click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Battleship Potemkin

Battleship Potemkin, sometimes rendered as Battleship Potyomkin, is a 1925 Soviet silent film directed by Sergei Eisenstein and produced by Mosfilm. It presents a dramatized version of the mutiny that occurred in 1905 when the crew of the Russian battleship Potemkin rebelled against its officers. Battleship Potemkin was named the greatest film of all time at the Brussels World's Fair in 1958. In 2012, the British Film Institute named it the eleventh-greatest film of all time; the film is set in June 1905. Eisenstein divided the plot into five acts, each with its own title: The scene begins with two sailors and Vakulinchuk, discussing the need for the crew of the Potemkin to support the revolution taking place within Russia. While the Potemkin is anchored off the island of Tendra, off-duty sailors are sleeping in their bunks; as an officer inspects the quarters, he takes out his aggression on a sleeping sailor. The ruckus causes Vakulinchuk to awake, he gives a speech to the men as they come to.

Vakulinchuk says, "Comrades! The time has come. Why wait? All of Russia has risen! Are we to be the last?" The scene cuts to morning above deck, where sailors are remarking on the poor quality of the meat for the crew. The meat appears to be rotten and covered in worms, the sailors say that "even a dog wouldn't eat this!" The ship's doctor, Smirnov, is called over to inspect the meat by the captain. Rather than worms, the doctor says that the insects are maggots, they can be washed off before cooking; the sailors further complain about the poor quality of the rations, but the doctor declares the meat edible and ends the discussion. Senior officer Giliarovsky forces the sailors still looking over the rotten meat to leave the area, the cook begins to prepare borscht although he too questions the quality of the meat; the crew refuses to eat the borscht, instead choosing bread and water, canned goods. While cleaning dishes, one of the sailors sees an inscription on a plate which reads "give us this day our daily bread".

After considering the meaning of this phrase, the sailor smashes the scene ends. All those who refuse the meat are judged guilty of insubordination and are brought to the fore-deck where they receive religious last rites; the sailors are obliged to kneel and a canvas cover is thrown over them as a firing squad marches onto the deck. The First Officer gives the order to fire, but in response to Vakulinchuk's pleas the sailors in the firing squad lower their rifles and the uprising begins; the sailors take control of the ship. The officers are thrown overboard, the ship's priest is dragged out of hiding, the doctor is thrown into the ocean as'food for the worms'; the mutiny is successful but Vakulinchuk, the charismatic leader of the rebels, is killed. The Potemkin arrives at the port of Odessa. Vakulinchuk's body is taken ashore and displayed publicly by his companions in a tent with a sign on his chest that says "For a spoonful of borscht"; the citizens of Odessa, saddened yet empowered by Vakulinchuk's sacrifice, are soon whipped into a frenzy against the Tsar and his government by sympathizers.

A man allied with the government tries to turn the citizens' fury against the Jews, but he is shouted down and beaten by the people. The sailors gather to make a final praise Vakulinchuk as a hero; the people of Odessa welcome the sailors, but they attract the police as they mobilize against the government. The best-known sequence of the film is set on the Odessa steps, connecting the waterfront with the central city; the citizenry of Odessa take to their ships and boats, sailing out to the Potemkin to show their support to the sailors and donate supplies, while a crowd of others gathers at the Odessa steps to witness the happenings and cheer on the rebels. A detachment of dismounted Cossacks form battle lines at the top of the steps and march towards a crowd of unarmed civilians including women and children, begin firing and advancing with fixed bayonets; every now and again, the soldiers halt to fire a volley into the crowd before continuing their impersonal, machine-like assault down the stairs, ignoring the people's pleas for humanity and understanding.

Meanwhile, government cavalry attack the fleeing crowd at the bottom of the steps as well, cutting down many of those who survived the dismounted assault. Brief sequences show individuals amongst the people fleeing or falling, a baby carriage rolling down the steps, a woman shot in the face, broken glasses, the high boots of the soldiers moving in unison. In retaliation the sailors of the Potemkin decide to use the guns of the battleship to fire on the city opera house, where Tsarist military leaders are convening a meeting. Meanwhile, there is news that a squadron of loyal warships is coming to quell the revolt of the Potemkin; the sailors of the Potemkin decide to take the battleship out from the port of Odessa to face the fleet of the Tsar. Just when battle seems inevitable, the sailors of the Tsarist squadron refuse to open fire and shouting to show solidarity with the mutineers and allowing the Potemkin, flying the red flag, to pass between their ships. Aleksandr Antonov as Grigory Vakulinchuk Vladimir Barsky as Commander Golikov Grigori Aleksandrov as Chief Officer Giliarovsky I.

