Berowra railway station
Berowra railway station is located on the Main Northern line, serving the Sydney suburb of Berowra. It is served by Sydney Trains T1 North Shore Line services and NSW TrainLink Central Coast & Newcastle Line services. Berowra station opened on 7 April 1887 when the Main Northern line was extended from Hornsby to Hawkesbury River. In 1909, the line was duplicated and the present island platform built. On 23 October 1983, a passing loop was opened opposite the platform; this allowed suburban services to terminate, from January 1992, Berowra became the northern boundary of the Sydney suburban network replacing Cowan. On 28 August 2006, Platform 3 opened on the passing loop as part of the Rail Clearways Program, to allow suburban trains to terminate clear of the running lines. Trains now terminate on the middle Platform 2, allowing through trains to overtake any terminating trains standing in the station; the upgrade included provision of lifts, a new over-rail bridge for general station access and additional wet weather protection.
On 22 January 2007, Berowra station was engulfed as bushfires swept the Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park. Efforts from firefighters saved a train which had terminated there. Transdev NSW operate three routes via Berowra station: 592: Hornsby station to Mooney Mooney 597: to Hornsby station, or the Mt Ku-ring-gai industrial estate 599: to Berowra Heights Media related to Berowra railway station at Wikimedia Commons Berowra station details Transport for New South Wales
Pymble railway station
Pymble railway station is located on the North Shore line, serving the Sydney suburb of Pymble. It is served by Sydney Trains T1 North Shore line services. Pymble station opened on 1 January 1890 when the North Shore line opened from Hornsby to St Leonards; the present island platform and station building were completed in 1909 in when the line was duplicated. Media related to Pymble railway station at Wikimedia Commons Pymble station details Transport for New South Wales
Cheltenham railway station, Sydney
Cheltenham railway station is located on the Main North line, serving the Sydney suburb of Cheltenham. It is served by Sydney Trains T1 services. Cheltenham station opened on 10 October 1898, it was established due to pressure from William Chorley, whose home was located near the station. Chorley prevented commercial development near the station by placing covenants on the surrounding land, which he owned, so Cheltenham is one of the few stations in Sydney with no shops nearby; as part of the original plans for the North West Rail Link it was proposed to upgrade Cheltenham station to four tracks as part of the quadruplication of the line between Epping and Beecroft. There were however no plans for North West Rail Line services to stop at Cheltenham station. Due to complaints by local residents about noise and increased train services, the proposal to route the line through Cheltenham was scrapped, in favour of a tunnel starting at Epping station from the Epping to Chatswood line. However, a second northbound track was built through the station around a decade as part of the North Sydney Freight Corridor project, with the western platform becoming an island.
The works included the construction of a new concourse with lifts, which opened on 31 August 2015. The new platform opened on 14 June 2016; the station is served by four trains per hour each way, with additional trains during weekday peak hours. During off-peak hours two of these four train services towards Central terminate at Chatswood. Media related to Cheltenham railway station at Wikimedia Commons Cheltenham station details Transport for New South Wales
Wahroonga railway station
Wahroonga railway station is a heritage-listed railway station located on the North Shore line, serving the Sydney suburb of Wahroonga. The station is located in the Ku-ring-gai Council local government area of New South Wales, Australia, it is served by Sydney Trains T1 North Shore line services. It was built from 1890 to 1910 by E. Co. contractor. It is known as Wahroonga Railway Station group and Pearce's Corner; the property is owned by RailCorp. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999; the meaning of "Wahroonga" - an Aboriginal word - is "our home". George Caley a botanist, sent to the colony in 1795 by Sir Joseph Banks from London to collect flora specimens for Kew Gardens, was one of the first white men to explore this bushland area. In 1805 he walked along a cattle path on the ridge towards Fox Valley, near the 640 acres that were granted to Thomas Hyndes by Governor Darling; the north-western part of the grant, known as Pearce's Corner extended past the present Sydney Adventist Hospital - and honours an early settler whose name was Aaron Pierce.
