The Bay of Plenty is a bight in the northern coast of New Zealand's North Island. It stretches 260 km from the Coromandel Peninsula in the west to Cape Runaway in the east; the Bay of Plenty Region is situated around this body of water incorporating several large islands in the bay. The bay was named by James Cook after he noticed the abundant food supplies at several Māori villages there, in stark contrast to the earlier observations he had made in Poverty Bay. According to local Māori traditions, the Bay of Plenty was the landing point of several migration canoes that brought Māori settlers to New Zealand; these include the Mataatua, Nukutere, Tākitimu and Tainui canoes. Many of the descendent iwi maintain their traditional homelands in the region, including Te Whānau-ā-Apanui, Te Whakatōhea, Ngāi Tai, Ngāi Tūhoe, Ngāti Awa, Ngāti Tūwharetoa ki Kawerau, Te Arawa, Ngāi Te Rangi, Ngāti Ranginui and Ngāti Pūkenga. Early Māori settlement gave rise to many of the city names used today; the first recorded European contact came when James Cook sailed through the Bay of Plenty in 1769.
Cook noted the abundance of food supplies, in comparison to Poverty Bay further back along the eastern coast of the North Island. Further reports of European contact are scarce prior to the arrival of missionary Samuel Marsden to the Tauranga area in 1820. Bay whaling stations operated in the bay during the 19th century. During the 1820s and 1830s, northern iwi including Ngā Puhi invaded the Bay of Plenty during their campaign throughout the North Island, fighting local Māori tribes in what became known as the Musket Wars. However, the 1830s and 1840s saw increased contact between Bay of Plenty Māori and Europeans through trade, although few Europeans settled in the region. Missionary activity in the region increased during this time. In 1853, New Zealand was subdivided into provinces, with the Bay of Plenty incorporated into Auckland Province. Conflict returned to the Bay of Plenty during the 1860s with the New Zealand Wars; this stemmed from Tauranga iwi supporting the Waikato iwi in their conflict with the government.
In retaliation, British Crown and government-allied Māori forces attacked the Tauranga iwi, including at the famous Battle of Gate Pā in 1864. Further conflict with the government arose in 1865 when German missionary Carl Völkner and interpreter James Fulloon were killed by local Māori at Opotiki and Whakatane, respectively; the ensuing conflict resulted in the confiscation of considerable land from several Bay of Plenty iwi by the government. Confiscation of Māori land deprived local iwi of economic resources, provided land for expanding European settlement; the government established fortified positions, including at Tauranga and Opotiki. European settlers arrived throughout the latter half of the 19th century, establishing settlements in Katikati, Te Puke and the Rangitaiki area. In 1876, settlements were incorporated into counties following the nationwide dissolution of the provincial system. Initial settlements in the region struggled: the climate was ill-suited to sheep farming and the geography was inaccessible, further hindered by a lack of infrastructure.
By the end of the century the population had started to dwindle. But after experimenting with different crops, settlers found success with dairy production. Dairy factories sprang up across the Bay of Plenty in the 1900s, with butter and cheese feeding economic prosperity throughout the early 20th century. Timber became a major export in the 1950s, as kiwifruit did later; the present Bay of Plenty region was formed in 1989 after a nationwide review and shakeup of top-level local government in New Zealand. The new region incorporated the former counties of Tauranga, Rotorua and Opotiki. On 5 October 2011, the MV Rena ran aground on the Astrolabe Reef in the bay causing a large oil spill, described as New Zealand's worst environmental disaster. A volcanic eruption occurred on White Island at 14:11 on 9 December 2019, which resulted in twenty fatalities and twenty-seven injuries, most suffering severe burns. Forty-seven people were on the island when it erupted. A second eruption followed the first.
The region is subdivided into territorial authorities, which include the Western Bay of Plenty District, Tauranga City, Whakatane District, Kawerau District and Opotiki District, as well as parts of Rotorua District and the town of Rangitaiki in Taupo District. The Bay of Plenty Regional Council, which used the brand name Environment Bay of Plenty for a number of years, is the administrative body responsible for overseeing regional land use, environmental management and civil defence in the region, it oversees local-tier governing councils for each of the territorial authorities. In 1989, Whakatane was selected as the seat for the regional council, as a compromise between the two dominant cities of Tauranga and Rotorua. Public health in New Zealand is broken into regions; the Bay of Plenty and Lakes district health boards have public health provided by Toi Te Ora - Public Health. The Bay of Plenty region covers 9,500 km ² of coastal marine area, it extends along the eastern coast of the North Island, from the base of the Coromandel Peninsula in the west to Cape Runaway in the east.
The region extends 12 nautical miles from the mainland coastline, extends from the coastlines of several islands in the bay, notably Mayor Island/Tuhua, Motiti Island, Whale Island and the active volcano of Whakaari/White Island. It extends inland to the sparsely populated forest lands around Murupara; the geographical bay is defined by 259 km of open coastline used for economic and cultural purposes
Shatti Al-Qurum is the most expensive residential locality situated on the coast of Muscat, the capital of the Sultanate of Oman.. It is known as Muscat's Diplomatic District due to many embassies being located there. Shatti Al-Qurum is bordered by Qurum to the east, the Ministries and Embassies to the west and Madinat Qaboos to the south, it is a recent development, begun in the mid-1980s. The most noticeable sight while driving down the Sultan Qaboos Highway used to be the Intercontinental Hotel but today several other significant constructions have been built. Shatti is the home of several more hotels including the Grand Hyatt and budget hotels such as Days Inn. After PDO, this is the most popular destination for expatriates living in Muscat; the common and unique feature to Shatti is the ocean of white houses. An opera house, theatre, schools and a hospital are located there
The 2016–17 Grand Canyon Antelopes men's basketball team represented Grand Canyon University during the 2016–17 NCAA Division I men's basketball season. They were led by head coach Dan Majerle in his fourth season at Grand Canyon; the Antelopes played their home games at the GCU Arena in Phoenix, Arizona as members of the Western Athletic Conference. The season was their fourth and final year of a four-year transition period from Division II to Division I; as a result, the Antelopes were not eligible for the NCAA postseason play and could not participate in the WAC Tournament. They could have played in the CBI had they been invited, they finished the season 11 -- 3 in WAC play to finish in a tie for second place. Citing injuries, they decided to not participate in a postseason tournament, they had participated in the CIT the previous three seasons. The Antelopes finished the 2015–16 season 27–7, 11–3 in WAC play to finish in a tie for second place, they were invited to the CollegeInsider.com Tournament and defeated South Carolina State and Jackson State to advance to the quarterfinals where they lost to Coastal Carolina