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Beagle Boys

The Beagle Boys are a group of comic book criminals from the Donald Duck universe. Created by Carl Barks, they are a family clan of organized criminals who try to rob Scrooge McDuck, their introduction and first appearance was in Terror of the Beagle Boys, although in this story they only appear in the last frame and have no lines. They appear again in The Big Bin on Killmotor Hill; the Beagle Boys were created by Carl Barks, made their first appearance in the 10-page story The Terror of the Beagle Boys, first published in November 1951. Although the Beagle Boys are only shown briefly on the last page of this story, it is implied that Scrooge has known about them for a long time; the Beagle Boys are depicted as a gang of about three to ten members or more depending on the story, who are identical in appearance and personality. They wear black bandit masks to hide their identities and on their turtleneck sweaters, most being orange or red, they have their prison number signs; the Beagle Boys are characterized to be crude, aggravating and self-centered — among themselves however, they are loyal and have a strong connection of sibling camaraderie.

Although, on some occasions they have shown irritation toward each other relating to someone making a mistake or saying something that doesn't fit in with the consensus, like one Beagle Boy's overly fondness of prunes, a weakness that proves to be the Beagle Boys' downfall in some stories. 176-167's love for prunes makes him the only Beagle Boy with a unique characteristic. The first story to feature the Beagle Boys in a major role is Only a Poor Old Man, which serves as a template for all future Beagle Boys appearances, establishes them as a serious threat to Scrooge's fortune. In the same story they are called "the most awful gang of crooks in the country" by Donald Duck; this most manifests with them cleverly coming up with various and elaborate schemes to try to break into and steal from Scrooge McDuck's well secured Money Bin. On occasion they are shown to have intellectual capacities, as they are able to earn academic degrees in various fields. Among individual Beagle Boys, some of these degrees include: cranial encephalography, chemistry and electropyrotechnology.

These were seen by the government as attempts at rehabilitation, but in reality it was a charade by the Beagle Boys to use their newly acquired skills for robberies. They are experts at trickery, including disguises, animal training; when needed, they have been shown to be able to use force or threats to get. With all things considered however, the Beagle Boys are attributed not to be as clever they think they are gullible to tricks and offensives themselves, most of their appearances ends with them getting arrested, they are imprisoned in Duckburg prisons or Sing Sing, but they have been jailed in other prisons as well. The Beagle Boys are however proud of their criminal background; the Beagle Boys' main goal for stealing Scrooge McDuck's money is so they can create a paradisiacal life of luxury for themselves. On few occasions when they have managed to steal the money they are shown to spend it all wastefully and in excess, they have shown proneness for taking over the world when being presented with such an opportunity, like in Carl Barks' story The Mysterious Stone Ray.

The Beagle Boys are most shown without an established leader, instead acting as a coherent and homogeneous unit, only gives orders between each other interchangeably when needed. However, sometimes the Beagle Boys are led by their grandfather, Blackheart Beagle, who has the prison number 186–802; the Blackheart character originates from two characters created by Carl Barks: Blackheart Beagle, a riverboat pirate from The Fantastic River Race and Grandpa Beagle, who appeared in The Money Well. It was Don Rosa who combined the character into one in chapters 10 and 11 of The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck. According to Rosa, Blackheart Beagle semi-retired in 1947, following a failed attempt at robbing Scrooge's Money Bin. In The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck, Scrooge first met The Beagle Boys in his Mississippi riverboat days, circa 1880; those Beagle Boys included his three sons. Scrooge first met the modern third generation Beagle Boys during Christmas 1947, when he first met his grandnephews Huey and Louie and met his nephew Donald Duck for the second time.

