click links in text for more info

Bayezid II

Bayezid II was the eldest son and successor of Mehmed II, ruling as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1481 to 1512. During his reign, Bayezid II consolidated the Ottoman Empire and thwarted a Safavid rebellion soon before abdicating his throne to his son, Selim I, he is most notable for evacuating Sephardi Jews from Spain after the proclamation of the Alhambra Decree and resettling them throughout the Ottoman Empire. Bayezid II was the son of Gülbahar Hatun. There are sources; this would make Ayse Hatun a first cousin of Bayezid II. However, the marriage of Mükrime Hatun took place two years after Bayezid was born and the whole arrangement was not to Mehmed's liking; the Albanian-born Gülbahar Hatun is accepted as the real mother of Bayezid II. Born in Demotika, Bayezid II was educated in Amasya and served there as a bey for 27 years. In 1473, he fought in the Battle of Otlukbeli against the Aq Qoyunlu. Bayezid II married Gülbahar Hatun, the mother of Bayezid II's successor, Selim I and nephew of Sittişah Hatun.

Bayezid II's overriding concern was the quarrel with his brother Cem, who claimed the throne and sought military backing from the Mamluks in Egypt. Having been defeated by his brother's armies, Cem sought protection from the Knights of St. John in Rhodes; the Knights handed Cem over to Pope Innocent VIII. The Pope thought of using Cem as a tool to drive the Turks out of Europe, but as the papal crusade failed to come to fruition, Cem was left to languish and die in a Neapolitan prison. Bayezid II paid both the pope to keep his brother prisoner. Bayezid II ascended the Ottoman throne in 1481. Like his father, Bayezid II was a patron of eastern culture. Unlike many other Sultans, he worked hard to ensure a smooth running of domestic politics, which earned him the epithet of "the Just". Throughout his reign, Bayezid II engaged in numerous campaigns to conquer the Venetian possessions in Morea defining this region as the key to future Ottoman naval power in the Eastern Mediterranean; the last of these wars ended in 1501 with Bayezid II in control of the whole Peloponnese.

Rebellions in the east, such as that of the Qizilbash, plagued much of Bayezid II's reign and were backed by the Shah of Persia, eager to promote Shi'ism to undermine the authority of the Ottoman state. Ottoman authority in Anatolia was indeed threatened during this period and at one point Bayezid II's vizier, Hadım Ali Pasha, was killed in battle against Şahkulu rebellion. In July 1492, the new state of Spain expelled its Jewish and Muslim populations as part of the Spanish Inquisition. Bayezid II sent out the Ottoman Navy under the command of admiral Kemal Reis to Spain in 1492 in order to evacuate them safely to Ottoman lands, he sent out proclamations throughout the empire. He granted the refugees the permission to become Ottoman citizens, he ridiculed the conduct of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile in expelling a class of people so useful to their subjects. "You venture to call Ferdinand a wise ruler," he said to his courtiers, "he who has impoverished his own country and enriched mine!"

Bayezid addressed a firman to all the governors of his European provinces, ordering them not only to refrain from repelling the Spanish refugees, but to give them a friendly and welcome reception. He threatened with death all those who treated the Jews harshly or refused them admission into the empire. Moses Capsali, who helped to arouse the sultan's friendship for the Jews, was most energetic in his assistance to the exiles, he made a tour of the communities and was instrumental in imposing a tax upon the rich, to ransom the Jewish victims of the persecution. The Muslims and Jews of al-Andalus contributed much to the rising power of the Ottoman Empire by introducing new ideas and craftsmanship; the first printing press in Constantinople was established by the Sephardic Jews in 1493. It is reported that under Bayezid's reign, Jews enjoyed a period of cultural flourishing, with the presence of such scholars as the Talmudist and scientist Mordecai Comtino. On 14 September 1509, Constantinople was devastated by an earthquake.

