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Bay of Quinte

The Bay of Quinte is a long, narrow bay shaped like the letter "Z" on the northern shore of Lake Ontario in the province of Ontario, Canada. It is just west of the head of the Saint Lawrence River that drains the Great Lakes into the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, it is located 350 kilometres west of Montreal. The name "Quinte" is derived from "Kenté", the name of an early French Catholic mission located on the north shore of what is now Prince Edward County. In the Mohawk language, the community is called "Kenhtè:ke", which means "the place of the bay"; the Cayuga name is Tayęda:ne:gęˀ or Detgayę:da:negęˀ, "land of two logs."The Bay, as it is known locally, provides some of the best trophy walleye angling in North America as well as most sport fish common to the great lakes. The bay is subject to algal blooms in late summer. Zebra mussels as well as the other invasive species found in the Great Lakes are present; the Quinte area played a vital role in bootlegging during Prohibition in the United States, with large volumes of liquor being produced in the area, shipped via boat on the bay to Lake Ontario arriving in New York State where it was distributed.

Illegal sales of liquor accounted for many fortunes around Belleville. Tourism in the area is significant in the summer months due to the Bay of Quinte and its fishing, local golf courses, provincial parks, wineries; the northern side of the bay is defined by Ontario's mainland, while the southern side follows the shore of the Prince Edward County headland. Beginning in the east with the outlet to Lake Ontario, the bay runs west-southwest for 25 kilometres to Picton, where it turns north-northwest for another 20 kilometres as far as Deseronto. From there it turns south-southwest again for another 40 kilometres, running past Big Island on the south and Belleville on the north; the width of the bay exceeds two kilometres. The bay ends at Trenton and the Trent River, both on the north side; the Murray Canal has been cut through the "Carrying Place", the few kilometres separating the end of the bay and Lake Ontario on the west side. The Trent River is part of the Trent-Severn Waterway, a canal connecting Lake Ontario to Lake Simcoe and Georgian Bay on Lake Huron.

There are several sub-bays off the Bay of Quinte, including Hay Bay, Big Bay, Muscote Bay. Quinte is a region comprising several communities situated along the Bay of Quinte, including Belleville, the largest city in the Quinte Region, represents a midpoint between Montreal and Toronto; the Greater Bay of Quinte area includes the municipalities of Brighton, Quinte West, Prince Edward County, Greater Napanee as well as the Native Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory. Overall population of the area exceeds 200,000; the Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte on traditional Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory. Their reserve Band number 244, their current land base, is 73 km2 on the Bay of Quinte in southeastern Ontario east of Belleville and to the west of Deseronto; the community takes its name from a variant spelling of Mohawk leader Joseph Brant's traditional Mohawk name, which means'two pieces of fire wood beside each other'. In the Mohawk language, the community is called "Kenhtè:ke", which means "on the bay", was the birthplace of Tekanawí:ta.

The Cayuga name is Tyendinaga, Tayęda:ne:gęˀ or Detgayę:da:negęˀ, "land of two logs." Belleville Quinte West Brighton Shannonville Napanee Deseronto Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory Rossmore Ameliasburgh Picton Consecon Carrying Place The Quinte Region the City of Belleville, is home to Loyalist College of Applied Arts and Technology. Other post-secondary schools in the region include Maxwell College of Advanced Technology, CDI College, Quinte Literacy. Secondary schools in the region include Sir James Whitney; the Quinte Region is home to a large number of national and international food processing manufacturers. Quinte houses a large number of industries in the plastics & packaging sector, transportation sector, logistics sector and advanced manufacturing sector, including the following: Essroc Canada a division of Italcementi Stream—Contact centre Autosystems Division of Decoma International—Automotive parts Halla Climate Control Canada Ltd.—Automotive parts Procter and Gamble Inc.—Feminine hygiene products Kellogg—Breakfast cereal manufacturer Nestle Canada Inc.—Frozen and dry mix food service products Trenton Cold Storage Group Inc.—Refrigerated warehousing and distribution.