He arrived with his wife in 1811, received a conditional pardon and worked as a timber cutter along the ridge from Kissing Point to the present Pacific Highway. Three tracks converged at this point and Pierce built a hut to house his family and set out an orchard, he was said to reside there by 1831, the corner was known as Pierce's Corner). A village developed on the opposite corner ) around St. Paul's Church. On Hyndes' death the grant became known as Brown's Paddock; when he died in 1881, it was resurveyed and the larger portion became Fox Ground Estate, purchased by a Francis Gerard. The harbour barrier delayed the suburbanisation of the Ku-ring-gai district and in the early 1880s the tiny settlement was judged too small to warrant a railway line. Access to Milsons Point remained difficult although a coach service pliedthat route from 1881 to 1887. By 1885 it was possible to travel to Sydney via the five bridges road crossing the water at Fig Tree, Iron Cove, Glebe Island and Pyrmont; the post office opened on 15 October 1896.
In 1898 Abbotsleigh School for girls moved to Wahroonga. In 1899 when only 3 houses stood in Fox Valley Road, the Seventh-Day Adventists purchased land there and erected a large building by 1903; this evolved into "The San" or Sanitarium hospital. During the interwar years of 1921 to 1933, the population increased by 45 per cent from 19,209 to 27,931 with a 68 per cent rise in the number of occupied dwellings, the proportion of brick to weatherboard being 5:1; the same sort of increase occurred from 1933 to 1947 when a further 43 per cent of people moved into the district bringing the total population to 39,874 and adding 3,564 houses. Greater restriction on the use of timber and fibro occurred in this period so that 3,182 of these were brick. Ku-ring-gai suffered less in the 1930s depression than other municipalities where development was much slower, its people encountered less unemployment - only behind Vaucluse with 16 per cent unemployed, Ku-ring-gai and Mosman registered 18 per cent unemployed in 1933 - although the proportion of owner occupation did fall to 68 per cent.
The first public school in Wahroonga opened in January 1944. Railway and tramway plans for the area were discussed by the authorities in the 1880s. Wahroonga station opened on 1 January 1890 as Pearce's Corner when the North Shore line opened from Hornsby to St Leonards, it was renamed Wahroonga on 30 August 1890. The single-track North Shore railway line that went from Hornsby to St Leonards in 1890 reached Milsons Point in 1893; the North Shore Ferry Company had been carrying passengers from Milsons Point to Circular Quay since the 1860s and by the 1890s around 5 million people crossed the harbour by this means every year. Offering suburban subdivisions along the railway line in advance of the stations, speculators developed Ku-ring-gai well before completion of the North Shore Bridge in 1932 set off another flurry of real estate promotion. Ku-ring-gai grew in the 19th century, its population being 4,000 by 1901. However, over the next two decades its population quadrupled. By this time, with its large residences in beautiful, leafy surrounds, it had changed from a district with a dubious reputation to one that attracted people of high socio-economic status, 73 per cent of whom were home owners.
When the railway line came through the North Shore from St. Leonards to Hornsby, a station opened in this area on 1 January 1890 and was called Pearce's Corner; the construction name had been Noonan's Platform because the property belonging to Patrick Noonan came within the new railway's boundary. The name was changed to Wahroonga on 30 August 1890; the section between Hornsby and St. Leonards was built by E. Co. contractor. A short brick faced small timber building stood on the south side of the single line; this was south of a level crossing with Noonan's Road renamed Coonanbarra Road. The station name was changed to Wahroonga on 30 October 1890.24/10/01 Pymble News reported "trees have been planted on the sides of the station. This work will add immeasurably to the attractions of Wahroonga in the eyes of visitors to the Railway Station.". These trees were Californian desert fan palms; the present station building at Wahroonga, together with the road bridge over the line and pedestrian steps at Redleaf Avenue was provided about 1906 in a
Turramurra railway station
Turramurra railway station is located on the North Shore line, serving the Sydney suburb of Turramurra. It is served by Sydney Trains T1 North Shore line services. Turramurra station opened on 1 January 1890 as Eastern Road when the North Shore line opened from Hornsby to St Leonards, it was renamed Turramurra on 30 August 1890. The present island platform and station building were completed in 1900. In 1977, a precast concrete footbridge was installed; this was replaced in 2008 by lift. Transdev NSW operate six routes via Turramurra station: Stand A: 573: to Fox Valley Loop via Warrawee Valley, Sydney Adventist Hospital, returns to TurramurraStand B: 575: Hornsby station via West Pymble, Here, North Wahroonga & Hornsby HospitalStand C: 571: to South Turramurra LoopB 572: to Macquarie University via South TurramurraStand D: 576T: weekday off peak to North Wahroonga Loop 577: to North Turramurra Loop 577P: East Turramurra Loop Turramurra station is served by one NightRide route: N90: Hornsby station to City Media related to Turramurra railway station at Wikimedia Commons Turramurra station details Transport for New South Wales
Gordon railway station, Sydney
The Gordon railway station is a heritage-listed railway station located on the North Shore line, serving the Sydney suburb of Gordon. It is served by Sydney Trains T1 North Shore line services. Situated at St Johns Avenue, Gordon in the Ku-ring-gai Council local government area of New South Wales, the station was designed and built by the New South Wales Department of Railways in 1909, it is known as Gordon Railway Station. The property is owned by an agency of the Government of New South Wales, it was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. In 1887, tenders were called for construction of a branch line extending south from Hornsby to the North Shore; the 16.8-kilometre section between Hornsby and St. Leonard's was opened on 1 January 1890. Stations provided at the opening of the line included St Leonards. A single line was constructed at the time; the line between St Leonards and Milson's Point was completed 1 May 1893. Gordon Railway Station was opened on 1 January 1890.
