avenue Tenant Houses Boxwood Gardens Charles Jones House Colonel George Handy House John W. Crisfield House Linden Hill Littleton Long House Nutter's Purchase St. Andrews Episcopal Church Teackle Gatehouse Washington Hotel William Geddes House William W. Johnston House Woolford-Elzey House It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.

Historic District Walking Tour Princess Anne Historic District, Somerset County, Inventory No.: S-128, including photo in 1976, at Maryland Historical Trust website

Disaster medicine

Disaster medicine is the area of medical specialization serving the dual areas of providing health care to disaster survivors and providing medically related disaster preparation, disaster planning, disaster response and disaster recovery leadership throughout the disaster life cycle. Disaster medicine specialists provide insight and expertise on the principles and practice of medicine both in the disaster impact area and healthcare evacuation receiving facilities to emergency management professionals, healthcare facilities and governments; the disaster medicine specialist is the liaison between and partner to the medical contingency planner, the emergency management professional, the incident command system and policy makers. Disaster medicine is unique among the medical specialties in that unlike all other areas of specialization, the disaster medicine specialist does not practice the full scope of the specialty everyday but only in emergencies. Indeed, the disaster medicine specialist hopes to never practice the full scope of skills required for board certification.

However, like specialists in public health, environmental medicine and occupational medicine, disaster medicine specialists engage in the development and modification of public and private policy, disaster planning and disaster recovery. Within the United States of America, the specialty of disaster medicine fulfils the requirements set for by Homeland Security Presidential Directives, the National Response Plan, the National Incident Management System, the National Resource Typing System and the NIMS Implementation Plan for Hospitals and Healthcare Facilities. Disaster healthcare – The provision of healthcare services by healthcare professionals to disaster survivors and disaster responders both in a disaster impact area and healthcare evacuation receiving facilities throughout the disaster life cycle. Disaster behavioral health – Disaster behavioral health deals with the capability of disaster responders to perform optimally, for disaster survivors to maintain or restore function, when faced with the threat or actual impact of disasters and extreme events.

Disaster law – Disaster law deals with the legal ramifications of disaster planning, preparedness and recovery, including but not limited to financial recovery and private liability, property abatement and condemnation. Disaster life cycle – The time line for disaster events beginning with the period between disasters, progressing through the disaster event and the disaster response and culminating in the disaster recovery. Interphase begins as the end of the last disaster recovery and ends at the onset of the next disaster event; the disaster event begins when the event ends when the immediate event subsides. The disaster response begins when the event occurs and ends when acute disaster response services are no longer needed. Disaster recovery begins with the disaster response and continues until the affected area is returned to the pre-event condition. Disaster planning – The act of devising a methodology for dealing with a disaster event one with the potential to occur and cause great injury and/or loss of life and hardship.

Disaster planning occurs during the disaster interphase. Disaster preparation – The act of practicing and implementing the plan for dealing with a disaster event before an event occurs one with the potential to occur and cause great injury and/or loss of life and hardship. Disaster preparation occurs during the disaster interphase. Disaster recovery – The restoration or return to the former or better state or condition proceeding a disaster event. Disaster recovery is the fourth phase of the disaster life cycle. Disaster response – The ability to answer the intense challenges posed by a disaster event. Disaster response is the third phase of the disaster life cycle. Medical contingency planning – The act of devising a methodology for meeting the medical requirements of a population affected by a disaster event. Medical surge – An influx of patients, visitors, family members and individuals searching for the missing who present to a hospital or healthcare facility for treatment, information and/or shelter as a result of a disaster.

Surge capacity – The ability to manage a sudden, unexpected increase in patient volume that would otherwise challenge or exceed the current capacity of the health care system. Medical triage – The separation of patients based on severity of injury or illness in light of available resources. Psychosocial triage – The separation of patients based on the severity of psychological injury or impact in light of available resources; the term "disaster medicine" first appeared in the medical lexicon in the post-World War II era. Although coined by former and current military physicians who had served in World War II, the term grow out of a concern for the need to care for military casualties, or nuclear holocaust victims, but out of the need to provide care to the survivors of natural disasters and the not-yet-distant memory of the 1917-1918 Influenza Pandemic; the term "disaster medicine" continued to appear sporadically in both the medical and popular press until the 1980s, when the first concerted efforts to organize a medical response corps for disasters grew into the National Disaster Medical System.

Simultaneous with this was the formation of a disaster and emergency medicine discussion and study group under the American Medical Association in the United States as well as groups in Great Britain and other countries. By the time Hurricane Andrew struck Florida in 1992, the

Naveed Sattar

Naveed Amjid Sattar is a Scottish medical researcher and Professor of Metabolic Medicine at the Institute of Cardiovascular & Medical Sciences at the University of Glasgow, as well as an Honorary Consultant in Metabolic Medicine at the Glasgow Royal Infirmary. He was described by the BBC as "a leading expert in diabetes and cardio-vascular disease research", he has been an ISI Highly Cited Researcher since 2014. In 2016, he was elected a fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences, he is a Fellow of the Royal College of Pathologists, the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Faculty page Naveed Sattar publications indexed by Google Scholar

SS Nomadic (1891)

SS Nomadic was a steamship of the White Star Line. She was laid down in 1891, in yard 236 at Harland and Wolff Shipyards, Belfast, as a livestock carrier and completed on 14 April 1891, she sailed from Liverpool on her maiden voyage to New York on 24 April 1891 and spent the next few years on this service. She was requisitioned as a troopship and horse transport on October 1899 and spent the two years of the Boer War on this service, making three trips to the cape under the designation'HM Transport No. 34'. She was transferred to the Dominion Line in 1903, as part of the reorganisation of the International Mercantile Marine Co. and was renamed SS Cornishman in 1904. In 1911, another SS Nomadic was made, she made voyages to the US and Canada, continuing to sail these routes after her transfer to Frederick Leyland & Co. in 1921. She was withdrawn from service and scrapped in 1926. Ships of the White Star Line at red-duster.co.uk

Memtimin Hoshur

Memtimin Hoshur is one of the leading writers in modern Uyghur literature. He is a member of China Writers Association. "Ney Awazi" - Shinjang Xelq Neshiriyati/新疆人民出版社 "Kona - yéngi Ishlar" - Milletler Neshiriyati/民族出版社(北京) "Salam, Hésam Aka" - Shinjang Yash-Ösmürler Neshiriyati/新疆青少年出版社 "Bu Chüsh Emes" - Shinjang Xelq Neshiriyati - 新疆人民出版社 "Nuzugum" - Shinjang Xelq Neshiriyati/新疆人民出版社 "Ölükke Xet" - Kashigher Uyghur Neshiriyati/喀什噶尔维吾尔出版社 "On Ikki Muqamning Ili Wariyanti" - Shinjang Xelq Neshiriyati/新疆人民出版社 "Ayxan" - Shinjang Xelq Neshiriyati/新疆人民出版社Besides, Shinjang Xelq Neshiriyati has published his selected stories and short novels titled as "مەمتىمىن ھوشۇر ھىكايىلىرىدىن تاللانما" - and "مەمتىمىن ھوشۇر پوۋسېتلىرىدىن تاللانما" -. "Qum Basqan Sheher", published in Uyghur in 1996, is his only novel and considered to be his masterpiece. Biliwal Uyghur Tori Memtimin Hoshur