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Bay Minette, Alabama

Bay Minette is a city in Baldwin County, Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 8,044; the city is the county seat of Baldwin County. In the first days of Baldwin County, the town of McIntosh Bluff on the Tombigbee River was the county seat. After being transferred to the town of Blakeley in 1810, the county seat was moved to the city of Daphne in 1868. In 1900, by an act of the legislature of Alabama, the county seat was authorized for relocation to the city of Bay Minette; the citizens of Bay Minette moved the county records from Daphne in the middle of the night on October 11–12, 1901 and delivered them to the city of Bay Minette - where the Baldwin County seat remains to this day. A mural for the new post office built in 1937 was commissioned by the WPA and painted by Hilton Leech, to commemorate this event. In September 2011, the town attempted to enact a program called "Operation Restore Our Community", it would have allowed those convicted of a misdemeanor to substitute imprisonment with mandatory church attendance for one year.

However, this program was challenged due to violating separation of church and state, the program's start was delayed for judicial review. It appears to have been scrapped. Bay Minette is located near the center of Baldwin County in southern Alabama at 30°53′0″N 87°46′38″W, it is sited on high ground 5 miles east of the Mobile River/Tensaw River valley and 6 miles west of the Florida border formed by the Perdido River. U. S. Route 31 passes through the center of the city, leading south to Spanish Fort and northeast to Atmore. Interstate 65 passes about 5 miles north of the city, with access from exit 34 and exit 37. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.6 square miles, of which 8.6 square miles is land and 0.077 square miles, or 0.75%, is water. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bay Minette has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Bay Minette is part of the Daphne–Fairhope–Foley Micropolitan Statistical Area. As of the census of 2010, there were 8,040 people, 2,744 households, 1,884 families residing in the city; the population density was 930 inhabitants per square mile. There were 3,586 housing units at an average density of 417 square miles; the racial makeup of the city was 60.4% White, 35.3% Black or African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, 1.7% from two or more races. 1.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,744 households out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.6% were married couples living together, 21.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.3% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.08. In the city, the population was 23.6% under the age of 18, 13.7% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 35.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $32,389, the median income for a family was $44,573. Males had a median income of $37,623 versus $23,125 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,897. About 17.1% of families and 26.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.9% of those under age 18 and 18.8% of those age 65 or over. Bay Minette uses a mayor council government; the mayor is elected at large. The city council consists of five members. Bay Minette is a part of the Baldwin County Public Schools system. High schools Baldwin County High School North Baldwin Center for Technology Middle school Bay Minette Middle School Intermediate school Bay Minette Intermediate School Elementary school Bay Minette Elementary School Faulkner State Community College Portions of the movie Close Encounters of the Third Kind were filmed near the town's Louisville and Nashville Railroad depot, Friday the 13th Part VII: The New Blood was filmed in rural portions of Baldwin County near Bay Minette.

Intercity bus service is provided by Greyhound Lines. Routes passing through the city include US 31 and Alabama State Route 59. Wallace Gilberry, defensive end for the Cincinnati Bengals Todd Grisham, sports announcer for ESPN Ellis Hooks, soul blues singer and songwriter was born here John McMillan, State Treasurer of Alabama Anthony Mix, former wide receiver for Auburn University and NFL player Joe M. Rodgers, United States Ambassador to France Scotty Joe Weaver, hate crime victim featured in the documentary Small Town Gay Bar City of Bay Minette Bay Minette Airport

Robots in literature

Artificial humans and autonomous artificial servants have a long history in human culture, though the term Robot and its modern literary conception as a mobile machine equipped with an advanced artificial intelligence are more recent. The literary role of artificial life has evolved over time: early myths present animated objects as instruments of divine will stories treat their attempted creation as a blasphemy with inevitable consequences, modern tales range from apocalyptic warnings against blind technological progress to explorations of the ethical questions raised by the possibility of sentient machines. A popular overview of the history of androids, robots and replicants from antiquity to the present has been published. Treated fields of knowledge are: history of technology, history of medicine, literature and art history, the range of topics discussed is worldwide; the earliest examples were all presented as the results of divine intervention and include: The dry bones that came to life in the Book of Ezekiel.