Custom co-packing Parmalat Canada—Black Diamond Cheese Division—Cheese manufacturing and packaging Avaya—A telecommunications research and product development centre, providing customers worldwide with advanced communications and networking systems, creating next-generation internet telephony solutions. Research Casting International—Canadian company specializing in moulding and casting for the production of museum exhibits Cooney Transport Ltd.—Trucking company Wellington Mushroom Farm / Highline Produce—Mushroom farm Domtech—Copper wiring ClearWater Design Canoe and Kayak—Boat manufacturer Official website of Belleville Official website of Quinte West Official website for the Region of Bay of Quinte

Variational message passing

Variational message passing is an approximate inference technique for continuous- or discrete-valued Bayesian networks, with conjugate-exponential parents, developed by John Winn. VMP was developed as a means of generalizing the approximate variational methods used by such techniques as Latent Dirichlet allocation and works by updating an approximate distribution at each node through messages in the node's Markov blanket. Given some set of hidden variables H and observed variables V, the goal of approximate inference is to lower-bound the probability that a graphical model is in the configuration V. Over some probability distribution Q, ln ⁡ P = ∑ H Q ln ⁡ P P = ∑ H Q. So, if we define our lower bound to be L = ∑ H Q ln ⁡ P Q,then the likelihood is this bound plus the relative entropy between P and Q; because the relative entropy is non-negative, the function L defined above is indeed a lower bound of the log likelihood of our observation V. The distribution Q will have a simpler character than that of P because marginalizing over P is intractable for all but the simplest of graphical models.

In particular, VMP uses a factorized distribution Q: Q = ∏ i Q i, where H i is a disjoint part of the graphical model. The likelihood estimate needs to be as large as possible. By substituting in the factorized version of Q, L, parameterized over the hidden nodes H i as above, is the negative relative entropy between Q j and Q j ∗ plus other terms independent of Q j if Q j ∗ is defined as Q j ∗ = 1 Z e E − j,where E − j is the expectation over all distributions Q i except Q j. Thus, if we set Q j to be Q j ∗, the bound L is maximized. Parents send their children the expectation of their sufficient statistic while children send their parents their natural parameter, which requires messages to be sent from the co-parents of the node; because all nodes in VMP come from exponential families and all parents of nodes are conjugate to their children nodes, the expectation of the sufficient statistic can be computed from the normalization factor. The algorithm begins by computing the expected value of the sufficient statistics for that vector.

Until the likelihood converges to a stable value, do the following at each node: Get all messages from parents Get all messages from children Compute the expected value of the nodes sufficient statistic

Open access in Austria

Open access to scholarly communication in Austria has developed in the 2010s through government initiatives. The Austrian Science Fund and Universities Austria launched the "Open Access Netzwerk Austria" in 2012 to coordinate country-wide efforts; the "E-Infrastructures Austria" project began in 2014 to develop repositories. The international advocacy effort "OpenscienceASAP – Open Science as a Practice" is based in Austria. There are a number of collections of scholarship in Austria housed in digital open access repositories, they contain journal articles, book chapters and other research outputs that are free to read. Key events in the development of open access in Austria include the following: 2007 June: International Conference on Electronic Publishing held in Vienna. 2012 Open Access Netzwerk Austria established. 2014 E-Infrastructures Austria begins. Internet in Austria Education in Austria Media of Austria List of libraries in Austria Open access in other countries Bruno Bauer. "Open Access Publishing in Austria: Development and Future Perspectives".

Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Brașov, Series IV: Philology and Cultural Studies. Romania. Hdl:10760/15322. "Open Access in Österreich". Mitteilungen der Vereinigung Österreichischer Bibliothekarinnen und Bibliothekare. 65: 1–330. 2012. ISSN 1022-2588. "Scientific research and tertiary education: Open Access", Austrian Research and Technology Report 2013, Federal Ministry of Science and Research, 2013 B. Bauer. Recommendations for the Transition to Open Access in Austria, Open Access Network Austria, doi:10.5281/zenodo.34079 Tonto, Yaşar. "Austria". Gold Open Access by Country 2012-2017. US: Cites & Insights Books. "Austria". Global Open Access Portal. UNESCO. "Browse by Country: Europe: Austria". Registry of Open Access Repositories. UK. "". Directory of Open Access Journals. UK: Infrastructure Services for Open Access. Peter Suber. "". Open Access Tracking Project. Harvard University. OCLC 1040261573. News and comment from the worldwide movement for open access to research "Browse by Country: Austria".

