Bead weaving using seed beads can be done either on a loom or using one of a number of off-loom stitches. When weaving on a loom, the beads are locked in between the warp threads by the weft threads; the most common bead weaving technique requires two passes of the weft thread. First, an entire row of beads is strung on the weft thread; the beads are pressed in between the warp threads. The needle is passed back through the beads above the warp threads to lock the beads into place. Heddle looms were popular near the beginning of the 20th century, they allowed weaving of beads by raising every other thread and inserting strung beads in the shed, the space between the lowered and raised threads. There are still a few Heddle Bead Looms being manufactured today; the most difficult part of loomwork is finishing off the warp threads. Although loomed pieces are rectangular, it is possible to increase and decrease to produce angular or curvy shapes. Fringe can be added during weaving or before the piece is removed from the loom.
Bead looms vary in size and are made of wood or metal. A comb or spring is used to hold the warp threads a bead-width apart; some looms have roller bars. Most looms are meant to sit on a table. Off-loom beadweaving is a family of beadwork techniques in which seed beads are woven together into a flat fabric, a tubular rope, or a three-dimensional object such as a ball, box, or a piece of jewelry. All off-loom techniques can be accomplished using a single needle and thread, but some have two-needle variations. Different stitches produce pieces with distinct textures and patterns. There are many different off-loom bead stitches, including new stitches published only in 2015: albion stitch, developed by Heather Kingsley-Heath, published May 2009 brick stitch known as Comanche or Cheyenne stitch chevron stitch, a triangular form of bead netting diamond weave, developed over a number of years by Gerlinde Lenz, published August 2015 herringbone stitch known as Ndebele stitch hubble stitch, developed over a number of years by Melanie de Miguel netting, to avoid confusion bead netting peyote stitch known as gourd stitch pondo stitch known as African circle stitch right-angle weave Saint Petersburg chain square stitch, an off loom stitch that mimics the look of loomed bead projects.
Ladder stitch, a foundation stitch, used to build a base for brick stitch or herringbone stitch. Triangle weaveSpiral Bead Weaving Stitches Cellini spiral, a tubular peyote stitch Dutch spiral African helix Russian spiral Chenille Virginia Blakelock, Those Bad, Bad Beads! Virginia Blakelock Publisher, 1990. Don Pierce, Beading on a Loom. Interweave Press, 1999. ISBN 1-883010-63-2 Carol Wilcox Wells, Creative Bead Weaving. Lark Books, 1996. ISBN 1-887374-05-1
Toyohara Chikanobu, better known to his contemporaries as Yōshū Chikanobu, was a prolific woodblock artist of Japan's Meiji period. Chikanobu signed his artwork "Yōshū Chikanobu"; this was his "art name". The artist's "real name" was Hashimoto Naoyoshi. Many of his earliest works were signed "studio of Yōshū Chikanobu". At least one triptych from 12 Meiji exists signed "Yōshū Naoyoshi"; the portrait of the Emperor Meiji held by the British Museum is inscribed "drawn by Yōshū Chikanobu by special request". No works have surfaced that are signed either "Toyohara Chikanobu" or "Hashimoto Chikanobu". Chikanobu was a retainer of the Sakakibara clan of Takada Domain in Echigo Province. After the collapse of the Tokugawa Shogunate, he joined the Shōgitai and fought in the Battle of Ueno, he joined Tokugawa loyalists in Hakodate, Hokkaidō, where he fought in the Battle of Hakodate at the Goryōkaku star fort. He served under the leadership of Ōtori Keisuke. Following the Shōgitai's surrender, he was remanded along with others to the authorities in the Takada domain.
In 1875, he decided to try to make a living as an artist. He travelled to Tokyo, he found work as an artist for the Kaishin Shimbun. In addition, he produced nishiki-e artworks. In his younger days, he had studied the Kanō school of painting, he studied with a disciple of Keisai Eisen and he joined the school of Ichiyūsai Kuniyoshi. After Kuniyoshi’s death, he studied with Kunisada, he referred to himself as Yōshū. Like many ukiyo-e artists, Chikanobu turned his attention towards a great variety of subjects, his work ranged from Japanese mythology to depictions of the battlefields of his lifetime to women's fashions. As well as a number of the other artists of this period, he too portrayed kabuki actors in character, is well known for his impressions of the mie of kabuki productions. Chikanobu was known as a master of bijinga. Images of beautiful women, for illustrating changes in women's fashion, including both traditional and Western clothing, his work illustrated the changes in coiffures and make-up across time.