More recent humaniform examples include the brooms from the legend of the sorcerer's apprentice derived from a tale by Lucian of Samosata in the 1st century AD, the Jewish legend of the golem created like Adam from clay, Mary Shelley's Frankenstein. These tales include an indictment of human folly at presuming to take on the role of creator. Notable mechanical representations of humans include the life-sized singing puppet Olimpia in the short story "The Sandman" by E. T. A. Hoffmann in 1816 and a bipedal anthropomorphic mechanism in The Steam Man of the Prairies by Edward S. Ellis in 1868; these examples are stories about human-controlled mechanisms without self-awareness. In Lyman Frank Baum's children's novel Ozma of Oz, the first-ever introduction of a humanoid-appearance mechanical man that would satisfy the "humanoid robot" definition occurred in 1907 - some fifteen years before the word "robot" was coined - with Tik-Tok, powered with a trio of clockwork movements for his thinking and speech, none of which he could wind up himself.

In 1912, Selma Lagerlöf published the poem Slåtterkarlarna på Ekolsund, published in the first part of Troll och människor. In the poem Christopher Polhem is hired to create mechanical mowers for a farmer; the first use of the word Robot was in Karel Čapek's play R. U. R. Written in 1920 and first performed in Czechoslovakia in 1921, in New York City in 1922 and an English edition published in 1923. Artificial living beings are created from a chemical substitute for protoplasm but over time they learn about violence from their human creators and begin to revolt; the play ends on an optimistic spiritual, note as the artificial biology leads a male and female robot to fall in love and inherit the earth. While Karel Čapek's play introduced the word "robot" into languages around the globe but he wrote a letter to the Oxford English Dictionary of etymology in which he named his brother and writer Josef Čapek, as its true inventor. In an article in the Czech Lidové noviny in 1933 he explains that he wanted to call the creatures "laboři" from the Latin word labor.

Karel found the word too bookish and sought advice from Josef who suggested to call them "robots". The word, always capitalized in Čapek's play, derives from robota which means "drudgery" in Czech and means "work" in Slovak.) The theme of robots has been picked up by science fiction writers and many volumes are focused on robots and their interaction with the human species. Of particular note is the work of Isaac Asimov as a large part of his work centers on robots. Asimov is known for his creation of the Three laws of robotics which he uses in his stories as both to define his robots and how these interact within the worlds he creates. Glaser, Horst Albert and Rossbach, Sabine: The Artificial Human, Frankfurt/M. Bern, New York 2011 "The Artificial Human" List of fictional robots and androids Artificial intelligence in fiction List of fictional computers

Brookview, Maryland

Brookview is a town in Dorchester County, United States. The population was 60 at the 2010 census. Brookview was incorporated in 1953. Brookview is governed by a three-person town council; each member of the town council is elected by voters to a three-year term in office. The now deceased Richard E. Sullivan had served as mayor of the town since 1996 and was recognized at the 2017 Annual Maryland Municipal League Summer Conference as a long-serving mayor of over 25 years; the present 2018 council consists of Mayor J. D. Hurley, Commissioner Clint Falduto, Commissioner Shelly Hurley. Brookview is located at 38°34′31″N 75°47′42″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.04 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2010, there were 60 people, 23 households, 15 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,500.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 31 housing units at an average density of 775.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 93.3 % 6.7 % African American.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.7% of the population. There were 23 households of which 21.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.4% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.7% had a male householder with no wife present, 34.8% were non-families. 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.27. The median age in the town was 42 years. 16.7% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 41.7 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 65 people, 26 households, 17 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,597.4 people per square mile. There were 27 housing units at an average density of 663.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 100.00% White. There were 26 households out of which 23.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 3.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.6% were non-families.