During Bayezid II's final years, a succession battle developed between his sons Ahmet. Ahmet unexpectedly captured Karaman, an Ottoman city, began marching to Constantinople to exploit his triumph. Fearing for his safety, Selim staged a revolt in Thrace but was defeated by Bayezid and forced to flee back to the Crimean Peninsula. Bayezid II developed fears that Ahmet might in turn kill him to gain the throne, so he refused to allow his son to enter Constantinople. Selim returned from Crimea and, with support from the Janissaries, forced his father to abdicate the throne on 25 April 1512. Bayezid departed for retirement in his native Demotika, but he died on 26 May 1512 at Abalar, Havsa near Büyükçekmece before reaching his destination and only a month after his abdication, he was buried next to the Bayezid Mosque in Istanbul. Sultan Bayezid II's statesmanship and intellectual abilities are depicted in the historical novel The Sultan's Helmsman, which takes place in the middle years of his reign.

Sultan Bayezid II and his struggle with his son Selim is a prominent subplot in the video game Assassin's Creed: Revelations. In the game, due to Bayezid's absence from Constantinople, the Byzantines had the opportunity to sneak back into the

Aesha Waks

Aesha Waks is an American actress of Israeli descent and raised in the Far Rockaway section of New York City. Aesha Hash Waks was born to Israel and Mindy Waks, of Israeli, German and Polish descent, Waks's father works in fashion and interior installation, her mother, was a full-time artist. Her parents named her after Stevie Wonder's song "Aisha", her brother, Geffen Waks, is a hip-hop artist. Waks guest starred in WOR-TV’s Romper Room at age 5 and sang the national anthem at Shea Stadium for the NY Mets at age 7. Waks got her SAG card by skating in a Honey Combs commercial and went on to do many more commercials including Levis, Buffalino Boots and Microsoft. Waks performed in a number of television guest spots including New York Undercover, City Kids, Third Watch, Late Night with Conan O'Brien. While getting her diploma from LaGuardia H. S. as a drama major, Waks was a professional choreographer and world tour dancer for pop artist the Mad Stuntman from Reel 2 Real and was making appearances in major music videos such as Wu Tang Clan, Elton John, Tag Team.

During that time, Waks was paying for her Broadway dance school lessons by performing as a cage dancer for the Palladium and The Limelight clubs at their prime. Waks has written poetry and has been winning awards for her works since she was 6 years old including the Junior Fire Chief's Poetry Award and the writing award of Mark Twain Junior High School, she received a first place plaque and cash award from Kingsborough Community College, which she attended before attending NYU. The winning poem went on to be chosen to be read by Waks in the Angelina Jolie-produced independent film, Lovesick. After graduating from NYU and getting a full scholarship to the Steinhardt School and getting a B. S. in media and communication with an internship in P. R. from Lizzie Grubman P. R. Waks submitted a paper; this paper was turned into a book "The Model Body", a health and fitness work she wrote while she was getting over borderline anorexia. Waks is working on a graphic novel titled Jane with the Nerdy Andre' Joseph.

Waks studied at the Lee Strasberg Institute, Bill Esper Studios, UCB, Centerstage. Waks has starred and co-starred in over 40 films and won two best actress awards at the Olympia Film Festival including best actress for the title role of Gena in Arresting Gena, co-starring Adrian Grenier, Sam Rockwell, Brendan Sexton III, Summer Phoenix, Paul Giamatti, Rini Bell, Heather Matarazzo. Waks showed off her comedic side in 2009 when she cameoed in the internet comedy series, for Ryan Hunter, she helped to produce and cameo in the music video for Diplo-signed artist Riff Raff and had cameo roles in the music videos for "Midnight Sprite" and "Bo Jackson Freestyle". Waks a singer and songwriter, performed her self-entitled song "Fun Dip" on Fuse TV and appeared in her music video "Neck Bop", produced by Al McDowell and featured a cameo by Miri Ben-Ari. Aesha co-starred in the 4th episode of Gotham for Warner Bros. Television on the Fox Network. Waks is working on a self-entitled fashion line in which she has a vintage line and a limited edition produced line where she tears off sleeves of coats and shirts and has them snapped back on and she spikes them.

