Smiley Smile is the 12th studio album by American rock band the Beach Boys, released on September 18,1967. Though the album reached number 9 on UK record charts, Smiley Smile resonated only moderately with US audiences, critics generally received the album with confusion. Discounting the inclusion of standalone single Good Vibrations and the solo-credited Gettin Hungry, only one single was issued from Smiley Smile and Villains. The album was recorded largely in a span of six weeks at Brian Wilsons makeshift home studio following his declaration that most of the Smile tapes were off-limits. After settling payment disputes with Capitol Records, Smiley Smile was distributed in collaboration with Brother Records, Smile was left unfinished while the group embarked on new projects. Carl Wilson famously compared Smiley Smile and Smile to a bunt instead of a grand slam, Smiley Smile has since grown in stature to become a cult and critical favorite in the Beach Boys oeuvre. In 1974, it was voted the 64th greatest album of all time by NME writers, in 2000, it was one of 100 albums featured in the book The Ambient Century as a landmark in the development of ambient music.
In October 1966, the Beach Boys released Good Vibrations, an elaborately produced single which had international success. Smile was conceived as an extension of the songs recording approach, several months later, the project was shelved due to technical problems, internal resistance, and legal disputes. After the announcement that Smile was cancelled in May 1967, the Beach Boys were still under pressure and contractual obligation to record, on June 2,1967, Wilson declared to his band mates that most of the material recorded during the Smile era was now distinctly off-limits. In 1968, Wilson intimated on the subject of Surfs Up and other Smile material, was supposed to come out on the Smile album, and that, didnt want to put them on the album. I didnt think that the songs were right for the public at the time, I just didnt have a. commercial feeling about some of these songs, what weve never released. Maybe some people like to hang on to certain songs as their own songs that theyve written.
You know, what theyve written is nice for them, but a lot of people just dont like it. In January 1968, Wilson elaborated further to journalist Jamake Highwater that he had run out of ideas in a sense. He says, I decided not to try any more, and not try and do great things. The Smiley Smile era was so great, it was unbelievable, spiritually, everything, it was great. I didnt have any paranoia feelings, in 1983, brother and band member Carl Wilson reflected, It was a thing of, What if it didnt turn out to be great, what if it had totally flopped
A recording studio is a facility for sound recording and mixing. Ideally both the recording and monitoring spaces are designed by an acoustician or audio engineer to achieve optimum acoustic properties. The engineers and producers listen to the music and the recorded tracks on monitor speakers and/or headphones. Major recording studios typically have a range of large, Isolation booths are small sound-insulated rooms with doors, designed for instrumentalists. This equipment may interfere with the recording process, Recording studios are carefully designed around the principles of room acoustics to create a set of spaces with the acoustical properties required for recording sound with precision and accuracy. This will consist of both room treatment and soundproofing to prevent sound from leaving the property. Even though sound isolation is a key goal, the musicians, audio engineers and record producers still need to be able to see other, to see cue gestures. As such, the room, isolation booths, vocal booths.
Some smaller studios do not have instruments, and bands and artists are expected to bring their own instruments, having musical instruments and equipment in the studio creates additional costs for a studio, as pianos have to be tuned and instruments need to be maintained. However, it makes it convenient for recording artists, as they do not have to bring in large. As well, less costly studio time is spent moving in gear, drummers bring their own snare drum and sticks/brushes. The types and brands of equipment owned by a studio depends on the styles of music for the bands. A studio that mainly records heavy metal music will be likely to have large, powerful guitar amp heads, in contrast, a studio which mainly records country bands will likely have a selection of small, vintage combo amps. A studio that records a lot of 1970s-style funk may have an electric piano. General purpose computers have rapidly assumed a role in the recording process. A computer thus outfitted is called a Digital Audio Workstation, or DAW, other software applications include Ableton Live, Cakewalk Sonar, ACID Pro, FL Studio, Adobe Audition, Auto-Tune and Ardour.
