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Beauty pageant

A beauty pageant or beauty contest is a competition that has traditionally focused on judging and ranking the physical attributes of the contestants, although most contests have evolved to incorporate personality traits, talent, a contestant's ability to answer judges' questions on various subjects as judged criteria. The term refers to contests for women such as the Big Four international beauty pageants; the organizers of each pageant may determine the rules of the competition, including the age range of contestants. The rules may require the contestants to be unmarried, be "virtuous", "amateur", available for promotions, besides other criteria, it may set the clothing standards in which contestants will be judged, including the type of swimsuit. Beauty pageants are multi-tiered, with local competitions feeding into the larger competitions. For example, the international pageants have thousands of local competitions. Child beauty pageants focus on beauty, sportswear modelling and personal interviews.

Adult and teen pageants focus on makeup and gowns, swimsuit modelling, personal interviews. A winner of a beauty contest is called a beauty queen; the rankings of the contestants are referred to as placements. Possible awards of beauty contests include titles, crowns, scepters, savings bonds and prize money; some pageants award college scholarships, to multiple runners-up. European festivals dating to the medieval era provide the most direct lineage for beauty pageants. For example, English May Day celebrations always involved the selection of a May Queen. In the United States, the May Day tradition of selecting a woman to serve as a symbol of bounty and community ideals continued, as young beautiful women participated in public celebrations. A beauty pageant was held during the Eglinton Tournament of 1839, organized by Archibald Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton, as part of a re-enactment of a medieval joust, held in Scotland; the pageant was won by Georgiana Seymour, Duchess of Somerset, the wife of Edward Seymour, 12th Duke of Somerset, sister of Caroline Norton, she was proclaimed as the "Queen of Beauty".

Entrepreneur Phineas Taylor Barnum staged the first modern American pageant in 1854, but his beauty contest was closed down after public protest. Beauty contests became more popular in the 1880s. In 1888, the title of'beauty queen' was awarded to an 18-year-old Creole contestant at a pageant in Spa, Belgium. All participants had to supply a photograph and a short description of themselves to be eligible to enter and a final selection of 21 was judged by a formal panel; such events were not regarded as respectable. Beauty contests came to be considered more respectable with the first modern "Miss America" contest held in 1921; the oldest pageant still in operation today is the Miss America pageant, organized in 1921 by a local businessman as a means to entice tourists to Atlantic City, New Jersey. The pageant hosted the winners of local newspaper beauty contests in the "Inter-City Beauty" Contest, attended by over one hundred thousand people. Sixteen-year-old Margaret Gorman of Washington, D. C. was crowned Miss America 1921, having won both the popularity and beauty contests, was awarded $100.

In May 1920, promoter C. E. Barfield of Galveston, Texas organized a new event known as "Splash Day" on the island; the event featured a "Bathing Girl Revue" competition as the centerpiece of its attractions. The event was the kick-off of the summer tourist season in the city and was carried forward annually; the event became known outside of Texas and, beginning in 1926, the world's first international contest was added, known as the International Pageant of Pulchritude. This contest is said to have served as a model for modern pageants, it featured contestants from England, Russia and many other nations and the title awarded at the time was known as "Miss Universe". The event was discontinued in the United States in 1932 because of the Depression; the popularity of the Miss America pageant prompted other organizations to establish similar contests in the 1950s and beyond. Some were significant; the Miss World contest started in 1951, Miss Universe started in 1952 as did Miss USA. Miss International started in 1960.

Miss Asia Pacific International which started in 1968 is the first and oldest beauty pageant in Asia. The Miss Black America contest started in 1968 in response to the exclusion of African American women from the Miss America pageant; the Miss Universe Organization started the Miss Teen USA in 1983 for the 14-19 age group. Miss Earth started in 2001, which channels the beauty pageant entertainment industry as an effective tool to promote the preservation of the environment; these contests continue to this day. The requirement for contestants to wear a swimsuit was a controversial aspect of the various competitions; the controversy was heightened with the increasing popularity of the bikini after its introduction in 1946. The bikini was banned for the Miss America contest in 1947 because of Roman Catholic protesters; when the Miss World contest started in 1951, there was an outcry when the winner was crowned in a bikini. Pope Pius XII condemned the crowning as sinful, countries with religious traditions threatened to withdraw delegates.

