click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Bayou Bartholomew

Bayou Bartholomew is the longest bayou in the world meandering 364 miles between the U. S. states of Louisiana. It contains over 100 aquatic species making it the second most diverse stream in North America. Known for its excellent bream and crappie fishing, portions of the bayou are considered some of the best kept secrets of Arkansas anglers, it starts northwest of the city of Pine Bluff, Arkansas, in the Hardin community, winds through parts of Jefferson, Desha, Drew and Ashley counties in Arkansas, Morehouse Parish and dumps into the Ouachita River after passing by the northernmost tip of Ouachita Parish, near Sterlington, Louisiana. The bayou serves as the primary border separating the Arkansas Delta from the Arkansas Timberlands; the present bayou bed was formed by the waters of the Arkansas River during a period when it was changing courses. 1,800 to 2,200 years ago, the river diverted from the present area of the bayou, the leisurely bayou began to develop in the old river bed. Until construction of railroad lines in the area in the late 19th century, it was the most important stream for transportation in the interior Delta.

It allowed the development of one of the richest timber and agricultural industries in the Delta area. Once a pristine stream, it is now polluted, log-jammed, over-sedimented in certain sections. In 1995, Dr. Curtis Merrell of Monticello organized the Bayou Bartholomew Alliance to "restore and preserve the natural beauty" of the bayou. With help from the Alliance, many government organizations, Ducks Unlimited, the public, the bayou may reclaim some of its grandeur. Projects underway include monitoring water quality, planting trees for buffer zones, restoring riparian sites ruined by clear-cutting, trash removal, removing log jams, bank stabilization, building boat ramps, encouraging no-till farming. Mouth Confluence with the Ouachita River in Morehouse Parish, Louisiana: 32°43′22″N 92°03′50″W Source Jefferson County, Arkansas: 34°17′01″N 92°10′11″W List of Louisiana Natural and Scenic Rivers http://www.arkansasstripers.com/bartholomew.htm http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=2226

Aosta Valley (political coalition)

Aosta Valley is a regionalist coalition of parties active in Aosta Valley, Italy. Vallée d'Aoste or Pour la Vallée d'Aoste are the banners under which the Valdostan Union takes part to Italian general elections, along with minor allies, which had changed from time to time. Since its foundation in 1992, the list has won most of the races for both houses of the Italian Parliament; the original allies of the UV within VdA were the Progressive Democratic Autonomists, formed at the merger of the Popular Democrats and the Progressive Valdostan Union. In 2006 the UV, Edelweiss and the Autonomist Federation formed a coalition in regional government. After a transitional period during which the UV-led coalition was reshuffled four times, in the 2018 general election VdA was composed of the UV, the new Progressive Valdostan Union, the Democratic Party and the Valdostan Autonomist Popular Edelweiss. In the 2006 general election an alternative, centre-left coalition called Autonomy Liberty Democracy was formed as Valdostan Renewal, a split from the UV, had joined forces with the Democrats of the Left and minor parties.

In the election the UV-led coalition, named at the time Autonomy Progress Federalism Aosta Valley, was soundly defeated in both races for the Italian Parliament for the first time since 1972, when the UVP joined forces with the Italian Communist Party. In the election for the Valdostan seat in the Chamber of Deputies Marco Viérin lost 43.4% to 30.7% to Roberto Nicco, while in the Senate race incumbent senator Augusto Rollandin was defeated 44.2% to 32.0% by Carlo Perrin. The UV, SA and the FA presented again the list named Vallée d'Aoste, in the 2008 general election. Antonio Fosson defeated incumbent senator Perrin 41.4% to 37.4%, while Ego Perron was narrowly defeated by incumbent deputy Nicco, who had joined the newly-formed Democratic Party, 39.1% to 37.8%. After two years of absence, the coalition made thus its return to the Italian Parliament. Under a new electoral law, which included coalitions and a majority premium for the winning coalition, VdA ran together in the 2008 regional election, gaining 62.0% of the vote and a stable majority in the Regional Council.