In 1909 the single line was duplicated between Hornsby and St. Leonard's. At Gordon, during the duplication the original single platform and station building were replaced by a new island platform with a standard brick island-platform style station building; the island platform served the Down North Shore line. A third platform was built at Gordon adjacent to the Up line; this platform allowed for termination of local trains at Gordon. At the time of duplication, an overhead footbridge and booking office was built which allowed local residents to cross from one side of Gordon to the other and allowed access to the platforms via sets of steps. A goods siding, crossovers and a signal box on the platform completed the track arrangement. Southbound services used Platform 1 with Platform 2 a terminal road with a buffer stop at the northern end. In the early 1990s, the station was reconfigured with Platform 2 becoming the main southbound platform and Platform 1 the terminal road. Since the 1990s, a number of car parks have been built.
In 2014, the bus stop on the station's western side was demolished to make way for a three-storey carpark and bus interchange. The new interchange opened in early June 2015; the buildings comprise a station building, including a signal box, platforms 2/3, completed c. 1909. Other structures include a footbridge, completed in 1909. Gordon Railway Station is located east of the Pacific Highway at Gordon; the station includes three platforms. The station is disabled ramp from either side of the station. There is a commercial strip on the western side of the Pacific Highway across the road from the station. Exterior: Located on the island platform the station building c. 1909 is a good representative example of the standard railway design A8-A10 station buildings along the Northern line. Walls are red face brick, tuck pointed with moulded rendered string course and window sills; the gabled roof is modern corrugated steel, the ends are timber boarded. The lower pitched awnings over the platform are supported on cast iron awning brackets springing from moulded rendered corbels.
One face brick chimney with rendered top is sited along the ridge line. At the northern end of the building is located a brick signal box with encircling sliding 6-paned windows on three sides under the main roof line; the exterior of the station is in original condition, with no additional openings or infilled elements. Interior: The interior of the Platform 2/3 station building contains a high degree of original fabric and layout. Original internal details include mini-orb ceiling, ceiling roses, plastered wall finishes with moulded dado, door and window joinery including 16-paned coloured glass sashes; the floor has been replaced with concrete, modern fluorescent lighting installed. The interior of the signal box is painted brick to window sill height and timber boarded above the windows, with a mini orb ceiling and timber floor. Fittings include the 28 lever frame, key box, 1927 Indicator board, 1969 indicator board, original timber desk and bells. Exterior: The timber framed and weatherboard clad booking office was constructed in 1910 and located on the overhead platform.
It has a gabled roof of modern corrugated iron steel with finials. The roof overhang and projecting gable on the southern side provides a sheltered area for ticket purchasing, features timber boarded ceiling and rose. Two modern ticket windows have been inserted into original openings with decorative timber architraves remaining. Other modern ticket machines have been recessed into the building in new openings with profiled timber architraves. Two new steel and glass lifts are located on the north side of the overbridge. New access structures to these lifts have been constructed in a similar style and material to the original booking office, feature coloured glass panels; the lift access structure on the eastern side includes two small commercial tenancies, only one of, presently occupied. Interior: Internally the original layout of the building appears to have been altered. Timber panelled wall linings appear original
Central railway station, Sydney
The Central railway station is a heritage-listed railway station located at the southern end of the Sydney central business district in the City of Sydney local government area of New South Wales, Australia. The station is the largest and busiest railway station in New South Wales and serves as a major transport interchange for NSW TrainLink inter-city rail services, Sydney Trains commuter rail services, Sydney light rail services, State Transit bus services, private coach transport services. Abbreviated as Central or Central station, the station is known as Sydney Terminal and Central Railway Stations Group and Central Railway; the property is owned by an agency of the Government of New South Wales. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999, it recorded 11.35 million passenger movements in 2013. Central station occupies a large city block separating Haymarket, Surry Hills, the central business district, bounded by Railway Square and Pitt Street in the west, Eddy Avenue in the north, Elizabeth Street in the east and the Devonshire Street Tunnel in the south.