Since the Beagle Boys have been a constant threat to Scrooge's Money Bin. The third generation of the Beagle Boys, like their fathers, were never given any personal names by Carl Barks but was instead referred to by their prison numbers, which starts with "176-" and ends on a permutation of the numbers 1, 6 and 7, which allows six different combinations; this tradition was first established in Barks' The Menehune Mystery, while the Beagle Boys in previous stories, some of them in The Menehune Mystery, instead had their prison numbers as "176-" followed by random digits. However, in a few of his stories

United States Geography Championships

The United States Geography Championships abbreviated as USGC known as the United States Geography Olympiad, is a nationwide academic geography competition for primary and secondary school students in the United States. It was introduced during the 2012-2013 school year, it consists of 105 National Qualifying Exam sites held around the United States and its territories, along with a certain number of international schools, a National Championships held in Arlington, VA at the end of April. The National Qualifying Exam sites are held in conjunction with the high school-level regional and state tournaments of The National History Bee and The National History Bowl; the United States Geography Championships is the official qualifying competition for American students looking to qualify for the International Geography Olympiad, an international geography competition, held every summer in a different country. The international competition consists of three parts: a written test, a multimedia test, a fieldwork activity.

The United States Geography Championships includes two categories: a Junior Varsity category and a Varsity category. For each academic school year, students who are younger than 16 years of age, as of July 1 of the summer following the school year, participate in the Junior Varsity category. There is no younger age limit for Junior Varsity. Meanwhile, students who are 16 or older, as July 1 of the summer following the school year, participate in the Varsity category. Only students in the Varsity category are eligible to qualify for the US National Team which will participate during that summer in the International Geography Olympiad; the US Geography Championships is part of International Academic Competitions, a consortium of competitions for primary and secondary students in 25 countries. IAC is the parent organization of the National History Bee and Bowl. However, it is not associated with the National Geographic Bee; the US Geography Olympiad was founded in the summer of 2012 under the name "United States Geography Challenge" by David Madden and Enrico Contolini.

David Madden is a former 19-day champion on Jeopardy!, who serves as Executive Director for both The National History Bee and The National History Bowl. Enrico Contolini is an engineer and self-taught geography enthusiast and researcher who coached his daughter Isabella to be the top female student nationally in the National Geographic Bee in both 2010 and 2011; the name of the competition was changed to the United States Geography Olympiad in October 2013. Along with acting as the qualifying competition for American students looking to attend the International Geography Olympiad, the US Geography Championships was founded to test the geography skills of American students and to help promote geography education; the competition aims to reward students who have devoted themselves to studying the world, its countries and peoples. The US Geography Championships aims at being more than a competition, for this reason it runs a Facebook page where geography-related news articles and links to relevant websites are posted on a regular bases to foster educational discussions and opportunities for those interested in geography as a subject.

Over time, the format and content of the National Championships of the USGC has grown to better reflect what is tested at iGeo. The National Championships involved a buzzer-based quiz bowl component that bore no counterpart at the international level. Further, earlier versions of the multiple choice and short answer exams focused more on memorization and recall of geographic facts, contrary to the understanding and application of geographic concepts tested at iGeo; the exam was overhauled to bring it closer to the international level of competition. In 2017, the quiz bowl component split off from the US Geography Olympiad to become the International Geography Bee US National Championships; the Cartographic Exam, which involves analysis and writing, was conceived to replace the Quiz Bowl component. In addition, the written exam and the multiple choice exam have become similar to their iGeo counterparts since 2017; the Elementary and Middle School divisions were introduced in 2015. The Middle School division was divided into 7th and 8th grade divisions in 2016.

In 2019, the United States Geography Olympiad was sued by the United States Olympic Committee for trademark infringement, on the basis of the Ted Stevens Olympic and Amateur Sports Act which gives the US Olympic Committee the exclusive right to use and license the word "Olympiad". The United States Geography Olympiad proposed various measures in return for permission to use the word Olympiad, including annual donations to Team USA athletes, aiding in the creation of a licensing program for small businesses, allowing for Team USA to promote their athletes on the competition's website and at events. However, after the rejection of these proposals, the United States Geography Olympiad was forced to change its name to the United States Geography Championships. At the high school level, the US Geography Championships is split into two divisions: Varsity and Junior Varsity; these divisions are based on age. This is due to the International Geography Olympiad's requirement that all competitors be between the ages of 16 and 19 on June 30.