Bobrov as Young sailor flogged while sleeping Mikhail Gomorov as Militant sailor Aleksandr Levshin as Petty Officer N. Poltavseva as Woman with pince-nez Lyrkean Makeon as the Masked Man Konstantin Feldman as Student agitator Beatrice Vitoldi as

Elcho Island

Elcho Island, known to its traditional owners as Galiwin'ku is an island off the coast of Arnhem Land, in the Northern Territory of Australia. It is located at the southern end of the Wessel Islands group located in the East Arnhem Region. Galiwin'ku is the name of the settlement where the island's largest community lives. Elcho Island formed part of the traditional lands of the Yan-nhaŋu, according to Norman Tindale. According to J. C. Jennison, the Aboriginal inhabitants were the Dhuwal, who called themselves the Kokalango Mala Elcho Island is 60 kilometres long and 6 kilometres across at its widest point, it is bounded on the western side on the east by the Cadell Strait. Elcho Island is a short distance away from Howard Island. Galiwin'ku, located near the island's southern tip, is the main community on the island, it is the largest and most remote Aboriginal community in northeast Arnhem Land, the second largest Aboriginal community in the Northern Territory, ranks eleventh in population of the 69 local government bodies in the Territory.

There are 60 mala or hereditary tribal groups, with up to 22 different dialects being used in the community. The lingua franca is now Djambarrpuyngu; the people of Galiwin'ku 2,000 residents, retain their traditions and culture. These are passed to future generations by adherence to strict traditional methods and education, including a means to help them embrace the wider Australian community. There are many outstations including Inglis Island on the namesake island and Matamata and Gariyak on the mainland; the island has a base population including 70 non-Aboriginal people. It was the home of the late Aboriginal folk musician Geoffrey Gurrumul Yunupingu; the population of Galiwin'ku varies during the seasons, with many outstation residents migrating to the community during the wet season due to inaccessibility. The community serves 25 outstations with a total population of approx. 450 people, with 12 of the outstations on Elcho Island, which are listed from north to south: Nanyingburra Gawa Ban'thula Djurranalpi Dharawa Gitan Gulmarri Watdagawuy Dhayirri DyawiliFirst Creek) Dadupu GalawarraGaliwin'ku is a traditional Aboriginal community with restricted access.

Total alcohol restrictions apply and there is no gasoline available on the island. The settlement was established as a Methodist mission in 1942, with the arrival of Harold Shepherdson, a lay associate of the Methodist Overseas Mission from Milingimbi, it remained under Church direction until 1974. Eighteen connected clan groups within the Elcho Island locale have close cultural ties with mainland Arnhem Land clans and language groups; the most spoken languages are Djambarrpuyngu and Gupapuyngu. However, there are at least 12 more languages in use in the region; the island is served by Elcho Island Airport. According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 2,206 people in Elcho Island. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 94.0% of the population. 97.7% of people were born in Australia. 78.1% of people spoke Djambarrpuyngu at home. 4.9% of people only spoke English at home. The most common response for religion was Uniting Church at 86.8%. 42.2% of the population is under 20 years of age, with 14% over 50.

In 2007 a group of local Elcho Island dancers, the Djuki Mala dancers and performed a dance routine to Zorba the Greek. The performance was uploaded to YouTube on 2 November of that year. Due to this success the group toured parts of Queensland and performed in the Art Gallery of New South Wales in Sydney in June 2008, they appeared as the opening act at the Melbourne International Comedy Festival Gala 2009. In 2018 a coin, thought to be from the medieval Kilwa sultanate on the east coast of Africa was found on a beach on Elcho Island by archaeologist and member of the Past Masters, Mike Hermes. Similar coins have been found on Marchinbar Island in the Wessel Islands group. Elcho Island was the inspiration for the song "My Island Home" written by Neil Murray for the Warumpi Band; the song was covered by Christine Anu and she performed her rendition at the closing ceremony of the Sydney Olympic Games. A memorial ceremony for George Burrarrawanga, one of the founding members of the Warumpi Band, was performed on the island in June 2007.