Inspired by her girl band entitled "The Acception" alongside singer/songwriter, Jessica Brown, wanting to be able to rip her sleeves off on stage when she "gets hot." She plans to sell them at her shows, limited boutiques, Waks was chosen to style an outfit with Rachel Zoe on The Tyra Banks Show. Waks is the host of the Women in Fashion and Film Festival championed on by her favorite designer, Maggie Norris, she has worked hosting with Chance TV. Waks is known for her cover and centerfold on High Times magazine, featured in Playboy magazine, she has been in Maxim and the cover of Lifestyles Magazine. She appeared in runway shows such as Lincoln Center Fashion Week for Popluxe by Richie Rich as well as Skrapper, Chong Cha, Allen & Suzi, Patricia Fields, various others. In 2013, Waks made a guest appearance on XOX Betsey Johnson on the Style Network. Waks has worked behind the scenes for MTV as a crowd hyper and casting director and as a production assistant for The Andy Milonakis Show, an associate producer on Good Humor, When the Devil Comes.

Waks has been appearing on page 6 of the New York Post since the release of her movie "A Packing Suburbia" in 1999. Most with her former fiancé Liam McMullan, son of photographer Patrick McMullan; the couple had a band called Danger who recorded the song "Bad Press" produced by Michael Jackson's protege, Eddy Cascio. Waks's relationship ended with Liam in 2013. Aesha Waks on IMDb

NoƩ Duchaufour-Lawrance

Noé Duchaufour Lawrance is an interior architect and designer French-born July 25, 1974 in Mende. Duchaufour Lawrance completed his education in furniture design from École nationale supérieure des arts décoratifs and in metal sculptures from École nationale supérieure des arts appliqués, between 1992 and 1997. In his career, he has designed a wide range of furniture collections, written multiple books, held exhibitions and completed many interior design projects, his product designs range from designer chairs to lamps to sofas. He has designed many products for leading companies like Cinna and Petite Friture; some of his recent creations include the'Hybride' chair for Cinna, Market chair for Petite Friture and the'Fluid' lamp for Forestier. Most he designed the'Folia' collection for Saint-Louis. NeoCon Silver Award, Lounge Furniture Collections category, for the Modern Family Collection, Bernhardt Design NeoCon Silver Award, Side Tables category, for tables Chance and Clue, Bernhardt Design Label Via 2015 for “Ciel!”

Chair edited by Tabisso and the desk “Inside World” edited by Cinna Janus du Commerce Air France, salon business CDG, hall M GQ Men of the year 2012 "Best Designer" Red Dot Award Product design 2011 for the Bernhardt Design Corvo chair Best of NeoCon GOLD Award for the Bernhardt Design Corvo chair Laureat for the "L’Empreinte de l’Année" and Talents du luxe et de la création 2010 Award "Elle Déco International Design Awards" Wallpaper Design Awards 2009 for the bed "Buonanotte Valentina" edited at Ceccotti Collezioni Designer of the year Scènes d’intérieur, Maison & Objet, Paris Time out magazine eating and drinking awards, Restaurant Sketch, Best design, London Hotel and restaurant Magazine, Restaurant Sketch, Best design, London Theme Magazine, Restaurant Sketch, Best design, London Tatler Restaurant Awards, Best Design: The Gallery, Restaurant Sketch, London Individual exhibition: "Carte blanche", exhibition of the Transmissions collection, Galerie des Gobelins, Paris Collective exhibition: "Design @ Farnese", exhibition of the Kinetic table, Palazzo Farnese, Rome Individual exhibition as part of the Grand Paris D'Days Design Festival: Exhibition of the Odyssey table at the invitation of the Manufacture of Sèvres, Galerie de Sèvres, Paris Collective exhibition: exhibition of the Transmissions collection, exhibition AD, Hôtel de la Marine, Paris Collective exhibition: "The cabinet of curiosities" by Thomas Erber, exhibition of the Mangrove table, Galerie Molière, Paris Collective exhibition: “So Paper and Chenel processes”, Ateliers Chenel, Vanves Individual exhibition: «Passage 2006-2012 » exhibition at Sivera Wagram showroom, Paris 17eme "Connexions" exhibition: 6 years of collaboration with Ceccotti collezioni during the furniture fair in April, Ceccotti showroom, Milan Individual exhibition: "Marée noire au clair de lune" exhibition at the Pierre Bergé gallery, Belgium VIPP- customization of a ‘VIPP waste bin’ for the benefit of Handicap International, Silvera showroom, Paris Tokyo Designers Block, ‘everything is in everything,’ video and smell exhibition, Tokyo Forum diffusion, Designers days 2004, Corian®, Five senses, one material, Paris Expérimenta Design, VIA, Design France: Innovation and inspiration, Lisbon BETC, placenta design, Paris Expérimenta Design, VIA, Design France: Innovation and inspiration, Lisbon Le design du pouvoir, l’Atelier de Recherche et de Création du Mobilier national – editions mare & martin – Transmissions Collection Come on!