In the 2013 general election VdA elected both MPs from Aosta Valley: Albert Lanièce defeated Patrizia Morelli 37.0% to 30.8% for the Senate, while Rudi Marguerettaz defeated both Jean Pierre Guichardaz and Laurent Viérin. In the 2013 regional election the coalition won 47.9% of the vote and narrowly retained its absolute majority in the Regional Council. Only the UV and SA obtained elects, while the FA soon folded and most of its members joined the UV, through a short-lived party named "Create VdA". In July 2015 the regional government, led by Augusto Rollandin since 2008, was enlarged to the centre-left PD. In June 2016, after months of negotiations, the government was joined by the UVP. In March 2017 the UVP, SA, Autonomy Liberty Participation Ecology and For Our Valley formed a new government without the UV, under President Pierluigi Marquis. In October Marquis resigned and was replaced by L. Viérin at the head of a coalition composed of the UV, the UVP, the PD and the Valdostan Autonomist Popular Edelweiss, the latter formed by a pro-UV group of splinters from SA who had not endorsed Marquis' government in the first place.

In the 2018 general election VdA known as Tradition and Progress, was composed of the UV, the UVP, the PD and the EPAV, as the regional government. The candidate for the Senate was Lanièce. Lanièce was re-elected to the Senate with 25.8% against 23.2% of his closest opponent, Luciano Mossa of the Five Star Movement, while Favre obtained 21.7% of the vote and, not enough to beat Elisa Tripodi of the M5S, thus elected to the Chamber. It marked the first time. For the 2018 general election, the coalition was composed of the following parties: Official website

EmiSunshine

Emilie Sunshine Hamilton, known professionally as EmiSunshine, is an American singer-songwriter from Madisonville, a popular social media personality. Her performance of Jimmie Rodgers' "Blue Yodel No. 6" was posted on YouTube in 2014 and received over 1 million views and attention from the Today show and Music Row. Her YouTube series, Americana Corner, featured Holly Williams for its debut episode and earned a feature story in Rolling Stone's Rolling Stone Country section. EmiSunshine's music is described as country, but exhibits Americana, bluegrass and gospel influences, she has described her style as "old-time music turned upside-down." She is known for writing and performing songs about mature subjects not ordinarily associated with artists her age, including murder, politics and family dysfunction. In 2017, Rolling Stone named her among "10 new country artists you need to know." EmiSunshine was born on June 8, 2004, in Madisonville, Tennessee, to Randall Hamilton, a musician and recording engineer, Alisha Karol Hamilton, a songwriter and nurse.

Randall and Alisha have said that as a baby, EmiSunshine exhibited a remarkable musical ability, humming along to songs with perfect pitch. "I noticed it at nine months," Randall told the Chicago Tribune. "There was a pure tone in the key of C coming out of her. I thought,'This baby is something, she may be able to sing when she is older.'" By the age of three, she was singing with her grandmothers. Her first performance in front of an audience occurred at age four, when she performed "You Are My Sunshine" at the wedding of her aunt and uncle. EmiSunshine began singing in festivals throughout East Tennessee. At the age of seven she recorded her first two albums, Strong as the Tall Pine and Wide River to Cross in her father's studio with help from her father and her grandfather, "Paw Paw Bill"; when EmiSunshine was nine years old, a fan in her hometown posted a video on YouTube of her singing the Jimmie Rodgers and Louis Armstrong song "Blue Yodel No. 6" at a flea market. The video went viral; as a result, she was invited to perform on NBC’s Today show.

Video of her televised performance attracted more attention on the Internet and among country music professionals in Nashville. Soon, she was appearing on stage with established artists. In 2014, she made her debut performance at the Grand Ole Opry, she released her first single, "Oh Mary, Where Is Your Baby?" in 2014 and a year released her next single, "I Am Able." She released the full-length album Black Sunday'35. In 2016, at age 12, EmiSunshine appeared in the The King, a documentary film about Elvis Presley, which featured celebrities such as Emmylou Harris, Rosanne Cash, Alec Baldwin, Ashton Kutcher and others. For the movie, she wrote two original songs, "Danny Ray" and "Johnny June and Jesus," which she performed while riding in the backseat of Elvis Presley’s 1963 Rolls Royce Silver Cloud, she performed at the film's international premiere at the 2017 Cannes Film Festival. The soundtrack was nominated for a Grammy award, she released her fourth studio album, Ragged Dreams, in 2017, which included her two songs from The King.