Baykali Ganambarr, actor George Rrurrambu Burarrwanga, musician Geoffrey Gurrumul Yunupingu, musician Australian Aboriginal art Elcho Island Airport Gawa, Elcho Island

Clarence P. Cazalot Jr.

Clarence P. Cazalot Jr. was president and chief executive of the Houston-based Marathon Oil Corporation. Since he took over control of the company in 2002, Marathon has expanded abroad with investments in the nascent gas industry of Equatorial Guinea and oil in Gabon and Norway, its upstream earnings from overseas projects have been tripled and Marathon is beginning to sell off the smaller assets. A trained geologist, Cazalot doesn't come from a tycoon background and spent much of his career doing technical work for Texaco. However, he benefited from the decades of experience in offshore drilling and in laying pipelines, getting three high-profile roles managing Texaco's international production divisions. After joining Marathon in 2000, he improved the company's bargaining situation with a somewhat cooperative approach to developing energy markets and pricing, instead putting a strategic focus on technology. Throughout his career, Cazalot has financed acquisitions of foreign supplies by creating good relationships with research facilities and lowering production costs rather than seeking international lending.

His corporate focus is now on gas commercialization, while it has to deliver the company any "breakthrough" technologies, he has had a great deal of success in the past with oil completion technologies. Marathon's subsidiary, Marathon Ashland Petroleum, is today the fifth largest petroleum refiner in the United States, it has improved the company's debt-position and made Cazalot an immensely wealthy man. He earned a reported $6.5 million in compensation in 2008, making him nominally one of the highest paid executives in Houston. He is a member of the board of Baker Hughes and the Oil and Natural Gas Industry Labor-Management Committee, he is a general member of the Council on Competitiveness, the exclusive All-American Wildcatters Association, a number of other industry associations, several local business groups in the Greater Houston area. Cazalot was born in New Orleans, he received a bachelor's degree in geology from Louisiana State University. He was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters in May 2007 from Louisiana State University.

Cazalot entered the oil business less than one year after graduating from university when he was contracted by Texaco as a geophysicist in 1972, doing testing on offshore oil wells in the Gulf of Mexico. He worked for the company's exploration division for twenty years in various positions. Cazalot's first major promotion was to the Coral Gables, Florida office in 1992, being elected a vice president of Texaco and serving as president of the Latin America/West Africa division, he succeeded C. Robert "Bob" Black, with the company for thirty-four years, it was from this office. Cazalot was involved in a series of projects in the marketing and exploration divisions from 1994 through 1997, before deciding to return to management. Texaco had announced a restructuring program in July 1994 which it expected would see about 2,500 jobs cut over the next year. Cazalot assumed the presidency of the company's exploration division in March to oversee its reorganization, handle the first of the job cuts, in September.

He decided to consolidate the domestic exploration and production offices into four regional subdivisions, down from seven. The Houston office was made responsible for support functions, such as general accounting and paying out royalties, performed at field offices stretching from Midland, Ohio to Denver to Bakersfield, California. Cazalot was promoted to a position in the Middle East, bearing the title "President for international production in Europe and the Middle East", in December 1997. In the 1999 restructuring, he was promoted to a third position, bearing the title "President of international production operations". Upon leaving Texaco in late 1999, Cazalot joined USX Corporation and Marathon Oil, serving as president of Marathon from March 2000 until 2001. Cazalot's first major investment was into gas properties in Equatorial Guinea. A "syndicate of underwriters" helped the company raise a billion dollars in long-term debt at low rates to finance the acquisition, it was the largest borrowing Marathon had underwritten and, because it was repaid so cemented the company's reputation for conservative financial strategies.