What is the future of Design, Top 40 French Creatives, author Yen Kien Hang - PCA editions – E-Lounge Le cabinet de curiosités de Thomas Erber – imprimerie du Marais – iPad cover with St Loup and Mangrove Table Paris Designers and their Interiors – Editions Luster - Noé Duchaufour-Lawrance's main house Space Plus –Sandu Publishing - Ciel de Paris Living in StyleteNeues Publishing - Chalet La Transhumance House Design – A&C Publishing Co. Ltd éditions – Chalet La Transhumance Senequier – Verlhac éditions - Sénequier Design and Literature –Norma éditions Box Circa 40_2 – Fiera Milano editore Contemporary World Interiors - Phaidon Press - Sketch Wallpaper City Guide Paris - Phaidon - Senderens Wallpaper City Guide Londres - Phaidon press - Sketch Bars + Bares, Designer & Design - H Kliczowski publishing - Sketch Cool restaurants London – TeNeus publishing - Sketch Restaurant Design – DAAB publishing – Sketch Les plus beaux restaurants du monde, design & architecture – Pyramid publishing

Omurtag of Bulgaria

Omurtag was a Great Khan of Bulgaria from 814 to 831. He is known as "the Builder". In the beginning of his reign he signed a 30-year peace treaty with the neighboring Eastern Roman Empire which remained in force to the end of his life. Omurtag coped with the aggressive policy of the Frankish Empire to take Bulgaria's north-western lands and suppressed the unrest among several Slavic tribes, he made administrative reforms which increased the power and the authority of the central government. His reign was marked with a strong development of Bulgarian architecture with a number of significant construction projects. After the death of Khan Krum there was a short period of political instability in the country; some sources mention that Bulgaria was ruled by three nobles - Dukum and Tsog - who were recorded as persecutors of the Christians in the Byzantine sources. Several theories exist about the events in that period. According to them, those three nobles were either Krum's generals with a major role in the government but without assuming the throne.

The historians accept as a compromise the view of Professor Vasil Gyuzelev that Omurtag succeeded his father after short disturbances in the government. After the abrupt death of Khan Krum there were many Bulgarian troops in Thrace defending different strategic locations; the Byzantine Emperor Leo V the Armenian made use of the short crisis in the summer of 814 and led his troops against the Bulgarians. In the ensuing battle near the town of Burtodizos the Byzantines were victorious - Omurtag escaped the battlefield on his swift horse. However, the battle was not a decisive blow for the Bulgarians although it had some effect. Besides that assault the Byzantines took other precautions against the Bulgarians. In the beginning of 814 they sent emissaries to the Frankish ruler Louis the Pious to make an alliance against Bulgaria, it is unknown whether they reached an agreement but most the Frankish Emperor did not agree to any tangible actions. However, when the news for a possible alliance between the two empires reached Pliska, the Bulgarians decided to conclude a peace.