While Apple Macintosh is used for most studio work, there is a breadth of available for Microsoft Windows. If no mixing console is used and all mixing is done using only a keyboard and mouse, the OTB is used when mixing with other hardware and not just the PC software
California is the most populous state in the United States and the third most extensive by area. Located on the western coast of the U. S, California is bordered by the other U. S. states of Oregon and Arizona and shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California. Los Angeles is Californias most populous city, and the second largest after New York City. The Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nations second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, California has the nations most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The Central Valley, an agricultural area, dominates the states center. What is now California was first settled by various Native American tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its war for independence.
The western portion of Alta California was organized as the State of California, the California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom. If it were a country, California would be the 6th largest economy in the world, fifty-eight percent of the states economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5 percent of the states economy, the story of Calafia is recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián, written as a sequel to Amadis de Gaula by Spanish adventure writer Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The kingdom of Queen Calafia, according to Montalvo, was said to be a land inhabited by griffins and other strange beasts. This conventional wisdom that California was an island, with maps drawn to reflect this belief, shortened forms of the states name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA.
Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000. The Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their organization with bands, villages. Trade and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups, the first European effort to explore the coast as far north as the Russian River was a Spanish sailing expedition, led by Portuguese captain Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, in 1542. Some 37 years English explorer Francis Drake explored and claimed a portion of the California coast in 1579. Spanish traders made unintended visits with the Manila galleons on their trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565
In the Key of Disney
In the Key of Disney is the tenth studio album by Brian Wilson, released on October 25,2011, by Walt Disney Records as part of the Disney Pearl Series. The album is the release by Disney for Wilson, after Brian Wilson Reimagines Gershwin. Disney calls it the album that marries the vision of two men who shaped the image of modern California – Brian Wilson & Walt Disney. In the summer of 2009, Walt Disney Records approached Wilson about recording his own arrangements of songs from Disney films, in The Key of Disney was recorded in early 2011. After recording the album Wilson indicated that The Beach Boys sound, I tried to do justice to all their songs. Amazon. com initially offered two bonus tracks, one appeared on the disc version of the album, and the other appeared on the MP3 version
I Just Wasn't Made for These Times (album)
I Just Wasnt Made for These Times is the second studio album by Brian Wilson. Co-produced by Don Was, the album followed Wilsons eponymous debut seven years after its release and it serves as a soundtrack album for the documentary Brian Wilson, I Just Wasnt Made for These Times, directed by Was. The titles are derived from the Beach Boys song I Just Wasnt Made for These Times, after his solo debut, Wilsons psychotherapist, Eugene Landy, had significant influence on Wilsons projected follow-up, Sweet Insanity, which was shelved in 1990 and never released. After Landys court-ordered departure, Wilson returned to the studio and embarked on multiple projects, Wilson admitted in 1995, “At first, I thought ‘This is gonna be contrived, the songs were all old hat. But I understood the context of it all, so I felt free to talk without worrying about what I was saying, I got a sense of my self — a sense of worth. I Just Wasnt Made for These Times reached #59 on the UK album charts. It did not chart in the U. S.
Love and Mercy and Melt Away were originally credited as Brian Wilson and Eugene Landy, but those credits have since been revised to show Wilson as the only composer
That Lucky Old Sun (album)
That Lucky Old Sun is the eighth studio album by Brian Wilson, released on September 2,2008 by Capitol Records. It was written in collaboration with Wilsons bandmate Scott Bennett with spoken word poetry commissioned from Van Dyke Parks, as a concept album, the work largely derives from the 1949 song That Lucky Old Sun, originally recorded by Frankie Laine. Wilson describes the album as consisting of five rounds, with interspersed spoken word and its main theme is celebration of life in Southern California, harking back to the themes of Wilsons earlier work with The Beach Boys. Rolling Stone called it a love letter to his native Los Angeles. The album addresses Wilsons personal struggles in Midnights Another Day, early demos of the tracks Midnights Another Day and Forever Shell Be My Surfer Girl were released on Wilsons official website in August 2007. Live bootlegs and studio demos of the work circulated on the Internet. Originally commissioned by the Southbank Centre for its 2007 opening season, in January 2008 it was performed at the State Theatre in Sydney, Australia for the Sydney Festival.