For example, in Chikanobu's images in Mirror of Ages, the hair styles of the Tenmei era, 1781-1789 are distinguished from those of the Keiō era, 1865-1867. His works capture the transition from the age of the samurai to Meiji modernity, the artistic chaos of the Meiji period exemplifying the concept of "furumekashii/imamekashii". Chikanobu is a recognizable Meiji period artist, but his subjects were sometimes drawn from earlier historical eras. For example, one print illustrates an incident during the 1855 Ansei Edo earthquake; the early Meiji period was marked by clashes between disputing samurai forces with differing views about ending Japan's self-imposed isolation and about the changing relationship between the Imperial court and the Tokugawa shogunate. He created a range of scenes of the Satsuma Rebellion and Saigō Takamori; some of these prints illustrated the period of domestic unrest and other subjects of topical interest, including prints like the 1882 image of the Imo Incident known as the Jingo Incident at right.
The greatest number of Chikanobu's war prints appeared in triptych format. These works documented the First Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895. For example, the "Victory at Asan" was published with a contemporaneous account of the July 29, 1894 battle. Among those influenced by Chikanobu were Nobukazu and Gyokuei. Examples of battle scenes include: Boshin War 1868–1869 Satsuma Rebellion 1877 Examples of scenes from this war include: Jingo Incident Korea 1882 Examples of scenes from this war include: Sino-Japanese War 1894–1895 Examples of scenes from this war include: Russo-Japanese War 1904–5 Examples of scenes from this war include: Examples of warrior prints include: Examples of "beauty pictures" include: Examples of historical scenes include: Recent history Ancient history Examples of scenic spots include: Examples of portraits include: Examples of "enlightenment pictures" include: Examples of "kabuki scenes/actor portraits" include: Examples of "Memorial prints" include: Examples of "Etiquette and Manners for Women" include: Examples of Emperor Meiji relaxing include: Examples of "Contrast prints" include: Examples of this genre include: Like the majority of his contemporaries, he worked in the ōban tate-e format.
There are quite a number of single panel series, as well as many other prints in this format which are not a part of any series. He produced several series in the ōban yoko-e format, which were then folded cross-wise to produce an album. Although he is best known for his triptychs, single topics and series, two diptych series are known as well. There are, at least, two polyptych prints known, his signature may be found in the line drawings and illustrations in a number of ehon, which were of a historical nature. In addition, there are fan prints uchiwa-e, as well as number of sheets of sugoroku with his signature that still exist and at least three prints in the kakemono-
Auguste Lecerf was a French Reformed pastor of the Église réformée de France and a autodidact neo-Calvinist theologian. From 1927 onwards, he was dogmatics professor at the Protestant Faculty of Theology in Paris; as a specialist in Jean Calvin, he authored several articles on Reformed dogmatics. Auguste Lecerf was born in London on September 18, 1872, to communards anti-clerical and agnostic parents who had sought refuge in England at the end of the Paris Commune in 1871. At the age of 12, He was religiously awakened in an Evangelical Sunday School in London, he converted to Protestantism at age 17 after reading Romans and Calvin's Institutes of the Christian Religion. He was baptized at 17. One of the first traces of reformational scholarship can be found in the writings of Auguste Lecerf; the third chapter of his famous Introduction à la dogmatique réformée deals with "Calvinism and philosophy". There the reader may be surprised to discover that long before Dooyeweerd lectured in France, Lecerf mentions "les philosophes réformés Dooyeweerd et Vollenhoven" and shows familiarity with their ideas.
More surprising is the fact that he discussed the two reformational philosophers before 1938, in a series of scattered articles which were published posthumous with the title Calvinist studies. Those studies were the object of intense dialogue with the famous French philosopher Étienne Gilson who argued with Lecerf from a Roman Catholic point of view, in his Christianity and philosophy. With this, reformational thinking was brought to the attention of the "top level" philosophers of France, he was a major influence on two other key French Reformed theologians Pierre-Charles Marcel and Pierre Courthial. It was Lecerf. In France and French-speaking Switzerland, Auguste Lecerf's teaching and writing succeed in creating a whole new Calvinist movement within Protestantism. With his friend pastor Jacques Pannier, Auguste Lecerf launched the Calvinistic Society of France and he was the first editor of its Bulletin, he studied at the Faculty of Protestant Theology in Paris. His thesis was on responsibility in Calvin's system.