ROARMAP: Registry of Open Access Repository Mandates and Policies. UK: University of Southampton


A Stolperstein is a sett-size, 10 by 10 centimetres concrete cube bearing a brass plate inscribed with the name and life dates of victims of Nazi extermination or persecution. The Stolpersteine project, initiated by the German artist Gunter Demnig in 1992, aims to commemorate individuals at the last place of residency—or, work—which was chosen by the person before he or she fell victim to Nazi terror, eugenics, deportation to a concentration or extermination camp, or escaped persecution by emigration or suicide; as of October 2018, 70,000 Stolpersteine have been laid making the Stolpersteine project the world's largest decentralized memorial. The majority of Stolpersteine commemorate Jewish victims of the Holocaust. Others have been placed for Sinti and Romani people, the physically or mentally disabled, Jehovah's Witnesses, black people, members of the Communist Party, the Social Democratic Party, the anti-Nazi Resistance, the Christian opposition, Freemasons, along with International Brigade soldiers in the Spanish Civil War, military deserters, conscientious objectors, escape helpers, capitulators, "habitual criminals", others charged with treason, military disobedience, or undermining the Nazi military, as well as Allied soldiers.

The name of the Stolpersteine project invokes multiple allusions: In Nazi Germany, an antisemitic saying, when accidentally stumbling over a protruding stone, was: "A Jew must be buried here". In a metaphorical sense, the German term Stolperstein can mean "potential problem"; the term "to stumble across something", in German and English, can mean "to find out". Thus, the term provocatively invokes an antisemitic remark of the past, but at the same time intends to provoke thoughts about a serious issue. Stolpersteine are not placed prominently, but are rather discovered by chance, only recognizable when passing by at close distance. In contrast to central memorial places, which according to Demnig can be avoided or bypassed, Stolpersteine represent a much deeper intrusion of memory into everyday life. Stolpersteine are placed right into the pavement; when Jewish cemeteries were destroyed throughout Nazi Germany, the gravestones were repurposed as sidewalk paving stones. The desecration of the memory of the dead was implicitly intended, as people had to walk on the gravestones and tread on the inscriptions.

The Stolpersteine provocatively hint at this act of desecration, as they lack any kind of defense against new acts of shame. While the art project thus intends to keep alive the memory, implying that improper acts could happen again, the intentional lack of defense against potential desecration created criticism and concern; some German cities like Munich still do not accept the setting of Stolpersteine, look for alternative ways of commemoration instead. Research about future Stolperstein locations is done by local school children and their teachers, victims' relatives, or local history organizations; the database of Yad Vashem in Jerusalem and the online database version of the 1939 Germany Minority Census are used to search for names and residential addresses of Nazi victims. When research on a particular person is completed, Demnig sets out to manufacture an individual Stolperstein; the person's name and dates of birth and death, if known, are engraved into the brass plate. The words Hier wohnte... are written on most of the plates, emphasizing that the victims of persecution did not live and work at any anonymous place, but "right here".

The Stolperstein is inserted at flush level into the roadway or sidewalk, at the individual's last known place of chosen residence or work, with the intention to "trip up the passer-by" and draw attention to the memorial. The costs of Stolpersteine are covered by individual donations, local public fund raising, contemporary witnesses, school classes, or community funds. From the beginning of the project until 2012, one Stolperstein cost €95. In 2012, the price increased to €120; each individual Stolperstein is still manufactured by hand, so that only about 440 of them can be produced per month. Today, it may take up to several months from the application for a new Stolperstein until it is installed. Starting in 2005, Michael Friedrichs-Friedländer has partnered with Gunter Demnig to install about 63,000 Stolperstein in 20 different languages. Friedrichs-Friedländer explained to a reporter that he has not changed the engraving process and all engraving continues to be completed by hand. On 16 December 1992, 50 years had passed since Heinrich Himmler had signed the so-called Auschwitz-Erlass, ordering the deportation of Sinti and Roma to extermination camps.