That Lucky Old Sun entered the UK Album Chart at #37, the album has sold 65,000 copies in the US as of April 2015. Brian Wilson - Keyboards, Piano and Lead Vocals Additional Musicians
Friends (The Beach Boys album)
Friends is the 14th studio album by American rock band the Beach Boys, released on June 24,1968 through Capitol Records. It was initially met with a critical reception and peaked at number 126 on the US Billboard charts for what was groups worst chart performance to date. In the UK, the peaked at number 13. Many of the songs were inspired by Transcendental Meditation and the groups recent interactions with Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. It was the third album to credit the Beach Boys as producer instead of Brian Wilson. One single was issued from the album, reaching number 47 in the US, on December 15,1967, the Beach Boys encountered Maharishi Mahesh Yogi at a UNICEF Variety Gala in Paris, France. Brian Chidester called Friends one in a series of albums by the Beach Boys. Columnist Joel Goldenburg believes the lightly produced album was the closest the group came to sunshine pop. It was the first Beach Boys album to feature significant songwriting contributions from group members besides Brian, Friends was arranged and co-written by Brian, but was credited to Carl, and Al Jardine.
Passing By is wordless, but was written with the lyric While walking down the avenue / I stopped to have a look at you / And I saw / You’re just passing by. The bridge section of the song Little Bird incorporates elements of Child Is Father of the Man, Brian received no credit on the song Little Bird, allegedly so that Dennis Wilson and Stephen Kalinich could collect more royalties. Brian said, Dennis gave us Little Bird which blew my mind because it was so full of spiritualness and he was a late bloomer as a music maker. He lived hard and rough but his music was as sensitive as anyones, music historian Peter Reum commented that portions of the penultimate track Diamond Head are reminiscent of some of the more pictorial music of Smile. For the albums CD liner notes, Brian wrote an essay describing his feelings about the album. I was, by then, a song writer and I knew what each basic key meant to me. By this time I had a good thing rollin’ in my head, the bad things that had happened to me had taken their toll and I was free to find out just how much I had grown through the emotional pain that had come my way. I, even more, had spiritual love high in mind for my fans, I had developed a 6th sense for everybody’s voices and we could all harmonize this way.
When we all sing together I feel a spiritual closeness, harmony usually means notes that are perfectly and mathematically related to each other, like 1,3, and 5
Surf's Up (album)
Surfs Up is the 17th studio album by American rock band the Beach Boys, released in 1971. It was met with a critical reception, and reached number 29 on US record charts. In the UK the album peaked at number 15, both the albums title and cover artwork are an ironic, self-aware nod to the removedness from the bands surf rock roots. Its name was taken from the song of the title written by Brian Wilson. Surfs Ups creative direction was influenced by newly employed band manager Jack Rieley. Two singles were issued in the US, Long Promised Road, only the former charted, peaking at number 89. In 2004, the album was voted 154 in a German edition of Rolling Stones The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time and it is listed in the musical reference book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die. Sometime in 1969, erstwhile bandleader Brian Wilson opened a health food store called The Radiant Radish. While working there, he met journalist and radio presenter Jack Rieley, Brian rationalized, Its just that its too long.
Instead of putting it on a record, I would rather just leave it as a song and its too long to make it for me as a record, unless it were an album cut, which I guess it would have to be anyway. Its so far from a singles sound and it could never be a single. On August 8,1970, Rieley offered a six-page memo ruminating on how to stimulate increased record sales, in the fall of 1970, after the relative commercial failure of the Sunflower album, the Beach Boys hired Rieley as their manager. One of his initiatives was to encourage the band to record songs featuring more socially conscious lyrics and he requested the completion of Surfs Up, and arranged a guest appearance at a Grateful Dead concert in April 1971 to push the Beach Boys transition into the counterculture. The project was provisionally entitled Landlocked, while on a drive to meet Warner Bros. Records executive Mo Ostin, Brian suddenly said to Rieley, Well, OK, if youre going to force me, Ill. put Surfs Up on the album. Rieley asked, Are you really going to do it, to which Brian repeated, Well, if youre going to force me.