He was involved in pastoral ministry for twenty years in Normandy and for four years was a military chaplain. In 1932 he returned to Paris to become a professor in the Protestant Faculty of Theology, University of Paris, he remained there until his death in 1943. Lecerf was influenced by Jonathan Edwards, he studied under Auguste Sabatier but turned away from that teacher's vague spirituality to write a thesis of his own on entitled: Determinism and Responsibility in Calvin's System. His subsequent theological work is much influenced by Dutch Neo-Calvinism. Among his most influential followers are: French pastor Pierre-Charles Marcel who launched in 1950 La Revue Réformée French pastor Pierre Courthial, leader of the evangelical wing of the Reformed churches in France, from the evangelical theology seminar of Aix-en-Provence André Schlemmer, a French medical doctor with a strong Reformed church involvement, author of several books among which a collection of Auguste Lecerf's writings Geneva pastor Jean de Saussure who in 1930 published a book called "A l'école de Calvin" reprocessing Auguste Lecerf's ideas Auguste Lecerf's work was translated into other languages, chiefly in English and didn't go unnoticed in American Reformed circles.
Among his chief works are: An Introduction to Reformed Dogmatics. Original French title: Introduction à la dogmatique réformée, 1998, Kerygma, 560 pages Études Calvinistes, 1999, Kerygma, 148 pages Catéchisme de Genève Auguste Lecerf's Introduction to Reformed Dogmatics deals with the formal principle of the Reformation "the authority of scripture alone" in six chapters. Pierre Courthial, La foi réformée La foi réformée en France, VBRU. Bernard Reymond, Le protestantisme et Calvin: que faire d'un aïeul si encombrant? Publisher: Labor et Fides, 2008, 134 pages, ISBN 9782830912845
"Lighters" is a song by American hip hop duo Bad Meets Evil, a group composed of Royce da 5'9" and Eminem, from their first EP, Hell: The Sequel. The track features American singer-songwriter Bruno Mars, it was written by Bad Meets Evil, along with Mars, Philip Lawrence and Ari Levine of The Smeezingtons, Roy Battle. The production was handled except Royce, it was released on June 14, 2011 by Shady and Interscope Records, being serviced to mainstream radio airplay in the United States by the two latter labels along with Aftermath Entertainment as the second single from the EP. After writing and recording their own verses for the song and Royce da 5'9" met Mars in Los Angeles, the singer's vocals were added after minor adjustments were done by him and Eminem to the original cut. "Lighters" is an alternative hip hop song with elements of synthpop music. Music critics noted it for being musically different among other tracks on Hell: The Sequel, with some praising and other criticizing the change in style.
The song's main structure relies on strings and piano, which throughout the song are combined with bass and synths. "Lighters" received mixed reviews. The song reached the top ten of several countries, including number two in New Zealand, number four in Canada and the United States, number ten in Switzerland and the United Kingdom; the record has been certified two times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America and platinum by the Australian Recording Industry Association. The accompanying music video was filmed in Los Angeles, California in July 2011 and it was directed by Rich Lee, it features both Royce and Eminem, the former in a prison cell, finding a way to escape by discovering a way through a door compartment and a trap door on the floor of a living room, respectively. Throughout the entire visual, Mars is singing while playing an upright piano. "Lighters" was performed at the several music festivals, including the 2011 Bonnaroo Music & Arts Festival and the Lollapalooza.
The performances were met with positive reviews from music critics. "Lighters" was nominated for "International Video of the Year – Group" at the 2012 MuchMusic Video Awards and won "Most Performed Song" at the 2012 ASCAP Pop Music Awards. When speaking to Canadian music magazine Exclaim!, Royce da 5'9" confessed that "Lighters" was intended to be featured on Royce's fifth solo studio album, Success Is Certain. It was produced by Battle Roy. After Royce presented the track to Eminem, he was inspired to write his verse which prompted Royce to write his the day afterwards. Bad Meets Evil flew to Los Angeles, where Mars heard the song. Along with Eminem, the latter made minor changes to the musical arrangement. Subsequently, Mars' vocals were added on the original cut; the singer joked saying. The single was written by Eminem and Royce as Bad Meets Evil, The Smeezingtons, a production and songwriting team consisting of Mars, Philip Lawrence and Ari Levine, by Battle Roy, all of whom, except Royce produced the track.
