The Bay of Islands is an area on the east coast of the Far North District of the North Island of New Zealand. It is one of the most popular fishing and tourist destinations in the country, has been renowned internationally for its big-game fishing since American author Zane Grey publicised it in the 1930s, it is 60 km north-west of the city of Whangarei. Cape Reinga, at the northern tip of the country, is about 210 km by road further to the north-west; the bay itself is an irregularly-shaped 16 km -wide, 260 km2 drowned valley system and a natural harbour. It contains 144 islands, of which the largest is Urupukapuka, numerous peninsulas and inlets; the three largest inlets are Waikare Inlet in the south, Kerikeri and Te Puna inlets in the north-west. The Purerua Peninsula, north of Te Puna Inlet, separates the north-western part of the bay from the Pacific Ocean, Cape Brett Peninsula extends 10 km into the ocean at the eastern end of the bay; the biggest town is Kerikeri, followed by Paihia. The small town of Russell is located at the end of a short peninsula that extends into the bay from the southeast.
About 700 years ago, the Mataatua, one of the large Māori migration canoes which journeyed to New Zealand from Hawaiki, was sailed to the Bay of Islands by Puhi, a progenitor of the Ngāpuhi iwi which today is the largest in the country. Māori settled and multiplied throughout the bay and on several of its many islands to establish various tribes such as the Ngāti Miru at Kerikeri. Many notable Māori were born in the Bay of Islands, including Hone Heke who several times cut down the flagpole at Kororāreka to start the Flagstaff War. Many of the Māori settlements played important roles in the development of New Zealand, such as Okiato and Kerikeri; some of the islands became notable as well, such as Te Pahi Island where 60 of chief Te Pahi's people were killed as revenge after he was wrongly accused of being responsible for the Boyd Massacre at Whangaroa. The first European to visit the area was Captain Cook, who named the region in 1769; the Bay of Islands was the first area in New Zealand to be settled by Europeans.
Whalers arrived towards the end of the 18th century, while the first missionaries settled in 1814. The first full-blooded European child recorded as being born in the country, Thomas King, was born in 1815 at Oihi Bay in the Bay of Islands.. The bay has many interesting historic towns including Paihia, Russell and Kerikeri. Russell known as Kororāreka, was the first permanent European settlement in New Zealand, dates from the early 19th century. Kerikeri contains many historic sites from the earliest European colonial settlement in the country; these include the Mission House called Kemp House, the oldest wooden structure still standing in New Zealand. The Stone Store, a former storehouse, is the oldest stone building in New Zealand, construction having begun on 19 April 1832; the Bay of Islands was visited in the 19th century by sealing ships and whaling ships that hunted in the ocean around New Zealand In December 1835 Charles Darwin visited the Bay of Islands in HMS Beagle. In February 1840, some members of the United States Exploring Expedition were present at the initial signing of the Treaty of Waitangi at Waitangi.
In a 2006 study, the Bay of Islands was found to have the second bluest sky in the world, after Rio de Janeiro. A new fast boat manufactured by the Explore Group was introduced in the Bay of Islands in 2019 to take visitors to the Hole in the Rock at speed; the daily transport facility will ply several times during the day. In 1886, Albert Ernest Fuller launched the sailing ship Undine in the Bay of Islands to deliver coal supplies to the islands within the Bay. With the fitting of a motor in the early 20th century, Fuller was able to deliver the coal and essential supplies to communities as far out as Cape Brett. In 1927 Fuller acquired Cream Trip from Eddie Lane – with the facilities on board to transport cream from the islands, by the 1960s, the newly commissioned Bay Belle started this run. Although a modern catamaran now takes this historical route of the original Cream Trip, Bay Belle continues to transport visitors and locals between Paihia and Russell throughout the day. Bay of Islands Travel Guide
The 1954 Gator Bowl was an American college football bowl game played on January 1, 1954, at Gator Bowl Stadium in Jacksonville, Florida. It was the ninth annual playing of the Gator Bowl; the game pitted the Texas Tech Red Raiders against the Auburn Tigers The Red Raiders finished as champions of the Border Conference for the fifth time in eleven years while winning ten games for the first time since 1938, with a 27–14 loss to Texas A&M being the only blemish. This was their first-ever Gator Bowl appearance; as for Auburn, they started the season 2-1-1, with two victories, a tie to #13 Mississippi State, a loss to #8 Georgia Tech. The Tigers would promptly win their next five games to rise to #16 in the rankings leading into the Iron Bowl matchup with Alabama, which they lost 10–7, as Auburn finished third in the Southeastern Conference; this was Auburun's first bowl game since 1938. Auburn - Bobby Duke, 1 yard touchdown run Texas Tech - Bobby Cavazos, 6 yard touchdown run Auburn - Vince Dooley, 10 yard touchdown run Texas Tech - Paul Erwin, 52 yard touchdown pass from Kirkpatrick Texas Tech - Don Lewis, fumble recovery in end zone Texas Tech - Cavazos, 59 yard touchdown run Texas Tech - Cavazos, 2 yard touchdown run Texas Tech outrushed the Tigers 226 to 195, outthrew them 145 to 72 while forcing two four turnovers.