Long Promised Road and Feel Flows were Carl Wilsons first significant solo compositions, student Demonstration Time and Dont Go Near the Water found Mike Love and Al Jardine eagerly embracing the groups new topical-oriented direction. Bruce Johnstons Disney Girls was praised by Brian for its harmonies, the Jardine/Brian composition Take a Load Off Your Feet was recorded in late 1969 during the Add Some Music sessions. A Day in the Life of a Tree was Brians sole new contribution written for Surfs Up, the song was experimented upon for days with a harmonium, an antique pump organ, and a smaller pipe organ
Van Dyke Parks
Van Dyke Parks is an American composer, record producer, singer-songwriter and actor. He is known for his collaborations with the musician Brian Wilson, in addition to producing records by other artists, Parks has released several studio albums of his own recordings, Song Cycle, Discover America, Clang of the Yankee Reaper, Jump. Tokyo Rose, Orange Crate Art, Songs Cycled, and one album, Moonlighting. He has established himself in motion pictures and over the years has directed, produced, on occasion, he has taken small acting roles. Born in 1943 in Hattiesburg, Mississippi, as the youngest of four children, he was raised in Lake Charles and his older brothers played brass instruments. His father Richard Hill Parks III was a doctor who served as chief officer in the Dachau liberation reprisals. Having studied with Karl Menninger, Richards specific medical specialties were neurology and psychiatry, Richard was a part-time clarinetist and had a dance band to get through med school, Dick Parks and His White Swan Serenaders.
Van Dykes mother was a Hebraic scholar, growing up, there were two grand pianos nestled in the family living room, and at age 4, Parks began studying the clarinet. He attended the American Boychoir School in Princeton, New Jersey, studying voice and piano, Parks was a street urchin in La Bohème at the Metropolitan Opera and sang the title role of Amahl and the Night Visitors at New York City Opera. During his childhood, Parks became extremely fond of old-style American music and this interest in Depression-era songwriting would correlate heavily with his artistic goals and interests during the 1960s and beyond. He was affected by musicians Spike Jones and Les Paul. Parks has said that the first record he ever purchased may have been Dean Martins Memories Are Made of This and he began his professional career as a child actor. Between 1953 and 1958 he worked steadily in films and television, including the 1956 movie The Swan and he appeared as Ezio Pinzas son Andrew Bonino on the NBC television show Bonino.
One of his costars on Bonino was 14-year-old Chet Allen, who appeared as Jerry Bonino and Allen were roommates at the Boychoir School. Parks had a role as Little Tommy Manicotti on Jackie Gleasons The Honeymooners. Parks majored in music at the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1962, Parks began studying acoustic guitar. According to Parks, he learned 50 requinto solos of Mexican boleros, the group included future RCA Records producer and recording artist Rick Jarrard. Parks said of decision, Going to California meant I escaped John Cage
Classics Selected by Brian Wilson
Classics selected by Brian Wilson is a compilation of songs by The Beach Boys and released through Capitol Records in mid-2002. It was compiled by Brian Wilson himself that February and it includes a new recording of an unreleased 1970s track, California Feelin not by The Beach Boys but Wilson and his live band. Brian wrote in the notes, Picking just 19 Beach Boys favorites is one of the hardest things I ever had to do. Blondie Chaplins vocal on the fadeout to Funky Pretty is sensational, but heres my list as of today. Brian Wilsons 19 favorites on February 11,2002, Wilsons choices tend to favor his ballads, from Surfer Girl and The Warmth of the Sun to his Pet Sounds and Smile material. Later song selections include Til I Die and Sail On, classics selected by Brian Wilson briefly made the US charts, reaching number 159 during a chart stay of 1 week. Surfer Girl –2,26 I have to include this one, the first song I ever wrote. I started humming it in my car, finished it when I got home and we recorded it a few times, but this version comes from the Surfer Girl album.