It was recorded at Effigy Studios in Ferndale, Michigan by Mike Strange, Isolation Studios by Asar and Levcon Studios by Levine, both located in Los Angeles, California. Battle Roy and Joe Strange engineered the single. Luis Resto provided additional keyboards for the record. Mike Strange and Eminem mixed the single, it was mastered by Brian Gardner at Bernie Grundman Mastering. On May 25, 2011, when the album track listing of Hell: The Sequel was announced, "Lighters" was publicly revealed to feature Mars; the track leaked on June 2, 2011. "Lighters" is an alternative hip hop track. It has been described as a blend of hip-hop and pop, further incorporating parts of a synth ballad; the record differs from the hardcore hip hop style used in other songs by Bad Meets Evil in the EP, as it takes influences from synthpop ballad and soul music on the track's chorus. The song opens with piano chords while Mars sings with his "warm" and "pleasing" pop and soul chorus; the singer finishes his verse saying, "All I want to see is a sky full of lighters".
Afterwards, the bass drops along with synth chords and Eminem starts to rap with his "crescendos build up to fist-pumping levels", being followed by Royce. The song has a length of over five minutes on the album version, making it the longest song on Hell: The Sequel; the radio edit lasts four minutes 23 seconds. Its main structure is backed by strings and piano, which throughout the track are combined with bass drum and synths The A. V. Club's Genevieve Koski found similarities between B.o. B's "Nothin' on You". Jason Newman of MTV said that the track is unlike the duo's "late-'90s string of dark, misanthropic singles". According to the digital sheet music, the song was composed in common time and in the key of C major with a tempo of 92 beats per minute. Bad Meets Evil's and Mars' vocals range spans from the low note of C4 to the high note of C5. Lyrically, the recording shows one's downfalls and comebacks while spreading a message to the "haters", it conveys a message of genuine supporting and celebration through the accomplishment of dreams and by overcoming obstacles.
During his verses, Eminem refers to becoming a legend in the rap community and his recovery from addiction as he did on his seventh studio album, Recovery. Royce raps about cars, Eminem's greatness and how he struggled to reach the top. Mars verses show "genuine humanity"; the song's usage of profanity has attracte
In the 2014–15 season, Associazione Calcio Milan is competing in the Serie A for the 81st time, as well as the Coppa Italia. It is their 32nd consecutive season in the top flight of Italian football; this season is club's first season since 1998–99 season in which they won't participate in either UEFA Champions League or UEFA Europa League, as they failed to qualify last season, finishing in eighth place. Filippo Inzaghi was appointed as the new coach of the team; as of 2 February 2015. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Milan continued the trend from the previous season by signing free agents, including Michael Agazzi, Alex and Jérémy Ménez, that arrived in early summer. Major efforts, were made to confirm and/or acquire players presents, but on loan or co-ownership, while only M'Baye Niang start the season after his return from previous loan. Pablo Armero, Fernando Torres and Marco van Ginkel joined Milan on loan.
In the last day of the transfer window, Milan bought Giacomo Bonaventura. A few important players from the last season parted ways with Milan. Marco Amelia and Urby Emanuelson left after their contracts ended, Kaká activated the release clause in his contract, Adel Taarabt returned to Queens Park Rangers after his loan expired, while Kévin Constant, Mario Balotelli and Bryan Cristante were sold, allowing Milan to invest the incomed money in further acquisitions; the club decided to sell Alberto Paloschi, Rodrigo Ely and Kingsley Boateng, instead of loaning them like in the past. Alessandro Matri, Antonio Nocerino, Valter Birsa and Robinho were supposed to be sold too, but they were loaned out. Total expenditure: €16.8 million Total income: €32,4 million 25 December 2014 had yet to come when Milan announced its first winter transfer: a switch with Atlético Madrid by loaning them Fernando Torres and bringing Alessio Cerci to Italy. In the next few days, all details were settled, including the full acquisition of the Spanish player from Chelsea.