As a result, Varsity competitors are eligible to advance to internationals, while JV competitors are not. There is no lower age limit for JV; the Regional and/or State Qualifying event is organized as a 50 multiple-choice question written test to be completed in 20

Memories in March

Memories in March is a 2010 Indian drama film directed by Sanjoy Nag. The film stars Deepti Naval, Rituparno Ghosh and Raima Sen; the film is the effective exploration of a situation wherein a bereaved mother comes to terms with her late son’s sexual identity. Delhi-based Arati Mishra believed her worst day was when she was divorced from her U. S.-based husband, until she got the news that her Kolkata-based son, had been killed in a traffic accident. She travels to Kolkata. After the cremation, she is taken to the guest-house where her son used to live, told that Siddhartha had been at a party, had not only consumed considerable alcohol but had insisted on driving, met with a fatal accident; the next day, she accompanies Sahana to her son's place of employment where she meets some of the staff and signs some documents, but ends up distressed when she is not permitted to take her son's belongings. Quite upset, blaming the office workers' for letting her son drive under the influence, she does not realize that she will be in for more shocks and surprises when she will find that her son had a secret life.

She accuses arnob of seducing her son into this but realizes her son's love for him. 58th National Film AwardsBest Feature Film in English Deepti Naval was Winner of Best Actress Award at the 2012 ImagineIndia Film Festival, Memories in March on IMDb


Taskala Kamenka, is a small town in north-western Kazakhstan on the border with Russia. It is the administrative center of Taskala District in West Kazakhstan Region. Population: 7,350; the town is located in north-western part of West Kazakhstan region on the Derkul River at a distance of 80 km from the city of Oral. Surrounding villages includes Kuznetsova, Aktau; the climate is continental with dry, hot summers and snowy, cold winters. The town is situated on the Pontic-Caspian Steppe with flat grassland and rolling hills. In 1925, archaeologist Pavel Rykov lead an excavation in the town and discovered burial grounds with gold ornaments. Based on the evidence from this excavation, it seems that the area has been inhabited since the second to fourth century BCE. In the 19th century the town was populated by Cossacks. In the town there are a number of companies. There is other facilities in the area. Public institutions include the KGKP District Hospital, TB hospital, two Kazakh schools and one Russian school, music school, nursery school, technical college, a district library and cultural and sports complex.

Computerization of schools is with access to the Internet in all four schools. The computers subscribe to JSC run by Kazakh Telecom with access to high-speed Internet Megaline; some homes have cable television installed, operating from Beeline. The town is centered on the railway, built in 1894; the railway station is located in the center of the town, trains transport passengers along a line that connects the old capital of Kazakhstan, the city of Almaty, the capital of Russia and the capital of Ukraine, Kiev. In 2004, the building of the railway station was destroyed by fire and rebuilt in a year

Marine life of the Strait of Messina

The hydrology of the Strait of Messina accommodates a variety of populations of marine organisms. The intense currents and characteristic chemistry of the waters of the Strait determine an extraordinary biocoenosis in the Mediterranean Sea with a high abundance and diversity of species. Intense and alternate currents, the low temperature and an abundance of transported nitrogen and phosphorus transported to the surface from deep waters supports both pelagic and coastal benthic populations in a cycle of organic substance. All this, with associated phenomena, determines an ecological rearrangement that simulates Atlantic conditions for species with a prevailing Western distribution. In fact, numerous Atlantic species, for example the laminariae, though present in some other zones of the Mediterranean, succeed in forming true structured submarine forests only in the Strait of Messina and are evidence of the optimal environmental conditions there, it is important to note that the laminariae of low depth, or the deep populations of Laminaria ochroleuca, the associated plant communities are dependent on the physical and biological characteristics of the substrate.