Cazalot succeeded George A. Manos as CEO of Marathon on January 1, 2002, when USX's steel and energy businesses separated. In his first year, he more than quadrupled net income by increasing production, while cutting $150 million worth of exploration and production costs. In September 2003 the company was restructured. Around 265 jobs were cut and its domestic offices were consolidated into two business units and Southern. William Schwind, vice president of Marathon, retired in August 2009; as with Cazalot, the board named him vice president after the corporate separation. Cazalot described him as "an essential element" of Marathon's success; as CEO of Marathon in 2009, Cazalot earned a total compensation of $6,571,194, which included a base salary of $1,400,000, a cash bonus of $2,100,000, options granted of $2,845,791, other compensation of $225,403. Cazalot retired in 2012. In April 2002, Cazalot joined the Baker Hughes board of directors. Cazalot is a member of the All-American Wildcatters Association, a private club founded by Duke Rudman in 1969 which has become a sort of fraternity for many of the oil industry's most influential families and potentates

Haigerloch

Haigerloch is a town in the north-western part of the Swabian Alb in Germany. Haigerloch lies at between 430 and 550 metres elevation in the valley of the Eyach river, which forms two loops in a steep shelly limestone valley; the town is therefore called the'Felsenstädtchen'. Haigerloch's neighbouring municipalities are specified below in clockwise order from the north, belong to the Zollernalbkreis unless indicated. Starzach ¹, Grosselfingen, Geislingen, Sulz am Neckar ², Empfingen ³ and Horb am Neckar ³. ¹ Landkreis Tübingen, ² Landkreis Rottweil, ³ Landkreis Freudenstadt Haigerloch consists of the following nine districts: Bad Imnau Bittelbronn Gruol Hart Haigerloch Owingen Stetten Trillfingen WeildorfIt is located 397 m above sea level. NN and has 572 inhabitants. Bad Imnau was incorporated on 1 August 1973 town Haigerloch; the city came in 1381 with the reign Haigerloch to the Habsburgs, the fief passed it in the 15th century to the lords of Weitingen. In 1516 Imnau was sold to the Count of Zollern.

Imnau had inhabitants: 1824 440, 1836 591 1890 507 In 1700, the physician Samuel Caspar discovered small pots source in the valley of the Eyach. 1733 Prince source was exposed, named after Prince Joseph Friedrich von Hohenzollern. In 1905, the Apollo-source was taken in by the family Imnau Pope, sold to Commerce Carl Haegele in the following year; the first documented mention of Haigerloch was in the year 1095 on the occasion of the gift of the local castle. This castle was located in the area around the Upper Town. By 1200 the Counts of Hohenberg build a new castle on the Schlossberg; the lower town evolved into a market town. Rudolf I, a brother-in-law of Albert II Von Hohenberg-Haigerloch, awarded the town charter to Haigerloch before 1231. In 1268 a battle was fought just outside the city between Hohenberg. In 1291 the city was besieged by Count Eberhard I of Württemberg. From 1356 onward the upper town and lower town were administratively separated, but were reunited when the lordship of Haigerloch was sold to Austria in 1381.

The Habsburgs pawned the property including to the Counts of Württemberg. In 1487 rule of the city fell to the Hohenzollern. In 1567 under Christoph von Hohenzollern-Haigerloch the area around Haigerloch was an independent territory within the area of the Holy Roman Empire as Hohenzollern-Haigerloch. In this period, the present castle complex was built on the Schlossberg as the residence of the counts of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch, replacing the former high-medieval structure. In 1634 rule of the city descended to the line of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, whose residence city was the city of Haigerloch between 1737 and 1769. In the last months of World War II, Haigerloch was the location of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Physics, part of the German nuclear programme, which had the goal of achieving practical use of nuclear fission. According to current view the atomic bomb was not a direct objective of this work, but only the construction of the Haigerloch Research Reactor, constructed in a beer cellar beneath the palace church.