In this transfer window, Milan signed Suso, Salvatore Bocchetti, Mattia Destro, Luca Antonelli, Gabriel Paletta. In April, Pablo Armero returned to Udinese. Milan returned to training at Milanello from 9 July; the Rossoneri started their season with a series of pre-season friendlies. In the summer, Milan took part in the International Champions Cup, played across the United States and Canada between 24 July and 4 August, it was the club's second presence in the tournament. On 23 August, Milan played against Juventus and Sassuolo in TIM Trophy winning the competition. On 5 November, Milan won Trofeo Luigi Berlusconi after defeating San Lorenzo, the winners of 2014 Copa Libertadores. Milan won the 2014 Dubai Challenge Cup on 30 December following a 4–2 win over Real Madrid, the 2013–14 UEFA Champions League champions. Updated to match played 31 May 2015. Source: Competitions Last update: 1 June 2015
Armel Job is a Belgian writer of French language, former Director of the Institut Notre Dame Séminaire of Bastogne. Armel is the third in a family of four boys, his father is a mattress-maker, a merchant of cereals, his grandfather, a merchant of horses. Armel became an intern at the Bastogne seminary at the age of twelve. Latin and Greek formed the basis of his pedagogy, he learned the piano and played in the school's orchestra. He experimented with theater during the traditional student play, he pursued university studies at the University of Liège. He became a candidate in philosophy and letters, a graduate in classical philology and an associate in upper secondary education, he was engaged as a professor of Latin and Greek at the seminary of Bastogne, where he was a pupil before. He taught there for twenty-three years and held various management positions from 1993 to 2010; the father of three daughters, he lives in the Bastogne region. Throughout his career he published specialized articles in the Journals of Belgian Catholic Education and continued to work on translations of Latin and Greek.
He left teaching in 2010 to devote himself to his literary work. In 2011, he created the Prix du 2e roman francophone, a popular prize that met with great popularity. Armel Job has published about twenty novels, his Fausses innocences was adapted to cinema under the same title by André Chandelle in 2009. Armel Job is a theater writer, his play Le Conseil de Jerusalem was presented as a reading show in Liège, Paris, within the framework of the Popular Universities of the Theater of Jean-Claude Idée. 2011: Prix René Fallet of first novel, for La Femme manquée 2002: Prix Victor Rossel des jeunes for Helena Vannek 2003 and 2011: Prix des lycéens de littérature for Helena Vannek 2005: Grand prix Jean-Giono for Les Fausses Innocences, a novel that unfolds in the German-speaking part of Belgium. 2007: Prix de la personnalité Richelieu. 2010: Prix Simenon for Tu ne jugeras point 2011: Prix des lycéens de littérature, he received the two prizes at stake, the prix des délégués and the prix des lycéens for his novel published in 2009, Tu ne jugeras point.
He is thus, with Bernard Tirtiaux, one of the few authors to have been awarded twice by young readers of the prix des lycéens. Prix Marcel-Thiry de la Ville de Liège for Dans la gueule de la bête 2011: Officier de l'Ordre du Mérite wallon. Chevalier de la Pléiade, ordre de la Francophonie et du dialogue des Cultures 1999: La Femme manquée, ISBN 978-2-221-09118-0 2001: Baigneuse nue sur un rocher, ISBN 978-2-221-09433-4 2002: Helena Vannek, ISBN 978-2-221-09704-5 2003: Le Conseiller du roi, ISBN 978-2-221-09898-1 2005: Les Fausses Innocences, ISBN 978-2-221-10410-1 2007: Les Mystères de Sainte Freya, ISBN 978-2-221-10955-7 2009: Tu ne jugeras point, ISBN 9782221112328 Prix des lycéens 2011. 2011: Les Eaux amères, ISBN 9782221123805 2012. 2016: Sept histoires pas très catholiques, ISBN 2874893838, short stories 2002: Helena Vannek, 2008: Le commandant Bill, ISBN 2874230294 2011: Les lunettes de John Lennon, ISBN 9782874230561 2002: De la salade!, ISBN 293013349X 2004: La femme de saint Pierre, ISBN 978-2804021351 2016: La mort pour marraine, theatre Armel Job on Babelio Armel Job on Maison des écrivains et de la littérature Armel Job on Université de liège Armel Job toujours aussi bon on Le Journal de Montréal Armel Job on Espace Nord