Parts of the station and marshalling yards extend as far south as Cleveland Street are located on the site of the former Devonshire Street Cemetery. There have been three terminal stations in Sydney. Although the Sydney Railway Company first applied to the government for four blocks of land between Hay and Cleveland Streets in 1849, the Surveyor General favoured Grose Farm, now the grounds of The University of Sydney, it was less costly to develop. The Company exchanged land in the first and third blocks, between Hay and Devonshire Streets, for an increased area of eight hectares in the fourth block, the Government Paddocks, between Devonshire and Cleveland Streets. Hence the site of the first Sydney railway terminus was located here from 1855; the original Sydney station was opened on 26 September 1855 in an area known as Cleveland Fields. This station, called Sydney Terminal, had Devonshire Street as its northern boundary, it was but unofficially called Redfern station, while at that time the present Redfern station was called Eveleigh.
The first and second Sydney Terminals were never located in Redfern, being to the north of Cleveland Street, Redfern's northern boundary. When this station became inadequate for the traffic it carried, a new station was built in 1874 on the same site and called Sydney Terminal; this was a brick building with two platforms. It grew to 14 platforms before it was replaced by the present-day station to the north of Devonshire Street; the new station was built on a site occupied by the Devonshire Street Cemetery, a convent, a female refuge, a police barracks, a parsonage, a Benevolent Society. The remains exhumed from the cemetery were re-interred at several other Sydney cemeteries including Rookwood and Waverley cemeteries. Bodies were moved to Botany by flat cars. In major metropolitan areas the rail terminus tended to be located within the inner core of the city; the site of the first and second station termini was inconveniently located for the city. A horse-bus service operated from the station to the city, both Engineer-in-Chief, John Whitton, Chief Commissioner for Railways, B. H. Martindale, recognised the urgency of a city rail extension.
In 1877 John Young, a prominent Sydney builder and local politician proposed a scheme to provide a circular city extension to the railway. The route included stations at Oxford Street, William Street and Woolloomooloo in the east, Circular Quay Dawes Point and a line parallel to Darling Harbour in the west. John Whitton designed a grand city terminus at the corner of Hunter and Castlereagh Streets two years later. Neither of these schemes eventuated. In 1897 Norman Selfe drew up a scheme for the gradual enlargement and extension of the railway to the northern end of the city and in the same year Railway Commissioner, E. M. G. Eddy, proposed a terminal city station at the corner of Elizabeth Street and St James' Road; the route of the latter was the same as that for 1879, the new site for the terminus included half of the northern end of Hyde Park. Although 6 hectares of the burial ground in Devonshire Street was offered as compensation, public sentiment still opposed the loss of Hyde Park; the Royal Commission in 1897 again considered the city railway extension because of dangerous congestion at Redfern and recommended using Hyde Park.
After an investigative trip overseas, Henry Deane, Engineer-in-Chief, prepared alternative proposals for a new railway terminal for the government in 1900. The second scheme proposal called for the resumption of the Devonshire Street cemeteries, but this was cheaper and less contentious than the acquisition of Hyde Park, it was the second scheme, adopted. When the third station was built in 1906, it moved closer to the city, it fronted Garden Road, realigned to from Eddy Avenue. If Belmore Park is included, all the land now occupied by the railway at Central and Redfern coincides with the Company's original selection of four blocks between Hay and Cleveland Streets; the present station was opened on 4 August 1906 and opening for passengers on 5 August 1906. The new station included the previous Mortuary railway station used to transport funeral parties to Rookwood Cemetery; the last train departed platform 5 of the 1874 station at midnight. During the remainder of that night, the passenger concourse was demolished and the line extended through the old station into the new station.
The Western Mail arrived at 05:50 on 5 August 1906 at