In order to complete their life-cycle, these organisms demand a solid substrate colonized by coralline algae, in the absence of which colonization cannot take place. The Strait of Messina, bordered between the two basins of the Mediterranean, the West and the East, is an important point for migration of the species that are found in each. In this area planktonic and benthic communities from both or the Atlantic Ocean merge. Benthic species of importance are Pilumnus inermis considered to be Atlantic. Other species are Ophiactis balli, the crustaceans Parthenope expansa and Portunus pelagicus and the giant barnacle, Pachylasma giganteum. Great biological and ecological importance is ascribed to the cited Laminariales of the Strait Sacchoryza polyschides and Laminaria ochroleuca, of Albunea carabus and to the conspicuous Pinna nobilis, the calcareous presence of red algae and immense prairies of Posidonia oceanica which covers wide areas and has a wide vertical distribution. Of extreme importance because they are found only in small areas elsewhere in the Mediterranean are Phyllariopsis brevipes, Phyllariopsis purpurascens, Desmarestia dresnayi, Desmarestia ligulata, Desmarestia ramose and Cryptopleura species.

From the faunistic point of view the Strait of Messina is considered a "Paradise of the Zoologist" for the enormous biodiversity that characterizes it. The species of benthic invertebrates are those which arise greater interest since they are enriched by a great variety of forms and colours due to the abundance of Cnidaria. A clear example is the "forest" of red Paramuricea clavata. These, adding to the substrate, create an ideal benthic environment to accommodate numerous other species. Another peculiarity of the Strait of Messina is the presence of a varied and numerous bathypelagic fauna that, transported to the surface by the upwelling current from the South, can be captured still alive in the points of greater turbulence, or found stranded along the coasts after adverse weather conditions. Examples are Argyropelecus hemigymnus and Myctophum punctatum; the Strait of Messina is an important migratory route of the Mediterranean Sea. The best known and important, from an economic point of view, are the great pelagic fish -, the Tuna, the Albacore, the Atlantic bonito, the Mediterranean Spearfish and the Swordfish.

The fish of the Strait are captured with boats called feluche or small engine powered fishing boats called passerelle. These pelagic fish are assets unique to this part of the Mediterranean Sea. Only in the Strait, using various techniques, it is possible to capture Tuna throughout the year and in all age classes as the population moves between the Tyrrhenian and the Ionian Seas; the Strait of Messina is an established route for the migration of Cetacea, it is the most important in the Mediterranean Sea in terms of whale species diversity. Worthy of note, besides the several species of dolphins are the fin whales and the sperm whales which migrate through the Strait to their breeding area the Aeolian Islands. Sharks migrate through the Strait of Messina, including the great white shark and the bluntnose sixgill shark; the abundant presence of marine fauna in the Straits, though noted by much earlier zoologists, was first publicised by the Italian scientist Anastasio Cocco. Following this, in the second half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century scientists from all Europe began to visit Messina for their studies.

Many of these came from the German universities. The German coast has a far less diverse fauna than the Mediterranean, it is relatively sunless. It was a German zoologist August David Krohn who first defined the Strait of Messina as the "Paradise of the Zoologist". Research intensified in 1872 when Anton Dohrn established the Stazione Zoologica at Naples, seven days travel afar from Berlin and two by boat to Messina; the research was in taxonomy, invertebrate anatomy and biogeography, but soon involved more fundamental subje

Vanadium(III) fluoride

Vanadium fluoride is the chemical compound with the formula VF3. This yellow-green, refractory solid is obtained in a two-step procedure from V2O3. Similar to other transition-metal fluorides, it exhibits magnetic ordering at low temperatures; the first step entails conversion to the hexafluorovanadate salt using ammonium bifluoride: V2O3 + 6 HF2 → 2 3VF6 + 3 H2OIn the second step, the hexafluorovanadate is thermally decomposed. 3VF6 → 3 NH3 + 3 HF + VF3The thermal decomposition of ammonium salts is a common method for the preparation of inorganic solids. VF3 can be prepared by treatment of V2O3 with HF. VF3 is a crystalline solid with 6 coordinate vanadium atoms with bridging fluorine atoms; the magnetic moment indicates the presence of two unpaired electrons. Greenwood, Norman N.. Chemistry of the Elements. Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 978-0-08-037941-8