This order marks the beginning of the mass deportation of Jews from Germany. To commemorate this date, Gunter Demnig traced the "road to deportation" by pulling a self-built, rolling pavement-printing machine through the inner city to the train station, where the deportees had boarded the trains to the extermination camps. Afterwards, he installed the first Stolperstein in front of Cologne's Historic City Hall. On its brass plate were engraved the first lines of the Auschwitz decree. Demnig intended to contribute to the debate, ongoing at that time, about granting the right of residence in Germany to Roma people who had fled from former Yugoslavia; the idea arose of expanding the commemoration project to include all victims of Nazi persecution, as well as always doing so at the last places

Dilyan Kolev

Dilyan Kolev is a Bulgarian footballer who plays as a midfielder for Icelandic club Einherji. Born in Byala, Rousse Province, Kolev played in the youth teams of PFC Litex Lovech, he represented Bulgarian teams PFC Lokomotiv Mezdra, Benkovski Byala, Kom-Minyor, OFC Sliven 2000 and PFC Chavdar Byala Slatina before moving abroad. In the winter break of the 2011–12 season, he moved first time abroad, to play with Moldovan National Division side FC Costuleni. In the summer of 2012 he moved to Montenegro where he signed for FK Čelik Nikšić. In 2009, he was a member of the Bulgaria national under-21 football team. Dilyan Kolev at

Beverly Hills, New South Wales

Beverly Hills is a southern suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Beverly Hills is located 15 kilometres south of the Sydney central business district and is part of the St George area, it is colloquially referred to as "Bevo". The postcode is 2209. Beverly Hills is residential, consisting of many freestanding red brick and tile bungalows built in the years after World War 2. Many of these feature late Art Deco design elements. Medium density flats have been built in the areas close to Stoney Creek Road. Beverly Hills was known as Dumbleton after a local farm in the area, circa 1830; this name was disliked by residents who lobbied to supplant it with a more glamorous alternative to coincide with the arrival of the East Hills railway line, which opened 31 December 1931. The name was changed to Beverly Hills, at a time when Beverly Hills in California, USA was becoming famous for being the home of many famous movie stars. Real estate developments followed in the 1940s; the post office opened 1 October 1940.

Beverly Hills has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: East Hills railway: Beverly Hills railway station The main shopping strip is located on King Georges Road, near the Beverly Hills railway station. There are over 40 different cafes and takeaways along King Georges Road featuring Asian and Modern Australian cuisines; the area has all the features typical of Australian metropolitan localities: restaurants, retail shops, an IGA supermarket, real estate agents, a pub, cinema, ATMs, primary/high schools, parks and health facilities. Beverly Hills railway station is on the South Line of the Sydney Trains network; the main road running through Beverly Hills is King Georges Road, connecting it north to Roselands and south to Hurstville. The road has palm trees running through its median strip as a nod to its Californian namesake; the other main road in Beverly Hills is Stoney Creek Road. This road intersects King Georges Road and connects Beverly Hills west to Peakhurst and east to Rockdale, Brighton-Le-Sands and Sydney Airport.

Entrances to the M5 Motorway are located on west of the shopping centre. The M5 Motorway connects east to Bexley North, Sydney Airport and the Sydney CBD and west to Liverpool and Campbelltown. Notable amongst the public buildings and amenities are Beverly Hills Girls' High School, Beverly Hills Primary School, Beverly Hills North Primary School and Regina Coeli Primary School. Beverly Hills Girls High School has 1100 students and has been named a School of Excellence for its service to students of the Beverly Hills community. Regina Coeli Roman Catholic Church is Australia's only Catholic war memorial church, it was built in the early 1960s to commemorate the Australian-US alliance during World War 2. The flags of both nations are permanently hung on either side of the main altar, a special Mass attended by US service personnel and diplomatic representatives is conducted there annually in commemoration of the Battle of the Coral Sea. Regina Coeli is sited prominently on the highest point in Beverly Hills, is a landmark visible for many kilometres in all directions.

Other churches in the suburb include: St Matthews Anglican Church, St Bedes Anglican Church, Church@School, Beverly Hills Baptist Church, Beverly Hills Chinese Baptist Church, Beverly Hills Church of Christ, Beverly Hills New Apostolic Church. Beverly Hills Park features two barbecue areas. Vanessa Street Tennis Courts Canterbury Golf Course Coolabah Street Tennis courts According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 10,156 residents in Beverly Hills. 49.4% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were China 14.7%, Hong Kong 3.3%, Greece 2.4%, Vietnam 2.2% and New Zealand 1.8%. 37.3% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Cantonese 14.3%, Mandarin 12.4%, Greek 8.2%, Arabic 5.6% and Vietnamese 2.3%. The next most common responses for religious affiliation were No Religion 24.3%, Catholic 23.2% and Eastern Orthodox 12.3%. Colin Dunmore Fuller - farmer and soldier Georgina McCready - nurse, trade unionist and administrator