Moreover, they needed to consolidate their authority in the newly conquered lands. The appearance of the Frankish state and the new stirring of the tribes in the steppes necessitated that the rear should be secured before further campaigning against the Byzantine Empire; those considerations gave reason for Omurtag to conclude a 30-year peace treaty with the Byzantines in 815, inscribed on a surviving column found near the village of Seltsi, Shumen Province. According to that inscription the treaty specified: the border in Thrace, it began on the Black Sea coast near Debelt, passed along the earth ditch Erkesiya, continued to the Makri Livada on the Maritsa river and from there to the Rhodope mountains but without including Plovdiv within Bulgaria's borders. The issue with the Slavs which remained in Byzantium; the Bulgarians proposed to exchange the Byzantine captives for the Slavic population of Thrace. The exchange of the other prisoners of war; the two rulers had sworn to uphold the conditions of the treaty by each other's rites, which scandalized the Byzantine court.

The treaty was favourable for Bulgaria because the country needed peace. The army was exhausted, the capital Pliska was still in ruins after the invasion of Nicephorus I in 811 and the Byzantine Empire was no longer a serious threat for the Bulgarians; the treaty was honoured by both sides and was renewed after the accession of the new Byzantine Emperor Michael II to the throne in 820. In 821 Thomas the Slav rebelled against the Byzantine Emperor and laid siege to Constantinople to seize the Imperial throne for himself. Khan Omurtag sent an army to help Michael II put down the rebellion which attacked the rebels at the Battle of Kedouktos. In 818 the Slavic tribes of the Timočani and Braničevci rebelled against the centralized Bulgarian suzerainty in the west and sought the support of the Frankish Emperor Louis the Pious. Between 824 and 826 Omurtag approached the Frankish court with an attempt to seek a diplomatic resolution of the problem. Failing to gain Frankish co-operation, Omurtag issued an ultimatum in 826 and in 827 sent a fleet along the Danube and the Drava, which restored Bulgarian control over portions of southeastern Pannonia.

The Franks were defeated in several minor fights. After that short-term conflict the relations between the two countries improved and Omurtag replaced the local Slavic chiefs with his deputies. Similar events took place again in 829 with the same result; those events were described in a memorial inscription for the zera-tarkhan Onegavon who drowned in the Tisza river. Furthermore, there was a large buffer zone between the Danube and the Tisza called Kazárország which separated the two states; the problems in that case were the attempts of several Slavic tribes to gain more autonomy, at variance to the Bulgarian policy of centralization and incorporation of the Slavs. Another memorial inscription, for kopan Okorsis who drowned in the Dneper, testifies to military activities along the north-eastern border dating as early as 824. However, it is not certain, it is agreed that it was the Magyars, but the opinion of Professor Ivan Bozhilov that the war was against the Khazars has become popular. Although there is no direct evidence for the outcome of the war, it can be assumed that it ended with a Bulgari

The Thompson Fields

The Thompson Fields is an album by the Maria Schneider Orchestra that won the Grammy Award for Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album in 2017. Schneider was the composer, co-producer of the autobiographical work; the title comes from the Minnesota farm. The Thompson Fields comes with over fifty pages of liner notes containing photographs and Schneider's thoughts about nature. In Stereo Review magazine, music critic Fred Kaplan called the album a masterpiece and ranked Schneider with big band composers Duke Ellington, Billy Strayhorn, Gil Evans, adding that she worked as an assistant to Evans and Bob Brookmeyer early in her career. Critic Kevin Whitehead of NPR praised the album, though he said the album's grandeur could get "too purple". At All About Jazz, Dan Bilawsky called the album "awe-inspiring", he said that the quotation from Theodore Roosevelt on the liner notes fits much of Schneider's music: "'There is nothing more practical in the end than the preservation of beauty, than the preservation of anything that appeals to the higher emotions in mankind.'"