The bikini was banned for other contests. It was not until the late 1990s that they became permitted again, but still generated controversy when finals were held in countries where bikinis were disapproved. For example, in 2003, Vida Samadzai from Afghani

TRON (cryptocurrency)

TRON is a Blockchain-based decentralized operating system based on a cryptocurrency native to the system, known as TRX. TRON was founded by Chinese entrepreneur Justin Sun in 2017. TRON Foundation raised $70 million in 2017 through an Initial coin offering shortly before China outlawed the digital tokens. Since the organization has been beset by allegations of plagiarism; the white paper of TRON was accused of plagiarism. Researchers from Digital Asset Research have discovered multiple instances of code copied from other projects in the Tron code base, it is accused of violating the GNU Lesser General Public License v3.0 because the project does not mention that its client, Java-Tron, was derived from EthereumJ, one of the first Ethereum libraries. Such accusations were denied by the TRON Foundation, the organization behind the design of the system. In 2018, TRON switched its protocol from a ERC-20 token on top of Ethereum to an independent peer-to-peer network. After that, marketed to rival Ethereum, TRON boomed in market capitalisation during the early part of 2018, becoming a top 10 cryptocurrency.

On 25 July 2018, the TRON Foundation announced it had finished the acquisition of Bittorrent, the biggest peer-to-peer file sharing network. Upon this acquisition, in August 2018, BitTorrent Founder Bram Cohen disclosed that he was leaving the company to found Chia, an alternative to bitcoin created to be a less energy-intensive cryptocurrency. By January 2019, TRON had a total market cap of about $1.6 billion. Despite this market performance, some authors viewed TRON as a typical case of the complex and disordered nature of cryptocurrencies. In February 2019, after being acquired by Tron Foundation, BitTorrent started its own token sale based on the TRON network; the internet community responded in a polarized way, many industry analysts including former staff from Tron Foundation, believe, it unlikely that Tron could execute transactions at the rate needed to make a tokenized BitTorrent work. In May, 2019, the cyber-security testing service HackerOne revealed that just one computer could have brought TRON’s entire blockchain to a halt.

The revelation showed that a barrage of requests sent by a single PC could be used to squeeze the power of the blockchain's CPU, overload the memory, perform a distributed denial-of-service attack. After cancellation of a dramatic charity lunch with Warren Buffett in July 2019, TRON's fate started to become more obscure since the founder and the organization behind it suffered more public embarrassment; the TRON protocol, maintained by the TRON Foundation, distributes computing resources among TRX holders with internal pricing mechanisms such as bandwidth and energy. TRON provides a decentralized virtual machine, which can execute a program using an international network of public nodes; the network conducts ~ 2000 transactions per second. TRON defines a proof of stake architecture; the implementations of TRON foster minimal transaction fees to prevent malicious users to perform DDoS attacks for free. In this respect, EOS. IO and TRON are quite similar, due to the nonexistent fee, high transactions per second and high reliability, regarded as new generation of blockchain system.

Some researchers defined TRON with no fundamental differences. The transactions per second rate on Tron's blockchain was questioned because it was far below its theoretical claim; the TRON community votes for 27 Super Representatives, who generate and validate blocks within a 3 second block time, through a decentralized autonomous organization. Super Representatives are re-elected every 6 hours; the 27 Super Representatives govern the network by proposing and voting for TIP in the TRON committee

General Vanier Public School (Ottawa)

Opened for the 1963-64 school year, General Vanier Public School serves Ottawa's Riverside Park East and South communities. The school was completed in; the school accommodated students from kindergarten through grade 6. Grades 7 and 8 were transported by bus from the school to Hopewell Avenue School. At the time of the opening in the fall of 1963, Bayview Public School on Riverside Drive was undergoing renovations. Students temporarily attended General Vanier PS; the school adjoins Pauline Vanier Park, named after the Governor-General's wife. The Ottawa public board, which had begun naming schools after vice-regal representatives and obtained the permission of Governor-General Georges Vanier to name the school after him, it had named schools after Governors-General Vincent Massey and Viscount Alexander. The Governor-General and Mrs Vanier attended the official opening of the school on 21 November 1963. On that occasion he unveiled a plaque commemorating the event, displayed at the entrance of the building.

The visit was lighthearted, including a lesson for the children by Mrs. Vanier on. In May 1964, Mrs. Vanier returned for another visit to the school. On this occasion she granted the students a special holiday, at the request of the Governor-General who had asked she do so for "those kids of mine". To celebrate the school's 50th anniversary, a time capsule was created by students with the assistance of School Board artist-in-residence Marc Walter, a mixed-media artist from Edelweiss, Quebec. All 177 students contributed to the capsule, publicly unveiled May 23, 2014, it is intended to be reopened after 25 years. Ottawa-Carleton District School Board Ottawa Student Transportation Authority OCDSB School Profile of General Vanier Public School


