click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Beau Brummell

George Bryan "Beau" Brummell was an iconic figure in Regency England and for many years the arbiter of men's fashion. At one time he was a close friend of the Prince Regent, the future King George IV, but after the two quarrelled, Brummell got into debt, he had to take refuge in France, he died shabby and insane in Caen. Brummell was remembered afterwards as the preeminent example of the dandy and a whole literature was founded upon his manner and witty sayings which has persisted, his name is still associated with style and good looks, it has been given to a variety of modern products to suggest their high quality. Brummell was born in London, the younger son of William Brummell, a politician, of Donnington Grove in Berkshire; the family was middle class, but the elder Brummell was ambitious for his son to become a gentleman, young George was raised with that understanding. Brummell was educated at Eton and made his precocious mark on fashion when he not only modernised the white stock, or cravat, the mark of the Eton boy, but added a gold buckle to it.

He progressed to Oxford University, where, by his own example, he made cotton stockings and dingy cravats a thing of the past. While an undergraduate at Oriel College in 1793, he competed for the Chancellor's Prize for Latin Verse, coming second to Edward Copleston, to become provost of his college, he left the university at the age of sixteen. In June 1794 Brummell joined the Tenth Royal Hussars as a cornet, the lowest rank of commissioned officer, soon after had his nose broken by a kick from a horse, his father died in 1795. His father had left an inheritance of £ 65,000. Ordinarily a considerable sum, it was inadequate for the expenses of an aspiring officer in the personal regiment of the Prince of Wales; the officers, many of whom were heirs to noble titles and lands, "wore their estates upon their backs – some of them before they had inherited the paternal acres." Officers in any military regiment were required to provide their own mounts and uniforms and to pay mess bills, but the 10th in particular had elaborate, nearly endless variations of uniform.

For such a junior officer, Brummell took the regiment by storm, fascinating the Prince, "the first gentleman of England", by the force of his personality. He was allowed shirk his duties and, in essence, do just as he pleased. Within three years, by 1796, he was made a captain, to the envy and disgust of older officers who felt that "our general’s friend was now the general." In 1797, when his regiment was sent from London to Manchester, he resigned his commission, citing the city's poor reputation, undistinguished ambience and want of culture and civility. Although he was now a civilian, Brummell's friendship with, influence over, the Prince continued, he became the arbiter of fashion, established a mode of dress that rejected overly ornate clothes in favour of understated but fitted and tailored bespoke garments. This look was based on dark coats, full-length trousers rather than knee breeches and stockings, above all, immaculate shirt linen and an elaborately knotted cravat. Brummell took a house on Chesterfield Street in Mayfair and for a time managed to avoid the nightly gaming and other extravagances fashionable in such elevated circles.

Where he refused to economise was on his dress: when asked how much it would cost to keep a single man in clothes, he was said to have replied: "Why, with tolerable economy, I think it might be done with £800," at a time when the average annual wage for a craftsman was £52. He claimed that he took five hours a day to dress and recommended that boots be polished with champagne; this preoccupation with dress, coupled with a nonchalant display of wit, was referred to as dandyism. Brummell put into practice the principles of harmony of shape and contrast of colours with such a pleasing result that men of superior rank sought his opinion on their own dress; the Duke of Bedford once did this touching a coat. Brummell examined his Grace with the cool impertinence, his Grace’s due, he turned him about, scanned him with scrutinizing, contemptuous eye, taking the lapel between his dainty finger and thumb, he exclaimed in a tone of pitying wonder, “Bedford, do you call this thing a coat?” His personal habits, such as a fastidious attention to cleaning his teeth and daily bathing exerted an influence on the ton—the upper echelons of polite society—who began to do likewise.

Enthralled, the Prince would spend hours in Brummell's dressing room, witnessing the progress of his friend's lengthy morning toilette. While at Eton Brummell played for the school's first eleven, although he is said to have once terrified a master there by asserting that he thought cricket "foolish", he did, play a single first-class match for Hampshire at Lord's Old Ground in 1807 against an early England side. Brummell made scores of 23 and 3 on that occasion, leaving him with a career batting average of 13.00. Brummell's wealthy friends had a less than satisfactory influence on him; such liberal outlay began to deplete his capital and he found it difficult to maintain his lifestyle, although his prominent position in society still allowed him to float a line of credit. This changed in July 1813, at a masquerade ball jointly hosted at Watier's private club by Brummell, Lord Alvanley, Henry Mildmay and Henry Pierrepont; the four were considered the prime movers of Watier's, d

Gwyneth Rees

Gwyneth Rees is a British author of children's books. Her novel The Mum Hunt won the Red House Children's Book Award for Younger Readers in 2019, another, My Mum's from Planet Pluto, was nominated for the Carnegie Medal in the same year, her other popular books for younger children include the Fairy Dust series, the first of, an Ottakar's Book of the Month choice, the Mermaid Magic trilogy. Gwyneth Rees was born in Leicester in 1968, she is half Welsh and half English, grew up in Scotland after her family moved to Glasgow when she was six. She studied medicine at Glasgow University, has worked in London as a consultant child psychiatrist, but now writes full-time, she wrote her first book when she was ten, inspired by Enid Blyton, but the first to be published was Something Secret in 2001. Gwyneth Rees writes both books of everyday life and fantasies for younger children, both kinds written with humour and insight. In My Mum's from Planet Pluto Daniel faces social disaster when his mother becomes his headteacher, but worse is to come when she starts acting strangely.