34.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.24. In the town, the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, 21.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 71.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 72.4 males. The median income for a household in the town was $51,719, the median income for a family was $51,250. Males had a median income of $28,125 versus $31,875 for females; the per capita income for the town was $14,288. There were 8.3% of families and 14.0% of the population living below the poverty line, including 12.1% of under eighteens and none of those over 64. Town charter

Mercy (healthcare organization)

Mercy Health is a not-for-profit Catholic health care organization located in the Midwestern United States with headquarters within Greater St. Louis in the western St. Louis County, Missouri suburb of Chesterfield. Mercy is the fifth largest Catholic health care system in the United States and named one of the top five large U. S. health systems in 2018 by Truven. Mercy was founded in 1871 by Sisters of Mercy as part of the communal support and developed as part of their mission. Mercy has 45 acute care and specialty hospitals. Mercy employs more than 2,100 physicians; the mission of Mercy comes from the teachings of Catherine McAuley, an Irish nun who founded The Sisters of Mercy in 1831. Mercy in the United States traces its roots to New York in 1846. In 1856 the Sisters of Mercy came to St. Louis and founded the Religious Sisters of Mercy of the St. Louis Province. Fifteen years in 1871, they opened a 25-bed infirmary for women and children. Over the years, the Sisters of Mercy expanded their health ministry in the Regional Community’s seven-state area: Arkansas, Louisiana, Missouri and Texas.

While the hospitals and other health care facilities sponsored by the Sisters of Mercy were not formally linked, as early as the 1960s they shared management and consulting staff resources. In 1986, to position the individual hospitals for coming changes in health care, the Sisters of Mercy created the Sisters of Mercy Health System. In 2011, Sisters of Mercy Health System renamed many of its hospitals and clinics under a singular brand - Mercy. For example, St. John's Mercy Medical Center in St. Louis is now Mercy Hospital St. Louis. Mercy operates with ministry outreach programs in Texas and Louisiana. Mercy's largest hospital complexes are in Springfield and Greater St. Louis. On May 22, 2011, one of Mercy's larger hospitals, St. John's Regional Medical Center was damaged by a tornado from the May 2011 tornado outbreak. At least four people were killed inside the hospital and its grounds, surviving patients were evacuated from the health facility, which sustained major structural damage. One of the hospital's towers took a direct hit by the storm and was rotated four inches on its foundation.

Mercy offers many services in the communities. Including services such as cancer treatment, pediatrics and palliative care. Mercy has opened the world's first facility dedicated to Telemedicine; the Safewatch program has said to have served up to 420 beds remotely. Mercy hosts one of the largest implementations of an electronic health record. In 2014 Mercy began to provide Epic support services to other healthcare organizations such as CaroMont Regional Medical Center and Oklahoma State University. Lynn Britton has served as the CEO of Mercy since January 2009. Mercy's website

1958 FIFA World Cup qualification (UEFA)

Listed below are the dates and results for the 1958 FIFA World Cup qualification rounds for the European zone. For an overview of the qualification rounds, see the article 1958 FIFA World Cup qualification; the 27 teams were divided into each featuring 3 teams. The teams played against each other on a home-and-away basis; the group winners qualified. The Soviet Union and Iceland took part for the first time. England qualified. France qualified. Hungary qualified. Czechoslovakia qualified. Wales received another chance to qualify after being drawn to play against Israel in a special play-off. Austria qualified. Poland and USSR finished level on points, a play-off on neutral ground was played to decide who would qualify. USSR qualified. Yugoslavia qualified; the 15 January 1958 fixture of Italy at Northern Ireland was scheduled for 4 December 1957 but heavy fog in London prevented the referee from arriving for the match in time. The fixture was postponed but the match continued as a friendly, ended in a 2-2 draw and a riot as the crowd invaded the pitch.