In The New York Times, Nate Chinen wrote that she is borrowing methods used by Duke Ellington and Wynton Marsalis but that she has her own way of "using timbre and harmony to bring a tactile presence to the dimensions of sound." Chinen added that her orchestra planned to perform this pastoral composition at the Birdland club in New York City. Doug Ramsey at Arts Journal called The Thompson Fields a suite because of "its unity of style and its mood of reflection."In the UK, Ivan Hewett of The Daily Telegraph comments on the importance of the liner notes, the bird paintings by Audubon, how the music mimics the Minnesota landscape's "quality of being both huge and intimate." At The Guardian, John Fordham commented that, although The Thompson Fields is reflective, it swings. The Thompson Fields won best jazz album of the year in the Readers' Poll at Down Beat magazine. All tracks are written by Maria Schneider. Source: Allmusic"A Potter's Song" was dedicated to the memory of Laurie Frink, a trumpet player who had performed on all previous albums by the Maria Schneider Orchestra

ReRe Hello

ReRe Hello is a Japanese slice of life romance shōjo manga series written and illustrated by Tōko Minami and serialized on Shueisha's Bessatsu Margaret magazine. It is a sequel to the 2013 oneshot Mebuki Kimidori. First volume was released on July 25, 2013 and it concluded in 2016 with 11 volumes; when she was 5 years old Ririko lost her mother and has been since helping her father with his handyman business. When her father is hospitalized she goes on a job for him and her client is none other than Minato Suoh, a rich high school student who lives alone. Although it's a one-time job, Ririko begins to cook and do odd jobs for Minato on a regular basis since he can look after himself and in return Minato sometimes lends a hand with her fathers business. Ririko Hayakawa Ririko is an energetic and hardworking 15-year-old, who on top of going to high school cooks and looks after her little brother, she lost her mother when she was five and being the only girl in her house, has since taken on a mother-like role.

When her father is hospitalized, she decides to do his work for him while he is sick and this is how she meets Minato. She is shown to be kind and considerate towards others such as how she cooks and cleans for Minato though he irritates her with his spoilt personality, she is always busy with jobs and for the first part of the manga, she only meets Minato at the train station until he gives her his spare phone so they can keep in touch. She puts others before herself, for example, although she likes Kuba-san, when she realises he has feelings for Yuzuka she encourages him to tell her how he feels before it's too late. On she gets a shock when she sees Minato at the train station with a girl clinging to him, although we can't tell whether this is jealously or not, she seems upset, she cares a lot for Minato and is becoming good friends with him. On in the future, they begin dating and get married and have a daughter. Minato Suoh Minato is a spoilt 15-year-old high school student who lives alone in a large apartment complex.

In chapter 3.5, we learn that he wanted to live alone when he started high school but before he left he had an argument with his father, leading to him being cut off from the family. All the maids and cleaners he ordered to be sent from his home were cancelled by his father so his apartment is still filled with boxes because it is too'troublesome' for him to unpack them; however he uses them frequently. It is stated he lost his mother a few years before the start of the manga although it is not stated what age he was or how she died, he seems to have been raised in a wealthy lifestyle as he does not know how to cook or look after himself. At one point, it's said, he is very flippant about money as he buys a whole new wardrobe just because he isn't bothered unpacking. It seems as though he cares a lot for Ririko such as giving her a phone because he's worried about her and he is shown to be caring about her family her dad when he's sick, he and Ririko date on and get married. He has a daughter with Ririko.

Rui Hayakawa Rui is Ririko's younger brother. Yuuma Saiki Minato's best friend. Koizumi Tadamori Minato's friend. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Volume 2 reached the 16th place on the weekly Oricon manga chart and, as of December 1, 2013, has sold 54,621 copies. The final and 11th volume debuted at #8 with 76,565 copies sold in its first week. Official website