It is a perceptive tale of the effects of bipolar disorder on a family. In the Esmie series, Esmie tries to find a suitable wife for her widowed policeman father – and persuade him to get married – as well as solving some mysteries along the way; the Making of May revolves around a garden and another mystery, this time for a girl who lives with her grown-up brother. The Fairy Dust series has different human characters each time, the stories are set at different places in the British countryside; the children have some problem, helped when they help the fairies – small, winged fairies all, but different in type, tooth fairies in Fairy Gold, dream fairies in Fairy Dreams, book fairies in Fairy Treasure, for example. Fairy dust provides the magic, believers – both child and adult – can visit fairyland. Rani the mermaid in Mermaid Magic discovers the reason why she is different from the other mermaids and finds her other family. Cosmo, who has always longed to be a witch's cat, discovers that witches can be bad indeed in Cosmo and the Magic Sneeze.

Something Secret My Mum's from Planet Pluto The Making of May My Super Sister My Super Sister and the Birthday Party The Honeymoon Sisters Libby in the Middle The Rani series Mermaid Magic Rani's Sea Spell The Shell Princess The Fairy Dust series Fairy Dust Fairy Treasure Fairy Dreams Fairy Gold The Magical Book of Fairy Fun Fairy Rescue Fairy Secrets More Magical Fairy Fun The Esmie series The Mum Hunt The Mum Detective The Mum Surprise The Mum Mystery The Cosmo series Cosmo and the Magic Sneeze Cosmo and the Great Witch Escape Cosmo and the Secret Spell The Magic Dress Shop The Magic Princess Dress The Twinkling Tutu The Butterfly Tiara

Tom Manley (footballer)

Thomas Ronald Manley was an English professional football utility player who made over 300 appearances in the Football League for Manchester United and Brentford. He managed hometown club Northwich Victoria. Manley began his career with junior clubs Brunner Mond and Norley United, before joining Cheshire County League club Northwich Victoria in 1929, he remained at Drill Field until September 1930. Manley was brought to First Division club Manchester United by scout Louis Rocca on an amateur basis in September 1930. At the end of the 1930–31 season, after the club's relegation to the Second Division, he signed a professional contract. Manley broke into the team over the course of the 1932–33 and 1933–34 seasons and scored 15 goals in United's 1935–36 Second Division title-winning campaign. After suffering relegation straight back to the Second Division at the end of the 1936–37 season, he helped the team to an immediate return to the top-flight one season later. 1938–39 was Manley's final season at Old Trafford and he finished his Manchester United career having made 195 appearances and scored 41 goals.

Predominantly an outside left, he performed the role of a utility player at Old Trafford by playing in half and full back positions. Manley joined First Division club Brentford for a "substantial fee" in August 1939 and was named captain. Just three matches of the 1939–40 season were played before the season was abandoned and competitive football was suspended for the duration of the Second World War. Manley's duties with the RAF meant that he appeared sparingly for the club during the war, making just 36 appearances and scoring six goals by the end of the 1945–46 season. Competitive football resumed for the 1946–47 season and Manley would go on to make 122 appearances and scored 8 goals for the club before making his final appearance in September 1950, he remained as Griffin Park as a reserve team player for the 1951–52 season before retiring at age 39 in May 1952. Manley was awarded a joint-testimonial with Ted Gaskell versus a Tommy Lawton XI in April 1954. Manley managed Cheshire County League club Northwich Victoria, with whom he began his career as a player, between March and October 1954.

Manley served in the RAF during the Second World War. After his retirement from football, he became the licensee of a pub in Northwich. Manchester United Football League Second Division: 1935–36 Football League Second Division second-place promotion: 1937–38

Chrysogaster virescens

Chrysogaster virescens is a European species of hoverfly. External images For terms see Morphology of Diptera Wing length 5·75-6·75 mm. Antennae red. Face twice as wide as maximum width of an eye. Wings at most tinged brown on anterior part. Pleurae not pruinose. Male face with central knob small; the male genitalia are figured by A. & Goeldlin de Tiefenau. South Finland, Ireland and the Atlantic seaboard of Europe from Denmark to the Pyrenees and northern Spain. In Switzerland in Central Europe. Habitat: Woodland and wetland. Alnus Salix carr and poorly-drained scrub, streamsides in woodland. Flowers visited include white umbellifers, Ilex, Ranunculus; the flight period is end of April to mid July

Graphalloy

Graphalloy is the trademark for a group of metal-impregnated graphite materials. The materials are used for self-lubricating plain bearings or electrical contacts, they are proprietary materials owned by the Graphite Metallizing Corp. based in Yonkers, New York, USA. When the metal is impregnated in the graphite it forms long continuous filaments; these are what gives the material its ductility and heat dissipation properties. There are many types of Graphalloy because the graphite can be impregnated with many different metals. Graphalloy is used in applications where high and low temperatures are encountered, grease or oil is not feasible, expulsion of wear particles is prohibited, or in dusty, submerged, or corrosive environments, it is non-corrosive in gasoline, jet fuel, bleaches, dyes, liquefied gases and many more chemicals. It is not used in abrasive applications. Common applications include pumps and washing tanks, industrial dryers, steam turbines, cryogenics, it is used as bearing in applications where electrical conduction is necessary.