She attracted attention for another song on that album, "90 Miles", about autism. "I have a good friend who has autism, he was treated differently because of it and it bothered me," she told the South Bend Tribune. "I met him and I didn't know that he had autism. The kids would tell me not to talk to him adults… I want this song to be something that just kind of shows people that, they’re just like us."She began working with four-time Grammy-winning producer Tony Brown in 2017, after she was introduced to him by her manager, Steve Pritchard. Brown produced her sixth studio album, Family Wars, released in 2019; the album includes a duet with singer/songwriter Jim Lauderdale and creative collaborations with other prominent musical artists in Nashville including songwriters Vicky McGehee, Kyle Jacobs, Chelle Rose, Autumn McEntire and Fish Fisher. In a review, the music magazine No Depression wrote that the album "establishes EmiSunshine as a strong creative force… She's just plain good, with talents outliving the novelty that went along with her earliest exposure at age 9 and establishing her as someone bold and talented enough to tackle today’s issues while honoring yesterday’s folk traditions."On December 11, 2019, she received The ASCAP Foundation Desmond Child Anthem Award in New York City.

The award was established by ASCAP Board member and producer Desmond Child to recognize promising young artists. Child called EmiSunshine "one of the most talented up-and-coming artists and songwriters I've heard in AMERICAN music."EmiSunshine performs about 150 shows a year across the country. She has performed twice on Marty Stuart’s Late Night Jam at the Ryman Auditorium during CMA Music Fest and has had 16 performances at the Grand Ole Opry, she has appeared on several national television shows, including Little Big Shots, Song of the Mountains, WoodSongs Old-Time Radio Hour and Pickler & Ben. EmiSunshine - lead vocals, ukulele Randall Hamilton - upright bass, harmony John Hamilton - mandolin "Uncle" Bobby Hill - drums Official website EmiSunshine's channel on YouTube EmiSunshine on Facebook

Andreas Gursky

Andreas Gursky is a German photographer and professor at the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf, Germany. He is known for his large format architecture and landscape colour photographs using a high point of view in most of his photos. Gursky shares a studio with Laurenz Berges, Thomas Ruff and Axel Hütte on the Hansaallee, in Düsseldorf; the building, a former electricity station, was transformed into an artists studio and living quarters, in 2001, by architects Herzog & de Meuron, of Tate Modern fame. In 2010 -- 11, the architects worked again on the building. Gursky was born in Leipzig, East Germany in 1955, his family relocated to West Germany, moving to Essen and Düsseldorf by the end of 1957. From 1978 to 1981, he attended the Universität Gesamthochschule Essen, where he studied visual communication, led by photographers Otto Steinert and Michael Schmidt. Gursky is said to have attended the university to hear Otto Steinert, however Steinert died in 1978 and Gursky only got to attend a few of his lectures.

Between 1981 and 1987 at the Düsseldorf Art Academy, Gursky received critical training and influence from his teachers Hilla and Bernd Becher, a photographic team known for their distinctive, dispassionate method of systematically cataloging industrial machinery and architecture. Gursky demonstrates a methodical approach in his own larger-scale photography. Other notable influences are the British landscape photographer John Davies, whose detailed high vantage point images had a strong effect on the street level photographs Gursky was making, to a lesser degree the American photographer Joel Sternfeld. Before the 1990s, Gursky did not digitally manipulate his images. In the years since, Gursky has been frank about his reliance on computers to edit and enhance his pictures, creating an art of spaces larger than the subjects photographed. Writing in The New Yorker magazine, the critic Peter Schjeldahl called these pictures "vast," "splashy," "entertaining," and "literally unbelievable." In the same publication, critic Calvin Tomkins described Gursky as one of the "two masters" of the "Düsseldorf" school.

In 2001, Tomkins described the experience of confronting one of Gursky's large works: The first time I saw photographs by Andreas Gursky... I had the disorienting sensation that something was happening—happening to me, I suppose, although it felt more generalized than that. Gursky's huge, panoramic colour prints—some of them up to six feet high by ten feet long—had the presence, the formal power, in several cases the majestic aura of nineteenth-century landscape paintings, without losing any of their meticulously detailed immediacy as photographs, their subject matter was the contemporary world, seen dispassionately and from a distance. The perspective in many of Gursky's photographs is drawn from an elevated vantage point; this position enables the viewer to encounter scenes, encompassing both centre and periphery, which are ordinarily beyond reach. This sweeping perspective has been linked to an engagement with globalization. Visually, Gursky is drawn to large, man-made spaces—high-rise facades at night, office lobbies, stock exchanges, the interiors of big box retailers.