Parvoblongoolithus is an oogenus of fossil dinosaur egg whose small size and unusual shape suggest the possibility that it is a dwarf egg. The sole known Parvoblongoolithus jinguoensis specimen was found in the Upper Cretaceous Chichengshan Formation in Tiantai County, Zhejiang. Parvoblongoolithus known from only a single specimen, it is small with an asymmetrical shape, similar to modern bird eggs. The eggshell is 1.12 mm thick, with the barrel-shaped cones of the mammillary layer making up one-fifth of the total eggshell thickness. The pore system is prolatocanaliculate; the pore canals are irregularly shaped. The outer surface of the eggshell is smooth. Despite having a bird-like shape and size, the P. jinguoensis has a different microstructure, which bears a closer resemblance to non-avian dinosaur eggs than bird eggs. Most all known Cretaceous bird eggs have a three-layered eggshell, whereas the eggshell of Parvoblongoolithus is two-layered. Additionally, its pore system is prolatocanaliculate, unlike the angusticanaliculate pores of bird eggs and its microstructures are much more similar to those of stalicoolithids and Paraspheroolithus.

Since no skeletal remains were associated with its remains, the parentage of Parvoblongoolithus is unknown. However, its microstructure suggests it was laid by some kind of non-avian dinosaur, related to the parents of Stalicoolithidae, Paraspheroolithus, or Mosaicoolithus. Parvoblongoolithus is remarkable for having an thick shell despite being smaller than its close relatives; this would have made it much more difficult for a baby dinosaur to break out of the egg without parental assistance. It is possible that Parvoblongoolithus represents a fossil dwarf egg, a type of deformity observed in modern birds when a disturbance of the oviducts causes them to form a small, deformed egg; this would explain both the thick unique shape of P. jinguoensis. Parvoblongoolithus has not been classified into any oofamily; the eggshell resembles the spherulitic type. It is related to Paraspheroolithus and stalicoolithids

Syv dage for Elisabeth

Syv dage for Elisabeth is a Norwegian silent film comedy from 1927 directed by Leif Sinding. The screenplay was written by Sinding and Arvid Skappel, it was based on Skappel's novella Påskeflirt. Sonja Henie played a bit part in the film; the censors removed a closeup of a female dancer, the text Jeg vil, men først vi je ha dig sel'I want to, but first I want you myself', a brawl scene. The young hairdresser Elisabeth Borg wins first prize in a lottery and decides to spend Easter at a resort in the mountains, she and her friend Lucie spend some luxurious days there. The scoundrel Franz Markel tries some mischief against Elisabeth, but he is revealed by the millionaire's son Rolf Heller, who gives the villain his just deserts. Rolf and Elisabeth are engaged, on top of that Elisabeth finds her father, Consul Heie, whom she did not know before. Magda Holm as Elisabeth Borg Haakon Hjelde as Rolf Heller Ellen Sinding as Lucie Breien Hilda Fredriksen a Henriette Kaspar Ragnvald Wingar as Joachim Jensen, a colporteur Emmy Worm-Müller as Josefine Hansen, the foster mother Ulf Selmer as Frantz Markel Per Kvist as Gunnar Erlind, a lecturer Rolf Knudssøn as Jan Drescher von Crongreen David Knudsen as Thomas Heie, a consul Henry Gleditsch as Morten Gribb, a journalist Harriet Paulsen as Kathleen Wilson Arne Svendsen as Vaaler, a director Bergljot Vedène as Madam Carena, a Russian ballerina Sverre Arnesen as a poker player Lizzie Florelius as Anna Palme Arthur Barking as the hotel concierge Kaare Knudsen as Knut, a mountain guide Sonja Henie as a young speed skater Syv dage for Elisabeth on IMDb Syv dage for Elisabeth at the National Library of Norway


Spenceria ramalana is the lone species in the plant genus Spenceria, known by two varieties. S. ramalana grows from 18–32 cm. tall, puts out yellow flowers from July through August. The Chinese name, ma ti huang, can be translated to mean "yellow horseshoe". Henry Trimen, both the genus, binomial authority of Spenceria, S. ramalana gave an explanation of how he arrived at these names: the genus name was given in honor of Trimen's friend, fellow botanist, Spencer Moore, employed at Kew Herbarium. Trimen thought about choosing a name commemorating the collector of the species, one Captain Gill, R. E. but decided against it, as there was a genus Gilia, he wished to avoid, in his words, "the formation of another of similar sound." As the species was collected from a mountain named Ra-Ma-La, it is that the specific epithet "ramalana" was chosen as a toponym. Spenceria ramalana is native to China. Spenceria ramalana inhabits limestone soil on montane slopes and meadows Both varieties of S. ramalana have been used locally in traditional folk medicine.

Photo of S. ramalana with flowers from Flora of China