Bobby Cavazos ran. Vince Dooley went 4-of-8 for. Both were named MVP. Auburn would finish 8–3 the following year, while competing in the Gator Bowl once again, played on December 31, 1954, becoming the first school to play the same bowl twice in the same year; this time, they won, beating Baylor 33–13. As for Tech, they finished champions of the conference for two more seasons before becoming independent in 1957 and member of the Southwest Conference in 1960, they reached the Gator Bowl five years in 1965. Tech did not win a bowl game again until 1973
The List of Hawker Sea Fury operators lists the counties and their air force units that have operated the aircraft: Royal Australian Navy received about 50 ex-FAA Sea Furies during 1949 and 1950. Royal Australian Navy - Fleet Air Arm723 Squadron RAN 724 Squadron RAN 725 Squadron RAN 805 Squadron RAN 808 Squadron RAN 850 Squadron RAN Burma received 18 ex-FAA Sea Fury FB.11s and three Sea Fury T.20s in 1958. Burma Air Force A total of 74 Sea Furies served in three different RCN units - two combat squadrons and the RCN's fixed-wing training unit, VT 40; the last Canadian military flight of the RCN Hawker Sea Fury type was made by F/O Lynn Garrison at McCall Field, Alberta 1 April 1958. The aircraft involved was WG-565 ferried to Calgary for use as an instructional airframe at the Provincial Institute of Technology and Arts. Royal Canadian Navy - Royal Canadian Navy Fleet Air Arm803 Squadron RCN in May 1951 redesignated 870 Squadron 883 Squadron RCN in May 1951 redesignated 871 Squadron 870 Squadron RCN in November 1952 redesignated VF-870 871 Squadron RCN in November 1952 redesignated VF-871 VF-870 VF-871 VT-40 Cuba received 15 ex-FAA Sea Fury FB.11s and two Sea Fury T.20s in 1958.
Aircraft were assembled in 1959 and fought against the CIA-sponsored Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961. Cuban Air Force Egypt ordered 12 Sea Furies during 1949 and delivered during the following two years. Royal Egyptian Air Force The Federal Republic of Germany bought eight ex-FAA Sea Fury T.20s during 1959-60. They were further modified in Germany for target-towing duties and served under contract to the Luftwaffe as target tugs. Deutsche Luftfahrt Beratungsdienst Iraq received 30 de-navalized Sea Fury Mk.60s and two Sea Fury T.61s Iraqi Air ForceNo. 1 Squadron Royal Iraqi Air Force No. 7 Squadron Royal Iraqi Air Force The Royal Netherlands Navy purchased 10 Sea Fury F. Mk.50 for service on the escort carrier Karel Doorman. Additional 12 Sea Fury FB. Mk.60 were purchased, as a third order 25 Sea Fury FB. Mk.51 were built under license by Fokker. Several aircraft served aboard the second Karel Doorman. Dutch Sea Furies were replaced in 1957 by Hawker Sea Hawks. Royal Netherlands Navy - Dutch Naval Aviation Service Between 1949 and 1950 Pakistan purchased 87 brand new Sea Fury Mk.60s, five ex-FAA FB.11, the prototype F.2/43 Fury and five newly built Sea Fury Mk.61 two seat trainers.
Pakistan Air Force Royal Navy - Fleet Air Arm700 Naval Air Squadron 703 Naval Air Squadron 736 Naval Air Squadron 738 Naval Air Squadron 739 Naval Air Squadron 744 Naval Air Squadron 751 Naval Air Squadron 759 Naval Air Squadron 767 Naval Air Squadron 773 Naval Air Squadron 778 Naval Air Squadron 781 Naval Air Squadron 782 Naval Air Squadron 787 Naval Air Squadron 799 Naval Air Squadron 801 Naval Air Squadron 802 Naval Air Squadron 804 Naval Air Squadron 806 Naval Air Squadron 807 Naval Air Squadron 811 Naval Air Squadron 898 Naval Air SquadronRoyal Naval Volunteer Reserve1830 Naval Air Squadron 1831 Naval Air Squadron 1832 Naval Air Squadron 1833 Naval Air Squadron 1834 Naval Air Squadron 1835 Naval Air Squadron 1836 Naval Air Squadron 1843 Naval Air Squadron Hawker Sea Fury Sturtivant, Ray. The Squadrons of the Fleet Air Arm. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain Ltd. ISBN 0-85130-223-8