The'friendly' match was dubbed the'Battle of Belfast'. Danny Blanchflower, Northern Ireland captain at the time, helped save the situation by ordering his players to escort their Italian counterparts off the field while the police dealt with the crowd. Northern Ireland qualified; this was the only time that Italy failed to qualify for the World Cup until their failure to qualify for the 2018 World Cup in Russia. Scotland qualified. 8 goals 7 goals 5 goals 4 goals 3 goals 2 goals 1 goal 1 own goal 1958 FIFA World Cup qualification

Vale of Clwyd Railway

The Vale of Clwyd Railway was a standard-gauge line which connected the towns of Rhyl and Denbigh via St Asaph in North Wales. It opened in 1858, at first without a connection to the main line at Rhyl, but this was provided in 1862. At Denbigh the line connected to other lines. Although the area became popular with holidaymakers in the 1920s and the line never realised its potential, it closed to passengers in 1955, in 1968; the Chester and Holyhead Railway completed its main line in 1850. There was a considerable area of agricultural land south of the line, towards Denbigh, a number of schemes were put forward to serve the area; the C&HR found itself short of funds to complete its main line, so it was left to independent promoters to put a scheme forward. This proved to be the Vale of Clwyd Railway, authorised by Parliament on 23 June 1856. Contracts for construction were awarded to Thomas Savin; the line was ten miles in length, built as a single line with space on the formation for double track later.

Construction was rapid, the line opened on 5 October 1858, for passengers and goods. There were four trains each way every weekday; the Denbigh station was a temporary structure, the permanent building opened in December 1860. Stations were at Foryd, Rhuddlan, St Asaph and Denbigh. A VoCR director, Whitehall Dod, had the right to stop trains adjacent to his estate at Llannerch, a mile north of Trefnant, until December 1871 when that right expired. There was a siding for a brickworks at the locality; the siding was extended during World War II for use in connection with an army stores depot. In 1860 the Company sought powers to enter Rhyl station with their trains; the LNWR was agreeable, but demanded reciprocal running powers to Denbigh an unequal trade. The deal did not go ahead. Hugh Robert Hughes of Kinmel Hall owned land at Foryd beach and a pier there, from which he operated steamers, he had hoped that the Vale of Clwyd Railway would run to his pier and make connections there, but this would have involved crossing the Chester and Holyhead Railway main line, that company objected, chiefly because they feared competing steamer traffic to Liverpool from Hughes' pier.

However the VoCR had laid a temporary branch siding to the beach from their Foryd station, for the purpose of acquiring track ballast. Hughes took possession of the branch siding, saying that he would use it for ordinary railway purposes, connecting with the VoCR at Foryd station; the C&HR forcibly ejected Hughes' men from the branch line, but Hughes secured an injunction in his favour, the short branch was operated as a full railway to and from the pier. The feared steamers to Liverpool operated in connection; however the steamer operator discovered that the VoCR was negotiating with the LNWR to lease the line to the larger company. Denbigh was not destined to be a terminus. At this time there was every likelihood of the Great Western Railway reaching Rhyl, an important regional centre, via the lines from Ruabon via Llangollen and Corwen. For some time this seemed inevitable, but in time the GWR lost interest and the scheme was not pursued. On 30 June 1862 the extension sought by the pier owner Hughes was passed in Parliament.

Goods traffic started in the latter half of 1864, the extension was passed for passenger operation, but this was never acted on. In December 1862 the Oswestry newspaper reported that additional passenger services would be provided by attaching passenger coaches to goods trains: much increased accommodation, making… six trains daily between Rhyl and Denbigh and five between Ruthin and Rhyl... the Company do not of course guarantee exact time with the goods trains, having made these arrangements at the request of several inhabitants... in the Vale. In 1864 the LNWR was formally authorised to work the VoCR line and the company was absorbed by the LNWR by Act of 15 July 1867. Bradshaw's Guide for 1895 showed the train service: there were six trains each way between Denbigh and Rhyl, calling at all stations. Most of the trains made reasonable connections at Denbigh. At the beginning of 1923, the railways of Great Britain were grouped into one or other of four new large companies, under the Railways Act 1921.

The LNWR was a constituent of the new London Scottish Railway. Seaside holidays were popular, the North Wales coast was an attractive destination; the passenger trains service was augmented accordingly, seventeen trains ran each way daily in the summer in the 1930s. The line remained a rural outpost, use of the line declined: it was closed to passengers on 19 September 1955 and from 1 January 1968. Today, the tracked remains intact as far as St Asaph before the line is severed by the North Wales Expressway. From Rhuddlan to Denbigh, the line has been built on. Foryd Pier.