The Warmth of the Sun –2,52 I wrote this in honor of President John F. Kennedy and he was assassinated on November 22,1963, and that night, Mike and I got together at my office in Hollywood and wrote the song. I Get Around –2,12 The Beach Boys very first Number One hit, to me, it has a special social lyric, a dynamic arrangement. Dont Worry, Baby –2,47 The b-side for I Get Around, when I wrote this one, I was inspired by Be My Baby. My voice sounded very young on that one, in My Room –2,11 My brothers Carl and Dennis and I used to sing three-part harmony in our room when we were kids. Songs like Come down, come down/From your ivory tower, in My Room was a song that I taught them to sing, and it really has the feel of what it was like in our room when we were kids. California Girls –2,45 My favorite Beach Boys records, I would say that its probably the Beach Boys anthem. God Only Knows –2,52 This song was written really quickly, probably in less than an hour. Its an honor to have written this one and it was a pretty controversial record in that, as far as I know, it was the first rock song to have God in the title.
Its a love song, but not a song to a person. Uses The Pet Sounds Sessions stereo remix Caroline, No –2,17 This was the last cut on Pet Sounds and it represents the sweetest I can sing
Wild Honey (album)
Wild Honey is the 13th studio album by American rock band the Beach Boys, released on December 18,1967. The album contrasts with many Beach Boys LPs that came before it with its R&B and its name is a double entendre suggesting both edible honey and honey as a term of endearment, the namesake of the albums lead single and opening track. The single became a hit with only a short chart stay. Its follow-up Darlin reached the US Top 20, the album itself reached number 24 in the US and number seven in the UK. The albums sessions began immediately after the abandonment of Leid in Hawaii, a live album. The track Here Comes the Night was redone by the group as a single in the late 1970s and was a minor hit. The Wild Honey sessions were preceded by an attempt at recording a live-in-the-studio album, when conflicts arose, the idea was dropped in favor of a new studio album. We think this is a great album and we might just be biased because we work for the Beach Boys. According to Steven Gaines, Wild Honey is considered by many to be a soul album, jason Fine, writing in The Rolling Stone Album Guide, called it a rougher album of California soul.
In The Rough Guide to Rock, Nig Hodgkins called Wild Honey the Beach Boys party album which mixed rhythm and blues and soul styles, while Billboard referred to it as a pop rock record. Lenny Kaye, writing for Wondering Sound, felt that its R&B leanings may be attributed to Mike Love, David Leaf said that this Beach Boys soul album was in part a response to critics claims that the group consisted of ball-less choir boys. According to writer Byron Preiss, Carl Wilson came into prominence singing leads and working on production, and the focus of the project was something thoroughly unexpected, the group had turned around, getting closer to their R&B roots. Brian Chidester of Paste magazine called it one in a series of albums by the Beach Boys. Without Brians drive, of course, they could no longer be those auteurs, the piano was slightly detuned, which Brian says made it more like a twelve-string guitar, to get a more mellow sound. I loved what it did to the sound of the record, fatigued by the multi-tasking role he had taken up with the Beach Boys for several years, requested that Carl become more involved with albums recording.
Carl explained, Wild Honey was music for Brian to cool out by, recorded mostly at Brians home studio, Wild Honey differs in many ways from previous Beach Boys albums. It contains very little group singing compared to previous albums, the recording sessions lasted only several weeks, compared to the several months required for Good Vibrations. Let the Wind Blow was the first composition recorded by the group that is in 3/4 time from beginning to end, how She Boogaloeed It was the first original Beach Boys song not to feature contributions from Brian