In a 2001 retrospective, New York's Museum of Modern Art described the artist's work, "a sophisticated art of unembellished observation. It is thanks to the artfulness of Gursky's fictions that we recognize his world as our own." Gursky's style is deadpan. There is little to no manipulation on the works, his photography is straightforward. Gursky's Dance Valley festival photograph, taken near Amsterdam in 1995, depicts attendees facing a DJ stand in a large arena, beneath strobe lighting effects; the pouring smoke resembles a human hand. After completing the print, Gursky explained the only music he now listens to is the anonymous, beat-heavy style known as Trance, as its symmetry and simplicity echoes his own work—while playing towards a deeper, more visceral emotion; the photograph 99 Cent was taken at a 99 Cents Only store on Sunset Boulevard in Los Angeles, depicts its interior as a stretched horizontal composition of parallel shelves, intersected by vertical white columns, in which the abundance of "neatly labeled packets are transformed into fields of colour, generated by endless arrays of identical products, reflecting off the shiny ceiling".

Rhein II, depicts a stretch of the river Rhine outside Düsseldorf legible as a view of a straight stretch of water, but as an abstract configuration of horizontal bands of colour of varying widths. In his six-part series Ocean I-VI, Gursky used high-definition satellite photographs which he augmented from various picture sources on the Internet. Andreas Gursky. Cologne: Galerie Johnen + Schöttle, 1988. Exhibition catalogue. Andreas Gursky. Krefeld: Museum Haus Lange, 1989. Exhibition catalogue. Siemens Kulturprogramm: Projekte 1992. Munich: Siemens AG, 1992. Exhibition catalogue. Andreas Gursky. Cologne: Buchhandlung Walther König. Exhibition catalogue. Fotografien 1984–1993. Hamburg: Deichtorhallen. Exhibition catalogue. Montparnasse. Cologne: Portikus & Oktagon, 1995. Exhibition catalogue. Andreas Gursky. Malmö: Rooseum Center for Contemporary Art, Malmö. Exhibition catalogue. Images. London: Tate, 1995. Exhibition catalogue. Andreas Gursky: Fotografien 1984 bis heute. Düsseldorf: Kunsthalle Düsseldorf. Exhibition catalogue.

Andreas Gursky. Fotografien 1994–1998. Wolfsburg: Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg. Exhibition catalogue. Currents 27. Andreas Gursky. Houston: Contemporary Arts Museum

Raag Desh (film)

Raag Desh is a 2017 Indian historical action drama film directed by Tigmanshu Dhulia and produced by Gurdeep Singh Sappal and Rajya Sabha TV. The film is based on Indian National Army trials, the joint court martial of Indian National Army officers Colonel Prem Sahgal, Colonel Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon, Major Shah Nawaz Khan; the leading roles in Raag Desh have been played by Kunal Kapoor, Amit Sadh, Mohit Marwah and Mrudula Murali. The film was released on July 28, 2017. Rishi Punjabi is the cinematographer of the film; the soundtrack of Raag Desh consists of four songs composed by Rana Mazumder, Ram Singh Thakuri & Siddharth Pandit. Rohit Vats of Hindustan Times gave the film a rating of 3.5 out of 5 saying that the movie is, "A heavy dose of patriotism, worth your time." Nihit Bhave of The Times of India gave the film a rating of 3 out of 5 and said that, "Had the screenplay been freed of its half-hearted side-tracks, it would have made for great infotainment. The movie is only half of that word now."