It is used in when high frequency current degrades needle bearings. Examples of applications include packaging machines, radar joints, welding equipment. Official website

GM Colmotores

GM Colmotores is a car company based in Bogotá, Colombia. Established in 1957 as Fabrica Colombiana de Automotores S. A. they began manufacturing, under British Austins. In 1965, Chrysler Corporation took a 60% stake in the company, which manufactured Chrysler cars under license until 1979. In 1979, General Motors took control of the company. In 1981, the company was renamed GM Colmotores. Since it has manufactured, under license, a variety of General Motors, GM Daewoo, Qingling Motors, Suzuki vehicles for the local market, all sold under the Chevrolet name; the company has production facilities in Colombia and Venezuela, imports models from Chevrolet built by GM in the US and GM Korea built in Korea. As happens with large projects, the creation of GM Colmotores emerged from the vision of a handful of Colombian businessmen, led by German Montoya Velez. After many conversations, financial calculations and had to overcome obstacles that men whose common goal was, before the trade to create company in Colombia, were crystallized his desire: the July 27th, 1956 was founded the Fabrica Colombiana de Automotores S.

A. whose articles of incorporation are logged a month on 25 August of that year, with an initial capital of five million pesos, contributed several regions Antioquia, Cundinamarca and the Coast. The initiative of Mr. German Montoya could not be more plausible: that same year, 1956, the National Government was preparing to meet the objective of import substitution and expanding the domestic market. Had to issue a decree exempting from income taxes, property and procurement of raw material for ten years, the industries that consume material produced in Paz del Rio steel mill, they were all favorable conditions. The production began operating under the chairmanship of Santiago Trujillo and general manager German Montoya, its construction was completed in late 1961. By the company had negotiations with the British Motor Corporation to assemble vehicles in Austin Colombia. Moreover, the national government the same year the production of cars in the country; the industrialists to take care of that activity were to a promising prospect, which included new incentives such as exemption from taxes on profits and assets to be devoted to the importation of necessary equipment.

In February 1962, Dr. Alberto Lleras Camargo, President of the Republic, inaugurated the plant Colmotores, Auxiliary Bishop of Bogotá, Bishop Emilio de Brigard, blessed the staff and facilities. Began the production of vehicles, cargo trucks Austin 2.5 and 6 tons for passenger vans and campers in two versions and long. Four years he had produced nearly 4,000 units. Came the changes, adjustments imposed by the challenges of developing an enterprise of great ambitions, in much quixotic. Faced, the failure of the Government of the incentives for the automotive industry, which led, of course, financial difficulties Colmotores shareholders. In 1965 the International Chrysler company acquired 60% of the shares of Colmotores, the company began calling Colmotores-Chrysler, the following year began the manufacture and sale of Dodge cars and Simca, appeared in the domestic market the first car produced in Colombia, the Coronet 440 and Dodge trucks of 1-7 tons. Fourteen years would last the permanence of Chrysler in Colombia.

But in 1972 came the oil crisis, which affected the world economy and forced to take further decisions on exploration and consumption. It was created to organize producers and exporters of oil, OPEC, the automotive industry introduced the use of compact cars engine light and low power consumption. Chrysler had extreme financial difficulties that led it to reduce its international operations to focus on North America; the Colombia and Venezuela operations were acquired by General Motors Corporation. The era of General Motors, Colmotores definitive can be summarized in the words of his manager: "The company is Colombia in its character, but the Joint Venture has been the basis of their progress". Indeed, in 1979 General Motors Corporation took over the shares owned in Colmotores Chrysler International, thus began a marriage, now more than 20 years of productive achievements. At the time when General Motors purchased the plant in the country Colmotores merged the Presidency and the Directorate-Management on a single charge, which took German Montoya Vélez until 1983, now occupied by Paul Ross.

Deleted the word "Chrysler" from its name, to return to his original name Fabrica Colombiana de Automotores S. A.. Subsequently, from 1991, to give a clear corporate image before the public became General Motors Colmotores S. A. Among his achievements we must mention the concept of total quality, which the company began to set, with futuristic sense, years before being given the opening, in anticipation that this mechanism is opened step in Colombia. Within that total quality goal, GM Colmotores considered human talent as their most important resource, has been involved in training programs that are oriented towards the philosophy of quality, awareness of competition in the market, improving continuous, permanent search of Total Customer Enthusiasm. Today Colmotores GM has assembled 45 vehicle versions in 12 different platforms, placing first in the Colombian automotive history and one of the top positions among the largest companies in the country, it has contributed to the economic and social development of the country by high job creation and financial support to the growth of the auto parts industry and considerable contribution to the national treasury in taxes and contributions.

Autoniza: Gerente