Through courageous negotiations by the pastor to rescue the reactor facility it was spared from demolition by an American command on April 24, 1945, today is the site of the Atomkeller-Museum with a replica of the reactor. In the local council election of 13 June 2004, the result was: CDU - 15 seats FWV - 9 seats Social Ecologist List - 4 seats Haigerloch lies on the Ferienstraße and on the Hohenzollernstraße. Atomkeller-Museum, former research reactor during World War II Synagogue Haigerloch, former synagogue Atomic cellar in the rock under the castle church Roman tower Burg Haigerloch Lower part of town church Jewisch cemetery Former synagogue Noyal-sur-Vilaine, France Sokobanja, Serbia The L410 connects the city with Rangendingen to the east; the L360 forms the feeder, along with the federal highway B463, to the A81 motorway. One of the few rock salt mines still active in Germany is in the Stetten quarter. Salt has been extracted here since 1854. Salomon Schweigger, evangelic parson and traveller to the Orient Christoph, Count of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch, first Count of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch Johann Christoph, Count of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch, second Earl of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch Charles, Count of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch, third Earl of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch Franz Christoph Anton, Count of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, First Minister of the Electorate of Cologne Christian Großbayer, architect of the late Baroque Simon Anton Zimmermann, conductor and composer Father Desiderius Lenz, born Peter Lenz and founder of the Beuron School of Art Hermann Eger, born in Weildorf, member of the Reichstag Karl Widmaier, writer Karl Hurm, a contemporary German painter.

This is a translation of the German wiki page de:Haigerloch Media related to Haigerloch at Wikimedia Commons Official website

Carl Berger

Carl George Berger was a cinematographer who photographed Frank Buck’s film Bring'Em Back Alive. Berger was born in Oklahoma, had two years of high school according to the 1940 US Census, lived in New York, went to work for Hollywood in the late 1920s. Van Beuren Studios hired him to photograph Bring'Em Back Alive with Frank Buck. Footage that Berger filmed was incorporated into Jungle Cavalcade. Berger photographed another jungle picture, for director Clyde E. Elliott, as well as many other movies. In the early 1950s Berger moved to television and photographed episodes of TV series, among them Maverick and 77 Sunset Strip. Berger was a member of the American Society of Cinematographers. Carl Berger on IMDb

HMC Projects in Central and Eastern Europe

HMC Projects in Central and Eastern Europe is a registered charity and a company limited by guarantee operating from UK. It offers opportunities for students and teachers from 14 Central and Eastern European countries to either study or teach in a British independent school for an academic year. In the spring 1992 Conference & Common Room an article was published about schools forging individual links with countries in Central and Eastern Europe; this inspired Robin Schlich to call for a formation of a committee, so no countries would go under- or over-represented. On 5 October 1992 the first meeting of the committee was held in HMC offices in Leicester, with Roger Wicks as the chairman and Robin Schlich as the secretary. In that September the first two students from Czechoslovakia came to the UK. In September 1993 the first official HMC scholars came to United Kingdom as part of the students' scholarship scheme. In that year students came from seven countries: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania and Slovakia.

In 1994 Croatia, Moldova, Mongolia and Yugoslavia followed. Rest of the countries have joined during the following years. In 1996 a scheme for young teachers from Eastern and Central Europe was set up, it was soon approved by the British UK Border Agency. Since 1996 more than 300 teachers have joined British independent schools for a year; the project consists of 14 countries in central and eastern Europe. 13 of these take part in both of the schemes: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Georgia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia and Ukraine. Hungary only takes part in the teachers' scheme. In 2013 Georgia will be joining the project. Latvia, Lithuania and Mongolia have previously taken part in the project; the project has sent students to 100 schools. The project consists of public schools, but includes some academies, like Wymondham College. During the years, some international schools have taken part: Aiglon College in Switzerland, British School in Brussels, Salem Castle School in Germany and Bromsgrove International School in Thailand.

Doina Cebotari - General Secretary of Washington European Society, Advisor to the Prime Minister of Moldova Răzvan Orăşanu - former Senior Advisor on Economic Affairs for the Prime Minister of Romania Official homepage Mandić, Hajdana "Patrik Tobin: U Crnoj Gori sam da intervjuišem đake za stipendije u Britaniji!" Pobjeda 23.01.2012 Pokk, Kaspar "Paide õpilane Eliise Peelo valiti Briti Nõukogu keskkooliõpilaste vahetusprogrammi" AS Kuma 24.04.2008 Randmäe, Kati "Ian Small - Mind üllatas teie õpilaste suurepärane inglise keele tase.” SL Õhtuleht 22.05.2002 SITA "Školáci si užijú rok na prestížnych školách v USA a Británii" webnoviny.sk 23.05.2012 Truus, Kaarin "Eesti koolilapsed löövad Inglismaal läbi” SL Õhtuleht 22.05.2002 "Как украинским студентам бесплатно поступить в иностранную школу" Segodnya 15.02.2011