Kunal Guha of Mumbai Mirror gave the film a rating of 2.5 out of 5 saying that, "Tigmanshu Dhulia's historical drama has a compelling story but is fleshed out half-heartedly". Shubhra Gupta of The Indian Express gave the film a rating of 2 out of 5 and said that, "Raag Desh has lofty ambition, but the stagey treatment lets it down; the war scenes are plentiful but you can't help seeing the clunkiness." Saibal Chatterjee of NDTV gave the film a rating of 3 out of 5 saying that Raag Desh "is a riveting, if not exhilarating, epic tale that presents a prudent blend of war, patriotic fervour, expert legal sleights and good old human drama."Rohit Bhatnagar of Deccan Chronicle gave the film a rating of 2 out of 5 and said that, "On the whole, Raag Desh is an average film with an untold factual story. The film could have been much better plus in the era of commercial films, Raag Desh is a niche in its own genre." Kennith Rosario of The Hindu commented on the film that, "It is rather disappointing to see a film that ticks all the right boxes, fall apart because of the lack of a captivating narrative."

Nandini Ramnath of Scroll praised the film saying that, "Despite numerous rousing speeches for freedom, the movie never slides into chest-thumping jingoism, at 137 minutes, provides an absorbing account of a fascinating and underexplored chapter of the freedom struggle." Sameeksha of News18 gave the film a rating of 2.5 out of 5 and said that, "Tigmanshu Dhulia brings forth a forgotten chapter of 1945 Red Fort trials and makes it into a history class rather than an engaging watch." Raag Desh on IMDb

Memucan Hunt Jr.

Memucan Hunt was the first Minister of Texas to the United States, Secretary of the Texas Navy, an unsuccessful candidate for Vice-President of the Republic of Texas. Hunt was born on August 7, 1806, in Granville County, North Carolina, the son of Col. William Hunt and the grandson of Memucan Hunt, he was a planter and businessman moving to Madison County, Mississippi in 1834 to manage a plantation given to him by his father. Thomas Jefferson Green arrived in Mississippi to recruit volunteers to fight in the Texas Revolution. Hunt, along with neighbor James Pinckney Henderson and several hundred others, joined Green, arriving at Velasco in June 1836, after the battle of San Jacinto. Upon arriving in Texas, Hunt began publicly expressing his views on current policies, writing to interim President David G. Burnet to disagree with his decision to return captured Mexican General Santa Anna to Mexico in exchange for his assurances to recognize Texas's Independence; as soon as Santa Anna was released the Mexican government abrogated the Treaty of Velasco.

As a result, Hunt was appointed a brigadier general in the Texas Army in August 1836 by President Burnet with the task of deterring an expected invasion from Mexico. The invasion never materialized and Hunt resigned his commission; the next year, President Sam Houston appointed Hunt as Texas's agent in the United States to assist the diplomat William H. Wharton in securing the United States' recognition of Texas. In March 1837, after concluding that mission, Hunt became Texan Minister in Washington, his proposal for the annexation of Texas in 1837 was rejected by the United States, but he succeeded in negotiating a boundary convention in 1838. Under Texas's second President, Mirabeau B. Lamar, Hunt was Texas Secretary of the Navy from December 1838 to May 1839, when he became the Texas's representative on the joint United States-Texas boundary commission. In 1841, he was an unsuccessful candidate for Vice President running as David G. Burnet's running mate against Sam Houston. Hunt volunteered to serve in the Mexican War in 1846 on General J. Pinckney Henderson's staff.

Hunt married Anne Taliaferro Howard of Galveston on Feb. 1850, in Galveston, Galveston Co.. TX. After Texas's annexation by the United States, Hunt was elected for one term to the legislature, in 1852, in 1853 he was appointed United States commissioner to adjust the southwestern boundary with Mexico, he spent his last years trying to recoup his fortune. The legislature granted him full compensation in land. To develop his holdings he promoted a railroad from Galveston Bay to the Red River. While he was thus engaged, his health failed, he died at his brother's home in Tipton County, Tennessee, on June 5, 1856. Mrs. Hunt died in 1916 and is buried in the Montgomery New Cemetery located in Montgomery, Montgomery Co. TX. On 28 July 1859, in Galveston Co. TX, Anne married to Abner S. Lipscomb who died in 1873. On 18 June 1874, in Montgomery Co. TX, Anne married Abner Womack who died in 1875. On 20 Nov 1880, in Montgomery Co. TX, Anne married Emmett Jones who died in 1894. Memucan Hunt Jr. is the namesake of Hunt County, Texas